Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Volume II                       Issue 5                      March 4, 1996

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A Weekly Online Newsletter Serving the Assyrian Communities Around the World

                     THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E
                      TO BE ASSYRIAN

is to be builder of empires- secular and spiritual.
is to be a Christian in its purest form; to spread the
   message of Jesus to the remote corners of the world,
   to bring millions to the Light, and then be called
   a heathen and then re-baptized.
is to be a fighter, to never give up and to survive
   against all odds.
is to invent The Firsts, cultivate a civilization and
   then referred to as history's vicious barbarians
is to have an opportunity- after centuries of misery,
   persecution, and homelessness- of having your own
   country in the beloved land of your forefathers,
   and then ...
is to speak the language of the Son, to endure
   immeasurable hardship, pain and suffering in His name,
   and when the heavens seem to have forgotten, not to
   give up faith in His salvation.
is to be proud, to be brave, and to be feared, with a
   spirit that is free and cannot be subjugated by any
is to cherish the simple things in life: to laugh, to
   cry, to live and to die.

To be Assyrian is wonderful and precious.

                                Ramin Daniels
                                San Jose, California
              G O O D   M O R N I N G   B E T - N A H R A I N


(AP:  Ankara)  The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan claims
that Saddam Hussein's forces bombed villages southwest
of the ancient Assyrian city of Erbil in northern
Bet-Nahrain. Erbil lies 240 miles north of Baghdad.
The statement, released by the group's Ankara offices,
said there were no casualties. The report could not
immediately be confirmed. Ali al-Saraf, a spokesman for
the London-based Iraqi National Council, said that King
Hussain of Jordan held talks Wednesday night with Jalal
Talabani, leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan,
and Muhsen Daza'i, a leader of the Kurdish Democratic
Party.  In Cairo, Egypt, King Hussein of Jordan met
Iraqi opposition leaders as part of his attempt to unite
all opposition groups.

(RU: Ankara) Iraqi Oil Minister Amir Muhammad Rasheed
will lead a delegation to Turkey on March 4 for talks on
reopening a 616-miles pipeline from Kirkuk in Iraq to
Turkey's Mediterranean port of Ceyhan. ``There is also a
trade aspect of the U.N. scheme. Iraq has to buy food in
exchange for oil and Turkey seems to be the closest
supplier,'' said one oil official, who declined to be
named. Ankara is also counting on hefty oil transit fees.
The pipeline's export capacity is estimated to be around
1.1 million barrels per day (bpd). Under current oil
prices, analysts predict Iraq would be able to export
700,000 bpd.  More than half of that amount should
go through the trans-Turkey pipeline, according to U.N.
resolution 986.

                                       S U R F S  U P !

"To all at Zenda: it takes special dedication and
commitment to compose such wonderful Newsletter; I
very much thank you for such an outstanding idea (Zenda).
You are truly the new generation of ATORAYEH that will
unite our disseminated people.  This also leads me to
thank Jeanclaude Toma of Milpitas California, for his
'Assyrian Pride in The Age of The Internet' passage; it
was very patriotic, and I also very strongly agree that
the Net is our first step towards uniting 'yemmah
attourehtah gu kha atrrah'."

                                -From a proud Assyrian,
                                 Emad Benjamin
                                 Sydney, Australia

"Dear Jeanclude Toma, I could not agree with you more
I am looking forward to communicate more with you in
the future."
                                -Tony Kilaita
                                 San Jose, California

"Dear Assyrian Brother, CONGRATULATIONS on your
wonderful article, i really wish that kind of proud
thinking is in every Assyrian's head. If we are smart,
you are right, we could use the Internet globally and
get in touch with every Assyrian in the world,
especially, when this World has become very small. God
bless you, keep on the good work.  BTW, my name is David
Youkhana. i am one of the partners who are producing
the first Assyrian Credit Card called " CARD BABYLON "

"The Zenda issue of February 19, 1996, starts out with
by General Agha Petros (1923). In the spirit of educating
the readers, could you provide the specific source
reference for this excerpt? I have been asked for it,
and I do not have the name of the article or the book
where this may have been published. If it is merely an
unpublished paper by the General (or even a copy of such
a manuscript), perhaps you could mention its current

It was also unclear whether all of the materials featured
in "The LIGHTHOUSE" represented the words of the General.
There are two paragraphs appearing in all capital letters,
but they are separated from the first 3 paragraphs by
several asterisks.  Thanks for clarifying this."

                                -Francis Sarguis
                                 Santa Barbara, California

 appears in the book entitled The Assyrian National Question
 by Dr. Sargon Dadesho, p. 82-87.  The passages appearing in
 capital letters were composed by the staff of ZENDA.]

"You must be out of your mind to publish ZENDA weekly.
When do you find time to eat, sleep, and ...  Kudos to
such dedication and I hope you will find others to
help you in this noble cause, to provide instant access
to Assyrian news from around the world."

                                -Ramin Daniel
                                 San Jose, California

[Mr. Daniel is the author of this week's feature article.]
                                 N E W S    D I G E S T

(RU: Amman) Jordan said Thursday it would allow exiled
Iraqi opposition groups to open branches in Amman in
line with King Hussein's drive to influence change in
Iraq, but the prime minister said they won't be allowed
to carry out military operations against Iraq. Other
officials said the groups would not be allowed to have
radio stations. The issue is a sensitive and explosive
one in a kingdom where pro-Iraqi sentiments remain strong.
Jordan allowed an anti-Iraq group to open a regional
office in Amman two weeks ago. Several Iraqi opposition
groups based in London, Tehran and northern Bet-nahrain,
said Thursday they might open offices in Jordan but
final plans depended on contacts with Amman.  At press
time, no official report has been released from the
regional offices of the The Assyrian Democratic Movement
(ZOWAA)in Bet-Nahrain.  The opposition groups include
four major opposition coalitions: The Iraqi National
Congress (INC), an alliance of 30 groups, which includes
ZOWAA and the Tehran-based Supreme Council of the Islamic
Revolution in Iraq that includes six Shi'ite fundamentalist
groups led by Baqer al-Hakim. The INC supports Malek
Hussain's idea in favor of a future federation in Iraq
among its ethnic components.


(ZN: San Jose)  On Saturday, the organizers of the
Assyrian Community Networking Conference met with the
Executive Board of the Assyrian American Association
in San Jose.  The Conference will be held during the
Assyrian State Convention on the last weekend of May
1996 in San Jose's Fairmont Hotel.  The delegates
reviewed the conference agenda and emphasized the
main objective of the gathering:  to educate the
Assyrian communities' on the importance of computer
networking for individuals and organizations.  For more
information contact Albert Gabrial at Albert@nineveh.com.
  D I R E C T O R Y  OF THE  N E W S  S O U R C E S
AA (AAA of San Jose Newsletter)
AP (Associate Press)
AS (Assyrian Server in Sweden)
BN (Bet-Nahrain Journal)
EB (e.Babylon BBS): 1-209-668-1827
        Hollister, California
JS (Journal of the Assyrian Academic Society)
   P.O. Box 4102   Des Plaines, Illinois 60016-4102
NQ (Nebu Quarterly)
        P.O. Box 59422, Chicago  Illinois  60659
NM (Nineveh Magazine)
NN (Nineveh Newspaper)
RU (Reuters)
SC (soc.culture.assyrian)
TN (Turkish News Agency)
WS (The Wall Street Journal)
ZN (Zenda Reporters):   zenda@ix.netcom.com

       C A L E N D A R    OF     E V E N T S
March 7-10      St. Patrick's Day Soccer Tournament
                Assyrian Athletic Club
                Chase & Warren Park
                Chicago, U.S.A.
                (312) 338-7200

March 13        "How a Babylonian Schoolboy learned
                 his ABC's"
                Public Lecture Series
                University of Toronto
                Toronto, Canada
                (416) 978-4531

March 24        Sawa Khamis Qardakha of Arbela:
                His Poetry on Religion, Romance, Wine,
                 Wisdom and Other Topics
                Oraham Yalda Oraham
                5:00 P.M., Edens Banquets
                6313 N. Pulaski
                Chicago, U.S.A.

March 27        Lecture:  The Struggle For Power in
                          Northern Iraq
                Speaker:  Wilfred Alkhas
                3:00-5:00 pm
                Modesto Junior College
                Forum Building 101
                Modesto, U.S.A.

May 24-27       Assyrian State Convention of California
                Fairmont Hotel
                San Jose, U.S.A.

May 24-25       Memorial Weekend Games
                Chicago, U.S.A.

May 25-26       2nd Assyrian Community Networking Conference
                Fairmont Hotel
                San Jose, U.S.A.

June 1          Nineveh Choral Concert
                Conducted by Maestro Nebu Issabey
                Santa Teresa High School Auditorium
                San Jose, U.S.A.
                8:00 pm

June 9-11       The ARAM Conference
                Harvard University
                Cambridge, Massachusetts,  U.S.A

Aug 29-Sept 2   AANF National Convention
                Red Lion Inn Hotel
                Modesto, U.S.A.
March 16        A Fundraising Party for Rep. Anna Eshoo
                Church of the East
                San Jose, U.S.A.

March 30        Kha b'Neesan 6746 Party
                Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                Banker's Club
                San Jose, U.S.A.
Fridays       Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
              Modesto Junior College
              1:00 pm
              Founders Hall 108
              Modesto, U.S.A.

Mondays       Assyrian Language Classes
              BETA:  AAA of San Jose, U.S.A.
              7:00-8:30 pm

              Assyrian Discussion Group
              BETA:  AAA of  San Jose, U.S.A.
              8:00-9:30 pm

Thursdays     Nineveh Choir:  Maestro Nebu Issabey
              BETA:  AAA of San Jose, U.S.A.
              7:30-9:00 pm
Tuesdays      Boys Soccer Practice
              Herman Intermediate School
              Corner of Blossom Ave & Shawnee
              San Jose, U.S.A.
              5:00-6:30 pm

Sundays       Boys/Girls Volleyball
              6:00-7:30 pm

              Basketball Practice
              7:30-9:00 pm

              Camden Lifetime Activity Center
              Corner of Camden & Union
              San Jose, U.S.A.

   A S S Y R I A N   S U R F I N G   P O S T S
Ancient Mesopotamia

Akkadian Language

Assyria On-Line

Assyrian Collection of the Metropolitan Museum

Assyrian Flag

Assyrian Fonts

Assyrian Local Union in Norrkoping, Sweden

Assyrian Server (in Sweden)

Assyrian Songs

Assyrian Woman Home Page

Assyrian Youth Association of Sweden

Church of the East Page

Corpus Neo Assyrian Project:  Helsinki, Finland


Journal of the Assyrian Academic Society

List of Books on Babylon


Middle Eastern Cuisine (includes Assyrian dishes)

"Newsgroup"     soc.culture.assyrian

Nineveh Kids Homepage

Syriac Comp Inst

          P U M P  U P  T H E  V O L U M E
   ENGLISH                ASSYRIAN
Teach           Malapta     [F]
   Teacher      Malpanta    [F]  Malpana   [M]
   Student      Yaloopta    [F]  Yalpana   [M]

Discipline      Talmadta    [F]  'VERB'
                Toolmada    [M]  'NOUN'
   Disciple     Talmedta    [F]  Talmeeda  [M]

Note:  The word "eskoola" or "ooskoola" in reference
       to "a student" is derived from the English word
       "School" and has no basis in the Assyrian

F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
        B A C K    T O  T H E    F U T U R E
B.C.(c. 1430)   A treaty is signed between the Kassite
ruler Kara-Indash and the Assyrian prince Ashurbel-
Nisheshu by which the two kingdoms of Assyrian and
Babylonia are geographically separated.  Never again,
was the land of Bet-Nahrain referred to as a single
domain under the Assyrian rule.

<< Ancient Iraq, George Roux >>

A.D.(1921) Reverend Yousip DeKelaita purchases a
printing press in Mosul, northern Bet-Nahrain, which
he calls "The Assyrian Press."  During the same year,
and in the same building, he establishes a school in
which Assyrian, Arabic, and English languages were
taught.  Other subjects included mathematics,
geography, and physics.  Among the many notable
instructors was Benyamin Arsanis, the author of
several Assyrian books on history and literature.

 << The Assyrian Star, Vol 32,No 3, May-June 1983 >>

                                    L  I  T  E  R  A  T  U  S
          ****** SUMERIAN PROVERBS ******
                               ca 3000 BC

     If one can conceive without intercourse,
     then one can get fat without eating!

     Friendship lasts a day.
     Kinship endures forever.

      T H I S    W E E K   I N    H I S T O R Y
March 5, 1817:  born, Sir Henry Austin Layard who
 excavated the ancient Assyrian ruins in Bet-Nahrain.

March 1915:  Turkish authorities arrest Hormiz, the
 brother of Mar Shimun, the Assyrian Patriarch.  The
 spiritual father of the Assyrian nation was warned not
 to support the Russians or his brother, studying in
 Istanbul, would be killed.  Upon the Patriarch's refusal
 to cooperate with the Turkish authorities, Hormiz was
 murdered, his body hacked to pieces and sent to the
 Patriarch.  Not long after, the Patriarch himself was
 assassinated by Semko, a Kurdish tribal chief.

                                         B   R   A   V   O
A research article by Ms. Nika N. Daniel, an Assyrian
PhD-candidate in Molecular Biology at Columbia University
in New York, has appeared in Volume 269 of the prestigious
journal of SCIENCE.  The article is entitled "Jak-STAT
Signaling Induced by the v-abl Oncogene."  Ms. Daniel,
completed her undergraduate studies at Stanford
University and pursues a career in Biology and Medicine.

                           W E L C O M E   T O   Z E N D A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                  Turlock, U.S.A
               Connecticut, U.S.A

          A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T S
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals &
organizations whose contributions appear in this issue:

Albert Gabrial          Hollister, California
Ramin Daniel            San Jose, California

ZENDA will continue to print your comments and
suggestions free of editing, as they appear in our
mailbox.  All letters will be printed in our SURFS UP!
section unless directed otherwise.

We urge you to submit your community events, personal
accomplishments, and meeting/school times to Zenda
no later than Sunday at 12:00 PM, Pacific Standard Time.

Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, March 11, 1996.