Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Volume II                       Issue 7                      March 18, 1996

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A Weekly Online Newsletter Serving the Assyrian Communities Around the World

                      THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E

                   TAKE THE LEAD!

Are leaders born or made?  That is one of the oldest
arguments around.  Many assume that only those persons
born with some special gifts can be effective leaders,
but do not believe them! The best leaders are those who
have acquired the ability to cope with the changing
world and who have organized and motivated others to
do the same.

Assyrians scattered around the world today need
effective leaders to direct and guide them.  The
authority will need to be organized in the future to
ensure the survival of our nation as a whole.  The men
and women who take charge will need to understand their
nation and govern with patience...Be willing to assume
an authoritative role.

It is true and simple.  You cannot become a leader
until you demonstrate a willingness to assume a
position of leadership.  This does not necessarily
mean taking charge of every situation of group activity,
but at some point you must step forward and make it
clear that you will accept the role of supervising a
project or guide a group.  Get involved in school
clubs and teams, and also work you way into a key role.
There are also Assyrian youth clubs and church groups,
which offer positions of leadership for you.  All you
need to do is become a member and be willing to
participate.  Getting started simply means saying "yes"
instead of "no!"  Everyone has the potential for
leadership; you just need to tap into your own talents
and abilities.

                -Marian Younan
                 Modesto, California
                 An Excerpt from an article published
                 for Qalah:  The Assyrian American Voice

[Miss Younan is currently completing her undergraduate
 studies at University of California, Davis.  A Zenda
 reader, Marian has consistently participated in the
 affairs of the University Student Body and has been
 elected as officer of the Student Body government.]

              G O O D   M O R N I N G   B E T - N A H R A I N


(ZN:  Chicago)  U.S. State Dept. has released the
1995 Iraq Human Rights Practices Report in which the
diverse ethnic populations of Iraq are described as
repressed, abused, and continually harassed.  The
report explains "various abuses against the country's
350,000 Assyrian Christians."  It notes that " most
Assyrians traditionally live in the northern governorates,
and the Government often has suspected them of
"collaborating" with Kurds. Military forces destroyed
numerous Assyrian churches during the Anfal Campaign
and reportedly tortured and executed many Assyrians.
According to HRW and Assyrian sources, the Government
continues to harass and kill Assyrians throughout the
country by forced relocations, terror, and artillery
shelling."  The report continues: "The Government
continued to pursue its discriminatory resettlement
policies, including demolition of villages and forced
relocation of Kurds, Turcomans, Assyrians, and other
minorities... The Government does not recognize the
various political groupings and parties that have been
formed by Shi'a Muslims, as well as Kurdish, Assyrian,
Turcoman, and other Iraqi communities... Assyrians are
an ethnic group as well as a Christian community.  They
speak a distinct language--Syriac.  Public instruction
in Syriac, which was to have been allowed under a 1972
decree, has never been implemented.  The Special
Rapporteur reported continued discrimination against
Assyrians throughout 1995.  According to opposition
reports, many Assyrian families were forced to leave
Baghdad after they had fled to that city for safety
following the regime's suppression of the northern
uprising in 1991."  The full text of this report can
be obtained from the U.S. Dept of State.

                  S U R F S  U P !

"Thank you for your Newsletter.  I am delighted and I
am looking forward to the next issue.

                             -Bernadette Miraziz


"I have a somewhat unpleasant request to make:  I'd
like to be taken off the recipient list for Zenda.
I have seen too many inaccurate historical references
(calling Urartians ancient Armenians, for example), and
too many articles with a hidden agenda (purporting the
existence of non-Christian Assyrians in any capacity
other than on an individual basis, perhaps so as to
promote a secular agenda, for example) to be able to
stomach this newsletter any longer.  Perhaps you should
cut back on the frequency of publication and take more
time to check out the credibility of your sources.

Don't get me wrong; I wish you well.  Your efforts are
commendable.  Don't lose your zeal, despite what
"naysayers" such as myself may say, but please don't
forget that if it wasn't for Christianity Assyrians
would have died out millennia ago.  It's not wise to
separate our God from our peoples.  You should know
better than anyone that in the Semitic world view church
and state are inseparable, and rightly so.  Thank you,
and good luck with your endeavors."

                                -David Baba
                                 San Jose, California

[History is not the truth;  it is only a truth among
the many.  Hence, ZENDA welcomes, as in the past, any
corrections made to our "inaccurate historical references."
Modern Armenians trace their roots to the Kingdom of
Ararat (Hebrew) or Urartu (Assyrian).  The first known
Urartian king, Arame, ruled from B.C. 858 until B.C. 844.
The first reference to Urartu was however made in
B.C. 1275.  By the sixth century B.C. the kingdom had
collapsed as had the Assyrian Empire, a century before.]

        <<The Kingdom of Armenia, M. Chahin>>


"Once again, it is my great good pleasure to write to
you and your esteemed readers a brief notice concerning
the new website address for Assyrian Church of the East.
As of the middle of March 1996, CIRED's new website address
is:  (www.cired.org).  This new arrangement has been
accomplished with the help of Mr. Gilyana Chamaki-an
Assyrian fellow from San Jose, CA.

I always look very much forward to receiving your very
informative and interesting newsletter.  Indeed, you
are advancing a new way of much needed communication
between Assyrians around the world; it would be my pleasure
to extend to you whatever assistance appropriate.  God
bless you and your efforts into bridging the thoughts of
Assyrians and many others throughout the world."

                                -Bishop Mar Bawai Soro
                                 Assyrian Church of the East


"I really enjoy reading your electronic newsletter and
I commend you for such an awesome work that you are doing,
and I would also like to extend the same to your staff.
I read the opening comment on your Monday 3/12/96 issue
and I couldn't agree more, it has been said such a
wonderfully about our people at large, it is a shame to
agree with that , but again how can you NOT agree with the
truth, and that is nothing but the truth.  However, I just
wanted to acknowledge to that article and put my two
cents worth.  Once again, may God bless you for all the
hard work that you guys/gals are doing.  I AM TRULY PROUD

                                -Samson Badal, P.E., M.S., J.D.


"I am glad to find that so many Assyrians are getting
involved with Internet, what Internet has done, is getting
us closer to each other and making us understand each other
in a much better way, but, i also believe that we should
create a member room on AOL so we could talk to each other
directly.  SO, why don't we take advantage of this super
information highway source available and make our own world
even smaller."

                                -David Youkhana


"Dear Zenda Editorial Staff, in the March 4, 1996 issue
of Zenda's P U M P  U P  T H E  V O L U M E you used two
words in the Assyrian section to represent a student. Here
is a cut and paste of your writing:

  Teach        Malapta     [F]
  Teacher      Malpanta    [F]  Malpana   [M]
  Student      Yaloopta    [F]  Yalpana   [M]

I have the following two questions for which I would like
to read your answer:

1. How did you derive the nouns Yaloopta and Yalpana from
2. Why did you use Yaloopta and Yalpana instead of Yaloopta
   and Yaloopa,or Yalpanta and Yalpana?
3. Since you used "oo" in Yaloopta, it indicates to me that
   you are using Vov-Rvasa. Is it not grammatically correct
   to use Vov-Rvakha?

For the second word you show the following:

  Discipline      Talmadta    [F]  'VERB'
                  Toolmada    [M]  'NOUN'
    Disciple      Talmedta    [F]  Talmeeda  [M]

Please be advised that all verbal roots in the Assyrian
language are derived from the third person, singular, and
masculine gender of the verb. Given this the 'VERB' for
discipline is Talmid (feminine form is Talmida)."

                                -Bellos Nisan
                                 Sunnyvale, California

[The correct masculine form of the word "student" must read
Yaloopa. We stand corrected. In Classical Assyrian, Yaleepa
is the correct word for "student."  However, in the Modern
Assyrian language both Yaloopta and Yaloopa are used also
(see A. J. Maclean's Dictionary of the Dialects of Vernacular
Syriac).  "Malip" is the causitve form of "Yalip" a Kreeha'd
Reesha verb.  Such verbs use Wow-Rwasa -oo- in their
Mlatshemaha case (see Melta...by Nimrod Simono)]

            S U R F E R S   C O R N E R
At press time we have received no response to the
question we posed last week:  Are there any Assyrian
IRC channels out there in the world?  We have not
been able to identify such a service exclusively
used by the Assyrians on the net.  Perhaps it is time
we push the frontiers of the Internet communication a
few fibers further.  Any suggestions?
               N E W S    D I G E S T


(ZN: Tehran)  According to last week's election
results, Mr. Shemshoon Maghsoodpoor of Tehran has won
a second-term in office, as the Assyrian Representative
in the Majlis (parliament) of Iran.  Other candidates
included Misters Albert Younan of Tehran, and Victor
Yahyakhan of the city of Urmie.


(ZN: San Jose)  The quarterly NEC meeting of the Assyrian
American National Federation was held on February 23 in
New Britain, Connecticut, U.S.  At this meeting, the
chairwoman of the Women's Committee, Miss Sharokin
Givargiz, proposed the First Assyrian Women's Conference
during the next Assyrian National Convention in Modesto,
California.  Miss Givargiz' proposal was passed and the
proposal was later brought to the attention of Congresswoman
Anna Eshoo's office in Washington D.C.  Mr. Yatroum Zia,
president of the AANF, accepted a proposal from
California to allow posting of the AANF By-Laws on the
internet. Other issues discussed included the annual
budget, re-instatement of affiliates on probation, and
the future of the AANF's membership in the Assyrian
Universal Alliance.  This last issue will be thoroughly
discussed in the upcoming AUA Annual Meeting in Detroit.
The next quarterly meeting will be held in San Jose,
California during the Assyrian State Convention
from May 27 through 27. All meetings are open to public.


(ZN: New Britain)  On March 6, in commemoration of the
International Women's Day, Assyrian women of Toronto,
Canada had organized the first Assyrian International
Women's Day celebration.  Hosted by the United Assyrian
Youth of Canada, this memorable event brought together
close to 50 women and 6 guest speakers.  The evening
began with the poetry of Amira Bet-Shmoel, selected from
her album "Shamiram".  The event was facilitated by
Vardia Oshana-Yakhanis.  Nano Ganja, President of the
Assyrian Society of Canada was also among the speakers.
Sharokin Betgevargiz, chairwoman of the AANF Women's
Committee presented a slide show covering the
accomplishments of the delegation of Assyrian women at
the NGO Forum in Beijing, China.  Two additional panelists
stressed the importance of Assyrian women's ownership
and management of businesses, as well as leadership role
in political institutions.  The evening's program concluded
with Amira and Vardia's moving and inspiring speeches in
calling for strength, solidarity and sisterhood.


(SC: B.C.)   On Sunday March 10, 1996, an election was held
in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada to establish a new
Assyrian-Canadian Association of British Columbia (B.C.),
Canada. The elected Exucutive Committee consists of the
following individuals

 1. Mr. Youash A. Gewargis - President.
 2. Dr. Simon Francis Shamoun - Vice-President & General Secretary.
 3. Mr. Edmon Michael - Treasurer.
 4. Mr. Ashour Shmouel - Social & Athletics Activities.
 5. Mr. Cyros Amiri - Public Relations & Communications.
 6. Mr. Saper Gewargis - Cultural & Educational Activities.
 7. Mrs. Cardelia Benjamin - Exucetive at-large
 8. Mrs. Shamiran Ibbitt  - Exucetive at-large

Activities of the ACABC in the near future will include
the Kha b'Neesan celebration of the Assyrian New Year 6746.

                TRIP TO THE HOLY LAND

(EB: Turlock)  Dr. Rev. George Shahbaz , Rev. Eshia
Joesph and Rev. Oshana Kanoun are organizing a trip to
the Holy Land (Isreal).  The trip is scheduled for
nine days starting Novemebr 5th, 1996 departing from
San Fransico, California. For more information call
Rev. Shahbaz at (209)632-4788 or (209)632-7296.

  D I R E C T O R Y  OF THE  N E W S  S O U R C E S

NQ (Nebu Quarterly)
        P.O. Box 59422, Chicago  Illinois  60659
RU (Reuters)
SC (soc.culture.assyrian)
ZN (Zenda Reporters):   zenda@ix.netcom.com

       C A L E N D A R    OF     E V E N T S

March 24        Sawa Khamis Qardakha of Arbela:
                His Poetry on Religion, Romance, Wine,
                 Wisdom and Other Topics
                Oraham Yalda Oraham
                5:00 P.M., Edens Banquets
                6313 N. Pulaski
                Chicago, U.S.A.

March 27        Lecture:  The Struggle For Power in
                          Northern Iraq
                Speaker:  Wilfred Alkhas
                3:00-5:00 pm
                Modesto Junior College
                Forum Building 101
                Modesto, U.S.A.

March 28-31     Assyrian Universal Alliance
                20th World Congress
                Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.

April 12-14     The Assyrian Art Exhibition 1996
                Toronto, Canada
                (416) 972-0106  Voice
                (416) 650-1983  Fax

May 24-27       Assyrian State Convention of California
                Fairmont Hotel
                San Jose, U.S.A.

May 24-25       Memorial Weekend Games
                Chicago, U.S.A.

May 25-26       2nd Assyrian Community Networking Conference
                Fairmont Hotel
                San Jose, U.S.A.

June 1          Nineveh Choral Concert
                Conducted by Maestro Nebu Issabey
                Santa Teresa High School Auditorium
                San Jose, U.S.A.
                8:00 pm

June 9-11       The ARAM Conference
                Harvard University
                Cambridge, Massachusetts,  U.S.A

Thru Aug 15     "Beirut:  Uncovering the Past"
                Profiles recent UNESCO archeology efforts
                The British Museum
                London, England

Aug 29-Sept 2   AANF National Convention
                Red Lion Inn Hotel
                Modesto, U.S.A.
March 23        Kha b'Neesan Party
                Assyrian American Association
                Yonkers, New York
                8:00 PM
                Entertainer:  Robert Sayad
                Menu:  Chicken & Beef Kabob
                Donation:  $35 (adults)
                           $15 (minors)

March 24        Assyrian STARS Athletic Teams
                All-Day Picnic/Athletic Tournaments
                BETA:  20000 Almaden Road
                San Jose, California
                10:00am - 5:00pm

March 30        Kha b'Neesan Party
                92  Mclintock  Street
                New  Britain,  Connecticut, U.S.
                10:00 PM
                Dominos, Pingpong & Backgammon Tournaments
                Picnic, Art gallery, Drama & Dance Party
                Admission:  Free

                Kha b'Neesan Party
                Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                Banker's Club
                8 South First St (& Santa Clara)
                San Jose, U.S.A.
                Entertainer:  Edmond
                Donation:  $20.00

April 12        St. Mary's Annual Church Party
                Assyrian Catholic Church
                Scottish Rite Center
                San Jose, California
                Entertainer:  Walter Aziz/Haroot Band
                              Nights of Babylon DJ
                Donation:  $30.00
               REGULAR MEETINGS
Fridays       Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
              Modesto Junior College
              1:00 pm
              Founders Hall 108
              Modesto, U.S.A.

Thursdays     Nineveh Choir:  Maestro Nebu Issabey
              BETA:  AAA of San Jose, U.S.A.
              7:30-9:00 pm

   A S S Y R I A N   S U R F I N G   P O S T S
                    New Site(s)

Ancient Near Eastern Astronomy

Babylonian & Egyptian Mathematics

Ancient Mesopotamia

Akkadian Language

Assyria On-Line

Assyrian Collection of the Metropolitan Museum

Assyrian Flag

Assyrian Fonts

Assyrian Local Union in Norrkoping, Sweden

Assyrian Server (in Sweden)

Assyrian Songs

Assyrian Woman Home Page

Assyrian Youth Association of Sweden

Corpus Neo Assyrian Project:  Helsinki, Finland


Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East

Journal of the Assyrian Academic Society

List of Books on Babylon


Middle Eastern Cuisine (includes Assyrian dishes)

"Newsgroup"     soc.culture.assyrian

Nineveh Kids Homepage

Sumerian Culture/Dictionary

Syriac Comp Inst

                         P U M P  U P  T H E  V O L U M E
        ENGLISH                ASSYRIAN
        Box                  Pooz-gaa-raa  [M]
        Basket               Qa-neez-qa    [M]
        Tray                 Baab-boo-aa   [M]
 Note:   Pronounce "q" as in "qaatoo, CAT"
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural

                     B A C K    T O  T H E    F U T U R E

B.C. (1430) Kara-Indash, a Babylonian king, builds a
temple in Uruk, the facade of which was made of bricks
moulded in such a way that, when put together, they
made up the figures of divine beings in low relief.
This ingenius technique was later used by the Persians
in Susa (Shush) and Persepolis (Takhte-Jamshid).

<< Georges Roux, Ancient Iraq >>

A.D. (January 18, 1836) The first academic Assyrian
school for Assyrians with only 7 pupils is established
in Urmie, Iran.  The school is now regarded as the
first modern school in Iran and central Asia.

<< An Assyrian Calendar printed in Tehran-Iran, 1995 >>

                                 L  I  T  E  R  A  T  U  S


In Akkadian: c. 2000 B.C.

um sessu sa yarah nisan umu u musi sitqulu
yum sitta d yarh nissan yuma u leli istaqqal
sessu beru umu sessu beru musi
sitta beri yuma sitta beri leli
Nabu u Marduk ana sarri beliya likrubu
Nabu u Marduk l malka mari barhi


On the sixth day of the month of Neesan
Day and night balanced each other;
Six Berus in a day and six Berus in a night.
May Nabu and Marduk pronounce blessings
unto the king, my lord.

Note:  Beru = 2 hours

                      T H I S    W E E K   I N    H I S T O R Y
March 20, 1843:  Paul Emil Botta, a medical doctor,
explorer, and French consul in Mosul uncovers the
ramains of Dur-Sharrukin, the capital city of Sargon II
of Assyria.

                                      B   R   A   V   O

On Saturday, a fundraising party for Congresswoman Anna
Eshoo was organized by the Assyrian American Association
of San Jose in the Awana of the Assyrian Church of
the East.  Nearly $10,000 were raised to assist the
Assyrian Congresswoman from the 14th U.S. District in
this year's November elections.

                       W E L C O M E   T O   Z E N D A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                TEMIC Corporation
                Cal State, Fullerton

                Union City, California
                San Jose, California
                        A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T S
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals &
organizations whose contributions appear in this issue:

Albert Gabrial                     Hollister, California
Pauline Jasim                      Chicago, Illinois
Carlo Ganjeh                       San Jose, California
Dr. Emanuel Kamber           Michigan, U.S.
Sandra Gevarguize               Yonkers, New York
Mardook  Betoushana          New Britain, Connecticut


ZENDA will continue to print your comments and
suggestions free of editing, as they appear in our
mailbox.  All letters will be printed in our SURFS UP!
section unless directed otherwise.

We urge you to submit your community events, personal
accomplishments, and meeting/school times to Zenda
no later than Sunday at 12:00 PM, Pacific Standard Time.

Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, March 25, 1996.