Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Volume II                       Issue 13                      April 29, 1996

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A Weekly Online Newsletter Serving the Assyrian Communities Around the World

                    THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E

                 OUR ASSYRIAN ROOTS

We recognize the ancient roots of Mesopotamian
civilizations, and we do not differenctiate between
the Assyrian, or Babylonian, or even the Sumerian
civilization.  Rather, we perceive all ancient cultures
that flourished on Mesopotamian soil [Bet-Nahrain], as
more or less assimilated by the Assyrian to the point
that they are no longer ethnically separable from each
other.  Legend has it that during their reign, the
Assyrians poured legions and settlers into the occupied
lands especially the southern area of Mesopotamia,
'Assyrianizing' it.  Of course, this is legend, but
the fact remains that our Assyrian culture was able
to absorb all the other branches.  What preceded the
Assyrians in Mesopotamia is regarded to be a part of
Assyrian culture, and what emerged, was a new unified
entity.  Those civilizations that reigned in Mesopotamia
after the destruction of Assyria and Babylon, had their
influence on the region's basic civilizational structure
but not to the degree of severing its bonds with its
original people.  In a sense, the ancient blood is
still streaming in the veins of the descendants of the
inhabitants of Assyria.  They share a common history,
and a common racial-national designation.  Atour (Assyria)
as a country no longer exists, but we have attachment to,
and are proud of, the soil upon which our Assyrian
ancestors trod, and by far more in the history of the
land of our beloved homeland which served as the cradle
for a succession of civilizations.

Youab Benyamin

[An Excerpt from the article written for The Ashurbanipal
 Libary Newsletter, Vol 2,#2 -1989]

  G O O D   M O R N I N G   B E T - N A H R A I N


(ZNRU: Ankara) Rival Iraqi Kurdish separatist groups
were unable to reach a peace agreement in talks last
week with a U.S. delegation in northern Bet-Nahrain.
The feud between the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)
and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) has cost about
3,000 lives and split the region into rival zones. But
there have been no serious clashes for over a year.
U.S. State Department official Robert Deutsch met
separately with KDP leader Massoud Barzani and PUK
leader Jalal Talabani in northern Bet-Nahrain.
The Kurdish groups began fighting in 1994 over control
of the ancient Assyrian city of Arbil and the
distribution of revenues from a makeshift oil trade
at the Turkish border.

(ZNRU: Diyarbakir) Turkish forces killed 10 Kurdish
rebels and seized seven rifles and 700 pounds of
hashish in a cave in the Hakkari province of northern
Bet-Nahrain.  Security sources say the latest death
tolls brings to 186 the number of Kurdistan Workers
Party (PKK) guerrillas killed during a large-scale
offensive which began April 5.  Almost 19,000 people
have died in the PKK's 12-year fight for autonomy or

                  S U R F S  U P !

"I recently began surfing through many irc's and I
have set up an Assyrian room on The Dalnet server. The
address is sanjose.ca.us.undernet.org and when you are
there, you join the room #assyria.  I think it will be
a lot of fun if a lot of Assyrians are there!"

Joseph Agassi
Cal State Univ Stanislaus
Turlock, California

"Just read the message on the donation of close to a
million dollers from Budwiser to our nation.  I was
wondering how we were able to achieve this milestone?
Was there an individual involve in permoting the idea?
If so I believe we should recognized his/her efforts."

Lena Mushell
San Jose, California

[According to the latest issue of Nabu Quarterly (see
last issue) the source of information for this article
was Mr. Eddie Rayis, an employee of  Annaheiser Busch
Company, who may also have been the driving force behind
the Budweiser Calendar and the $1 Million contribution.]

"Thank you for your note, and for ZENDA, both of which
I received today. As to Assyrians in South America I am
afraid I don't have very much information. I know my
father has relatives in Brazil, specifically in Rio de
Janeiro. There also are Assyrians in Buenos Aires,
Argentina, with whom we are in touch."

Gladys Warda
ON : http://www s2.sonnet.com.bella.htm

Bella Daniel
Turlock, California

"I'm glad to have found your handy and useful
newsletter.  As an attorney and editor, I'm pleased
to see anything that promotes Assyrianism and/or the
free exchange of information.  I would appreciate it
greatly if you could place me on your e-mail list for
subsequent issues of Zenda. Thanks."

Tay Sarguis
San Francisco

"I enjoy reading your weekly newsletter and appreciate
immensely your untiring efforts in creatng it.  I am
working on a screenplay in conjuction with one of
Hollywood's screenplay writers, concerning the events
that took place in Iraq (or Bet Nahrain as you would
like to refer to it).  The novel is based on real life
stories gathered of Iraqis from the year 1977 to 1992.
It depicts all the hardship that Iraqis indured as a
result of Saddam Hussein's reign in power.  The novel
covers the miseries felt by Shia Iraqis, Kurdish Iraqis
and Assyrian Iraqis.  Please forward any "real life"
stories you are aware of that Assyrians witnessed such
as deportations, mass executions (ethnic cleansing) or
chemical bomb attacks.  I will make an exerted effort to
include as many of the real life stories as I possibly could.
We are hoping that the screenplay gets picked up by one
of the networks or cable television operators and transform
it into a 'made for TV movie'."

Mark Allister

"Got my first issue of your newsletter and enjoyed
reading its contents.  Am looking forward to the many
issues I expect to get in the future.  Your selection
of international news concerning our Assyrian brothers
in all parts of the world is excellent.  In a prior
issue sent to me by another of your subscribers, you
quoted a Reuters press release saying thet there were
250,000 Assyrian/Jews in Israel.  It might be interesting
if you could follow up and this and see if you can find
out from whence these Jews came and whatever else you
can discover about them.

I am presently reading a copy of a book written back
in l841 by a medical missionary, ASAHEL GRANT, M.D.
[1807-1844].  The name of the book: "The Nestorians;
or, The Lost Tribes".  In the book, by making comparisons
of the Nestorians of both Urmia and Kurdistan with the
known Jewish tribes in the same area, of their physical
features, customs, foods, language, and other factors,
the writer tries to convince the reader that the so-called
Assyrians (a/k/a Nestorians) are really the Ten Lost
Jewish Tribes taken into captivity by the Assyrians as
the story is related in the Old Testament of the Bible.
The University of Michigan library has an original copy
of the book and there is a company who will, for a
price, make copies of it upon request.  The book also has a
library of Congress Number DS131.G77 and perhaps you can
check it out there.

  The facinating thing I find about the book is the
description of the Assyrian people of both the plains of
Urmia and the mountains of Turkey (Kurdistan) at that time;
whether you believe the premise of his hypothesis or not.
The author's descriptions are very well done and challenge
the imagination of the reader and I'm sure some of your
subscribers might like to read the book, believe it or not.
Now that I read that there are 250,000 Assyrian/Jews in
Israel who do not know Hebrew and have to have a proposed
dictionary of Syriac to Hebrew, it really piques my
curiousity as to whether these are the Jews that Grant
describes as those living near the "Nestorians" in Kurdistan
and Urmia.  I knew a Jew from Urmia who years ago would come
to the Assyrian churches to dinners because he knew the
language well and loved the food (dolma, kipti, rissah,
mashee. etc.) which I was taught to love.  We have lost some
of these dishes during the diaspora of those ancestors to
Bagdad, Syria, Jordan, etc. where many of our older customs
and foods have had a strong Arab influence.  I'm in my 82nd
year and the newer generations are quite different than the
ones who came to the US in the teens, twenties, and thirties,
before WW II.  Anyhow, we are all of the same blood so I
have learned to eat dolma that is wrapped up like a cigar,
etc. and other variations of the foods I learned to love as
a child.  I was born in Minneapolis, MN. in 1914 and mom and
dad came here in 1906; but grandpa (maternal) had come to
Chicago in 1902, so our perspective is a bit different.

  Perhaps some of your 300 subscribers may have some comment
on GRANT'S book, if they have been exposed to it, amd
perhaps they know more about the so-called "Assyrian/Jews".
This should be an interesting subject to investigate.

   Please let me know what you need from me to fulfill my
obligation on my subscription to your newsletter.  If any of
your other readers wish to communicate with me, you are fee
to give them my e-mail ID.  May I close with push'b'shana
and Alaha minookhun."
Polus Nweeya (a.k.a. Paul Newey)

                          S U R F E R S   C O R N E R
What is going on in your community?  Any lectures,
meetings, and parties?  ZENDA wants to know.  By
informing other readers you help bring our "virtual
community" closer to its core.  We welcome all social,
religious, and political activities that pertain to
the Assyrian communities around the world.  The
Assyrian nation, living and dynamic, colorful in all
aspects of its cultural and religious attributes, is
a breathing socio-political system stretched from one
continent to another.  Let ZENDA help chronicle the
celebration of the millenium- our existence-  with
every article you send, new reader you introduce, and
the community activity you mention to us.  Stagnation
no more!
                                 N E W S    D I G E S T


(ZNRU: Greece) A Turkish speedboat with 12 Iraqi
passangers, possibly Assyrians, was stopped by the
Greek Coast Guard officers.  The boat's captain was
identified as Amance Gorgu, 28, from Istanbul.  The
"illegal" passangers included three women, three men,
and six children.  They are currently in police
custody in Greece.  The Turkish captain appeared before
a public prosecutor Wednesday to face charges of illegal
entry into Greece and smuggling illegal immigrants.
Greek officials say Turkish smugglers charge up to
$4,000 a person to ferry illegal immigrants across the
Greek border.  Between 1992 and 1995, 22,900 illegal
immigrants have crossed from Turkey to Greece, 9,590
of them in 1995 alone.  Not long ago a similar boat
carrying 18 Assyrian passangers sank in the waters of
the Mediterranean Sea and all passangers were killed.


(ZNDA: San Diego) A 65-years-old Assyrian-Chaldean liquor
store owner was gunned down on April 18.  Sleiman
Hallak who lived in the Skyline area of San Diego,
California, a member of the St. Peter Chaldean Catholic
Church in El Cajon, was an enthusiastic supporter of the
Assyrian-Chaldean community.  Known as "pops" to his
clientele, Mr. Hallak was liked and well-respected in
the business circles.  On April 18 at 10:30 a.m., while
Sleiman was tending to his business, an armed assailant
wearing a ski mask enters the liquor store, fires
several shots, takes some cash and runs away. Mr. Hallak
having received seven wounds to the head and chest dies on
the premises.  Sleiman leaves behind his wife Suaad, seven
children and a number of grandchildren.


(ZNDA: San Jose)  The most widely translated film in
history and on the life of Jesus Christ is now available
in Assyrian.  Distributed by Campus Crusade for Christ,
an evangelistic and missionary Christian movement,
"Jesus" was dubbed in Assyrian by a group of Assyrian
artists in Lebanon.  As many as 100 Assyrian-Lebanese
have been involved in the translation of this 120-minutes
long film which is also considered "the most accurate
film ever made about Christ."  "Jesus" was filmed on
location in Isreal with a cast of 5000 Israelis and
Arabs, and every word spoken by Jesus is taken directly
from the Gospel of Luke.  For more information and to
order a copy contact The Jesus Film Project:
P.O. Box 72007  San Clemente, California   92674-9207
  D I R E C T O R Y  OF THE  N E W S  S O U R C E S
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNRU (Reuters):  ClariNet Communications Corp.
ZNSC (soc.culture.assyrian) newsgroup
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)

                    C A L E N D A R    OF     E V E N T S

May 3           General Membership Meeting
                Assyrian American Assoc. of San Jose
                BETA:  20000 Almaden Rd, San Jose
                7:30 pm

May 24-27       Assyrian State Convention of California
                Fairmont Hotel
                San Jose, U.S.A.
May 24-25       Memorial Weekend Games
                Chicago, U.S.A.

May 25-26       2nd Assyrian Community Networking Conference
                Fairmont Hotel
                San Jose, U.S.A.

June 1          Nineveh Choral Concert
                Conducted by Maestro Nebu Issabey
                Santa Teresa High School Auditorium
                San Jose, U.S.A.
                8:00 pm

June 9-11       The ARAM Conference
                Harvard University
                Cambridge, Massachusetts,  U.S.A

                Praque, Czech Republic

July 4-7        Assyrian Olympics of California
                San Diego, California

Thru Aug 15     "Beirut:  Uncovering the Past"
                Profiles recent UNESCO archeology efforts
                The British Museum
                London, England

August 12-14    SyrCOM-96: Second International Forum
                           on Syrian Computing
                Symposium Syriacum
                Uppsala University
                Dept of Asian and African Studies
                Box 513
                S-751 20 Uppsala
                Fax: +46 18 181094
Aug 29-Sept 2   AANF National Convention
                Red Lion Inn Hotel
                Modesto, U.S.A.
Mondays       Assyrian History Class
              "Assyrian History: 18th Century thru Present
              Instructor:  Wilfred Alkhas
              BETA on 20000 Almaden Rd, San Jose, Calif
              Class begins on June 3

Fridays       Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
              Modesto Junior College
              1:00 pm
              Founders Hall 108
              Modesto, U.S.A.

Thursdays     Nineveh Choir:  Maestro Nebu Issabey
              BETA:  AAA of San Jose, U.S.A.
              7:30-9:00 pm

                   A S S Y R I A N   S U R F I N G   P O S T S
Nineveh On-Line

Akkadian Translation Service

                        P U M P  U P  T H E  V O L U M E
        ENGLISH                ASSYRIAN

        Geography           rshaam-aar-aa  [M]
        Geology             ydaa-aar-aa    [M]
        History             taash-ee-taa   [M]
Note:  pronounce "aa" in "baahra" (light)
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural

                      B A C K    T O  T H E    F U T U R E

B.C. (4000) City of Uruk in southern Bet-Nahrain
included two major religious centers:  Kullaba and
Eanna where Anu and Innana (Ishtar) are worshipped
respectively.  The city covered an area of 400
hectares and according to a legend its walls were
built by its legendary king Gilgamesh.

<< Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia, Roaf >>

A.D. (December 1958) Mar Paulos II Cheikho is elected
Patriarch of the Chaldean Church.

<< Ashurbanipal Library Newsletter, April 1989 >>

                                     L  I  T  E  R  A  T  U  S

             *** THE LAWS OF UR-NAMMU ***
                       2100 B.C.

If a man divorces his primary wife, he must pay her
one mina of silver.

If a prospective son-in-law enters the house of his
prospective father-in-law, but his father-in-law later
gives his daughter to another man, the father-in-law
shall return to the rejected son-in-law two fold
the amount of bridal presents he had brought.
<< The Ancient Near East, Pritchard >>

                  T H I S    W E E K   I N    H I S T O R Y
April 29, 1972: Malik Yakub Malik Ismael is Awarded the
Assyrian Star Medal of Honor at the Congress of the
Assyrian Universal Alliance.

May 1, 1847:  Opening of the Assyrian Room at the
Louvre Museum in Paris, France

                                           B   R   A   V   O
    From Nabu Quarterly:  Fourth Quarterly 1996

Chicago-  Peter Jasim and Firas Jatou have completed
a computer program which can search through any text
field written for a database such as the entire
commercially available WhitePages directories in the
United States and abroad.  This will enable these two
members of the Assyrian Academic Society, to find all
last and first names that may be recognized as Assyrian
(i.e. Younan, Esho, etc).

                       W E L C O M E   T O   Z E N D A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                Chemical Safety
                Centennial Contract Services
                Quantum Corp
                Sandoz Corp
                Assyrian Australlian Academic Society
                Paderborn University, Germany
                San Jose, California
                San Francisco
                         A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T S
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals &
organizations whose contributions appear in this issue:

Vivian Hammi    San Diego, California
Youab Benyamin  Chicago, Illinois
Albert Gabriel  Hollister, California
Nabu Quarterly  Chicago, Illinois

ZENDA will continue to print your comments and
suggestions free of editing, as they appear in our
mailbox.  All letters will be printed in our SURFS UP!
section unless directed otherwise.

We urge you to submit your community and church
activities, personal accomplishments, and meeting/
school events to Zenda no later than Sunday, 12:00 PM,
Pacific Standard Time.
Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, May 6, 1996.