Tdabaakh 12, 6746 Volume II Issue 26 August 12, 1996
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A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency
THE L I G H T H O U S E
ASSYRIAN AMERICANS RAISE CASH FOR MONUMENT
The Chicago Tribune
Monday, July 29, 1996
John Hosanna, an 85-year-old World War II veteran, has
dream. It may well be the very last dream he can make come true. For
the past two years, Hosanna has been struggling to collect enough
money to raise a monument in honor of Assyrian Americans in Chicago
who, like himself, served in the U.S. armed forces during World War II
and the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
To raise money, Hosanna last year put together and published
devoted to Assyrian American veterans. We are raising the fund since
we published this book," said Hosanna, a Morton Grove resident. Each
book sold adds $10 to the pool, but Hosanna must rely mostly on
donations from other veterans or Assyrians.
One of our boys passed away and left us $5,000," Hosanna
"Another lady passed away last week. Before she did, she drove to my
house and gave me a check for $4,000."
The one who would rather see the. memorial erected than
money through his will is Lincoln Peters, another Assyrian World War II
veteran and a long time friend of Hosanna.
"Before we die, we would like to see it built to show
[Assyrians] are still alive, we're still kicking," said Peters, 71.
Throughout history, the Assyrians, citizens of a 4,000-year-old
were forced to kick just to survive.
Despite fighting on the Allies' side in both World Wars,
repeatedly have been denied their wish to live in their own country
again. Once a mighty and prosperous empire, the nation has been
plummeting into oblivion ever since it lost its homeland. It can't be
found on the world map today.
Perhaps that's why Assyrians today are commonly confused
Syrians or often called Kurds, after an area in southern Turkey and
northern Iraq where many live.
In the U.S., when an Assyrian is asked where he or she
is from, the
answer may even be "Lebanon." That's because some Assyrians identify
with the closest entity to be found on the map that has a similar
Like half of the Lebanese, Assyrians are Christians. "The
Assyrians began with the history of Christianity," Peters said. "Our
first patriot and the head of our church was St. Peter."
And although it was Peter who denied Christ, the Assyrians
Middle East still practice Christianity in the face of suppression from
their Muslim neighbors. "They're under the thumb of Saddam Hussein,"
said Peters, referring to the Iraqi strongman, "but they still keep
Apparently, Hosanna also has preserved the defiance encoded in his
pedigree. Although he needs a little help to climb the stairs or get
in the car, he is determined to see the memorial completed.
Together with his son, he designed it, and together with
Peters he is
doing most of the work connected with fundraising and obtaining the
most suitable site for the monument.
Peters said the monument site has been decided.
"It'll be at Elmwood
Park Cemetery, because all these boys are buried there," Peters said.
To avoid additional expenses, he and Peters are forced
over the grave sites at the cemetery. They intend to exchange graves in
order to patch together the site for the monument.
"We have about 20 graves that they could exchange," Hosanna
What is not decided yet is the size and configuration of the memorial.
Hosanna would love to see a monument with three black marble panels.
The middle panel would feature the names of 14 Assyrian American
warriors killed in action, and the two side panels would bear the names
of another 250 who survived.
"With all probability, it will be a small monument," Peters
the end, it will depend on how much money Hosanna can collect. He
hopes for about $30,000. So far, he said, he has collected about
Estimates of the number of Assyrians living in Chicago
50,000 to more than 75,000. Peters and Hosanna say they hope that
some of the more affluent among them will help Hosanna's last dream
of a lifetime come true.
Tribune Staff Writer
G O O D M O R N I N G B E T - N A H R A I N
TURKEY'S ISLAMIC PARLIAMENT BACKS Backs U.S.
ROLE IN NORTHERN BN
(ZNRU: Ankara) Turkey's ruling Islamic party swallowed
its pride last
week to approve further U.S.-led air patrols over the skies of northern
Bet-Nahrain reversing campaign promises to throw the Western allies out
of Turkey. "The motion has been accepted," Deputy Speaker Kamer Genc
told parliament after legislators voted in a show of hands. Prime
Minister Necmettin Erbakan's Islamic-based Welfare Party voted in
favor of keeping the U.S., British and French force, known as Operation
Provide Comfort, in Turkey for a further five months."
S U R F S U P !
"I applaud the spirit of Zenda publishers. I would like to
wholeheartedly congratulate you for such magnificent work. Keep up the
good work... a letter was faxed to Turkish Embassy in Washington today
July 31st. 1996. My letter contains strong protest against the arrest
of the individuals mentioned in your latest Zenda issue. I also condemned
the Turkish government for their inhumane and abusive treatment of
Christians in the region. Strong request was expressed for the release
of the arrested individuals and immediate cessation of such barbaric
treatment of their Christian citizens."
"This is just to let you know that I faxed the protest
letter to the
Turkish Embassy today. I have also given copies of it to friends who
do not have access to the Internet. At least one of them will fax it."
San Jose, California
"My family and I are enjoying your electronic magazine
every week! We
share it with all our friends and family when they come over, and
sincerely hope and wish you continued success. If there is anything
we can do to help we surely will. In the mean time I would like to
know if and how I might be able to advertise my business in your
"Zenda." I own and operate a hair replacement studio in the Chicagoland
area. My brother is a dentist, and I'm sure he'll be interested
also. Please advise."
David E Jacob
[In the next few weeks ZENDA will introduce its long-awaited,
searchable homepage. Subscribers will be able to display their
business logo's and/or messages on any one of the several pages of
our website. The advertising cost will help us improve the quality
of our equipment, purchase more books, and subscribe to more
periodicals. Thank you for your support and encouragement.]
"Thanks for your weekly newsletter. I enjoy reading ZENDA
very much. I
just want to let you know that I have mailed my protest letter to the
Turkish Embassy regarding the Assyrians who were arrested. Thank you."
"Does Mr. Tower's characterization of Assyrians include
Assyrian is small and insignificant! However, some of us fail to
realize that we can not afford to deny our heritage. We are too
small a nation and are easily drawn into the notion of the "Great
Melting Pot." There is no shame in wanting to preserve our numbers.
There is nothing hypocritical or racist about that. We have very few
well known Assyrians. We need those who are all international figures
to instill pride in the rest of us. Rather than being a role model for
our youth, people like Andre Agassi cause quite a bit of confusion. How
is it that this "Armenian" or whatever person has an Assyrian father who
has been a regular at the Assyrian Olympics and the State Convention held
in San Jose? How is it that the Assyrian father of this tennis superstar
expresses his hope that Andre will attend the next Assyrian event? We
certainly did not expect Mr. Andre Agassi to take time away from his busy
schedule to attend our functions. In light of the above, we have a right
to question this and clarify this issue as it is surely not an isolated
one. Nationality is not a choice. We are born into a particular nation.
Maybe Mr. Tower may have the urge to belong to the Armenian nation one day,
and the Zulu nation the next. But the fact remains that a person carries
his or her father's name and nationality, or identifies himself by the
nationality of both parents. Mr. Tower please open your eyes to the
Assyrian situation. Assyrians are neither blind, nor racist, nor small
and insignificant. However, if you really think so, you should not even
be subscribing to Zenda, whose main focus is the Assyrians nation.
Rachelle Badal and Lena Mushell
San Jose, California
"I wouldn't have bothered responding to the ridiculous
Ed Tower in your July 28 edition if he hadn't used insulting language,
because his confused words don't make any sense. How can Assyrians be
racist towards Andre Agassi when we are all the same race? And exactly
how are Assyrians who are critical of Agassi hypocritical? Ed didn't
bother explaining this last point. You know, you're expected to explain
what you mean when you write a letter, instead of trying to use a big
word you don't understand. The irony is that Ed himself expresses a
clear prejudice toward some, if not all, Assyrians. Furthermore, if
someone like Agassi denies his heritage, then he is more likely a racist
or hypocrite, not his detractors. But I guess that's just too obvious
to state. Yes, Agassi can choose who he wants to be, and since he
denies he's Assyrian, then he deserves to be criticized for it. But
the important point to me is that it's ridiculous for people to hold up
Agassi as a great Assyrian when he doesn't even acknowledge his heritage.
He's no brother of mine. Brothers don't claim they come from a different
family. In any case, the next time you write to us small and insignificant
people, Ed, try to make the minimal effort to look up Agassi's name and
spell it correctly.
"I would appreciate it if you'd seriously consider publishing
newspaper article below in the next release of Zenda. I sincerely
hope that this article will be well received and will have a
positive and moving effect on the readers of Zenda and encourage
them to step forward and help.
I urge all Zenda readers to share this information
Assyrians who do not have access to Zenda. In my view, this is
what I can really be proud of, but maybe having served proudly in
the U.S. Armed forces during the Vietnam era is my reason for
appreciating and respecting Mr. John Hosanna, Mr. Lincoln Peters,
Mr. Paul Newey, Mr. Lincoln Tamraz, Mr. Bryan Joseph and his father
Shumun Joseph (WWI Veteran), Mr. Alex Agasse and Mr. Lou Agasse to
mention few of the proud Assyrian Americans who served proudly.
I very strongly believe that every Assyrian home needs
to have a
copy of the "Assyrian Americans who served in the Armed Forces of
the United States". A Picture book published by Mr. John Hosanna
in 1993. Send your Checks and orders t: Mr. John Hosanna,
AMVETS Post 5, 9042 N. Central Ave, Morton Grove, IL 60053.
You can also call Mr. John Hosanna at (847)966-8043.
San Jose, California
[Please refer to THE LIGHTHOUSE section of this week's
"I would like to make some correction to the news regard the death of
Edward Essa Gavilan. Edward, 38, was playing with his 10 years old
daughter and his wife in very shallow waters when he drowned on Sunday
July 21, 1996. He was buried in San Jose on July 26, 1996. He was born
in Tehran, Iran to William and Joan Essa Gavilan. His parents are from
the village of Mushava in Urmia. I extend my condolences to his mother,
Joan, sister, Anita, his brother, Edison, and his wife and daughter.
May God grant him eternal peace and serenity, and may He comfort those
Edward left behind."
San Jose, California
S U R F E R S C O R N E R
To date nearly 50 letters have been sent from the ZENDA readers to the
Turkish Embassy in Washington D.C. ZENDA will publish the response of
Mr. Sina Baydur, the Turkish Counselor in D.C., in our next issue. Once
again we would like to thank our readers for their support in improving
the conditions of the Assyrians in the Middle East.
N E W S D I G E S T
FUNDRAISING EFFORTS FOR THE NEEDY ASSYRIANS
OF GEORGIA (Gorjestan)
(ZNDA: San Jose) In the past three weeks Assyrians/Chaldeans
United States have been diligently active in raising funds for the
Assyrian families in Georgia (former Soviet Republic). Father Benyamin
Yadegar, during a brief mission of goodwill to the United States, in
representing the Assyrian communities of Georgia has been travelling
extensively in the U.S. to raise awareness for the distressing condition
of the Assyrians in his country. The following is a list of cash funds
collected during the last 2-3 weeks of such efforts in the U.S. :
San Jose, California
Detroit, Michigan $ 4,400.00
Los Angeles, California $ 3,000.00
Turlock, California $ 1,500.00
San Diego, California $ 600.00
Ceres, California $ 500.00
MARONITE MUMMIES FOUND IN LEBANON
(ZNAR: Lebanon) The 700-year-old naturally mummified
remains of three
women and five children have been found in the Asi-el-Hadath grotto of
northern Lebanon's Qadisha Valley. Items found in the grotto, including
a Syriac religious manuscript and a talisman similar to one used in
present-day Lebanon, indicate these people had been Maronite Christians.
Much of the embroidery was copied from Maronite springtail motifs.
D I R E C T O R Y OF THE N E W S S O U R C E S
ZNAR (Archeology Magazine)
ZNMN (Mercury News)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNY (New York Times)
ZNRU (Reuters): ClariNet Communications Corp.
ZNSC (soc.culture.assyrian) newsgroup
ZNTN (Turkish News Agency)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNDA (Zenda: email@example.com)
C A L E N D A R OF E V E N T S
Thru Aug 15 "Beirut: Uncovering
Profiles recent UNESCO archeology efforts
The British Museum
August 12-14 SyrCOM-96: Second International
on Syrian Computing
Dept of Asian and African Studies
S-751 20 Uppsala
Fax: +46 18 181094
Aug 29-Sept 2 AANF National Convention
Red Lion Inn Hotel
Assyrian Food Festival
Assyrian Church of the East
San Jose, California
Thru April 6 The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
E N T E R T A I N M E N T
Aug 25 10th Anniversary Dinner
Assyrian Academic Society
900 East Rand Road
Des Plaines, Illinois
R E G U L A R C L A S S E S & M E E T I N G S
Mondays Assyrian History Class
"Assyrian History: 19th Century thru Present "
Instructor: Wilfred Alkhas
BETA on 20000 Almaden Rd, San Jose, Calif
Class begins on June 3
Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
Modesto Junior College
Founders Hall 108
The Church of the East
Ages 4 thru 14
Assyrian Language, History, & Arts
9:00 am - 12:00 pm
BETA on 20000 Almaden Rd, San Joe, California
A S S Y R I A N S U R F I N G P O S T S
Which are the original manuscript sources of the Gospels
of Jesus in
the New Testament. Access the following homepage for a new insight
into the Semitic-Greek studies of the scriptures:
P U M P UP THE V O L U M E
Waterfall shorshora [F]
F = Feminine M = Masculine P = Plural
B A C K TO THE F U T U R E
B.C. (2100) The first ziggurats (Mesopotamian Pyramids)
by Ur-Nammu (2112-2095 BC), the first king of the Third Dynasty of Ur,
at Ur, Eridu, Uruk and Nippur in southern Bet-Nahrain.
<<Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia, Roaf >>
A.D. (August 1933) Thousands of Assyrians in northern
are massacred in the hands of Kurdish fighters. The memory of the
Assyrian martyrs throughout history is commemorated each year on
<< ZENDA >>
L I T E R A T U S
******** Enuma Elish (The Babylonian Genesis) ********
When in the heights Heaven had not been named,
And below, Earth had not been called;
Naught, but primordial Apsu (SUN), their Begetter,
Mummu (Mercury), and Tiamat - she who bore them all;
Their waters were mingled together.
Gods were formed in their midst:
Gor Lahmu (Mars) and god Lahamu (Venus) were brought forth;
By name they were called.
<< Enuma Elish >>
Last week NASA scientists announced the possibility of
life on Mars.
T H I S W E E K I N H I S T O R Y
August 16, 1973: Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East, Mar
Eshai Shimun, announces his marriage plans amidst a storm of opposition
from the Assyrian communities from around the world.
B R A V O
Congratulations to Mr. Edward Barm, a ZENDA reader,
who last week
graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in
W E L C O M E T O Z E N D A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:
2 Subscribers (location not disclosed)
A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T S
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations
whose contributions appear in this issue:
Arbil Soleymani Santa Cruz, California
Christopher Aktas San Jose, California
ZENDA prints your comments and suggestions free of editing, as they
appear in our mailbox. All letters will be printed in our SURFS UP!
section unless directed otherwise.
We urge you to submit the activities of your local and
Assyrian communities, personal accomplishments, and meeting/school
events to ZENDA no later than Sunday, 12:00 PM, Pacific Standard Time.
Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, August 19, 1996.