Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Tishrin II  4, 6746                   Volume II                       Issue 37                     November 4, 1996

       *****    *****   *        *    ****          **
              *     *           * *     *    *      *      *    *
            *       ***       *    *  *    *      *    ******
          *         *           *      **    *      *    *         *
       *****    *****   *        *    ****     *           *
       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                  T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A

The Lighthouse..............  Semiramis Ziyeh
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain....  Kurdish Peace Talks; Assyrians Not Present
Surfs Up....................    "...I NEED WARRIORS NOT PRAYERS..."
Surfers Corner..............    National Convention in Detroit
News Digest.................  Dying Children of Iraq
Calendar of Events..........  The Nineveh Choral Concert
Entracte....................    No New Entries
Intelligentsia..............    Assyrian History/Language Classes in the U.S.
Assyrian Surfing Posts......    Assyrian Kibitzer
Pump up the Volume..........    Letter, Vowel, & Syllable
Back to the Future..........  Sennacherib's Canal System
                                      Assyrian Artifacts in Israel
Literatus...................    Voices of Young Assyrian Refugees
This Week in History........    Assassination of an Assyrian Patriarch
Bravo.......................    Nineveh Online
The Directory...............    Directory of ZENDA News Sources
Bshena......................    UCB, Foothill-De Anza, Germany
Salute......................    Romina & Albert
                                  THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E


Semiramis Ziyeh has a small body with a presence and big brown eyes
reflecting the intelligence of their owner.  Her eyes reveal her
experience and gentle character.

Samiramis has an Assyira ancestry.  She was born in Tehran the capital
of Iran, where her grand-parents migrated to in 1932, from Iraq.  Her
first art studies started at any early age, taking private lessons with
Maria Shayans the well known artist.  She attended Tehran Univesity for
a year, prior to going to the United States of America.  There she
continued her Fine Arts studies focusing on painting and photography.
After a few years of practicing her art form, she continued her
studies in design, which led to a career in Industrial Design.

New York, where Samiramis lived for twenty four years, was a great
teacher.  "New York city is a very very energetic place" she tells us,
"it has a lot to offer, there is constantly something happening there.
People are rushing about doing things and coming up with all kinds of
solutions to problems.  They have to be fast, efficient and creative.
It looks crazy from the outside, when you look in, but once you are
inside, you follow the rhythm.  It's like being in the ocean, if you
let go the strong waves will carry you.  It is very powerful and you
learn to swim with it."

Samiramis' artistic life developed in New York.  She has had two solo
exhibitions there, and her work has won various awards.  Her designs
are in the best seller lists of museums, such as The American Crafts
Museum and The Museum of Modern Art, New York.  Her work is a
manifestation of the terrain that lies between cultures, infused with
insight and longing.  When asked, what is the essence of an artist, she
replied, "it's a broad term, but I guess the essence of an artist is
the will or the vision to create."

Ms. Ziyeh has certainly developed many skills and talents enabling
her to succeed with many of her goals.  "I think that I have achieved
most things that I have started in my life.  When I decided to make
jewelry I didn't take a course in jewelry making.  I just started to
make them, and they were beautiful.  People loved them.  When I was
planning to come to Australia, I had envisioned working with the
communities.  And here I am, working as a community arts Officer.  I
believe that if you envision something, and believe in it strongly,
it will happen.  The universe provides."

As the arts officer for the Fairfield Community Arts Network (FCAN),
Samiramis is currently involved in different projects for that
community.  Among these is a multi media arts project with young
Assytrian and Kurdish refugees from Iraq, called 'Border Crossings'
which will culminate with a performance at the Belvoir Street Theatre
during the Carnival and two performances at the Fairfield School of
Arts, in September 1996.

Samiramis moved to Australia two years ago.  Before deciding to settle
here, she had visited her family in Australia on two occasions. when I
asked her where was she from, her reply was, "From the  universe, for I
have lived in different countries."  Australia is where she likes to be.
Her life style here has changed "I always worked for myself, with
flexible hours, now have a restricted schedule, but I am finding my
rhythm here!"

Finally we talked about today's youth.  "Young people should follow
their dreams and not to give up, if they try once and aren't successful,
they should try again.  They must believe in their dreams.  They need
to follow their intuition because it tells us what we need to do.
Sometimes we get distracted by other elements, and we need to return to
our intuition."

Samiramis talks with a passion  In conversation her focus is on the
subject.  I think she has crossed many oceans, and the waves were not
gentle.  Her gentle eyes reflect her awakened spirit.  Whe I meet her
again I would like to ask her about those oceans.

Yumi Kuchar
Creative Writing and Journalism Course
Ambitious Friends Journal, Spring 1996
Liverpool, Australia
 G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N


(ZNUP: Ankara) U.S. envoy Robert Pelletreau began meetings Wednesday
with Iraqi Kurdish representatives aimed at bolstering a cease-fire
between rival factions struggling for control of northern Bet-Nahrain.
Turkish and British officials also attended the meeting, along with
representatives of northern Bet-Nahrain's minority Turkoman community;
there are no indications at presstime whether an Assyrian representation
participated at these meetings. The leaders of the Kurdistan Democratic
Party, or KDP, and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, or PUK, did not
personally attend the Pelletreau talks, which were expected to continue
at least through Thursday.  PUK leader Jalal Talabani and Massoud Barzani
of the KDP agreed last week to the cease-fire after separate meetings with
Pelletreau in the Turkish capital. They also agreed to accept no further
aid from Iran or Iraq.
                  S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"Prime Minister of Lebanon,Rafik al-Hariri is not a Maronite. He is a
Moslem. Please check your sources when you make such statements.

Samir Batio

"I was reading the News issue and found a serious error in regards to
Lebanon... It stated that Rafik Hariri is a Maronite Assyrian when he
is actually a Sunni who recently tried to shut down La Voix de l'amour
but the Patriarch put pressure on him so he couldn't do it... Thank you."

Basil Keila
Montreal, Cananda

[Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, born in Sidon, Lebanon in 1944, is a Sunni
 Moslem.  We stand corrected.  For more information link up to:


"Every Monday morning when I come to work, the first thing I do is to
turn on my computer and check my email for Zenda.  I want to point out
that how important this news agency is to me and many others  who rely
on this magazine to stay informed of the issues related to our nation.
I know running this agency takes a lot of time and effort for the
Staff of Zenda.  I just want to say thank you for the wonderful job you
are all doing and God bless you.  tx."

Lena Mushell
San Jose, California


First, don't put your words in my mouth that I can't tolerate any
woman for speaking her mind. Maybe I did not agree with her, but never
insulted her because she was a woman and specially an Assyrian
woman,you simply misunderstood my message, however if anyone insults
or attacks my heritage then I will attack back, like I did with
Mr.Tower (I wonder where is he hiding?).
You wanted to know what I would do to your 2000 years old churches if
I was the man in power. You have suggested that I was going to burn
your churches, that is not bad Idea,  but why burn the whole churches
where I can replace the crosses with an Assyrian flags and still use
the buildings for better things to teach, I NEED WARRIORS NOT PRAYERS.
Simply look at the Palestinians if they would've followed what your
Savior Jesus said( Love your enemies, do good to those who mistreat
you ) do you think that they would've ended with a piece of
land,flag,recognition among the rest of the world? I DON'T THINK SO,
But by hating their enemies and mistreating them they did reach to
some kind of recognition. Nobody knows who are Assyrians and everybody
know who are kurdish. Have you asked yourself why? because Our
Assyrian community is full with people like you who will give there
other side of face if they get slapped on one, or go into hiding like
what Mr.Tower is doing.

p.s  Please remove my name from your prayer list. And if you ever changed
your mind, you will have a space reserved for you in my WARRIORS list.
We need someone like our warrior SHAMERAM. I wonder if she was alive
what would she think about your message?.
Sargon Kanja


"In regard to Mr. Kanja's harsh and twisted comments I would like first
to commend Zenda on it's policy for not publishing personal attacks. I
also would like to express my deep regrets to Miss Doris Babbasi for the
way she was viewed in Mr. Kanja's hateful and twisted mind. Miss Doris
Babbasi, in my opinion is a Lady. She has God's wisdom, strength and
courage to be able to come out and tell our Assyrian people her
Christyian convictions.

As for me I would like to express my apologies to Mr. Ashur Simon for
calling him a Waco. However, I still maintain that his theory of
substitution and elimination is ludicrous.

As for Mr. Kanja I would like to say: if you want to attack my person
and receive my response, please communicate with me directly. My e-mail
address is: etower@worldchat.com"

Esho Tower
Burlington, Canada

[In an effort to bring our readers' attention to the current subjects
 under cosideration ZENDA reserves the right to stop publishing
 commentaries pertaining to Ms. Babassi's article (see September 23).
 We thank our readers for a very lively discussion and encourage similar
reaction to our future articles.]

              S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R
How About Vacationing in Detroit During the Month of August?

The Assyrian National Convention of the Assyrian American National
Federation to be held in Detroit, Michigan from August 26 thru Sept
27, 1997 at the Hyatt Regency Dearborn Hotel:

For Reservations:  (313) 982-6880

The Hyatt Regency Dearborn will only accept guaranteed reservations.
You may guarantee your reservation with an accepted credit card
number, expiration date, and signature or by an advanced deposit for
one night's lodging.  Make your check payable to the
Hyatt Regency Dearborn
18600 Michigan Avenue
Fairlane Town Center
Dearborn, Michigan  48126-9987

Single (one person)                     $95.00 per day
Double (two persons, two beds)  $95.00 per day
Double (two persons, king bed)  $95.00 per day
Triple (three persons)                  $95.00 per day
Quad (four persons)                     $95.00 per day

To guarantee convention rates. reservations must be received by the Hyatt
Regency Dearborn by August 7, 1997.

              N   E   W   S       D   I   G   E   S   T

                 4,500 IRAQI CHILDREN DYING MONTHLY

(ZNRU: Baghdad) United Nations aid agencies last week expressed
alarm at the lack of food, medicine and clean water in Iraq,
estimating that 4,500 children were dying  monthly in part
because of stringent trade sanctions.  Of the $39.9 million requested
in a September appeal only 4 percent or $1.6 million was received,
from the Netherlands and from France.  Carol Bellamy, the director of
UNICEF, the U.N. Children's Fund, told a news conference that 4,500
children under five years of age were dying each month from hunger and
disease. UNICEF officials later said that this figure was given by
the Iraqi government but nevertheless was an indication of the
crisis. Other humanitarian groups said 4,500 appeared valid.
A U.N. relief agency says that $19 million for 2.1 million ``highly
vulnerable'' people, including 900,000 war widows, 180,000
malnourished children under five and 200,000 pregnant or nursing
mothers are needed. UNICEF needs $10 million for essential medicine
and nutritional supplements for children.  In Washington, however,
State Department spokesman Nicholas Burns reacted cooly to the
reports. He said the administration has long felt the Iraqi people
had suffered because of President Saddam Hussein's rule. "If Hussein
was really interested in helping his people, rather than parading
malnourished children and sick women in front of Western reporters
to bolster claims the international community is somehow responsible
for their condition," Burns said, "he should stop building palaces,
restocking the military and feathering the nests of his family."

Last Tuesday, Three international oil experts left Baghdad for
northern Bet-Nahrain to inspect the country's oil facilities for
possible implementation of a delayed oil-for-food deal with the
United Nations.  On Wednesday, The United States decided to donate
$7.3 million to the United Nations for humanitarian relief in Iraq,
but the aid was earmarked for Kurds residing in northern Bet-Nahrain.
Leaders of the two rival Kurdish political parties will meet again on
November 15 in a bid to settle administration and revenue sharing
in northern Bet-Nahrain.

  C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S

Thru April 6    The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
                Smithsonian Institute
                Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
                Washington D.C.

Nov 13          Babylon & Syria in the time of XENOPHON
                Lecturer:  M. Stolper
                Oriental Institute
                University of Chicago
                Chicago, Illinois

Nov 23           The Nineveh Choral Concert
                 Piano Recital by two Assyrian Concert Pianists
                 Nineveh Issabey (Simons) & Nineveh Bet-Shleimoun
                 Conducted by Nebu Issabey
                 San Jose State University Music Hall
                 San Jose, California
                 8:00 PM
                 Tickets:  $20.00
                 Contact:  Robert Badalian  (408) 268-8545
                          Joseph Betjoseph (209) 668-6805

Jan 15          Ashur & Marduk:  The State Gods of Assyria & Babylonia
                Lecturer:  G. Frame
                Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations
                University of Toronto
                St. George campus
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m

Mar 12          Guardians of the Gate:  The Assyrian Winged Colossi
                Lecturer:  A. Harrak
                Near and Middle Eastern Civilization
                University of Toronto
                St. George campus
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m

April 9         Recent Excavations at Gordion, Turkey:
                An Achaemenid Persian Imperial Town in Central                           Anatolia
                Lecturer:  T.C. Young, Jr.
                Royal Ontario Museum
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m
                          E N T R A C T E
No Entries for the Week of

                   I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
Mondays          Assyrian History Class
                 Fall 1996 Session
                 "Assyrian Biographies"
                 Instructor:  Wilfred Alkhas
                 BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                 20000 Almaden Road
                 San Jose, California
                 7:30-9:00 pm
                 Info:  Wilfred_Alkhas@3mail.3com.com

Fridays          Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                 Modesto Junior College
                 1:00 pm
                 Founders Hall 108
                 Modesto, U.S.A.

Saturdays        Nisibis School
                 The Church of the East
                 Toronto, Canada

                 Nisibin School
                 10:00-12:00 pm
                 BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                 San Jose, California

SUNDAYS          Assyrian Boy Scouts
                 Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                 Assyrian Club
                 5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                 North Hollywood, California
                 9:30am  to 12:30pm
                 Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                 (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                 Assyrian Student Union
                 California State University, Northridge
                 Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                 Assyrian Club
                 5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                 North Hollywood, California
                 Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                 (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

  A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S
Assyrian Kibitzer       http://www.nineveh.com/kibitzer.htm

               P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E
                   ENGLISH                ASSYRIAN

                Letter  (consonent)         a/too/ta    [M]
                Vowel                        zow/aa             [F]
                 Syllable                    hag/ya/na         [M]
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
             B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E

B.C. (690) King Sennacherib begins construction of his 80 kilometer
long canal system, the oldest waterway in the world.  The remains of
this canal still exist and can be visited to the north of Mosul, Iraq.

<<Nineveh Magazine, Vol 8, #2&3>>

A.D. (1985) The Bible Lands Museum in Jerusalme becomes the permanent
home of the Elie Borowski collection of anienct Near Eastern artifacts.
The collection includes small items wuch as seals, and monumental
Assyrian reliefs.

<< The Jerusalem Post International, June 8, 1985>>

              L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S
           Voices of the Young Assyrian Refugees From Iraq

Your story
your village
the Gulf war
take me back
back in time.

My childhood
my grandparents
their story
their homeland
their betrayal
the Great war.

I say
History repeats itself.

Your stories
our stories
come together
on this land.

Three generations
from now
history repeats not itself.

Semiramis/August 1996

It is getting darked and darker
and I am still walking on a soft ground.
I can't feel myself.
I don't know where I am going.
I can't see what's going on around me.
Only the memories of my past life.

The life where everything was peaceful and beautiful.
The time when smile was drawn on my face
my childhood
when everything looked magical.
I see myself running
with friends
lying on the soft grass
looking to the blue sky that never ends.
surrounded with tall trees.

I hope that my life can turn to how it used to be,

Maureen/July 1996

I like water,
A rock is holding the water.
Grass starts to grow around the rock.
Water comes down.
Faster and faster.
It goes over the tree.
I am five.
I am leaving Iraq.
I step over the tree.
I cross the river.
The water is dirty.
I am scared.
Clouds gather.
Trees everywhere.
It is a bush.

Ninos/June 1996
<< Border Crossings, Images, Words.  A multimedia project for young
Assyrian and Kurdish refugees from Iraq.  Fairfield Community Arts
Network, Fairfield NSW- Australia (May-Sept 1996)>>

    T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
November 6, 1975:  Mar Ishaya Shimoon XXIII, Patriarch of the Assyrian
                   Church of the East is assassinated in California.
                      B     R    A     V     O
Congratulations to Albert Gabrial of Nineveh Online and his crew
for the belated recognition of its aesthetically pleasing and
informative website.  Below is an article which appeared in the
November issue of THE NET MAGAZINE:

"Nineveh Online is a site devoted to promoting Assyrian culture. Prior
to visiting this excellent resource, my knowledge of Assyria was vague
at best. I now have a few more associations to work with. One of the
world's ancient civilizations, Assyria is today a loosely scattered
entity of some three million people living mainly in Iraq and elsewhere,
as refugees. Akin to the Kurds insofar as they both lack a sovereign
homeland, Assyrians are generally Christian and speak their own language,
often called Syriac. You can learn much more at this site, a kind of
homeland in cyberspace. There is a BBS, as well as pages devoted to kids,
women, the Assyrian language, food, amnesty issues, and more.

Content: Excellent
Aesthetic: Good
TechnoSmart: Excellent

Author: Patrick Joseph
                   the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrian Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

      W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        Foothill-De Anza Colleges, California
                        University of California, Berkeley
                        Berlin, Germany
                            S A L U T E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations
whose contributions appear in this issue:

                Albert Gabrial          Hollister, California
                Romina Ziyeh            San Jose, California

Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, November 11, 1996.