Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Tishrin II  11, 6746                   Volume II                       Issue 38                     November 11, 1996

       *****    *****   *        *    ****          **
              *     *           * *     *    *      *      *    *
            *       ***       *    *  *    *      *    ******
          *         *           *      **    *      *    *         *
       *****    *****   *        *    ****     *           *
       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                  T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse..............  Assyrian National Movements in Iraq
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain....  Turkey Enters Iraq, Kurdish Rebels Killed
Surfs Up....................    "...to integrate Assyrian history..."
Surfers Corner..............  Assyrian TV Interviews with Local Candidates
News Digest.................  Detroit Chaldean/Assyrians in Support of Clinton
Calendar of Events..........  Nov 16:  AUOC Meeting in San Jose
                                Dec  7:  The Nineveh Choral Concert in LA
Entracte....................    No New Entries
Intelligentsia..............    Assyrian History/Language Classes in the U.S.
Assyrian Surfing Posts......    Assyrian Church of the East
Pump up the Volume..........    Camp, Police Station, and Balcony
Back to the Future..........  Ashurbanipal and the Elamites
                                Excavations at Tell Leilan
Literatus...................    Atrahasis, The Babylonian Noah
This Week in History........    Assyrian Star in New York
Bravo.......................    An Assyrian Promoted to VP of Universal
The Directory...............    Directory of ZENDA News Sources
Bshena......................    Detroit, San Jose, & ATR
Salute......................    Pauline & Nineveh Magazine

             THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E


In the early forties two small Assyrian national movements emerged in
Iraq and Iran.  In Habbaniya, the British military base, "Khait Khait"
was started by Ousta Moshe, an Assyrian who had had personal experience
with the Armenian National Movement in the Soviet Union.  The "Khait
Khait" movement modeled itself after the Armenian National Movement.
Ousta Moshe managed to attract a number of patriotic Assyrians; secretly
they attempted to develop a political organization.  The movement
sought a broad-based support intended to enable the exiled Patriarch
(Mar Shimon Ishaya) to champion the cause of his people.  The concept
was conveyed to Assyrians in Iran.  However, after a few years, the
new movement failed due to petty disputes among the original supporters.
It should be noted that the movement was not intended to be anti-Iraq
or anti-anyone.  It envisioned that post armistice day the rights of
Assyrians would be recognized and an equitable solution would be
found.  The organizers' main objective was to have the new movement
provide the catalyst for the creation of a national leadership to
champion the Assyrian cause.

For many years, a number of Assyrians in Iraq have been politically
active under the umbrella of other parties.  the objective of most
of these parties has been to change the existing government and to
replace it with a more suitable one.  the main motivation of Assyrians
associated with these political parties ha been to achieve a democratic
Iraq, an it has been assumed that Assyrians would benefit from a
representative government.  They had no specific plans to achieve
special rights or privileges for Assyrians per se.

The Kurdish national movement has been another matter.  Ever since
the establishment of the government of Iraq (immediately after the
First World War), the Kurds have sought either autonomy or independence.
Kurdish demands have varied depending on the leader and the specific
time.  There are those who have demanded an autonomous state within
the Iraqi structure, and others whose objective has been an independent

Since the majority of Assyrian villages are situated in northern Iraq
(where the Kurds make their claim), the Assyrians often find them-
selves participating in this struggle not be choice but due to
geographical reality.

When the monarchy was eliminated in Iraq by Abdul Karim Kassim,
Assyrians experienced more freedom and some limited recognition. Like
the majority of the population, Assyrians were hopeful that the
new republic would institute democratic reforms, establish equality
and bring economic improvements to all the citizens of Iraq.
However, the Kassim regime was brutally terminated and its promises
did not materialize.

The Baath regime that replaced kassim began on a positive note for
the Assyrian minority.  The Bakr government declaration that granted
all Assyrian (Syriac) speaking people freedom to learn, teach, and
use their language was an encouraging beginning.  Unfortunately, hopes
were quickly dashed when the Assyrians were subjected to the policy
of Arabization.  In the 1977 national census, Assyrians were forced
to register as either Arabs or Kurds, and were not recognized as a
viable minority in Iraq.  Other governmental policies were
specifically directed against Assyrians such as forced demographic
changes, demolition of villages and churches and falsification of
Assyrian history.

As a result of these actions and other facets of discrimination
displayed by the ruling authorities, a new political party was
established to secure Assyrian rights within Iraq.  A founding
conference was held on April 12, 1979, from which a new national
movement emerged under the name of the Assyrian Democratic Movement
(ZOWAA).  The movement has been recognized by other Iraqi opposition
groups.  When the U.S. State Department invited the Iraqi Kurdistan
Front to Washington in September 1991, ZOWAA was one of the political
parties included in that Front.

ZOWAA has been accepted and supported by other Iraqi opposition
parties an d by European governments.  Assyrian political parties
in the United States need to accept ZOWAA as the official party of
Assyrians in Iraq and to provide it the financial assistance, and
the political and moral support it deserves.  ZOWAA is ready to
work with all Assyrian political parties genuinely supporting the
struggle of Assyrians in Iraq to gain their human and national rights.

Recognizing the urgency of needed help for our brothers and sisters
first to survive the present tragedy and eventually to return and
rebuilt their homes and lives, the supporters of ZOWAA in the United
States have joined together to establish the Assyrian Aid Society
of America.  The primary objective of this society is and will
continue to be the raising of funds and channeling them to assist
needy Assyrians in the Middle East. This is an organization for all
Assyrians who wish to support their compatriots on a regular and
organized basis.

Youel A Baaba

[Excerpted from an article entitled Assyrian Democratic Movement
 Nineveh Magazine, Vol 15, #1 & 2]

 G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N


(ZNRU: ANKARA) An Iraqi Kurdish group Wednesday accused Turkey of
entering Iraq and pounding Iraqi Kurdish settlements with artillery
and air strikes in the hunt for Kurdish separatist guerrillas.
Turkish forces, backed by planes and helicopters, attacked the bases
of Turkish Kurd separatists, the Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK, in
Iraq for one day Monday, the Turkish military said.  37 PKK
guerrillas have been killed in such attacks.  Turkey frequently
strikes across the mountainous Hakkari region, where there remain
several Assyrian settlements, against guerrillas who use bases there
in their fight for self-rule in northern Bet-Nahrain.  The Kurdistan
Democratic Party said it was ``calling on all sides interested in human
rights, peace and security in the area to join us in demanding that the
Turkish government immediately stop its assault on our civilians.''
The PKK has been fighting a guerrilla war since 1984 to carve an
independent Kurdish state out of northern Bet-Nahrain. About 21,000
people have been killed in the insurrection, in which neither Iraqi
Kurdish group, PUK or KDP, is formally involved.
Last week, the KDP and its rival, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan or
PUK, agreed in Ankara talks to a U.S.-brokered peace declaration that
committed them to working ``to prevent terrorist elements, the PKK in
particular, from having a presence or activity'' in Bet-Nahrain.
``In an operation in northern Iraq today a cave was attacked. (Troops)
captured 35 PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party) members dead and 45 alive,''
said Turkish minister, Tansu Ciller. She gave no further details.
There was no independent confirmation of the deaths. Meanwhile, Kurdish
rebels killed 12 people, including a child and a woman, in an attack on
a minibus in Hakkari. The rebels fired rockets at the minibus, causing
it to veer over a cliff near Cukurca, a town in Hakkari province. To
date there has been no official report of any Assyrian casualties.
                  S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"Please add the following name to receive ZENDA in the future...Thank
you - especially for the very excellent work being done on behalf of
all our Assyrian people."

H.B. Quoyoon


"Bossley Park High School, located in the western suburbs of Sydney,
Australia has a large Assyrian student population. The history
department would like to integrate Assyrian history into the Syllabus,
however we have few resources on Assyrian history. We would appreciate
it if you could forward a list of resources available on Assyrian history,
that you are aware of. Thanking you in advance."

Pablo Rossi
History Teacher
History Department BPHS


"I need the bylaws of the following organizations in electronic form.
If anyone has converted the documents in electronic form , in any
format, I would appreciate a copy and would thank the person in advance:
Assyrian American National Federation,
Assyrian American Associations (All cities),
Assyrian Foundation of America,
Assyrian Aid Society,
Assyrian Universal Alliance Foundation OR any other organization's...!
Thank You."

Arbil Bet-Shliemoun
San Jose, California

              S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R

"I would like to write about a historical day in KBSV-TV23's life. In
less than 6 months this Assyrian Television Station has come a long
way. We still have a long road ahead of us. On Sunday Nov. 3, 1996,
between 5:00PM and 10:00PM AssyriaVision broadcasted LIVE speeches of
the different candidates running for different government offices.
This included a Congressman, A Mayor, members of the City Council,
Judges, School Board candidates, etc.  This is an example of "Power of
Meadia" which Assyrians have not effectively explored in the past.

Why KBSV took this step? By giving each candidate 15 minutes to
bring his/her message to the voters of that region, it gives the
voters, including Assyrians living in California's Central Valley,
a chance to informatively elect candidates of their choice. Among
the Candidates present was John Lazar, the incumbent Assyrian City
Councilman. The program intended to encourage our qualified Assyrians
to consider a Political life where they can serve their community
as well as Assyrians in general.

Why not have more Assyrians in the Political arena? One reason could
be Assyrians in general have not been educated nor encouraged to pursue
this line. There is a notion among us that Political life is a life of
lies and deception. There are many benefits that an elected official
that can bring to his or her district.

Another benefit is to meet and educate the elected officials in any
office about Assyrians.  Also, for example, a Congressman/woman can be
asked in the future to help us in many different areas. Possibilities
are endless, But we need to take the first steps and work to achive
the recognition in the United States and around the world.

Ninous Bebla
San Jose, California

              N   E   W   S       D   I   G   E   S   T

(ZNAP: Washington) Democratic officials said last week that the
Detroit fund-raiser held by the Assyrian-Chaldeans to influence
President Clinton's policy toward Iraq did not violate federal campaign
laws.  The event, attended by Clinton on Oct. 21, netted about eight
hundred thousand dollars ($800,000)and was organized to persuade the
president to lift an economic embargo against Iraq.  The money went to
the Democratic National Committee and those who attended paid $10,000
per couple for a private dinner with Clinton.  Some attendees told the
Detroit Free Press the event gave them an opportunity to make their case
against the embargo, imposed after Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait in 1990.
"It was to help Iraq, to help the people there, to open sanctions", Julie
Danou said, the Detroit Free Press reported Monday. She said the president
seemed responsive and promised to work towards "lifting the embargo and
help send food and medicine to the kids and the Iraqi people".  There has
yet been no change in U.S. policy.

Danou's uncle, Iraqi native, Samir Danou, organized the event and invited
other members of the Danou family.  "The gentleman is an American citizen.
The contributions are legal" Clinton campaign spokesman Joe Lockhart said
today in Little Rock, Ark.  Julie Danou estimated her family gave $400,000
to $500,000 to the DNC.  The Detroit area is home to the largest
Assyrian-Chaldean community outside of Bet-Nahrain.  Samir Danou, who is a US
citizen, has also donated money to the Republicans, the Detroit Free
Press said. He contributed about $75,000 to Michigan Republican
candidates in the past three years, and made $1000 donations to the
campaigns of both Bob Dole and Bill Clinton.

  C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S

Thru April 6    The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
                Smithsonian Institute
                Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
                Washington D.C.

Nov 13          Babylon & Syria in the time of XENOPHON
                Lecturer:  M. Stolper
                Oriental Institute
                University of Chicago
                Chicago, Illinois

Nov 16           Assyrian United Organizations of California
                 Quarterly Meeting
                 Hosted by the Assyrian American Association
                 BETA:  20000 Alamaden Road
                 San Jose, California

Nov 23           The Nineveh Choral Concert
                 Piano Recital by two Assyrian Concert Pianists
                 Nineveh Issabey (Simons) & Nineveh Bet-Shleimoun
                 Conducted by Nebu Issabey
                 San Jose State University Music Hall
                 San Jose, California
                 8:00 PM
                 Tickets:  $20.00
                 Contact:  Robert Badalian  (408) 268-8545
                          Joseph Betjoseph (209) 668-6805

Dec 7            The Nineveh Choral Concert
                 Conducted by Nebu Issabey
                 Assyrian American Association of Southern California

Jan 15          Ashur & Marduk:  The State Gods of Assyria & Babylonia
                Lecturer:  G. Frame
                Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations
                University of Toronto
                St. George campus
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m

Mar 12          Guardians of the Gate:  The Assyrian Winged Colossi
                Lecturer:  A. Harrak
                Near and Middle Eastern Civilization
                University of Toronto
                St. George campus
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m

April 9         Recent Excavations at Gordion, Turkey:
                An Achaemenid Persian Imperial Town in Central                           Anatolia
                Lecturer:  T.C. Young, Jr.
                Royal Ontario Museum
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m
                   I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
Mondays          Assyrian History Class
                 Fall 1996 Session
                 "Assyrian Biographies"
                 Instructor:  Wilfred Alkhas
                 BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                 20000 Almaden Road
                 San Jose, California
                 7:30-9:00 pm
                 Info:  Wilfred_Alkhas@3mail.3com.com

Fridays          Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                 Modesto Junior College
                 1:00 pm
                 Founders Hall 108
                 Modesto, U.S.A.

Saturdays        Nisibis School
                 The Church of the East
                 Toronto, Canada

                 Nisibin School
                 10:00-12:00 pm
                 BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                 San Jose, California

SUNDAYS          Assyrian Boy Scouts
                 Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                 Assyrian Club
                 5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                 North Hollywood, California
                 9:30am  to 12:30pm
                 Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                 (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                 Assyrian Student Union
                 California State University, Northridge
                 Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                 Assyrian Club
                 5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                 North Hollywood, California
                 Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                 (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

  A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S
What is the Holy Apostolic and Catholic Assyrian Church of the East?
When did it begin?  Where did it begin?  How is it organized?


               P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E
                   ENGLISH                ASSYRIAN

                Camp                         mash/ree/ya        [F]
                Police Station       maan/taa/raa       [F]
                 Balcony                     bin/qa           [F]
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
             B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E

B.C. (668-626) King Ashurbanipal writes:  "When there was famine in
            Elam and a food shortage developed, I had corn sent to
            him to keep his people alive... People of his who had
            fled before the famine and taken up residence within
            Assyria until the rains came to his land and a harvest
            followed, these people, who had been able to stay alive
            in my land, I sent back to him.

<< Civilization Before Greece and Rome, Saggs >>

A.D. (1979) Excavations at Tell Leilan show that a settlement of no
            more than 15 hectares on the Khabur Plains (Syria)existed
            around 2500 B.C.

<< The Origins of Cities in Dry-Farming Syria & Mesopotamia, Weiss>>

              L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S
                       The Babylonian Noah

Call the elders, the senior man
Start an uprising in your house,
Let heralds proclaim...
Let them make a loud noise in the land:
Do not revere your gods!
Do not pray to your goddess!
Search out the door of Adad,
Bring a baked loaf into his presence.
May the flour offering reach him,
May he be shamed by the presents.
<< >>

    T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
November 13, 1956:  Assyrian Star Magazine, the official voice of the
                    Assyrian American National Federation is registered
                     in New York.

                      B     R    A     V     O


Universal Pictures has promoted Paul Neesan to Vice President of
Production.  Neesan will acquire and develop film projects for
theatrical release.  "Paul has proven himself to be an astute and
extremely valuable member of our production team, and I'm delighted
to be able to acknowledge his many contributions," said Hal Lieberman,
president of Universal Pictures Productions. Neesan, 27, joined
Universal in 1995 as Director of Development.  He began his career in
1994 working with producer Joe Singer at John Davis Entertainment,
serving as co-producer on "Courage Under Fire" and co-executive
producer on Universal's forthcoming action drama "Daylight."  Among
the projects he is developing are "New Jersey Turnpikes" and "Confucius
Brown", to star Jackie Chan and Wesley Snipes, and "Ohio", a film
about the 1970 Kent State tragedy.

[Paul Neesan is the son of Sami and Lily Neesan of Hercules, California,
and the nephew of Julius Shabbas, Editor of Nineveh Magazine, published
in Berkeley, California.]

The Hollywood Reporter
July 18, 1996
                   the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrian Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

      W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        Advanced Technical Resources
                        Detroit, Michigan
                            S A L U T E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations
whose contributions appear in this issue:

                Pauline Jasim           Chicago, Illinois
                Nineveh Magazine        Berkeley, California
                        [Paul Neesan's Story]

Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, November 18, 1996.