Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Tishrin II  25, 6746                   Volume II                       Issue 40                     November 25, 1996

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                                             T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse...................... A Call With No Response (Sweden)
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............ Amnesty Accuses Turkey of Child Abuse
Surfs Up............................ "misleading to call Tariq Aziz Assyrian"
Surfers Corner...................... ZENDA needs your books & magazines
News Digest......................... Assyrian Wall-Reliefs for Sale
                                       Assyrian Scholarship Awards in Detroit
                                       Agha Potrus' Daughter in California
Calendar of Events.................. Scholarship Awards Banquet, Nov 30
Entracte............................ New Year's Eve Party in San Jose
Intelligentsia...................... Assyrian Classes, Lectures, and Seminars
Assyrian Surfing Posts.............. Ancient Assyrian Artifacts on the Web
Pump up the Volume.................. In Motion, Movable, & Movement
Back to the Future.................. The City of Nippur and Emanuel Aghassi
Literatus........................... Bet-Nahrain in the Eyes of A Child
This Week in History................ Layard's First Discovery
Bravo............................... Anobel Tamrazi
The Directory....................... News Sources
Bshena.............................. Columbia College, UC Davis, Florida
Salute.............................. J., Ramin, Romina, & Esha
                  THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E
                          A CALL WITH NO RESPONSE

"A small child is crying because it just lost its parents. A small child is
crying because her mother has nothing to give her to satisfy her hunger. A
small child is looking for shelter but doesn't find any. A small child is
fleeing because it doesn't find anyone to give it the shelter and safety it
is in need of. The child is crying but in vain, because no one hears the
call from its heart and its crying..."

Life can be so easy for those who are safe and well-off, because they don't
have to think about tomorrow. The can get up after a good rest because they
have shelter and a bed to sleep in. Food for the day and clothes to put on
are no obstacles for those who live well. Neither do they have to worry to
be disturbed in the night or be chased away from their land because others
want to take it away from them. The fundamental human rights don't worry
those who already have them.

How many of us who are living well send a message to those who are less
fortunate or to those who fight for their very existence and their lives?
How many of us who have thought about it, really take some action and do
something for those who are crying for help?

The call of our people is still sounding on this very day, but gets no
response from us who live here in Sweden in this unbelievable safety and
security, far away from all misery. Are we so well off that we do not care
any more about a call that should torment our ears and our conscience?

How can I as a fellow human being sleep with a clean conscience, when I
know that my brothers and sisters in Beth Nahrin are fleeing and that to
stay there means a daily fight between life and death? How can I eat
without thinking on all these Assyrian small children who lost their
parents and whose mouths no one can satisfy?

How can I be happy at heart when I know that their homes do not belong to
them and that what belongs to them as human beings is taken away from them,
which they cannot do anything about?

We have all the luxury and comfort we could think of. We waste money on
material things we believe will give us pleasure. But to give a small sum
to a brother who is starving, who lacks clothes and shelter, is something
difficult to us. That- we should be ashamed of. There is nothing wrong in
wanting to enjoy the good things in life, but one shouldn't forget one's
brothers and sisters who cannot allow themselves anything. When a brother
is calling and gets no response we, more or less consciously, contribute to
his ruin.

What do I live for if not to speak for my brother, when he is too tired
to call? What kind of fellow human being am I, if I don't fight with
all my strength to help my brother who wants to survive and stay in his
home without being threatened or killed?

I want to be able to understand those who only think about themselves and
their safety and those who don't dare to give or sacrifice something for
other peoples well-being. But unfortunately I can't.  Don't they have any
heart or conscience? Perhaps they have but they have forgotten while on
their way to comfort, safety and a good life.

My life can never be completely good when I know how my people live. My
conscience doesn't stop tormenting me if I don't struggle and sacrifice for
the earth that is sacred to me. When my mother calls, how can I turn my
back to her, even if it is my life she is asking for?

If I and we don't support our people in misery, then who will do that?  If
we don't think about them, nobody else will.  Help us support those who are
fleeing but also those who are fighting to stay!

Sylvia Shahin
Assyrian Youth Association of Sweden

[Make your holiday contributions to: Postal check/cheque account 63 07 04-5.
 Write "Istanbul" on the counterfoil.]

       G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N

(ZNUP: Ankara) Turkey has canceled a $150 million order for U.S.-built
Cobra attack helicopters, such as those used in its attacks against
inhabitants of northern Bet-Nahrain.  The Turkish armed forces planned to
deploy the helicopters in northern Bet-Nahrain where Kurdish insurgents are
fighting to carve a separate autonomous Kurdish state out of the region.
More than 21,000 have been killed and many more wounded since the Kurdistan
Workers Party, or PKK, rebelled in 1984.  The deal to buy 10 helicopters
from the Bell-Textron company was signed a year ago, but the U.S. Congress
held up the shipment, citing concern about Turkish rights abuses. Last
week, Amnesty International accused Turkish police of routinely torturing
children as young as 12. In a new report, the international rights group
documents cases of children who have died or disappeared in Turkey during
the past four years.  Turkish and international rights groups have
frequently accused both the armed forces and the PKK of violating rights in
the insurgency. London-based human rights group Amnesty International
issued a report from its London headquarters saying that the rights group
had monitored Turkey for four years and found that the government ``has
done virtually nothing to stop the harrowing abuse of its most vulnerable
citizens.'' The Turkish official told UPI that the cancellation of the
Cobra deal did not mean that Turkey would buy no more military material
from the United States or Bell-Textron.

                         S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"although I do realize your intention are well, I must say that it is
misleading and confusing to refer to Tarik Aziz as "the Assyrian Foreign
Minister".  thnx for all the time/effort with Zenda!"

Ashur Bet-Shliemoun

"I am surprised and shocked by our great Zenda to report that so called
'Assyrian' Foreign Minister of Iraq Tariq Aziz's visit to Turkey.
Personally, my dear I don't think Tariq Aziz deserve the most sacred word
that I consider "Assyrian" to be lablled!!. Tariq Aziz is a puppet of Arab
regieme and most corruptive government in the World!. So, please I ask you
in the name of "Assyrianisim" to drop "Assyrian" from Tariq Aziz, because I
don't think he consider himself an Assyrian, and after all he is one of the
members of an Arab Baath Socilist Party."

Dr. Simon Francis Shamoun
Research Scientist & Associate Professor

"In last week Issue of ZENDA, Mr. Tariq Aziz, the Foreign Minister of the
Iraq regime was called 'The Assyrian Foreign Minister of Iraq' If Tariq
Aziz does not acknowledge himself as an Assyrian, then why would ZENDA call
him as such. Mr. Aziz strongly beleive that Assyrians are one tribe in the
Arab nation. I don't see any pride in calling Mr. Aziz Assyrian. The news
about Mr. Aziz visit to Turkey was distributed by may news agencies
without describing
Tariq Hanna Aziz as an Assyrian.  I urge ZENDA not to change, add, delete
any of the original contents as to indirectly and un-intentionally mislead

[Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz, whose Assyrian name is Michael Khanna,
was born to a Chaldean family in northern Bet-Nahrain.  He is but one of
the many Christians appointed to senior positions in the Baath government
of Saddam Hussein.  While denying the rights accorded to minorities based
on Decrees 251 & 440 of the new Iraqi Constitution, since 1970's Hussein's
regime has continuously forced Assyrians in Iraq to identify themselves as
either "Arab" or "Kurd".  For more information please see:
          http://www.unhcr.ch/refworld/country/cdr/cdrirq2.htm ]


"The couple of Zenda's i've received have some weird text in them.  For
example the number and letter's: 3D repeat over and over again every couple
lines.  Also at the end of every line there is this:  =20  What does this

George Khawahie
Milpitas, California

[In the past 2 weeks other readers in the Bay Area have noticed similar
error   messages. We are working to resolve this problem].

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R


Every week several Assyrian books and tens of newspaper and journal
articles are browsed to bring you social, historical, and literary
information.  We urge our readers to send us books and periodicals that can
be used in our future issues.  ZENDA will gladly cover your shipment costs.
 All material submitted will become a property of ZENDA unless directed
otherwise.  Send your books and journals to:

           ZENDA  P.O. Box 20278  San Jose, California  95160

                  N   E   W   S       D   I   G   E   S   T

                       ASSYRIAN WALL-RELIEFS FOR SALE

(ZNAM: New York) Three 2,700-year-old wall-reliefs from the throne-room
suite of the Assyrian king Sennacherib's palace at Nineveh have appeared on
the antiquities market, according to Columbia University art historian John
Russell.  The fragments were almost certainly smuggled out of Iraq after
the Gulf War, when may museums were looted.  Russell says he was recently
contacted by a European museum seeking to check the provenance of the
wall-reliefs in advance of purchase.  The slabs came from rooms with intact
wall decoration that has provided valuable information about he adornment
of Assyrianpalaces, according to Russell, who photographed the reliefs in
situ between 1989 and 1990.  One of the missing fragments depicts two
Assyrians making an offering before dragon- and serpent-shaped standards
attached to poles.  The second shows laborers hauling a heavy object, while
the third shows two dead sheep and a human corpse floating in water, an
usually image in Assyrian art.  Russell says the museum did not purchase
the reliefs.

The artifacts, which Russell has reported missing, join some 3,000 other
objects known to have been stolen from Iraqi museum collections in the past
five years.  McGuire Gibson of the Oriental Institue of the University of
Chcago and British scholars have published three volumes of these items,
but the pillaging of Iraqi sites continues. "Hundreds of people are
reportedly looting (the third-millennium B.C. Sumerian city of)Ur, and the
(Iraqi) antiquities department has no money to pay for guards," he says.
Harsh economic conditions in Iraq are responsible for much of the looting,
notes Gibson, who is not optimistic about the return of such looted
material to Iraq.


(ZNDA: Detroit) On Saturday, November 30, the Assyrian American Social Club
of Michigan will be hosting the annual Thanksgiving Party.  On this evening
five scholarships will be awarded to Assyrian students with a minimum Grade
Point Average of 2.5 and at least one parent of Assryian/Chaldean descent.
All applicants are required to submit an essay on "How My Culture Has
Helped Me Become a Better American."  The names of AASC of Michigan's First
Annual Scholarship Awards will be printed in the future issues of ZENDA.


(ZN: San Jose)  Cory Petros Elloff, daughter of the Assyrian army general
during the First World War, Agha Potrus of Baz, visited the Assyrian
communities in San Jose, San Francisco, and Turlock on her first trip to
North America.  Mrs. Elloff spoke to a group of Assyrians in San Jose and
was interviewed on Atour TV where she openly spoke about the death of her
father, the lives of General Potrus' children, the family-run restaurant,
and the whereabouts of her father's books and memoirs in France.

         C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S

Thru April 6    The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
                Smithsonian Institute
                Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
                Washington D.C.

November 30      Assyrian Scholarship Awards/ Thanksgiving Dinner
                 Assyrian Social Club of Michigan
                 Detroit, Michigan

Dec 7            The Nineveh Choral Concert
                 Conducted by Nebu Issabey
                 Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                 Assyrian Hall
                5901 N. Cahuenga Blvd.
                North Hollywood, California
                 8:00 p.m.
                 For ticket information:

                 Walter Ebrahimzadeh     (909) 625-2533
                 Catherine Babayan       (714) 750-7751
                 Elenor Orshan           (805) 292-2982
                 Kardella Lazar          (818) 344-9748
                 AAA of Southern CA      (818) 506-7577

Jan 15          Ashur & Marduk:  The State Gods of Assyria & Babylonia
                Lecturer:  G. Frame
                Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations
                University of Toronto
                St. George campus
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m

Mar 12          Guardians of the Gate:  The Assyrian Winged Colossi
                Lecturer:  A. Harrak
                Near and Middle Eastern Civilization
                University of Toronto
                St. George campus
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m

April 9         Recent Excavations at Gordion, Turkey:
                An Achaemenid Persian Imperial Town in Central Anatolia
                Lecturer:  T.C. Young, Jr.
                Royal Ontario Museum
                Toronto, Canada
                8:00 p.m
                               E N T R A C T E
Nov 29           Thanksgiving Party
                 Jora's Restaurant
                 1250 Aviation Ave. Ste. 235
                 San Jose Jet Center
                 Off of Coleman Ave.
                 9:00 p.m.
                 Entertainment: Nights of Babylon Music Productions
                 Admission: $10.00,  $8.00 before 10 p.m.
                 21 & older only

Dec 31           New Year's Eve Party
                 Red Lion Inn Hotel
                 San Jose, California

                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
Mondays          Assyrian History Class
                 Fall 1996 Session
                 "Assyrian Biographies"
                 Instructor:  Wilfred Alkhas
                 BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                 20000 Almaden Road
                 San Jose, California
                 7:30-9:00 pm
                 Info:  Wilfred_Alkhas@3mail.3com.com

Fridays          Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                 Modesto Junior College
                 1:00 pm
                 Founders Hall 108
                 Modesto, U.S.A.

Saturdays        Nisibis School
                 The Church of the East
                 Toronto, Canada

                 Nisibin School
                 10:00-12:00 pm
                 BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                 San Jose, California

SUNDAYS          Assyrian Boy Scouts
                 Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                 Assyrian Club
                 5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                 North Hollywood, California
                 9:30am  to 12:30pm
                 Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                 (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                 Assyrian Student Union
                 California State University, Northridge
                 Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                 Assyrian Club
                 5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                 North Hollywood, California
                 Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                 (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

       A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

Assyrian Artifacts from 5900 to 2000 BC

(Created by the Assyrian Australian Academic Society members)

                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E
                   ENGLISH                ASSYRIAN

                In motion               mzaa/aa                 [M]
                Movable         mesh/ta/shaa/na [M]
                 Movement               jwaj/ta -- zao/aa       [F]

Note:  "zao/aa" as in Assyrian Democratic Movement (ZOWAA)
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                    B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E

B.C. (4000) The city of Nippur in southern Bet-Nahrain (lower Mesopotamia
in Iraq) was the most important religious center of the Sumerians where the
temple of god Enlil was contained.  Nippur was occupied until AD 800.

<< Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia, Roaf >>

A.D. (1953) Assyrian boxer, Emanuel Aghassi, father of current tennis
champion Andre Aghassi, is featured in an Assyrian article noting his
victory in Helsinki where he won the Golden Gloves Boxing Award.

<< Gilgamesh Magazine, Tehran-Iran >>

                    L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S

Why should this happen to our tree?
It was a beautiful day
the Sun was shining on the high mountains
the wind was moving very soft
as though he did not want to hurt the trees.
Two girls sitting under the big tree watching the sheep eating.
It was very quiet and relaxed.
There was no sound.
A small bell on the small sheep's neck.
As the sheep moved his head
the bell around his neck made music.
This soft music
the two girls used to hear.

The two girls were sisters.
They were not just sisters.
They were friends.
They liked each other very much
and they liked the place they lived in.
They were happy, enjoying their time.
They wished for life to go on peaceful as it was.
But their wish did not come true.

Their beautiful tree was burned
pulled out of the ground
and replaced by an ugly house.
They wished the house burned
as their beautiful tree did.

The two girls' life changed
after their special place was taken from them.
>From that day on life went very difficult for them.


<< Border Crossings Project>>

           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
November 28, 1845:  Sir Henry Layard discovers his first findings of
Assyrian tablets and artifacts in Nineveh.

                            B     R    A     V     O

                                 ANOBEL TAMRAZI

Anobel Tamrazi is this year's recipient of the Nisibin Scholarship, awarded
to Assyrian college and university students who reside in Santa Clara
County, California.  Anobel is a senior at San Jose State University where
he is double-majoring in Biochemistry and Systems's Physiology.  The
Nisibin Scholarships are awarded by the Assyrian American Association of
San Jose.
                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrian Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        Columbia College of Film & Video, Chicago
                        University of California, Davis
                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations
whose contributions appear in this issue:
                Esha Tamraz             San Jose, California
                J Golani                Detroit, Michigan
                Ramin Daniel            San Jose, California
                Romina Ziyeh            San Jose, California

 Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, December 2, 1996.