Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Kanoon I  2, 6746                   Volume II                       Issue 41                     December 2, 1996

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                      T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A

The Lighthouse...................... Two Thousand Year Old Batteries
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............ Turkey blocks aid access
                                            US to evacuate more from the North
Surfs Up............................ "Aziz is not Assyrian..."
Surfers Corner...................... ZENDA references
News Digest......................... Assyrian electronic bookstore
                                            Cultural Exhibition in Finland
                                            UN approves Iraqi oil deal
Calendar of Events..................  No new entry
Entracte............................  New Year's Eve Parties in California
Intelligentsia......................  Classes, Lectures, and Seminars
Assyrian Surfing Posts..............  An Assyrian Online Bookstore
Pump up the Volume..................  Foreign & Alien
Back to the Future..................  Domestication of Animals
                                             Henry Weiss collection from Syria
Literatus...........................  Assyrian convention of 1968
This Week in History................  Alphonse Mangana
Bravo...............................  Rossini's Semiramis Opera
The Directory.......................  News Sources
Bshena..............................  San Jose
Salute..............................  Firas, Adnan and Christoph
                  THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E


In 1939, Dr. Wilhelm Konig, a German archaeologist employed by the State
Museum in Baghdad, Iraq, found several unusual pots while digging at Kujut
Rabuna, a village southeast of Baghdad.  These clay pots were six inches
high and contained a copper cylinder five inches high and one and a half
inches in diameter.  The edges of the copper cylinders appeared to be
soldered with a 60/40 lead-tin alloy comparable to the solder in use today,
and their bottoms were capped with copper discs and sealed with asphalt.
Another insulating layer of asphalt sealed the tops of the pots and was
also used to hold in place iron rods suspended into the center of the
copper cylinders.  The rods showed unmistakable evidence of having been
corroded by an acid solution, long since evaporated.

In 1947, Willy Ley, working with Willard Gray of the General Electric High
Voltage Laboratory in Pittsielf, Massachusetts, constructed a duplicate
model of the ancient clay pot cells.  He discovered that when he added
copper sulfate, acetic acid or citric acid- all of which were well known
two thousand years ago- the cells produced one and a half to two volts of

Near Tel Omar, also near Baghdad, more of these clay pot cells were
uncovered.  With them were found thin copper and iron rods which may have
been used to connect the cells into a series in order to produce a stronger

Ten other cells were also discovered at Ctesiphon- in proximity to the city
of Baghdad - by Professor E. Kuhnel of the Staatliches Museum in Berlin.
These were broken down into their component parts, as though they had been
mass-produced and their manufacturing had been interrupted before
assembling the pieces into working batteries.

Yet these pots, dating between 500 B.C. and 500 A.D. are not the only
evidence of the existence and use of electricity in ancient Mesopotamia
(Bet-Nahrain).  Amongst the Babylonian ruins, dating back to 2000 B.C. many
artifacts have been found that are covered with sheets of gold and/or
silver so thin that could only be done by an industrial process called
electroplating, developed in the nineteen-hundreds [A.D.] .

Dr. Robert Karoukian
Nineveh Magazine, Vol 3, #5

     G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N


(ZNUP: London) The relief agency Save the Children appealed last Friday for
help in gaining access to northern Bet-Nahrain after Turkey halted
non-governmental organizations from crossing its border into the
conflictive region. "Since the program's inception, Save the Children
International  staff has traveled through Turkey in order to reach the northern region of
Iraq," an agency statement said. "However, the Turkish authorities withdrew
this entitlement in August of this year, and Save the Children has not been
successful in finding an alternative route into the region," it said.
"Without help to secure a route in and out of the country, and greater
protection for locally employed staff, the agency is worried that it may
soon be forced to withdraw from its program and warns that this may be a
further step toward the disintegration of practical aid to the region," it
said. Because of a U.N. air embargo on Iraq and tensions between the Iraqi
government and Kurdish groups fighting for control of northern Iraq, Turkey
is the only reliable route for reaching northern Bet-Nahrain. Save the
Children spokeswoman Tracy Mcgeah told United Press International that aid
workers have not been granted Turkish visas since August, with no
explanation. Save the Children has been operating in Iraq since the "safe
haven" was set up in 1991, at the end of the Gulf War. The agency helps
displaced people and children, rebuilds villages and towns and offers
support in widowed households.

(ZURU: Washington) The State Department said it will evacuate thousands
more Kurds and others to the United States from northern Iraq, because they
were at risk from Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.  Spokesman Glyn Davies
said some 5,000 people- employees of U.S.-linked non-governmental
organizations (NGOs) and their families - would be taken to neighboring
Turkey and then flown to the Pacific Ocean island of Guam for processing to
enter the
United States. The move follows the pattern of two previous evacuations
from Western-protected northern Bet-Nahrain. About 2,100 aid workers
employed by the U.S. government were taken out in September, followed last
month by some 600 Iraqi opposition figures. The latest group consisted of
employees of 24 NGOs that were either U.S.-funded or U.S.-based, or both,
together with immediate family members. Many NGO workers fled their towns
in the mountainous region when Saddam's troops entered the area at the
invitation of Massoud Barzani's Kurdistan Democratic Party.

                         S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"Tarik Aziz is not an Assyrian. Nor is any person who calls oneself an Arab,
practices Arabisim, promotes destructions of Assyrian villages and churches
and systematically creates programs to wipe out the general social structure
of Assyrians throughout the region.  I believe that granting the name
Assyrian to Tarik Aziz is not different from accepting Saddam, the killer,
as being the successor of Sargon the King!

The problem here is not Tarik Aziz's  national origin. It is the undermining
of the political struggle of  those  dear Assyrians who lost their lives for
insisting to BE Assyrian. It is the insensitively towards those Assyrians
who have placed their lives, today,  at the front, to defend the name
ASSYRIAN. Granting characters like Tarik Aziz the name Assyrian is a bad
example of promoting ASSYRIANISIM. The root cause of all this remains to be
dealt with..."

Arbil Bet-Shliemoun
San Jose

"I really don't understand the protests against calling Aziz an Assyrian.
An Assyrian is an Assyrian whether he admits it or not. If we adhere to the
rule that an Assyrian is one who is a nationalist, we'd be down to a few
thousand (perhaps even hundreds). There is nothing wrong with noting that
Tariq Aziz is an Assyrian - though one who is not well-liked, even detested.
But we can't go around pointing people out of our nationality simply
because they are Ba'athists or communists or gays or whatever. An Assyrian
is an Assyrian regardless of what he says (just take a look at Chaldeans
and Syriacs!)."

Robert W. Dekelaita
Chicago, Illinois

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R
To our readers:

ZENDA uses the simple method of "Journal-Volume Number-Author" or "News
Agency-City" in documenting references to our news items and articles.

        (Nabu Quarterly, Vol I, #2, Jasim)
        (ZNUP: Ankara)   United Press International, Ankara-Turkey
This is generally very economical in space and time.  Also, to separate our
reader's personal notes from a ZENDA commentary we print our entries inside
a [ ]. If you wish to know more about the source of one or more of our
articles, including our "ZENDA notes", please contact us at

Staff of ZENDA
                  N   E   W   S       D   I   G   E   S   T


(ZNDA: Chicago) The Assyrian Academic Society in Association with
amazon.com books, which was featured in Fortune magazine as well as CNN,
have made an
agreement to create the first, and perhaps the largest, Assyrian electronic
bookstore in the world.  The Bookstore of the Assyrian Academic Society
(BAAS) has over one thousand books relating to the fields of Assyriology,
Middle East and Syriac studies.  For every book purchased, a small
percentage of the proceeds will go to fund The Assyrian Academic Society's
Syriac book publishing project. To receive a copy of BAAS catalog contact
Assyrian Academic Society at 847-537-9654 (in U.S.) or access BAAS at:
                    $2.00 plus shipping and handling


(ZNDA: Finland) Recently the Assyrian community of Oulu, Finland in
cooperation with the local United Nations agencies and the "orginaisations"
of the city of Oulu produced the first public event of their
newly-established Assyrian group.  For two weeks, members of this small
Assyrian organization, delivered and performed lectures, songs, and dances
to large crowds of non-Assyrians in several schools and community centers
of the city of Oulu.  The Assyrian community of Oulu, numbering less than
one hundred, has been actively engaged in promoting Assyrian culture and
traditions among the non-Assyrian communities in Finland.

(ZNUP: UN) Having accepted U.N. conditions, according to the United States,
Iraq may sell up to $2 billion worth of its oil twice a year for
humanitarian purposes.  The conditions include free movement within Iraq of
food distribution monitors, the posting of oil experts at Iraqi oil
terminals and the deployment of about 200 monitors to ensure the equitable
distribution of food. One remaining unsolved issue is an oil pricing
mechanism that has to be approved by a panel dealing with U.N. sanctions on
Iraq, which comprises of members of the U.N. Security Council. U.N.
Resolution 986, known popularly as the oil-for-food deal, allows Iraq to
sell $2 billion in oil over a six-month period. The United Nations will
appropriate the money to buy food and medicine for Iraqi people.

         C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S

Thru April 6            The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
                        Smithsonian Institute
                        Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
                Washington D.C.

Dec 7                   The Nineveh Choral Concert
                        Conducted by Nebu Issabey
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Hall
                        5901 N. Cahuenga Blvd.
                        North Hollywood, California
                        8:00 p.m.
                        For ticket information:

                        Walter Ebrahimzadeh     (909) 625-2533
                        Catherine Babayan       (714) 750-7751
                        Elenor Orshan           (805) 292-2982
                        Kardella Lazar          (818) 344-9748
                        AAA of Southern CA      (818) 506-7577

Jan 15                  Ashur & Marduk:  The State Gods of Assyria & Babylonia
                        Lecturer:  G. Frame
                        Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations
                        University of Toronto
                        St. George campus
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

Mar 12                  Guardians of the Gate:  The Assyrian Winged Colossi
                        Lecturer:  A. Harrak
                        Near and Middle Eastern Civilization
                        University of Toronto
                        St. George campus
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

April 9                 Recent Excavations at Gordion, Turkey:
                        An Achaemenid Persian Imperial Town in Central Anatolia
                        Lecturer:  T.C. Young, Jr.
                        Royal Ontario Museum
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m
                               E N T R A C T E
Dec 31                  New Year's Eve Party
                        Red Lion Inn Hotel
                        San Jose, California
                        Entertainers:  Sooren & Edmond

                        New Year's Eve Party
                        Hilton Hotel- LAX
                        Los Angeles, California
                        Entertainers:  Ogen & Black Cats

                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
Mondays                 Assyrian History Class
                        Fall 1996 Session
                        "Assyrian Biographies"
                        Instructor:  Wilfred Alkhas
                        BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                        20000 Almaden Road
                        San Jose, California
                        7:30-9:00 pm
                        Info:  Wilfred_Alkhas@3mail.3com.com

Fridays                 Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                        Modesto Junior College
                        1:00 pm
                        Founders Hall 108
                        Modesto, U.S.A.

Saturdays               Nisibis School
                        The Church of the East
                        Toronto, Canada

                        Nisibin School
                        10:00-12:00 pm
                        BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                        San Jose, California

SUNDAYS                 Assyrian Boy Scouts
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        9:30am  to 12:30pm
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                        Assyrian Student Union
                        California State University, Northridge
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

       A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

The Bookstore of the Assyrian Academic Society

                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E
               ENGLISH                ASSYRIAN

                Foreign         nookh/raa/ya           [M]
                                        nookh/re/ta            [F]
                Alien                   baar/raa/ya            [M]
                                       baar/re/ta              [F]

                        ALSO            akh/sna/ya          [M]
                                        akh/sne/ta          [F]
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E


                Dog     11,000 BC
                Goat     8,500 BC
                Sheep    8,000 BC
                Pig      7,500 BC
                Cattle   7,000 BC
                Cat      7,000 BC
                Donkey   4,000 BC
<< Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia, Roaf  >>

A.D. (1978) Dr. Harvey Weiss of Yale collects over 98,000 artifacts in
Syria  from the time of the Assyrian king Shamshi-Adad.

<< New York Times, October 18, 1981 >>

                                               L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S

                                                                AUGUST 1968
                                                        held in Turlock, California

Thursday, August 29             Open House      7:30 pm Free
Friday, August 30               Dance Party     9:00 pm $6.00 per person
Saturday, August 31             Dance Party     9:00 pm $6.00 per person
Sunday, September 1             Presidential Ball               $6.00 per person
Monday, September 2             All Assyrian Picnic             $3.00 per person

Package deals for all above events $20.00- saving $5.00

           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
December 5, 1937:  dies, Alphonse Mangana, Assyrian linguist noted for his
contributions to the study of ancient Aramaic and Arabic languages,
author of several books and articles in related fields.

                            B     R    A     V     O
The story of Queen Semiramis (Shamiran) of Assyria who reigned in the 9th
century B.C. has inspired composers of opera to write over 30 full length
operas.  One of these was by the Italian composer, Rossini, whose exciting,
dramatic composition turned out to be one of his most successful works.

<<Nineveh Magazine, Vol 3, #6>>
                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        San Jose, California [3]
                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations
whose contributions appear in this issue:
                Firas Jatou             Chicago, Illinois
                Christoph Aktas Sunnyvale, California
                Adnan Bet Ishaia        Oulu, Finland

Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, December 9, 1996.