Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Kanoon I  9, 6746                   Volume II                       Issue 42                     December 9, 1996

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                      T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse......................  The Cradle of Mankind
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............  PUK Captures Mount Didevan
Surfs Up............................  "...without making excuses.."
Surfers Corner......................  Noted Assyrians Arriving in the U.S.
News Digest.........................  Saddam's Unit 999 Ordered to Kill
Calendar of Events..................  No New Entries
Entracte............................  Christmas Party '96 (San Jose)
Intelligentsia......................  Classes, Lectures, and Seminars
Assyrian Surfing Posts..............  Learn Assyrian Online
Pump up the Volume..................  National @ Nationalist
Back to the Future..................  Tukulti-Ninurta captures Babylon
                                             ADO founded in Syria
Literatus...........................  A Personal Journey Through Time
This Week in History................  Reverend Peera Mirza
Bravo...............................  Benjamin Adams' Philanthropy
The Directory.......................  News Sources
Bshena..............................  The Netherlands
Salute..............................  Jackie, Francis, & Emanoel
                  THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E

                           THE CRADLE OF MANKIND

In The Cradle of Mankind, which can perhaps be best described as a classic
reference book in Assyriology, Dr. William A. Wigram relates his travels to
the facts of history that tell the fascinating story of the growth of
pre-Christian Assyrians from Nineveh to the present-day Assyrians of
"Eastern Kurdistan"-and beyond.  The distinguished author arrived at this
conclusions by observing the territory of Kurdistan, its peoples, their
customs, physiognomy and political problems.  By examining these factors,
he found definite proof that the Assyrians of today are the direct
descendants of the Assyrians of antiquity.  He further concluded that this
is the area where Western civilization had its beginning.

In search for material evidence or the timeless and changeless philosophy
of Assyrian life and in the shaping of knowledge with the faithful, the
author had imagination enough to label Eden, "Eden."  The photographs
present a priceless representation of the area, while the accompanying
descriptions could have been written by no one better qualified than a
theologian like Dr. Wigram.

For me, the truth of my parents' narratives of their early experiences in
the old country is confirmed by the author.  Of particular interest was the
description of the system of taxation which was outrageously oppressive.
The brutality of the tax collector was almost as cruel as the banditry of
the Kurds, for the village people had absolutely no civil services.

Dr. Wigram relates the following incident:  A band of Kurds were attempting
to steal sheep from an Assyrian village when an English traveler intervened
and caused the Kurds to leave peacefully without the loot.  Later, he
visited a Kurdish chieftain, and the results were a plea for order for the
good of both Christians and Kurds and a promise of medical help.

The author notes the universal lack of cleanliness which led to disease and
physical suffering.  The the time of writing, the author encountered a team
of German archaeologists excavating in very scientific fashion, but he was
informed that all findings were to be placed in the museum in Istanbul.

The photograph most interesting to me was that of Assyrian women at work on
the roofs in Bibaydi- cleaning grit from the heap of winnowed grain-
exactly as described by my mother.  The book bulges with information for
the student of geography, ethnology, and history as well as for the casual
reader.  Assyrians of every section cannot afford to miss reading anything
from the pen of the late Dr. Wigram.  The miracle of the survival of
Assyrian life and values is conclusively confirmed by the Cradle of Mankind.

Rose Riskalla

[Dr. William Wigram lived for 10 years in northern Bet-Nahrain as a member
of the Archbishop of Canterbury's Assyrian Mission and spoke Assyrian
fluently.  Other books by Wigram include:

---An Introduction to the History of the Assyrian Church, 100-640 A.D.,  London,         1910.
---Our Smallest Ally: A Brief Account of the Assyrian Nation in the Great War,    London, 1020.
---The Separation of the Monophysites (dealing with the Jacobite Assyrians),     London, 1923.
---The Assyrians and Their Neighbors, London, 1929. ]

                       G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N


(ZNRU: Ankara) An Iraqi Kurdish faction said it had gained control of a
strategic mountain in northern Bet-Nahrain from another militia but denied
a report by its rival of clashes that could endanger Western-brokered peace
efforts. The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) said earlier that two
of its militiamen had died over the weekend in fighting over the Didevan
mountain. "KDP forces attacked on November 30 at Didevan, a mountain
18-miles southwest of Koy Sanjak town.  The two sides have held several
rounds of peace talks under U.S., British and Turkish mediation since they
declared a cease-fire in October to end months of fighting that increased Baghdad's
influence in the mountainous region. Iraqi troops and tanks helped Massoud
Barzani's KDP take the key city of Arbil (Assyrian "four-gods") from the
rival faction in August, prompting U.S. missile strikes on Iraqi targets in

                                             S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"In the November 11 issue of Zenda, I was struck by the inconsistency in the
manner in which Youel Baaba in his article on Assyrian political movements
in Iraq described certain events in that country.  I will give one example.
He refers to the bloody overthrow of the monarchy in Iraq in 1958 as simply
an "elimination," as if the unarmed king, his family (including women), and
the family's orphaned wards had not been massacred after having walked out
of the palace carrying a white sheet of surrender; and as if Abd al-Ilah
(the king's uncle) had not been tied by ropes and dragged through the
streets of Baghdad, his limbs cut off his body, the corpse hung and then

Yet in the same paragraph he refers to the overthrow of the regime of Abd
al-Karim Qasim (in which he gives no indication of it being a reign of
terror:  al-Mahdawi's "People's Court" and the massacres of Mosul and Karkuk
are but a couple of examples)as a "brutal termination."

For our own sakes, it is imperative for us to strive to be as objective as
possible in studying the history of our homeland without making excuses or
covering up facts.  Otherwise we are doomed to making the same mistakes over
and over again."

Zaineb Istrabadi, Ph.D.
Columbia University

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R

During the months of December and January the Assyrian communities of the
United States will have an opportunity to meet with some of the most
distinguished Assyrian scholars, writers, and artists currently residing in
Europe and the Middle East.  ZENDA wishes to remind its readers to take
advantage of the lectures and seminars scheduled in Chicago and California
and meet these giants of modern Assyrian research, arts, and culture:

        Dr. Gabrial Yonan               Berlin, Germany

Dr. Yonan is the author of several books in German on Assyrian politics,
society, and culture.  Her latest book, The Assyrian Holocaust, was
recently translated to English, and is due in stores soon.

        Rabbie Nimrod Simono    Tehran, Iran

Considered the most noted authority in the modern Assyrian language, Rabbie
Simono is currently visiting his friends at the Assyrian Academic Society
in Chicago and will soon travel to California to join his family and students.

        Rabbie  Hannibal Alkhas Tehran, Iran

No modern paintings by an Assyrian artist are as easily recognizable as
those of Hannibal Alkhas.  A "rebel with a cause", Alkhas remains the most
influential Assyrian artist in Iran and the United States.  Look for
exhibition of his most recent work in San Jose and Los Angles, California.

                  N   E   W   S       D   I   G   E   S   T


(ZNUP: London) Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has ordered the special Iraqi
army intelligence unit, Unit 999, to carry out assassinations and sabotage
against opponents abroad, the Iraqi National Congress spokesman said last

The Iraqi dissident umbrella group said Unit 999 is attached to the army's
"political department in charge of operations against the Iraqi
opposition."  The group is also made up of non-Iraqi agents, including
Egyptians, Jordanians, Palestinians, Sudanese, Saudis and Kuwaitis. Its
headquarters are at an army base southeast of Baghdad, the Iraqi capital,
where its agents are trained to carry out operations against "Iraqi
opposition and foreign targets in the Middle East, Europe and elsewhere,"
the congress said. The congress was founded in northern Bet-Nahrain in 1992.

         C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S

Thru April 6            The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
                        Smithsonian Institute
                        Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
                Washington D.C.
                        AAA of Southern CA      (818) 506-7577

Jan 15                  Ashur & Marduk:  The State Gods of Assyria & Babylonia
                        Lecturer:  G. Frame
                        Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations
                        University of Toronto
                        St. George campus
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

Mar 12                  Guardians of the Gate:  The Assyrian Winged Colossi
                        Lecturer:  A. Harrak
                        Near and Middle Eastern Civilization
                        University of Toronto
                        St. George campus
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

April 9                 Recent Excavations at Gordion, Turkey:
                        An Achaemenid Persian Imperial Town in Central Anatolia
                        Lecturer:  T.C. Young, Jr.
                        Royal Ontario Museum
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

                               E N T R A C T E
Dec 25                  Christmas Party '96
                        Assyrian Church of the East
                        680 Minnesota Aveenue
                        San Jose, California
                        Entertainers:  Ogin & Ashur Bet-Sargis

Dec 31                  New Year's Eve Party
                        Westin Hotel
                        Santa Clara, California
                        Entertainers:  Sooren & Edmond

                        New Year's Eve Party
                        Hilton Hotel- LAX
                        Los Angeles, California
                        Entertainers:  Ogen & Black Cats

                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
Thursdays               Nineveh Choir under the direction of Maestro Nebu Issabey
                        BETA:  20000 Almaden Road
                        San Jose, California
                        8:00 pm

Fridays                 Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                        Modesto Junior College
                        1:00 pm
                        Founders Hall 108
                        Modesto, U.S.A.

Saturdays               Nisibis School
                        The Church of the East
                        Toronto, Canada

                        Nisibin School
                        10:00-12:00 pm
                        BETA:  Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                        San Jose, California

SUNDAYS                 Assyrian Boy Scouts
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        9:30am  to 12:30pm
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                        Assyrian Student Union
                        California State University, Northridge
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

       A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

Listen to the pronunciation of the Assyrian alphabet and review your
vocabulary.  A must see homepage:

Learn Assyrian Online


                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E
               ENGLISH                ASSYRIAN

                National                oom/ta/ya              [M]
                                            oom/te/ta              [F]
                Nationalist             oom/ta/na/ya           [M]
                                            oom/ta/ne/ta            [F]

F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural

                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E

B.C. (ca 1250) Tukulti-Ninurta I, King of Assyria, defeats the army of
Kashtiliash II, King of Babylonia, and captures the city of Babylon.
Babylonia, then under the Kassite rulers, becomes a province of Assyria.

<<  Babylonian Life & History, Budge >>

A.D. (1957) The Assyrian Democratic Organization (Takasta) is founded in

<< The Assyrian Dilemma, Alkhas >>

                    L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S

On 28th of June I left my country, Iraq.
I felt happy.
It was the first time ever I was going
to another country outside my homeland.
From Baghdad we traveled for fifteen hours
on a bus to Jordan.
When we arrived at the border we had to bring
all of our belongings down to be checked.
We were very tired.
The inspection took about three hours.

After about two hours we arrived in Amman.
We stayed in Amman for eighteen days
before traveling to Turkey.
In Turkey things were not good.
There was no water to wash with
and we hadn't washed for four days.
We didn't have visas
and if the police discovered us,
we would be in big trouble.

After four days in Turkey, we left for Bulgaria.
Things were a bit better there.
In Bulgaria we had the same problems, no visas!

We left Bulgaria for Greece.
By paying thirteen hundred dollars for each person.
It was night time and I was walking with my family
on the border between Bulgaria and Greece.
It was dark, very dark.
The only light was from the stars.
Suddenly we saw the headlights of
two cars approaching.
They were taking people to Greece.

The cars took my family.
There was no room for me.
I was left behind with strangers.
I was afraid.

There was a man from Syria there and
I told him my story.
He said: "Don't worry, we'll find your family."
At this point another car appeared and
I was taken to where my family was.
I was very happy and my mother cried
when she saw me.

Bell Khoshaba

           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
December 10, 1959:  dies, Rev. Peera Mirza, in San Jose, California.  Rev.
Mirza was a minister in the Assyrian Evangelical Church of Urmie, Iran and
the author of a two-volume book on mathematics in Assyrian.

                            B     R    A     V     O


Benjamin S. Adams was born on December 28, 1913, in the village of Ada,
Urmie, Iran.  In 1938 Benjamin emigrated to the U.S. and settled in Tucson,
Arizona.  He served in the U.S. Army during World War II and was cited for
valor and was awarded several medals of honor.  At the time of his death on
April 12, 1995, Benjamin Adams left a substantial wealth to several
non-profit Assyrian organizations to be used for the purpose of educating
young minds and assisting refugees.  ZENDA has obtained a copy of Mr.
Adams' list of benefactors in his will.  As stated in Benjamin's will,
after all specific bequests have been honored (little over $300,000.00 in
value) the net remainder of his estate shall be divided among seven
Assyrian organizations in the following manner:

1.   Assyrian Foundation of America (Berkeley, CA)              25%
2.   Assyrian American National Federation                      15%
3.   Assyrian Council of Illinois                                       15%
4.   Assyrian Aid Society                                               20%
5.   Assyrian Welfare Society - Chicago                         15%
6.   Assyrian American Association of Southern Calif            10%
7.   Bet-Nahrain Organization - Ceres/Modesto, Calif            $5000.00

No information on the actual value of this net remainder of Benjamin Adams'
estate is available at this time.  Benjamin is survived by a brother,
nephews, and cousins.

                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        University of Lieden, Holland

                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations
whose contributions appear in this issue:

                Emanoel Daryoush                San Jose, California
                Jackie Bajan                          San Jose, California
                Francis Sargis                        Santa Barbara, California

Our Next Issue will appear on Monday, December 16, 1996.