Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Kanoon II  14, 6746                   Volume II                       Issue 47            January 14, 1997

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                      T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse...................... The Thorn Killer
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............ Kurdish Talks in Ankara
Surfs Up............................ "Wow, how Romantic!"
Surfers Corner...................... Just A Reminder
News Digest......................... Vatican Meets Velayati
                                            Assyrian Chaldean Patriarch's Visits
                                            Elections of the AAA of San Jose
                                            Publisher of ZENDA Quits Federation
News Bits........................... Clinton:  "Saddam Still a Threat."
                                            War Crime Tribunals For Saddam?
                                            Kurdish Talks in Ankara
                                            Petty Theft in Canada
                                            Rev. Semez' New Address
Calendar of Events.................. Jan 15:  Gertrude Bell
                                            Jan 18:  NEC Meeting
Entracte............................ No New Entries
Intelligentsia...................... Classes, Lectures & Meetings
Assyrian Surfing Posts.............. AAA of San Jose
Pump up the Volume.................. One & Unique
Back to the Future.................. Nabonidus in Lebanon
                                            House of Wisdom
Literatus........................... Brown Sister
This Week in History................ William Ibrahimi
Bravo............................... David Yonan
The Directory....................... News Sources
Bshena.............................. Europe and the U.S.
Salute.............................. Albert, Ninos, Firas, and Ashur

                  THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E


                                THE THORN KILLER

                 A Literal Translation of a old Assyrian Tale

A man wanted to exhibit his strength and manliness to his wife, that she
might fear him.  Each day when the sun set he put on his clothes and
strapped on his dagger and went to the field; everywhere he found thorns he
cut them down with his dagger.  Then he came home: "Wife, do you know what
happened?  Tonight I have killed many men.  Look, I have told you, but you
are to tell no one!  Thus every day he went to the field and came home and
boasted before his wife: "I have killed several men." One day it came into
his wife's head, she pondered in her mind: "If indeed every day my husband
kills several men, all men must disappear from this world; what to do?"

After her husband, as was his custom, had gone to the field, she also put
on men's clothes and followed behind her husband, though with great care
that he did not see her.  Then her husband reached a place where there were
many thorns, took his dagger, and began to cut down the thorns.  So the
woman recognized the wits and power of her husband.  She too took the
dagger and fell upon her husband.  He began to flee with great fear before
this strong man.  Then the woman came, before he arrived home, took off her
clothes.  Then came her husband filled with fear and trembling: "Wife, do
you know what happened?" "No, man." "Ah, don't make a sound, God delivered
me this night."  "How, tell me once, I'll see!" "You know, tonight a battle
took place, I took my dagger and struck some ringleaders.  Suddenly I saw,
but what!"  A strong youth, sword in his hand, fell upon me.  I'm telling
you pure and simple, but you are to tell on one at all: I could not resist
him and began to flee.  This brute pursued me all the way here."

The woman began to laugh at him. "Ah, so and so are you!  I - from my fear
my heart has burst, and you, instead of sympathizing, rather laugh at this
tale?"  The woman answered: "Man, take heart, fear not!  This youth who
fell upon you was none stronger than me."  "Unfortunate, aren't you crazy?"
She answered: "I'm not crazy, but you, your mind is weak.  I was this youth
who pursued you here."  From this day on the thornkiller could no longer
frighten his wife.

<<Introduction to the Semitic Language, Bergstrasser>>

     G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N

                         KURDISH TALKS IN ANKARA

(ZNUP: Ankara)  Turkish officials say Assistant U.S. Secretary of State
Robert Pelletreau has arrived in Ankara for the third round of
reconciliation talks between rival Iraqi Kurd rebels. The official says
Pelletreau and Turkish Foreign Undersecretary Onus Often planned to
moderate the talks, which were to begin Tuesday in Turkey's capital.  A
Turkish Foreign Ministry spokesman says the talks would center on  the
"demarcation of the cease-fire line" between the two groups. The spokesman
says the meeting would also be attended by representatives of the Turk oman
minority in northern Iraq and British
and Turkish diplomats. No mention of an Assyrian representation from either
the Assyrian Democratic Movement or the Bet-Nahrain Democratic Party- Iraq
was made in the report.
Aides to Jalap Taxability, leader of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, and
Masseur Barbaric, chief of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, say neither
would personally attend the talks. But Taxability was expected to arrive
Tuesday in Ankara for individual talks with Pelletized and Turkish and
British officials.  Sam i Abjuration, a member of the KEPT politburo, would
represent his group. In October, the two groups agreed on the U.S.-broke
red truce. In November, a comprehensive peace accord provided for a joint
political leadership aiming for a federal structure that would pose no
threat to
Iraq's territorial rule.

                      S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"When I saw the article below in today's issue:

[Recently a ZENDA reader, planning a short trip to South America, requested
the whereabouts of any Assyrian living in Argentina.  Two weeks later an
Assyrian ZENDA reader from Uruguay contacted our office and provided us
with the name and telephone number of an Assyrian residing in Buenos Aires.
We are eager to learn about our reader's findings in Argentina which will
surely appear in the future issues.]

I had asked that same thing about 1 /2 - years ago and never received a
reply from anyone. I assumed that there were probably no Assyrians in South
America that were subscribed to Zenda at the time, or we didn't really have
much information about them.  I occasionally travel to Argentina myself and
would also like an E-Mail address, of someone down there, or in Uruguay,
that wouldn't mind releasing it for the purpose of correspondence and
sharing cultural information. Would also be very interested in hearing
about the Assyrian community down there. The last time I traveled to Buenos
Aires, I was impressed by the fact that the average person knew quite a bit
about Assyrians and their culture. I was born and raised in Chicago where
there are quite a few Assyrians, but the folks in South America were more
knowledgeable about us than the average American is. Perhaps there are many
more Assyrians down there than we know about... Something to research. If I
can find out anything else on my next trip I'll pass it along.  Keep up the
good work."

Jim Espial
Houston, Texas

[We urge our readers in South America to respond to Mr. Espial request as
was    kindly rendered before.]


"Please let your readers know there is an Assyrian woman living in Central
Florida. I am Grace Yohannan Cotton, daughter of John  and Ruby Flunked
Yohannan of NJ, the niece of Nahrain and James Yohannan of Turlock, CA, and
the granddaughter of the late Hanna h and Abalone Yohannan of NJ. Ben
Benjamin's account of his travails in the diaspora deeply touched me, as
they paralleled the massacre of my great-grand parents who were Presbyterian
ministers in the Lake Urmie area. I am proud to be of Assyrian heritage and
applaud Zenda for its online efforts to unite us electronically even if we
are physically scattered. If any of your readers know of any other fellow
Assyrians in Central Florida, please have them contact me at
HCotto1056@able.com. Peace."

Grace Yohannan Cotton


"Thank you for sending me an issue of Zenda.  I would like to become a
subscriber to your wonderful publication."

Matthew Ward a
Hartford, Wisconsin


"Wow, How romantic!  Did an Assyrian write the article entitled 'a letter
for the heart'?  What a fresh breath of air!  I'm afraid ZENDA at times
seems too stuffy with its historical and political messages. Let's ease up
a little... Was the article written for an imaginary person?  You don't
have to reply though.  Thanks for your great work bringing us together."

A. Shimming

[Wilfred Alkhas, author of "A Letter From the Heart" & the publisher of
ZENDA       is an Assyrian from San Jose, California.  ]


                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R

                                JUST A REMINDER...

ZENDA is published every Monday and freely distributed through the internet.
For more information please send an email to zenda@ix.netcom.com or write:

P.O. Box 20278
San Jose, California  95160

Your comments and suggestions are never edited and are published as they
are received in our in-box.
                  N   E   WE   S       D   I   G   E   S   T


(ZNUP: Vatican) A meeting between Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Ak bar
and Vatican Secretary of State Angelo Sodano took place last week.  Vatican
spokesman Joaquin Navarro-Valls said the two men discussed
issues of religious freedom in Iran.  Italy has said it will continue to
conduct what it calls ``critical dialogue'' with Tehran -- one of Italy's
larger trading partners -- because of its strategic role in Middle East
affairs. During the two-day visit, Velayati met with Italy's Prime Minister
Romano Prodi and Foreign Lamberto Dini.  Since the 1979 Islamic Revolution
in Iran the population of Assyrians has moved from over 250,000 to less
than 20,000.

                     AAA of SAN JOSE ELECTION RESULTS

(ZNDA: San Jose)  On Friday January 10, the Assyrian American Association
of San Jose held its bi-annual general elections of the Executive Board.
For the fourth time in 15 years, Mr. Sargon Yaldaei was elected as the
1997-99 president of the Association, claiming 55% of all votes cast. The
remaining votes were cast for Mr. Ben Samuel who had actively campaigned
since last November.  Mr. Yaldaei's choice for vice-president was Mrs.
Jacqueline Bajan who chaired the 1996 Assyrian State Convention of
California in San Jose.  All other elected officers of the Association have
also served in one or more previous Executive Committees:

Sargon Yaldaei          President
Jacqueline Bajan                Vice President
Treasurer                       Carmen Philipovich
Secretary                       Dorina Golpashin
Officer                 Jenny Joseph
Officer                 Arthur Paul

In his acceptance speech Mr. Yaldai noted that he will work toward building
a more vibrant community, pay off the mortgage loan of the Association's
property on 20000 Almaden Road in San Jose, and organize the first World
Assyrian Youth Congress.


(ZNDA:  San Jose)  Last week, Mr. Wilfred Alkhas, publisher of ZENDA,
announced that he will not accept Mr. Sargon Lewie's appointment as the
Chairman of the Education Committee of the Assyrian American National
Federation.  The announcement came a two weeks before the next meeting of
the National Executive Committee in New Britain, Connecticut, where the new
officers of the Federation will be sworn in.  In the past, Mr. Lewie,
president of the AANF, has suggested that the information provided by ZENDA
remains "inaccurate, unreliable, and filled with anti-ZOWAA sentiments."
Mr. Alkhas has expressed concern over Mr. Lewie's commitment to funding of
the Education Committee in 1997. The Assyrian students who were selected to
obtain scholarship in August of last year are yet to receive their awards.
Mr. Alkhas has also discontinued teaching Assyrian and language classes and
producing the ZENDA TV Show at the Assyrian American Association of San
Jose, an affiliate of the Assyrian American National Federation.


(ZNDA: San Jose)  On January 5 a lunch banquet was given to honor and
welcome His Holiness Mar Rophael I Bidawid, Patriarch of the Assyrian
Chaldean Catholic Church and His Excellency Bishop Ibrahim Ibrahim, to St.
Mary's Church in San Jose, California.  Previously His Holiness had met
with Mar Dinkha Shimun, Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East in an
historical meeting in Detroit, Michigan.  The meeting of the two Patriarchs
initiated a series of discussions on determining the common ecclesiastical
doctrines of the two Assyrian and Chaldean churches whose membership
exceeds one million believers in the Middle East.


(ZNDA: Chicago) On Wednesday, January 15, the Oriental Institute Members
Lecture Series presents Janet Wallach's "Gertrude Bell: Guardian of
Antiquity, Builder of Modern Iraq." The lecture will held at 8:00 PM in
Hall of the Oriental Institute in Chicago.  Ms. Wallach, a Woodrow Wilson
fellow who has recently published Desert Queen (a biography of Gertrude
Bell), will also be signing copies of her book. Ms. Wallach's book will be
for sale in the lobby of the Oriental Institute. A reception will follow
the lecture.  The Oriental Institute is located at 1155 E 58th Street in
Illinois. For more information, please call (773) 702-1677 or email

                      N   E   W   S       B   I   T   s

Clinton said Wednesday that in addition to having jets patrol the no-
fly zones over Iraq, the United States will continue to maintain a force
in the Middle East large enough to deter Saddam.
Iraqi dissidents and Ann Clywd, a British parliamentarian are working to
set up a tribunal to conduct trials of Iraqi officials accused of rights
abuses and war crimes against the Shiite and Kurdish populations of Iraq.
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has pledged to pardon until the end of the
Muslim holy month all Iraqis who confess to spying for foreign powers. The
pardon decree called on spies to "contact directly, or write their
confessions and hand them over to the Iraqi military intelligence, the
security general or any other Baath Party organization."
A Syrian presidential spokesman said Tuesday President Hafez Assad has
undergone ``successful '' surgery on his prostate gland. The spokesman said
Assad, in his 60s, will return to work within  less than 10 days.

Mr. Ashur Shamoun's store, Smoke Variety, in Oakville, Canada, was the
subject of a mysterious theft.  On Wednesday January 8, as Mr. Shamoun's
was attending to a customer, his briefcase, in which were his personal
belongings was stolen. Mr. Shamoun expressed deep anger and frustration as
he narrated his misfortune to our ZENDA news reporter.  "My telephone book
had all the names of my friends, and associates as well their addresses and
telephone numbers world wide."
Rev. Yousif Semez of The Assyrian Church of The East in Ontario wishes to
relate the following telephone and address change:

2433 The Collegeway
Unit #23
Mississauga, ON

(905) 820-3338

         C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S
Thru Jan 19             Bridging the Gap
                        Contemporary and Traditional Assyrian Art
                        Australian Assyrian Communities
                        National Gallery of Victoria
                        Melbourne, Australia
                        Curator:  Semiramis Ziyeh

Thru Mar 10             Art & Empire: Treasures from Assyria in the British
                        National Gallery of Victoria
                        Melbourne, Australia
                        Admission: $10.00

Thru Apr 6      The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
                        Smithsonian Institute
                        Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
                Washington D.C.
                        AAA of Southern CA      (818) 506-7577

Jan 15                  The Oriental Institute Members Lecture Series presents                  Janet
Wallach's:      "Gertrude Bell: Guardian of Antiquity,                                           Builder of Modern
                        Breasted Hall
                        Oriental Institute
                        1155 E 58th Street
                        8:00 PM
                        (773) 702-1677 or email oi-membership@uchicago.edu

Jan 15                  Ashur & Marduk:  The State Gods of Assyria & Babylonia
                        Lecturer:  G. Frame
                        Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations
                        University of Toronto
                        St. George campus
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

Jan 18                  National Exectutive Committee Meeting of the
                        Assyrian American National Federation
                        New Britain, Connecticut

Mar 12                  Guardians of the Gate:  The Assyrian Winged Colossi
                        Lecturer:  A. Harrak
                        Near and Middle Eastern Civilization
                        University of Toronto
                        St. George campus
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

April 9                 Recent Excavations at Gordion, Turkey:
                        An Achaemenid Persian Imperial Town in Central Anatolia
                        Lecturer:  T.C. Young, Jr.
                        Royal Ontario Museum
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m
                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
Thursdays               Nineveh Choir under the direction of Maestro Nebu Issabey
                        BETA:  20000 Almaden Road
                        San Jose, California
                        8:00 pm

Fridays                 Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                        Modesto Junior College
                        1:00 pm
                        Founders Hall 108
                        Modesto, U.S.A.

Saturdays               Nisibis School
                        The Church of the East
                        Toronto, Canada

SUNDAYS                 Assyrian Boy Scouts
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        9:30am  to 12:30pm
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                        Assyrian Student Union
                        California State University, Northridge
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

       A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

          The Assyrian American Association of San Jose, California


                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E
                English         Modern Assyrian

                One                     kha     [M]  kha yalda:     one boy
                                        khda    [F]  khda yalta:        one girl

                Unique                  ee/khee/da/ya [M]
                                        ee/khee/de/ta [F]

F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E
B.C. (553)  Nabonidus, king of Babylon, arrives in Lebanon and after seven
months succeeds in suppressing a revolt against his rule.
<< The Reignof Nabonidus, Beaulieu>>

A.D. (815) Bet-Khekhma (House of Wisdom) is constructed by the the caliph
al-Mamun to which a library and an observatory were connected.  Here
Assyrian scholars translated almost the whole of Greek scientific and
philosophical literature from Green and Syriac into Arabic. Of such notable
translators were Hunain ibn Ishaq and Ibn Muqaffa.

<< Science & Civilization in Islam, Nasr >>

                    L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S

                                Brown Sister

        Grooving to individual beats, stepping off platforms
        falling falling into different spaces
        touching souls with her smile wide, eyes gleaming
        telling stories of mountains,
        telling truths sprung from the Tigris and the Euphrates
        truths found between Baghdad and California
        between all-forsaken and the sake of one...

        Standing beneath the weight Ashurs arms
        feet planted on a rock shaped by her own hands..
        Breathing fire into words that flame and warm others
        Pausing for reflection in 1996 dysfunctional America
        coming to terms with the past
        accepting the inevitable future
        Brown Sister, Assyrian Woman, articulate, defined, lost,
        forgotton, crying, screaming, looking at walls and barriers
        and smiling from the inside, between all of these walls...

        Loving the small proud nation of people with memories,
        people who tie each other to the meaning of higher meaning
        people who cannot forget the Tigris and the Euphrates,
        the water coursing over the moist soils like ancient blook
        rushing through human veins...
        Remember all of this, Brown Sister. Know that you are precious
        and beautiful and respected. Love yourself and your people.
        Reflect upon the simple truths mighty Assyria has imprinted
        on you tongue and your heart. To forget is to die.
        To live is to remember.

        Marian Younan
        Davis, California

[Ms. Davis, a student at the University of California at Davis, is also the
executive secretary of the Assyrian American National Federation.]


           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
January 13, 1978:  dies, William Ibrahimi, the first Assyrian
representative to the Iranian Parliament or Majlis.

                            B     R    A     V     O

Last Saturday evening, David Yonan, 21, became the first Assyrian violinist,
or musician for that matter, to render a solo performance at the Berlin
Philharmonic Orchestra.  David is the son of Dr. Gabriel and Mr. Shlimon
Yonan of Berlin, Germany.
                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

PERSONAL ACCOUNTS               [added in the last 3 weeks]

                Europe: Sweden
                                Barcelona, Spain
                                London, England
                                New Jersey
                                New York

                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations whose
contributions appear in this issue:
                        Albert Gabrial  Hollister, California
                        Ninos Bebla             San Jose, California
                        Firas Jatou             Chicago, Illinois
                        Ashur Simon Malek       Ontario, Canada