Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Shvadt 10, 6746                   Volume II                       Issue 51            February 10, 1997

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                      T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse...................... Another Year is Behind Us
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............ No News
Surfs Up............................ "My eyes were filled with tears."
Surfers Corner...................... Database of Assyrian-American Veterans
News Digest......................... James Pritchard, noted Archaeologist
                                            AAS Public Meeting
                                            INS Lottery
News Bits........................... Assad in Coma for Two Weeks
                                            Saddam and Sajida
                                            US Increases Air Power in the Gulf
Calendar of Events.................. Hannibal Alkhas Art Exhibition (2 days)
Entracte............................ AAS Party
Intelligentsia...................... Classes and Seminars
Assyrian Surfing Posts.............. The Tomb of Semiramis
Pump up the Volume.................. Scholar & Scholarship
Back to the Future.................. The Sumerian King List
                                            Drawing the Image of Christ
Literatus........................... William Daniel's The Darling Lips
This Week in History................ Israel Younan
Bravo............................... Syriac Concordance Program-  English
The Directory....................... News Sources
Bshena.............................. Chicago & Fujitsu
Salute.............................. Adrin and Lena

                  THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E

                         ANOTHER YEAR IS BEHIND US

This week ZENDA begins its third year of serving the Assyrian communities
around the world.  During the past two years, we succeeded in etching a
permanent path to the email folders of over 500 Assyrian readers and
organizations from Finland to Uruguay, New Zealand to Pakistan.  The first
issue of ZENDA was sent out in February 1995 to less than a dozen Assyrian
surfers.  At an astonishing rate of 5 subscription requests per week the
growth of our electronic magazine has also become the most expeditious
among all other Assyrian periodicals. Moreover, ZENDA remains the only
"weekly" Assyrian periodical among all current Assyrian electronic and
paper-form magazines in the world.

When ZENDA's first issue was emailed the Internet was a relatively new
concept. Today there may be as many as 8 to 10 thousand Assyrian email
addresses on the Internet.  Therefore, our rate of expansion remains
insignificant relative to the number of Assyrian email addresses installed
every day.   As the Assyrian families continue to move away from the denser
centers of Assyrian population an effective use of the Internet becomes
necessary to maintain vital channels of communication.  With each new
subscription a new way of thinking is added to this growing family of
online critics.  Hence, ZENDA has and will continue its tradition of
objective journalism, a notion rarely celebrated by the earlier Assyrian
journals in diaspora.

Our journey has not been without pain and agony.  At times ZENDA has been
labeled "a Zionist instrument", "enemy of the people", "anti-Christian",
and its publishers and staff accused of being "on Saddam's payroll."  Yet
since the first day of its inception only 6 subscribers have requested to
be removed from our list of weekly readers.  ZENDA will remain true to its
initial commitment to objectivity, freedom of speech, elimination of all
types of censorship, and respecting all Assyrian cultural, political,
social,and religious ideas and achievements.  If a review, analysis or
critique is said or written by an Assyrian or for an Assyrian then it is
likely to appear in ZENDA.

As one reader commented in a complimentary email, resonating with emotional
inflections, ZENDA "listens...and never fails to surprise its readers." "I
don't like surprises," replies Wilfred Alkhas, publisher of ZENDA, "but I
like to know that every Monday morning Assyrians around the world come
together to share a few tears, laughs, oohs and aahs."  ZENDA will continue
to do just that, simply because our readers continue to believe in the
Assyrian cause, its glorious past and the promising future of the people of

As always, we thank you for your continued support!

Staff of ZENDA
     G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N

No News was received in the last week.

                      S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"I would like to thank you for putting the information about the CASA
Valentine Bash in Zenda...Thank you once again for your help and support!
Can you please post the following in your newsletter. We greatly appreciate
your help in the past.  The Valentine Bash sponsored by the Chaldean
American Student Association at the University of Michigan-Dearborn on
February 15 has been cancelled due to unforeseen circumstances. We
apologize for any inconvenience this may have caused."

Steven Kiryakoza
CASA President

"When I read the article 'I give you America my son' my eyes were filled
with tears.  If I decide to write my life story, I would probably name it
differently.  I would call it 'I give you my Assyrian legacy, Raqa, my
child'--a legacy of destruction, death and being refugee of the world.  We
inheritted this legacy from the time we lost our country and became the
Gypsies of the world.

I remember all the stories I ever heard from my grand father, my father, my
mother and all other relatives.   Each one of the them has his or her own
kind of experience, and we have our own.

My grand father was from the same village as the writer of this article and
I bet if the writer is still alive he might even know him. When he was
alive he used to tell us all different horror stories of their life in
Zirine and in Russia.  My grand ma who was a midwife used to tell us
stories of pregnant women having children in the middle of war where there
were no hospitals and no medical help.  My grandfather told us of the wars
with the Kurds and how they killed Assyrians and how Assyrians retaliated.
Then they were just stories and I To me they were never thought of them as
facts of life.

My mother's story was closer to home.  In 1945, after Russians left Urmie,
Iranian people began attacking and killing Christians.  My mother's
grandfather had cooperated with the Russians so his house was rubbed and
then burned to ashes.  My mom who was ten and her 5 sisters and brothers ,
,ages 5 months to 8 years, were left on their own in the middle of
winter to make their escape to the neighboring village, while everyone
else was running for their own life.  To make the story short it took two
years for my mother's family to return to their own village and rebuild
their life from ashes.

Today it is our turn to taste the legacy of bitter immigration or as we
say 'Raqa'.  I think throughout our history we have abandoned our homes as
many as 14 times.  I wonder what history will call our Raqa?  Are we going
to leave our legacy to our children? Or is this the end for us and our
legacy?  I wonder if our children will understand when we tell them about
our lives back in Middle East?

Unfortunately for us, this legacy does not end with us.  Our people back
in the Middle East are still experiencing it daily and as long as they live
in the nest of the enemies they will inherit  this bitter legacy.  For us
who have managed to end this story of bitter immigration,  mission has not
yet ended either.  But we remain the hope for those left behind.  We are
the means of survival for them.  We should teach our children to remember
sisters and brothers back in Bet Nahrain and their obligation to them. This
is the legacy we should leave them.  Legacy of survival and nationalism."

Lena Mushell
San Jose, California

"Your hard work and effort are quite evident in ZENDA and I wanted to thank
you for serving Assyrians in this way.  I'm sure without you this
newsletter would not be possible and neither would the charity and help
that Assyrians are getting from it.  Please let me know if there is
something I can do to help..God bless you and keep you."

George Ishaya
San Jose, California

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R
ZENDA readers are invited to respond to the following request(s) by either
directly writing to the author or sending a reply to ZENDA.

                A Database of the Assyrian-American Veterans

It is great pleasure to read your Zenda weekly.  Zenda is a window that has
opened outward into the world for Assyrians around the globe to communicate
with one another.  May God lead you in your work always and may he grant
you and Zenda success always.

I would like to urge all Assyrian readers of Zenda to help me in
establishing a database of Assyrian American Veterans, or for that matter,
anyone outside the U.S. can also send in information even though my project
at this time is US related, I will not dismiss any non-US information
however I welcome it.

I'd like to ask for Name, Address, Telephone, E-mail, of all those who
served or are presently serving, or that any of Zenda readers know of.  You
can send this information to my direct E-mail address as follows:

I appreciate your assistance in this matter as I am working on a project
specific to our Armed Services Men and Women that is an important component
of our history.

Esha Tamras
San Jose, California

                  N   E   W  S       D   I   G   E   S   T

(ZNDA: San Jose) On Friday, 31 January 31 the Assyrian Aid Society of
America held a public meeting at the Assyrian Church of the East Hall in
San Jose, California.  Dr. Alexander Malik introduced the executive board
members as:
Mr. Narsai David, President
Dr. Lincoln Malik, Vice President
Dr. Alexander Malik, Medical Assistance Program Project Leader
Mr. Sargon Shabbas,  Treasurer
Mr. Ashur Yoseph, Special Projects
Mr. Youkhanna  Youkhanna, AAS Chapters Liason

Narsai David indicated that this meeting was the first step in establishing
a channel of communication between the Assyrian public and the AAS. He
reported on the AAS projects including the building of medical clinics,
housing, schools, roads, farming industry, publishing of Books,
distribution of medicine and direct cash assistance.  The first issue of
AAS Newsletter "Tree of Life" was then handed to the audience members. Dr.
Lincoln Malik, also the representative of the Assyrian Democratic Movement
(Zowaa) in the U.S. commented that the U.S. government is cognizant of the
accomplishments of the AAS in benefitting the Assyrians in northern Iraq.
It is unreasonable to ask for item by item accountability, he continued,
because we should not assume that in northern Iraq one can walk into a
store, make purchases and receive a printed receipt.  The names of several
U.S. and world agencies which have closely monitored the work of AAS was
then reported.
For more information contact Neil Karaman at 408-573-2808 or send email to:


(ZNMN: Philadelphia)  James B. Pritchard who lived in Haverton,
Pennsylvania, and investigated the palace of King Herod in Jericho and the
towns and villages of the Phoenicians died last month at age 87.  He was
the first to identify the locatio of Gibeon, a town mentioned dozens of
times in Judeo-Christian Scriptures. James Pritchard is the editor of
two-volume anthology of The Ancient Near East.


(ZNRU: Damascus) An Iraqi Shi'ite opposition group says that several high
ranking officers have been executed in Baghdad after an abortive coup
against Saddam Hussein. The Supreme Council of the Islamic Revolution in
Iraq (SCIRI), which has support in Iraq especially in the south, said in a
statement the officers belonged to Saddam's special protection units and
the Republican Guards. There was no independent confirmation of the report.
Those executed included Brigadier Khudair Jasem Mohammed of the Republican
Guards, Brigadier Munaf Star Aidan, a pilot, and Colonel Sultan Othman
Saddam of al-Rasheed air base, the statement said. The other three were
Colonel Najm Abdullah of al-Muthana military complex, Lieutenant-Colonel
Hisham Shaysh Hussein al-Tikriti from the Military Combat School in Tikrit
and Captain Majid Abde al-Basri, director of the public affairs at the
defence ministry. The SCIRI which has offices in Tehran, Damascus, Kuwait
and London works with other opposition groups to try to topple the Iraqi


(ZNSC: San Jose) From February 3rd through March 5th 1997 the State
Department and Immigration Service (INS) of the USA will hold a "lottery"
for 55.000 unrestricted Permanent Resident Visa (so called "Green Cards",
actually they now are pink) which will allow the winners and their families
to live and work anywhere in the U.S.A. without special sponsorship of any
companies or individuals.  Anybody can apply as long as they have at least
a secondary education (equivalent to American "High School Diploma" = 12th
grade) and at least 2 years of skilled labor training or college/university
courses.  In a family all members can apply singly to increase everybody's
chances, because if only one wins spouses and children are admitted too.
People born in any Middle Eastern country are eligible.  There is no
application form or fee.  To enter, type or print in the English alphabet
on a sheet of plain paper the following:
Your Full Name
Date of Birth (Day, Month, Year)
Place of Birth (Ex:  Urmie, Western Azerbaijan, Iran)
Your Mailing Address
Your Native Country (EX:  Syria)
Your Signature
Enclose a photogrph of Yourself (1.5 inches by 1.5 inches)

For more information call 900-884-8840.
                      N   E   W   S       B   I   T   s


A new 6747 Assyrian Sports Calendar featuring the legendary soccer greats,
Aram Karam, Ammo Baba, Youra, and many more will soon be available.
To Orders yours contact Layth Jato at Ljato@aol.com.


Syrian President Hafez al-Assad fell into a coma for two weeks late last
year and was revived by Russian doctors in January, a British weekly
newspaper reported on Sunday.

Iraqi television Tuesday showed President Saddam Hussein and his wife
Sajida -claimed by a U.S. military official to be under house arrest
receiving well-wishers on the recovery of their son Uday.

The Pentagon is sending an Airpower Expeditionary Force of about 30 planes
and support personnel to serve in Operation Southern Watch.

         C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S
Thru Mar 10             Art & Empire: Treasures from Assyria in the British
                        National Gallery of Victoria
                        Melbourne, Australia
                        Admission: $10.00

Thru Apr 6      The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
                        Smithsonian Institute
                        Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
                Washington D.C.
                        AAA of Southern CA      (818) 506-7577

Feb 10 & 11             The Last Ziggurats:  An Art Exhibition by Hannibal                                                Alkhas
                        Almaden Valley Fine Arts League
                        5945 Almaden Expressway (across from McDonald's)
                        San Jose, California
                        (408) 997-0964

Feb 10                  CAPNI & GAD Political Rallies
                        Assyrian American Civic Club of Turlock
                        Turlock, California

Mar 12                  Guardians of the Gate:  The Assyrian Winged Colossi
                        Lecturer:  A. Harrak
                        Near and Middle Eastern Civilization
                        University of Toronto
                        St. George campus
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

April 9                 Recent Excavations at Gordion, Turkey:
                        An Achaemenid Persian Imperial Town in Central  Anatolia
                        Lecturer:  T.C. Young, Jr.
                        Royal Ontario Museum
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

Aug 26-Sept 2           Assyrian American National Convention
                        Hyatt Regency Dearborn
                        Fairlane Town Center
                        Detroit, Michigan
                        All Single,double,triple,quad rooms: $95 per day
                        Reservations: (313) 982-6880
                        Reservations must be made by August 7.
                               E N T R A C T E
Feb 22                  Assyrian Aid Society Party
                        Church of the East AWANA
                        680 Minnesota Ave
                        San Jose, California
                        7:30 pm
                        Entertainer:  Jenan Sawa
                        Donation: $15.00

                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
Fridays                 Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                        Modesto Junior College
                        1:00 pm
                        Founders Hall 108
                        Modesto, U.S.A.

Saturdays               Nisibis School
                        The Church of the East
                        Toronto, Canada

Sundays                 Assyrian Boy Scouts
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        9:30am  to 12:30pm
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                        Assyrian Student Union
                        California State University, Northridge
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

       A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

The Tomb of Semiramis

Note:  Visit www.nineveh.com for the latest schedule of online guests on
Nineveh Cafe- a chat room for the Assyrian Internet surfers.

                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E

                English         Modern Assyrian

                Scholar         Spee/raa        [M]
                Scholarship             shoo/ka/ma      [M]

Note:  Scholarship as an educational assistance.
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E
B.C. (ca 2000)

According to the Sumerian King List the last two kings of the First Dynasty
of Kish (a city in Sumer) reigned for 900 and 625 years respectively.

<< Early Mesopotamia, Postgate >>

A.D. (451) At Chalcedon the orthodox church defines the doctrine of ther
perso of Christ as "acknowledged in two natures without confusion, without
change, without division, without separation."  Those who made an image of
Christ in their paintings were therefore declared heretics and accused of
lapsing into Nestorianism.

<< The Spirit of Eastern Christendom, Pelikan >>

                    L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S

                               The Darling Lips

What is the magic
Of a whisper from you
That brings joys so big
As to rose does the dew?

Perking up the blossom
That was just about
To be crushed by awesome
Storms. A ray split the cloud,
Little words took the from
Of a hope - from distance
Tat blew off all the harm.

Rosy lips in a dance
Came breathing a message
Now they open, now they close
Do they span space or age?
Unlock the mystery
Of the heart of the rose?

Ever Ever Yours,
Never Never Otherwise.

William Daniel

<< Tapestry: Collection of Poems in Assyrian & English, William Daniel>>

           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
February 9, 1956:  dies Israel Younan, president of the Assyrian American
National Federation; visited the kings of Iran and Iraq to discuss the
conditions of the Assyrians in the Middle East

                         B     R    A     V     O
                        SYRIAC CONCORDANCE PROGRAM

          [An English Translation of Last Week's German Article]

Analysis of Syriac writings has always been an important part of the EDP
Project of Gottingen University. Until now such analysis was done using a
computer process called a "middle-data technology". But since this approach
was outdated researches at Gottingen University decided to relinquish its
use and develop a new data processing program.  This program allows the
Syriac researchers to easily analyze their findings. In addition there is a
caveat for the Syriac language students: with this program it is now
possible to teach Syriac text-analysis with a selected learning material.
                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        Fujitsu USA
                        Integrated Circuit Systems

                        Chicago, Illinois
                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations whose
contributions appear in this issue:

                        Lena Mushell            San Jose, California
                        Adrin Takhsh            Berlin, Germany