Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Aadaar 17, 6746                   Volume III                       Issue 5            March 17, 1997

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                      T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse...................... William Daniel
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............ Assassination of a Kurdish Leader
                                            UN Support to be delayed
Surfs Up............................ "difficult to view this approach"
Surfers Corner...................... Free Assyrian Font
                                            Card Babylon
                                            Contacts Needed in Finland
                                            Third Habbaniya Re-Union
News Digest......................... More Nineveh Fragments Found
                                            NEC Meeting in Chicago
Ziggurat............................ 1600th Anniversary of Mar Gabriel
Calendar of Events.................. NEC Meeting in Chicago
                                            David Yonan's Concert
                                            Neesan Games in Germany
Entracte............................ Kha b'Neesan Parade in Chicago
Intelligentsia...................... Classes and Seminars
Assyrian Surfing Posts.............. Assyrian Info Medium Exchange
Pump up the Volume.................. Citizen & Native
Back to the Future.................. Ashurbanipal's Campaign to Egypt
                                          (As)syrian Protestant College of Beirut
Literatus........................... William Daniel's The Prophecy
This Week in History................ William Daniel's Birthday
Bravo............................... Assyrian Academic Society of Chicago
The Directory....................... News Sources
Bshena.............................. Melbourne, Sun, & Fujitsu
Salute.............................. Ramin, Albert, Gabrial, Esha


                  THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E

                          WILLIAM S. D. Daniel

William D. S. Daniel was born on March 17, 1903 in Urmi, Iran.  He was the
son of Hakim David S. Daniel, a prominent doctor and a patriotic Assyrian
who was instrumental in saving the Assyrian villagers of Gogtapa from the
Kurdish siege during the First World War, and went as far as giving his
life to serve his fellow Assyrians who had become refugees and had fallen
victim to sickness and disease.

He finished his primary education in missionary schools established for the
Assyrians in Urmi where he studied the Assyrian language alongside regular
courses.  After the war William came to Hamadan and began studying music.
Even though he was in his late teens, he excelled in playing violin under
an Armenian master.  Soon he was ready to move on, and went to Europe in
early thirties to pursue his musical education.  There he studied in the
conservatory of music in Basil, Switzerland and became an accomplished
classical violinist, playing in symphonic orchestras in France and

While in Europe, he continued to study the Assyrian language on his own and
took to translating the French masterpiece "Cyrano De Bergerac" from French
to Assyrian, translating French verses into Assyrian verses.

William returned to Iran in 1937, and after a few years settled in Hamadan
and became the music instructor in Pahlavi High School.  He held numerous
concerts for the benefit of the school and the Assyrian community there.
He later came to Tehran, where he turned his attention to composing
original Assyrian music.  In 1943, when the Assyrians in Tehran were
allowed to have a weekly program on the national radio, William wrote songs
that would be broadcast weekly on the radio.  Moreover, William organized a
choir, numerous plays and concerts, and taught classes in the Assyrian
language and literature.

In Tehran he started work on his lifelong ambition, writing the Assyrian
Epic of "Kateeny the Great" in verse.  This vernacular tale of greatness,
passed on from one generation to the other by the Assyrian mountaineers of
Hakkiari, had been recounted to him earlier during his years in Urmi and
later in Tehran.  He completed the first volume of the epic and also wrote
an Assyrian book of verse for children titled "Rameena the Naughty".  Both
of these books were published in 1961 by the Assyrian Youth and Cultural
Society of Tehran.  He also published his first book of songs called "the
Rays of Light".

William moved to the United States in 1952 and settled in Chicago.  There
he continued to teach the Assyrian language, wrote music, organized plays
and choirs, wrote articles for Assyrian magazines and gave lectures at
various functions.  He was the editor of the periodical "Mhadyana" in the
1960's.  In 1970, his musical piece, "Juvenile Suite", won the Beblis
award.  In Chicago he published:

•       The second volume of the Assyrian Epic of "Kateeny the Great", entirely
handwritten by the author  (published in 1974).

•       "William Daniel's Creations" a comprehensive collection of his Assyrian
songs.  This book is all handwritten including the musical notations
(published in 1978).

•       A bilingual treatise titled "Assyrians of Today, Their Problems and a
Solution" written in both Assyrian and English.  The Assyrian section was
entirely handwritten by the author  (published in 1969).

•       "Kismat", a bilingual play in Assyrian and English depicting the widening
generation gap between the Assyrian youth born in this country and their
parents born in the Middle East  (written in 1967, published in San Jose in

William came to San Jose in 1979 and lived there until his passing in 1988.
 During his years in San Jose, William served as the Editor of the Assyrian
Star magazine, wrote numerous articles, poems, and musical pieces.  In
1983, he published the third and last volume of the epic of "Kateeny the
Great", immortalizing it in a compilation of over 7,000 verses, and
narrated Volume I and II of the Epic on tape.  He also taught Assyrian
language and literature classes, organized a choir group, and was a regular
guest speaker and dignitary at Assyrian functions.

In 1992, his students in San Jose honored him posthumously by collecting
his previously unpublished poems in Assyrian and English in an illustrated,
full color book titled "Tapestry", which was published by the Assyrian
American Association of San Jose.

The Valley is also the eternal resting place of one of the most prominent
Assyrian personalities of this era; Mr. William Daniel, who lived in San
Jose from 1979 until his passing in 1988.  Mr. Daniel is one of the
greatest Assyrian musicians and poets of our time. A master violinist,
trained in Symphony Orchestras in Switzerland, Mr. Daniel also wrote
authentic Assyrian songs and music.  His collection of songs, titled
"William Daniel's Creations" has elevated Assyrian folk music to an
unprecedented level of artistry and sophistication.  He also taught
Assyrian language and literature classes, organized a choir group, and was
a regular guest speaker and dignitary at Assyrian functions.

William Daniel's main literary and artistic works are:

1.      His eternal masterpiece, the Assyrian epic of "Kateeny the Great",  is
one of the finest literary works of the modern Assyrian language.  He
immortalized this vernacular tale of greatness, passed on from one
generation to the other by the Assyrian mountaineers of the Hakkiari
region, in three volumes which comprise over 7,000 verses.  The second
volume was entirely handwritten by the author.

2.      Two sets of five tapes in total, in which the author himself narrates
Volume I and II of the Epic of "Kateeny the Great".

3.      A bilingual treatise titled Assyrians of today, their problems and a
solution written in both Assyrian and English.  The Assyrian section was
entirely handwritten by the author.

4.      A book of children's adventures written in verse titled "Rameena the

5.      "Kismat", a bilingual play depicting the widening generation gap between
the Assyrian youth born in this country and their parents born in the
Middle East.

6.      A book of songs titled "William Daniel's Creations", embellishing
Assyrian folk music with unparalleled sophisticated beauty and artistry.
which contains the songs he composed for the weekly Assyrian radio program
in Tehran, Iran in 1943.  This book is all handwritten including the
musical notations.

7.      "Tapestry", a collection of his previously unpublished poems in Assyrian
and English.  This book, produced in full color, was published posthumously
by his students in San Jose.

8.      Four records which contain nineteen of his songs, some of them performed
by the artist himself playing the violin.

William was a talented musician even though he started studying music late
in his teens, he went to Europe to pursue his musical education and became
an accomplished classical violinist, playing in symphonic orchestras of
France and Switzerland.

Adapted from The 1995 Assyrian Directory of California
San Jose, California

     G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N


(ZNUP: London) The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) withdrew from an
all-Kurdish meeting last week after the assassination of one of its
leaders, Muhyeddin Rahim, by a car-bomb in northern Iraq. A statement
issued by KDP notes that "preliminary investigations point to the fact that
the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan is behind this act of terror."  The
statement referred to its main rival in the Kurdish autonomous zone of
northern Iraq. The PUK rejected the accusation last week. In 1994-96 the
two groups fought a sporadic war for control of the zone until the United
States brokered a cease-fire in October. The car-bomb exploded as
representatives of the KDP and PUK and the zone's Turkoman minority were
meeting in the Turkish capital, Ankara, for talks to consolidate their
cease-fire accord. The meeting was attended by U.S., British and Turkish
delegates. There were no indication as to whether there were any members of
the Assyrian political parties present at this meeting.  The KDP said the
car-bombers had been arrested and had confessed to working for the PUK. The
PUK office in London condemned the KDP accusation.

                      DELAY IN UN HUMANITARIAN AID
(ZNRU: United Nations)  The United Nations said last week that it was
unlikely that all humanitarian goods would be distributed to the Iraqi
people within the six-month period alloted under the so-called oil-for-food
plan. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan, in a draft report prepared for the
Security Council, said because of delays in getting food, medicine and
other supplies to Iraq, it was too soon to analyze the impact of the
program. At issue is a deal that allows Iraq to sell $2 billion worth
of oil over six months to buy humanitarian goods for its people in order to
ease the impact of stringent sanctions. About a third of the revenues would
go to victims of the Kuwaiti invasion and to help defray U.N. costs. Iraq
has been under the embargoes since August 1990 when Baghdad's troops
invaded Kuwait. The oil-for-food plan went into effect December 10 but no
goods have arrived yet. U.N. officials and diplomats have blamed the delay
on U.N. staff as well as the Security Council's committee.

                      S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"I just started reading this week's ZENDA. As I was reading the first
article, "THE NAMELESS GATES OF GODS", I remembered my first visit in
Pergammon Museum. That was after the "turn" -Die Wende- before the
unification of Germany; Berlin's wall was still there, so I had to pass it
for the first time. Getting out of the metro, in "Friedrichstrasse",  I
thought, I'm now in the DDR. I was afraid and I was excited. Walking
through East Berlin's streets, I was thinking about my history, I will see
my fore-fathers' works, I thought. I went in the museum. I went through the
Ishtar Gate, I turned back, I'm standing in front of this gate, I made it!!
I can't describe my feelings at that moment; I can just say it was great,
walking in the Processional Way I thought of our New Year ceremonies and
was proud being there. For a second I forgot were I am. I wanted to talk to
people in Assyrian, then I opened my ears and heard German!! No I am not in
Babylon; this is Berlin- indeed it is East-Berlin! I was disappointed! I
came back home, far away from home!!  I feel this way every time I go to
the Museum, I am disappointed and happy at the same time. What does
Ziggurat mean? I couldn't find it in my dictionary. That was a very nice
article- thanks Wilfred..."

Adrin Takhsh
Berlin, Germany

[Adrin Takhsh is a PhD-candidate at the Free University of Berlin and has
previously contributed to our international sections.  Sumerians who were
the first people in Mesopotamia to construct the great Ziggurats of
Bet-Nahrain called these structures ESH meaning "supreme" or "most high."
Ziggurat or "zukiratu" as the structure was originally called is an
Akkadian (Babylonian) name for ESH, meaning a "tube or structure of divine
spirit."  It can also mean "a source of fire or heat" much like our modern
space launch pads or missile silos.]


"Zenda (Vol. III, #4) features an item from 'the Assyrian International
News Agency or AINA, a Chicago-based group'.  We have become accustomed to
(and jaded by) the overnight emergence of so-called 'international news
groups', 'patriotic fronts', and other self-described wunderkind. It is
common for such 'figures' and 'organs' to claim expertise or even academic
degrees they haven't got. The propellers of AINA are unknown to the rest of
us, but hopefully Zenda has verified their identity.

The AINA 'news story' is supposed to be an update on the slaying of two
Assyrians in Shaqlawa. We surely all agree that these killings were tragic,
but even when reporting tragedy, journalist are obligated to inform rather
than to inflame. There are already lots of other places where Assyrians can
read cliches and rhetoric.

In the first place, the AINA account is slapdash and muddled.  For example,
was Mohamed Babakir (the Kurd) killed by Lazar Matti (the Assyrian) because
the former had 'kidnapped' the latter’s daughter?  Based on AINA’s comment
that 'the families had met years ago and resolved the matter,' it would
seem that the 'kidnapping' occurred several years before, hence was
unrelated to the more recent slaying of the Kurd. If so, what is the
relevance of 'the kidnapping'?

Even if the factual presentation were clearer, AINA’s reliance on tired
cliches disabuses us of any illusion about serious journalism.  For
example, it is stated that Babakir (the Kurd) 'was the kidnapper of the
daughter of Lazar Matti, the Assyrian'. Since none of the details are
related, we cannot say whether this was a forcible 'kidnapping', or whether
this was a case of an Assyrian daughter who had willfully eloped against
her parents’ wishes?

The selective use of words such as 'butchered' and 'massacre' is also
interesting. While 'the Kurd was found murdered', 'Lazar Matti …, along
with his son Havel Lazar, was butchered …'.  AINA also refers to the tragic
slaying of these two Assyrians as a 'massacre'.  'Massacre' is a term
normally used to refer to the wholesale slaughter of a class of people,
such as the Simel Massacre.

The rest of the 'news' account consists of a series of highly opinionated
statements. AINA does not attempt to attribute these opinions to any other
individual or group, hence they must be its own. It is difficult to view
this approach as 'journalism'. It is simply propaganda, and not very artful
propaganda at that."

Francis Sarguis
Santa Barbara


"It is a new chapter in nei-Assyrian History. This proofs that Assyrian
Nation it is still alive and appreciates good thing when it sees it. An
Historical event was held in Ceres, Turlock, Modesto this Friday, Saturday,
and Sunday March 7-9.  KBSV-TV 23 AssyriaVision Telethon at Bet-Nahrain
facilities raised over $50,000.00.  It is dream come true. In an effort to
raise Assyrian awareness of themselves and the potential of building a
future for ourselves and our kids in the 21st Century.
The event was organized by the mass media sub committee of Bet-Nahrain

I would like to thank on behave of Dr. Sargon Dadisho (director of mass
media committee) and the Board of director of Bet-Nahrain, every member of
the sub committee and the KBSV-TV 23 AssyriaVision crew and those who
helped organized and participated and donated money to improve and extend
the station broadcasting to all Assyrians around the globe.

This television stations is owned by Assyrians and is for Assyrians around
the world. It has touched people's hart young and old, and has shown that
this media is very powerful. By educating ourselves and others about our
history in the past and present, our rights and our needs we can build
better life for ourselves and our children in the next century. So, please
lets not stop here. We need your help to full fill our promise to reach all
Assyrians where ever they might be living, can reach and communicate.
Please visit www.betnahrain.com/bnkbsv.html for information on how you can

Ninous Bebla
Education committee
San Jose/Ceres, California


"Please be kind to add me to your excellent service as a member, also let
me know what address should i send my contributions or donations."

Daniel Dizayer
Los Angeles, California

[ZENDA is a weekly online newsletter distributed free of charge.  We hope
that our new readers will help us expand our subscribers' list as a
"virtual" donation.

We are in receipt of a letter, dated 18 February, 1997 from Turlock,
California.  In this letter a ZENDA reader casts aspersion on another
reader of our newsletter. Last year we instituted a new policy to omit the
publication of such letters in which our readers are personally attacked
for their opinions expressed in ZENDA.  Unless the letter is re-written in
such a way to avoid inflammatory language we reserve the right not to
publish it.]

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R

ZENDA readers are invited to respond to the following request(s) by either
directly writing to the author or sending a reply to ZENDA.


Nineveh OnLine announces the release of a FREE Assyrian font for Windows
3.1 and 95, which can be downloaded from www.nineveh.com .  ATORFONT.EXE is
a self-extracting Windows archive file created by Tim Ericson of Islamabad,

                             BABYLON CARD

Another "low interest rate"  promotion is coming in May for Card Babylon
Visa & Master Card.  Thousands of Assyrian names have already been
submitted for approval to Harris Bank. If you do not receive a confirmation
by the 31 June, 1997, please call Babylon Financial Network, INC. at
1-800-NINEVEH, nationwide. Thank you.

                      NEED CONTACTS IN FINLAND

"Dear ZENDA and its readers, What about Assyrians in Helsinki and Joensuu,
and their e-mail addresses? In April I am visiting universities in these
Finnish towns and would like to contact our people there. Thank you very
much in advance for any information."

Promarz Tamrazov
Kiev, Ukraine

[To our ZENDA readers in Finland:  if you wish to release your email
information to Mr. Promarz Tamrazov we urge you to contact us as early as
possible at zenda@ix.netcom.com.

                          THIRD HABBANIYA REUNION

The Founding Committee of the Habbaniya Union School Students' Reunion is
holding the 3rd annual function, during the last week of August 1997, in
Toronto, Canada.  Further information will be forthcoming from the
Organising Committee of Canada. In the meantime, we hope that this notice
will help you plan ahead.
Benyamin Yalda

                  N   E   W  S       D   I   G   E   S   T


(ZNAM) Nine more fragments from reliefs at the Sennacherib Palace Site
Museum at Nineveh in northern Bet-Nahrain have surfaced on the antiquities
market, further evidence that many panels recounting the Assyrian king
Sennacherib's 701 B.C. siege of Jerusalem have been vandalized.  Columbia
University art historian John malcolm Russell says he was first shown
photographs of three fragments from the palace late in 1995 by a European
museum seeking to check the provenance of the reliefs in advance of
purchase.  Russell, who photographed many of the slabs in situ between 1989
and 1990, was again contacted this past fall, this time by a lawyer
representing a prospective purchaser of ten Assyrian reliefs.  Russell
identified nine of the ten as fragments from panels at the site museum and
the tenth as a fragment from the palace of Sargon II at Khorsabad, which
was being stored at Nineveh in 1990.  Working with photographs supplied by
the lawyer, Russell noticed that many of the fragments had been squared off
to give the impression that they were complete compositions.  A full
account with photographs and a site plan is available at


(ZNDA) The third National Executive Committee meeting of the AANF for the
fiscal year 1996-97 will take place in Chicago on Saturday, 5 April, at
10:00 am at Eden's Banquets of the Assyrian Social Club.  In addition to
reviewing the final report of the 1996 National Convention a status report
on the 1997 National Convention in Detroit will be presented to the
representatives of 30 Assyrian organization in the United States.  The
traditional Kha b'Neesan Parade will take place the next day from 1 to 3 pm
in Chicago.  For hotel reservations please see CALENDAR OF EVENTS.

                       Z   I   G   G   U   R   A   T

                 1600 Jahre Kloster Mor Gabriel im Tur'Abdin
        und seine Bedeutung f|r die Syrisch-Orthodoxe Kirche in Europa

Wie ein Burg, von hohen Mauern umgeben, liegt das Kloster Mor Gabriel im
Tur'Abdin im Hochland der s|dostlichen T|rkei: Schutz f|r die klvsterlichen
Gemeinschaft - Zufluchtsort f|r die nur noch wenigen syrischen Gemeinden -
Sitz des Erzbischofs des Tur'Abdin. Seit den Anfdngen bis in unser
Jahrhundert ist das Kloster Mor Gabriel Reprdsententin einer der
Heimatregionen syrischen Mvnchtums. Die Umgebung des Klosters ist heute
militdrisch-politisch unsicher und wird von vielen Seiten sorgfdltig

Mancher aramdische Christ, der den 91. Psalm betet, verbindet gldubige
Erinnerung und Hoffnung mit dem Kloster Mor Gabriel, so weit 1600 Jahren
Tag f|r Tag die Eucharistie gefeiert wird: "Wer unter dem Schirm des
Hvchsten sitzt und unter dem Schatten des Allmdchtigen bleibt, der spricht
zu dem Herrn: Meine Zufversicht und meine Burg,
mit Gott, auf den ich hoffe."

F|r die viele tausend syrisch-orthodoxen Familien in Europa ist das
Kloster so etwas wie das Sinnbild ihrer Geschichte und Kultur geworden.
Kann es auch ein Zeichen der Hoffnung sein? Kann es Orientierung geben f|r
die Suche nach religivser und ethnischer Identitdt in (noch) fremder
Umgebung mit all ihren Konflikten, wie z.B. in Bebra/Deutschland? Diesen
Fragen wird sich die Tagung stellen. Zu ihr kommen kirchliche
Reprdsentanten aus dem Orient und Okzident und Referenten und Referentinnen
aus den drei gro_en christlichen Konfessionen.

Freitag, 21. Mdrz 1997

19.30 Begr|_ung und Einf|hrung (Pfarrer Georg Richter)
20.00 Vorstellung des Klosters Mor Gabriel und des Tur'Abdin mit
Dias (Dr. H. Ansch|tz und Dr. P. Harb)

Samstag, 22, Mdrz 1997

9.00 Die Bedeutung des Mvnchtums f|r die Syrisch-Orthodoxe Kirche
(Prof. Dr. W. Hage)
11.00 Zur Situation der syrisch-orthodoxen Gemeinden in der T|rkei,
in Syrien und Libanon. Interview mit S.E. Erzbischof Philoxenos Y. Cetin
von Istanbul, S.E. Erzbischof Timotheos S. Aktas und Malfono Isa G|lten,
Kloster Mor Gabriel (Interviewer: Dr. P. Harb und G. Richter)
15.00 Die Bedeutung des Klosters Mor Gabriel und des Tur'Abdin f|r
die syrisch-orthodoxen Gemeinden in Deutschland:

Zur Situation der Kirche: S.E. Erzbischof Julius Y. Cicek,
Kloster Mor Ephrem der Syrer/Holland Zu den Fragen des politischen Asyls:
Fehmi Aykurt, Hamburg Zur kulturellen und religivsen Identitdt: Amill
Georgis, Berlin Weiterarbeit in Arbeitsgruppen

19.30 Festlicher Abend

Auswahlchor syrisch-orthodoxen Gemeinde, Berlin Historischer Film |ber den
Tur'Abdin und das Kloster Mor Gabriel von mehreren Jahrzehnten Kurzfilm zur
Situation im Tur'Abdin heute (Filme von Dr. H. Ansch|tz und Dr. P. Harb).

Sonntag, 23. Mdrz 1997

9.00 Vkumenischer Wortgottesdienst: Leitung: Pfr. R. Staege, Bebra,
Kurzpredigt: S.E. Erzbischof J.Y. Cicek

10.15 Bebra und die Folgen: Informationen und Stellungnahmen zur
bitteren Erfahrungen der syrisch-orthodoxen Gemeinde Podiumdiskussion

12.30 Ende der Tagung
                 Evangelische Akademie Hofgeismar
                Postfach 1205, 34362 Hofgeismar
              Tel.: 05671/88-0; Fax: 05671/881-154

                   Anmeldung ist erforderlich
              Studienleiter Pfarrer Georg Richter
           Evangelisches Predigerseminar Hofgeismar
         Die Tagung wird in Zusammenarbeit mit dem
        "Mor-Gabriel-Verein zu Unterscht|tzung der
        syrischen Christen" in Hamburg und mit dem
                 "Deutsch-Libanesichen Verein"
                    in Reinbek durchgef|hrt
Gabriel Rabo


Am Samstag, den 22. und Sonntag, den 23. Maerz 1997
spielen assyrische Sportler in 10 Fussball- und 4 Volleyball-Manschaften um
den Kha b' Neesanpokal in der Sporthalle der Martin Niemueller Schule in
Wiesbaden, Moltke Ring
Eintritt: 5,-DM

Kha b' Neesan Party:
Am 30.3.  feiern wir Assyrer wohnend in Wiesbaden und Umgebubgden den Anfang
unser Neu Jahr zusammen mit unser beruehmter Saenger Evin Agassi,
in der Willi Brandt Allee 14, Wiesbaden
Eintritt: 25,-DM

David's Konzert:

Sonntag den 20. Juli 1997 um 11:00
David Yonan spielt Geige
Mathaeikirchstrasse 1
im Musikinstrumenten Museum Berlin, Curt-Sachs Saal (dierekt neben der

      C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S

Thru Apr 6      The Ain Ghazal Exhibit
                        Smithsonian Institute
                        Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
                Washington D.C.
                        AAA of Southern CA      (818) 506-7577

Thru April 27           Masterpieces from the Pierpot Morgan Libray:
                        A collection of relics 3300 B.C. to 1800 B.C.
                        Cylindrical Seals
                        From Uruk, Akkadian, Babylonia and Assyria
                        California Palace of the Legion of Honor
                        Lincoln Park, San Francisco.

Thru Fall 1997  Ancient Mesopotamia: The Royal Tombs of Ur
                        2650-2550 B.C.
                        Third Floor

Mar 25                  The Discovery of a 3rd Millennium BCE Trading Post
                        in Northern Mesopotamia
                        A Hagop Kevorkian Lecture

                        Lecture by Dr. Michel Fortin
                        of the Department of History, Laval University, Quebec

                        The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology                    33rd and Spruce
                        Philadelphia, PA 19104
                        6 p.m.
                        Reception follows
                        Rainey Auditorium.
                        Free (215) 898-4890

Apr 5                   NEC Meeting of the Assyrian American National Fed.
                        Eden's Banquets (Assyrian Social Hall)
                        10:00 am

                        Hotel Information:
                        Radisson Hotel
                        4500 West Touhy

Apr 9                   Recent Excavations at Gordion, Turkey:
                        An Achaemenid Persian Imperial Town in Central                          Anatolia
                        Lecturer:  T.C. Young, Jr.
                        Royal Ontario Museum
                        Toronto, Canada
                        8:00 p.m

Apr 11-13               Big Bear Ski Trip
                        Skiing, hiking, Mountain biking, etc.
                        Assyrian Student Union Big Bear Trip
                        Members $40  non-members $65
                        Includes lodging, transportation, and 1st night's food.
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis:  fishtale@juno.com

Apr 24                  Beginning of Settled Village Life in Eastern Anatolia

                        Dr. Michael Rosenberg
                        Associate Professor, University of Delaware

                        6:00 p.m.
                        Reception Follows
                        Rainey Auditorium
                        Free (215) 898-4890

May 4                   "Near Eastern Archeology"
                        Speaker:  Dr. Thomas E. Levy
                        University of California, San Diego

                        Location:  Westchester, New York
                        Call Hugo Vandenwall Bake (914) 472-0874

May 5                   "Near Eastern Archeology"
                        Speaker:  Dr. Thomas E. Levy
                        University of California, San Diego

                        Location:  Tufts University, Boston
                        Call Jodi Magness (617) 628-5000 x2680

May 23-26               Assyrian State Convention of California
                        Turlock, California

May 24                  A C N C '97
                        The Third Assyrian Community Networking Conference
                        The Assyrian State Convention of California
                        Turlock, California
                    Organized by The Assyrian Community Networking Society

Jul 20                  A Concert by the Assyrian Violinist, David Yonan
                        Mathaeikirchstrasse 1
                        Musikinstrumenten Museum, Curt-Sachs Saal
                        11:00 am

Aug 26-Sept 2           Assyrian American National Convention
                        Hyatt Regency Dearborn
                        Fairlane Town Center
                        Detroit, Michigan
                        All Single,double,triple,quad rooms: $95 per day
                        Reservations: (313) 982-6880
                        Reservations must be made by August 7.
                               E N T R A C T E

Mar 21                  Kha b'Neesan Cocktail Dance Party
                        Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                        San Jose Athletic Club
                        196 North 3rd Street  (408) 292-1281
                        7:30 pm
                        Donation:  $30.00
                        "Hot Hord d'oevres!"
                        No tickets sold at the door/no reservations
                        For tickets call:
                                Caroline Nasseri        (408) 268-7990
                                Ellen Sayad             (408) 997-0392
                                Jaleh Atniel            (408) 927-8881

Mar 22                  Dalyate d' Kha b' Neesan (Assyrian Neesan Games)
                        Martin Niemueller School
                        10 Assyrian Soccer & 4 Assyrian Volleyball Teams
                        Wiesbaden, Moltke Ring
                        Donation: 5,- DM

Mar 30                  Kha b' Neesan Party
                        Willi-Brandt Allee 14
                        Entertainer: Evin Agassi
                        Donation: 25,-DM

Apr 5                   Kha b'Neesan Dance Party

Apr 6                   Kha b'Neesan Parade
                        1:00-3:00 pm

Apr 26                  A Cocktail Dance Party
                        5th Anniversary of the Assyrians Around the World
                                TV Program
                        Entertainers:  Julian Jindo
                                        Julian & Janan Band from San Diego
                        Hyatt Hotel
                        1740 North First Street
                        San Jose, California
                        (408) 993-1234
                        Tickets:  Etminan Market & United Foods
                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
CHICAGO         Assyrian Athletic Club Soccer Development Program
                        Ages 7-14
                        7:45-9:45 pm
                        Warren Park Gymnasium
                        Western Avenue & Devon Street

HARVARD UNIVERSITY      1997-98 Syriac Classes Taught by Dr. J.F. Coakley

                        Elementary Syriac
                        Instructor:  J. F. Coakley
                        Basic Syriac grammar and syntax
                        with selected readings from the Syriac Bible and
                        other early texts.

                        Readings in Syriac I
                        Historical and theological texts, and early poetry

                        Readings in Syriac II
                        Special attention to exegetical texts and to reading manuscripts.

MODESTO         Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                        Modesto Junior College
                        1:00 pm
                        Founders Hall 108
                        Modesto, U.S.A.

NORTH HOLLYWOOD     Assyrian Boy Scouts
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        9:30am  to 12:30pm
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                        Assyrian Student Union
                        California State University, Northridge
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

SAN JOSE                Nisibin School
                        Assyrian Language Classes
                        Ages 5-14
                        10:00-1:00 pm
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        20000 Almaden Road

                        Raabie Nimrod Simono's Intermediate Grammar Class
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        ONLY IN MARCH
                        Class Days Vary (Contact ZENDA for more information)

                        Maestro Nebu Issabey's Nineveh Choir Practice
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        8:00 pm

TORONTO         Nisibis School
                        The Church of the East
                        Toronto, Canada

      A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

Assyrian Information Medium Exchange    HTTP://WWW.EDESSA.COM
        Webmaster:  Esha Tamras

                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E

                English         Modern Assyrian

                Editorial               baar/aatra              [M]
                Native, Aborigine       bookh/na                [M]
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E
B.C. (663)      Ashurbanipal leads his army into Egypt and sacks the city of
Thebes; in his victory tablets he claims that the city fell in less than a
day.  Massive booty was taken back to Nineveh.

<< The Ancient Assyrians, Healy & McBride >>

A.D. (1866)  (As)syrian Protestant College is founded by the American
Mission in Beirut.  Later this school became the American University of
Beirut (ABU).

<< A History of the Arab Peoples, Hourani>>

                    L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S

                        From The Epic Poem, KATEENY

Enemy has planned a novel way of ruse;
To overthrow our power, to control to confuse.
From under a mantle - virtuous, benign,
Contemplates to fulfill his wicked design.
Plot is a masterpiece, actor plays the part
Of a saintly recluse though Satan at heart.
In the house of Khammu he has built his nest;
From where he spreads the poison of his pest.
The hero shall find him hiding in the steeple,
Shall crush the serpent's head, deliver the people.

Such is the prophecy, end of chaotic storm;
Parties shall dissolve and blend in the main reform.
End of all diseases, wounds shall heal one and all;
The law shall protect the great and the small.
The union shall build a strong and massive wall.
That shall not be taken that shall never fall.
Traitors that carried on commerce that was rotten.
Uprooted they shall be, memory forgotten.
The Hero who assisted to safeguard the land,
Shall sustain our throne with a mighty hand.
This is the prophecy - rebirth of the nation,
Which shall rise in glory of rejuvenation.

           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y

March 17. 1903:  born, William Daniel, Assyrian writer, poet and composer
in Urmie, Iran.
                         B     R    A     V     O


The Assyrian Academic Society of Chicago recently completed the publication
of Nimrod Simono's long-awaited "Modern Assyrian Grammar: Intermediate
Level", a book comprising of 41 lessons, a study guide, complete with
appendices and self-tests.  A group of 16 students in San Jose, California
are currently enrolled in Rabbie Nimrod's class and will have completed his
class based on the lesson plan outlined in this book before his departure
for Chicago at the end of this month. Rabbie Nimrod and his wife, Liza,
were invited to the United States on bequest of the AAS of Chicago. An
evening of appreciation and tribute is planned for Rabbie Nimrod Simono in
the beginning of next month in Chicago.
                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        Sun Microsystems
                        Melbourne, Australia
                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations whose
contributions appear in this issue:

                        Esha Tamras             San Jose, California
                        Albert Gabrial           Hollister, California
                        Gabriel Rabo            Germany
                        Ramin Daniels           San Jose, California

and the following individual(s) for introducing ZENDA to our new readers:

                        Albert Gabrial  Hollister, California

                       FROM ALL OF US AT ZENDA
                        A HAPPY KHA B'NEESAN
                         TO ALL OUR READERS
                          AROUND THE WORLD

Assyrian New Year 6747 begins on the following hours/days in your local
time zones:

20 March 05:54:46 AM in San Francisco, California
20 March 07:54:46 AM in Chicago, Illinois
20 March 10:54:46 AM in Montevideo, Uruguay
20 March 02:54:46 PM in Berlin, Germany
20 March 02:54:46 PM in Stockholm, Sweden
20 March 03:54:46 PM in Helsinki, Finland
20 March 04:54:46 PM in Baghdad, Iraq
20 March 05:54:46 PM in Tehran, Iran
21 March 12:54:46 AM in Melbourne, Australia