Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Neesan 14, 6746                   Volume III                       Issue 9            April 14, 1997

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                      T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse...................... Kha b'Neesan Parade in Chicago
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............ KDP Clarification Inadequate
Surfs Up............................"our land in the North is too precious"
Surfers Corner...................... Jokes in ZENDA?
News Digest......................... Kha b'Neesan in British Columbia
                                            Image of Edessa Rescued from Fire
                                            Assyriology Position
Ziggurat............................ Assyrians in Austria (Vienna)
Calendar of Events.................. No New Entries
Entracte............................ No New Entries
Intelligentsia...................... Classes and Seminars
Assyrian Surfing Posts.............. Babylonian History
Pump up the Volume.................. Except and Exception
Back to the Future.................. King Entemana of Lagash
                                            Allan Abraham, a Columbia Univ Coach
This Week in History................ Mar Polous Shimun's Consecration
Bravo............................... Assyrian Quadruplets Born in Cyprus
The Directory....................... News Sources
Bshena.............................. Disney Software & San Francisco
Salute.............................. Firas, Dr. Simon, and Ashourbel

                  THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E

                     6747 KHA B'NEESAN PARADE IN CHICAGO

For the past few years, with thousands of attendees, the Kha b'Neesan Parade in Chicago has been the largest annual event celebrating the Assyrian New Year outside of Bet-Nahrain. This year, the live April 6 Parade of tens of floats along the King Sargon Boulevard (Western Avenue) on the piercingly cold but gentle Sunday afternoon was nothing less than a spectacular show of Assyrian pride and nationalism.  The freezing cold air and the memory of the children's laughter has easily penetrated into the hearts of those of us who stood by the pedestrian walkways, waving the Assyrian and American flags, as the floats drove by.
Every float was different and new. The scenery was magnificent:  one minute hundreds of children and teenagers clothed in white pants and shirts would walk by us and the next minute a float adorned with Assyrian flags, life-style statues and huge banners would drive by the astonished spectators.
The combination of over-sized floats and the large crowd gathered to catch a glimpse of friends and relatives aboard these modern-day chariots of peace was overwhelmingly powerful. The walkers looked tranquil, reminding us of the gentility of nature in the first few days of Spring. Everyone  vociferously looked courageous; all competing social and religious organizations united .

The parade of the Assyrian vessels in Chicago celebrated the commencement of the Assyrian New Year 6747 (1997 A.D. plus 4750 B.C.) This year the Assyrian communities all over the world began celebrating the New Year from the third week of March.  In Chicago, the snow flakes gracefully covered the bystanders and the floats of the independent and isolated Assyrian organizations and businesses.  Chicago's Assyrian community remains a vital community and clearly one of the oldest continuous community of Assyrian immigrants and long-time settlers. A wondrous story of triumph and the astonishing tales of survival were hidden inside each float, in the eyes of the grandparents, and the sounds of the neighborhood. The cheering crowd did not include the religious authorities, nor the munificent men of medicine.  It was the ordinary denizens of this Windy City, having had done small things during their insignificant lives that breathed life into this giant millipede of wooden vessels.  In the face of an unusually cold April afternoon, thousands had come to celebrate and experience renewal of their battered souls.

Local American politicians, as colorful as the clowns entertaining the non-voting residents, uttered empty campaign-like rhetorics.   All speeches sounded as senseless and out of place as any Kha b'Neesan speech in the past 70 years.  However every few minutes, thanks to the nationalistic songs of Ramsin Rasho, Linda George, and Ashur Bet-Sargis, our numbed brains slowly thawed and with much effort we succeeded in taking our frozen hands out of our pockets and clap for the floaters.  Interwoven throughout the parade were the evocative speeches of local and national Assyrian politicians. Unlike the ancient kings of Assyria, none atoned for his errors in judgement.  Every leader thought of oneself and one's decisions as judicious and proper.  Each expressed the emotional subtext of a struggle that has often been considered "worthless."  Once again Kha b'Neesan had brought the promise of a fresh start and new hope.

The most heart-warming event of that day was the crowd's final gathering around the stage where politicians spoke of a better future.  With a loud voice Ashur Bet-Sargis cried to the cheering descendants of King Ashur and Nabonidus of Bet-Nahrain "neither snow, nor the cold, nor the storms of Chicago can stop our people's celebration of Kha b'Neesan."  Moments later thousands of Assyrians, with their fists pointing to the gray clouds covering the streets of Chicago, sang the "Roosh Jwanqa" song (Wake Up Ye Young Assyrian).  Tears were freely flowing down our frozen cheeks and we held each other as tightly as possible.  For today we had forgotten our backgrounds, political ideologies, religious differences, and diverse accents.  For a brief second we understood the significance of Kha b'Neesan ,then in the days of Hammurabi in Babylon and tomorrow in the sunny streets of Nineveh.


Following is a complete list of the sponsors whose floats paraded along King Sargon Boulevard in Chicago:

-Assyrian Organizations-

Assyrian American National Federation
Assyrian American Association of Chicago
Assyrian Aid Society of America
Assyrian Academic Society
Assyrian Ladies Association
Assyrian American Social Club of Detroit
Assyrian Youth Alliance Historical Museum (Ashurbanipal Library)
Assyrian Athletic Club (Winged Bulls)
Assyrian American Civic Club of Chicago
Mar Zaia Assyrian Organization
Assyrian Students of Illinois
Assyrian National Foundation
Society for Assyrian Progress
Assyrian National Youth (carrying Linda George as guest of honor)
Assyrians Around the World TV Program (Channel 25)
Assyrian Social Club (and Eden's Banquet Hall)

-Private Businesses-

Leader Realty
Broadway Bank
L & M Foods
Z Frank Chevrolet
Lawando Food Market
Anwar Food Market
Governor Jim Edgar
Auto Sound Barrier
Middle Eastern Restaurant
Hollywood Auto Parts
GLK Realty Inc

-Assyrian/Chaldean Churches-

Assyrian Church of the East
St Ephrem Mart Mariam Chaldean Church
Ancient Church of the East
Ancient Church of the East (St. Odisho Church)

     G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N

   Assyrian International News Agency (AINA):  April 7 -  AINA@WWA.COM

The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) recently published a "Clarification" regarding the February 10th, 1997 murder of two Assyrian Christians by a mob of Kurds in Shaqlawa. The KDP statement corroborated much of the information released earlier by various Assyrian organizations but contained some omissions.

Mr. Masoud Barzani, the leader of the KDP, visited Shaqlawa after the
killings and acknowledged that there had been an intense campaign of
arson and explosions targeting Assyrian Christian stores in the Shaqlawa area. He also acknowledged that while local Kurdish authorities were investigating this campaign of terror against the Assyrian Christians, Mr. Mohammed Babakir, a Kurd, was found killed. Mr. Barzani asserted that Mr. Babakir had years earlier kidnapped the daughter of Mr. Lazar Matte, an Assyrian Christian. The local Kurdish authorities assumed that Mr. Lazar Matte and his son Havel Lazar were involved in Mr. Babakir's murder despite the lack of any evidence. Since the two families had resolved their conflict four years ago, there was no explanation as to why the Kurdish authorities assumed Mr. Matte killed Mr. Babakir. Mr. Matte and his son were, nevertheless, arrested pending further investigation.

Mr. Barzani then acknowledged that a mob of Kurds stormed the prison and lynched the two Assyrian Christians in the name of Islam. In his speech to the Assyrians in the Mar Yokhana Church, Mr. Barzani expressed his condolences to the Assyrians and pledged "security and peace to all."

The Assyrians warmly welcomed Mr. Barzani's conciliatory remarks and
statement of condemnation of the murders. However, Mr. Barzani's
omissions left still more questions unanswered amongst the Assyrian
community. Mr. Barzani failed to note that Mr. Lazar Matte's still
teenage daughter was forcibly converted to Islam. He also failed to note that the mob was incited by a local mullah to kill the Assyrian Christians and to burn their home in the name of Islam. Mr. Barzani did not mention that the Assyrians were literally butchered into several pieces and that their dismembered body parts were strewn across fields in Shaqlawa. In a further show of terror, the Kurdish mob rampaged through Assyrian areas in Shaqlawa firing automatic weapons and exploding grenades in order to terrorize and intimidate the Assyrians. When the pieces of the victims were, finally, retrieved by the Assyrian Christians, they were prevented from organizing a funeral in Shaqlawa; the funeral was eventually held in Arbil.

Mr. Barzani falsely stated that the killers had been captured and were being held in prison. Subsequent reports from the area have contradicted that assertion. The actual killers are said to be free and those now incarcerated are only minimally involved. Those Kurds being held for questioning are expected to be released soon. Furthermore, those responsible for ordering the killings have not been held accountable for their role in accordance with the law. The most egregious omission of all, however, remains Mr. Barzani's failure to even once refer to the Assyrians as Assyrians. In the statement, the Assyrians are repeatedly referred to as "Christian brothers." Assyrians are left wondering whether the KDP officially denies the existence of the Assyrians and their nearly 7000 year history in their ancestral Assyrian homeland in northern Iraq.

                      S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"It is not often that an Assyrian takes a bold and strong position to challenge the way we handle our political situation (Ramin Daniel's 'CALL FOR ACTION'). This is commendable particularly when it originates from a young, educated and very active Assyrian. I personally know Ramin Daniels and am very much aware of his continuous support of our people in the North.

It is also encouraging to read the positive reaction (Sam Shapira's letter in the last issue of ZENDA) to this subject. This raises one's hope that with reason and love for our nation we can indeed attract able Assyrians to involve positively in our political situation.

I was deeply touched particularly when I read Ramin and Samir's emphasis on our support for our people's movement (ZOWAA) in North Iraq. This, I believe, is crucial in obtaining our Assyrian right's in Iraq. And yet here in the US we have failed to promote this idea. I hold ZOWAA in the US responsible for this failure.

I was born and raised in the North. It is very difficult to hear and read that the Assyrians are leaving their homes, lands and belongings and taking a refuge in neighboring countries. Their fears associated with Saddam Hussein's policies about non-Arab 'cleansing' of Iraq is well known. For centuries we have lived there and yet we, in the US, are disassociating ourselves with that land as rapidly as Saddam Hussein's  'cleansing machine' progresses into it. Losing our lands is a political suicide for our nation. For this simple yet critical reason, I agree with Sam Shapira when he mentions that ZOWAA here in the US acts as if the North does not exist. Our land in the North is too precious to let go. We must do something to keep our land and associate ourselves with that land. We must keep supporting our brothers and sisters in the North who are asking for our rights. ZOWAA here in the US has failed to enhance the political awareness of Assyrians in the US. It had five years to work on that.

I made two trips to the North in 1991. My first trip was shortly after the Gulf War when Saddam had attacked North Iraq.  Assyrians had fled to the camps in southern Turkey to save their lives.  I saw the most heartbreaking scenes of our Assyrian people living under blue plastic bags and on a daily basis burying the young and the old. These Assyrians had well to do lives in the North before fleeing to the camps. Our ZOWAA leaders were among our scattered people trying to reorganize and represent our people even in that chaotic situation.

In my second trip to the North within the same year, I found a well organized and disciplined ZOWAA with centers established in every major city and region. I saw how those leaders, among them Yaqoub Yosip diligently taking care of our people's problems. The very careful and yet determined work that ZOWAA was doing was most impressing. At that point in my life I was proud and the ray of hope in my veins was so empowering I decided to take the case to the Assyrians in the US. The joyful scenes of seeing Assyrians working together and going forward as Assyrians was too overwhelming to keep for myself. I felt every Assyrian in the world had the right to see our people in action. Our ZOWAA leaders were among our people leading them with their dedication and foresight. ZOWAA was heard every where. People were expecting ZOWAA to deliver.

Towards the end of the same year, when Yaqoub Yosip visited the US he attracted many able Assyrians to 'jump start' the then fairly unknown ZOWAA, under Dr. Lincoln Malik. And ZOWAA's activities started to take a fairly good proportion of the Assyrian events thereafter. A week would not pass without hearing from our ZOWAA people here in San Jose for their fund raising and other activities. This did not last. The dissatisfaction with the way that ZOWAA was run in the US started to surface and the 'melt down' that Sam Shapira mentions started.  I believe that the patriarchal management style of Dr. Lincoln Malek was the cause of that.

ZOWAA leadership in the US has totally failed. Whatever Dr. Lincoln Malik's strategy and agenda has been, it has not worked for our people in the North.  I feel ZOWAA in the US has not communicated ZOWAA's goals and beliefs as clearly and consistently as it should have been. It has failed to build a bridge between here, in the US, and there, in the North. It has refused to listen to other Assyrian institutions and has displayed very little respect for those who have helped in the past.
We must ask our leaders in the North to take action in correcting the situation. We must stand up and show our solidarity with our brothers and sisters in the North by supporting them in every way we can. Even if it means to insist that the reorganization of  ZOWAA in the US to take place immediately.

Ben Samuel
Santa Clara, CA

"on behalf of all Assyrians in B.C., Canada, we wish our Assyrian brothers & sisters around the world happy Kha' Bnesan and hope to celebrate this national event together in our beloved homeland "Bet Nahrain."

Dr. Simon Francis Shamoun
Vice-President & Secretary General

[To our non-Canadian readers:  B.C. = British Columbia- western Canada]


"...I appreciate your effort and service you are providing to fellow
Assyrians. keep up the good work and god bless you."

Gil Chamaki

[Mr. Chamaki is the guru behind the innovative and the popular AssyriaLink internet service.]


"There seems to be an error in the Last Zenda section 'This week in History: [April 10, 1968:  The Assyrian Universal Alliance, the first world-wide Assyrian political organization, is founded in Pau, France.]  The AUA was not founded as a political organization.  It was established to be the international voice of Assyrians as well as an umbrella organization representing all of its affiliates around the world.  The AUA had a Lobbying group to serve as the 'political arm of the AUA', which evidently became what AUA is known for.  However, the AUA was not intended to be a solely political group.  Long Live the Assyrian Nation."
Firas Jatou
Chicago, Illinois

[We stand corrected.]


"In Back to The Future, you state: "...A.D. (115)  The Roman emperor Trajan creates the Province of Mesopotamia which included Nisibin (Nisibis) and Singara" (The Roman Near East, Miller). Miller translated the term incorrectly. The correct term was Athour, and the Romans themselves called it the Province of Assyria. In a Short History of Syriac Christianity to the Rise of Islam, W. Stewart McCullough writes, "After wintering in Antioch, where he [Trajan] survived a terrible earthquake, in December, in the spring of 115 he moved eastwards penetrating as far as Adiabene, which became the Roman province of Assyria." [page 4].

Peter Jasim
Chicago, Illinois


"Have you heard of the "New" Mar Shaleeta Church in L.a.?  The followers of Kasha Barkhu have been so strongly moved that  we have  split from the assyrian church of the east and have formed our own, if you havent had this article please write back and i will happily give you additional information, if it has been in a Zenda letter please let me know which so that i may look it up.

Rany Warda
Southern California

[Indeed we have!  However, there is always room for new information.]


"I do not know who gave my e-mail address to you without my consent, but let me assure you that I have no interest in receiving your material. So I would greatly appreciate it if you removed my name from your mailing list."

David Nazary
San Jose, California


[In response to ZENDA's apology for our last week's 72-hour delay]:


Evans Alkas


"Just a friendly reminder, Raabie Nimrod Simono's Intermediate Grammar Class is completed.  Please remove from your I N T E L L I G E N T S I A section.  (just spring cleaning)!"

Lorine Merza
San Jose, California

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R

ZENDA readers are invited to respond to the following request(s) by either
directly writing to the author or sending a reply to ZENDA.

Zenda readers:  how about having a jokes section?"

Sargon Kanja

                  N   E   W  S       D   I   G   E   S   T


(ZNDA: British Columbia) On March 30, nearly 70 Assyrians of Greater Vancouver and British Columbia celebrated both Kha B'Neesan and Easter. The event was organized by the Assyrian Canadian Cultural Society of British Columbia (ACCSBC). During the celebration, ACCSBC president, Mr. Youash Gewargis welcomed everyone and congratulated the guests on the official establishment of the Society with the Government of British Columbia. As usual the celebrations included the Assyrian folk dances (Khigga, Shaikhani, etc), music and food.

(ZNDA: Chicago)  The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago invites applications for one or more positions at the level of Research Associate. The successful candidates will assist the
Editor-in-Charge and the Manuscript Editor in all phases of dictionary
preparation and production. The effective date for the beginning of employment will be any time between June 1 and September 1, 1997.
Qualifications: Ph.D. in Assyriology, with familiarity in all genres and
periods of cuneiform texts.
Terms: Initial one-year appointment, with possibility of renewal. Health,
vacation, and travel benefits may be available for one-year or longer
Send a letter of application, a curriculum vitae, and names and
addresses of three referees, by mail, fax (773/702-9853), or email
(m-roth@uchicago.edu), by May 15, 1997, to:
Professor Martha T. Roth
The Chicago Assyrian Dictionary
Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago
1155 East 58th Street
Chicago Illinois 60637 USA


(ZNAP: Italy)-  The Image of Edessa, also known as the Shroud of Turin, was rescued from the San Giovanni cathedral in downtown Turin last week.  The linen Shroud is revered by some Christians as bearing an image of Jesus Christ.  The Italian police said that the Shroud is now safe and provided no information on the cause of the fire.  The 14-foot-long linen has been enshrined in the cathedral since 1578.  It bears the faint yellowish negative image of the front and back of a man with thorn marks on the head, lacerations on the back and bruises on the shoulders.  According to The Doctrine of Addai "the Image of Edessa is described not as of miraculous origin but merely as the work of Hannan (Ananias), who 'took and painted a portrait of Jesus in choice paints, and brought it with him to his lord
King Abgar'." The Assyrian King Abgar ruled the small kingdom of Edessa in the first century A.D. and is believed to be the first ruler to convert to Christianity.  For more information see:  http://marlowe.wimsey.com/~rshand/reflections/messiah/edessa.html

                       Z   I   G   G   U   R   A   T

                          ASSYRER in ÖSTERREICH

Assyrer in Österreich war nicht gerade eines der Länder wohin die Assyrer emigrierten.  Aber obwohl eines der kleineren Länder in Europa, zog es doch assyrische Studenten an.  Bekannt ist, daß die ersten bereits in den dreißiger Jahren vor allem aus dem Irak kamen um, unteranderem, an der berühmten medizinischen Fakultät der Universität Wien zu studieren.

Die Emigration der Assyrer nach Österreich begann erst Mitte der sechziger. Während des Höhepunkts der Industrierevolution in Europa war man auf der Suche nach Arbeitskräften. Viele Assyrer vor allem syrische-orthodoxe aus der Türkei und aus Syrien, kamen als Gastarbeiter und holten ihre familien nach. In den siebzigern und achzigern kamen weitere familien aus diesen Ländern und die meisten stellten Asylanträge. Bis heute kommen noch Flüchtlinge an.

Währen des Iran/Irak Krieges kamen einige assyrische Familien aus dem Iran und dem Irak nach Österreich, aber nur die wenigen die Asyl beantragt hatten, blieben hier. Für die meisten war Österreich nur ein Durchzugsland.

Die Zahl der Assyrer (aus dem Irak und Iran) erhöhte sich plötzlich nach dem Golfkrieg und genau im Jahre 1992. Viele flohen vor der unmenschlichen Lage in der Heimat auf der Suche nach einem Strand der Hoffnung. Ungefähr 1800 kamen seither nach Österreich. Für die Mehrzahl von ihnen bleibt Österreich nur ein Durchreiseland, von wo aus sich die meisten ihren Familien und Verwandten vor allem in Amerika, Australian, Kanada und England anschließen. Die zweite Gruppe hat sich in diesem Land niedergelassen, nach dem ihre Asylänträge positiv ausfielen. Eine kleine Anzahl von Assyrern bleibt jedoch auf der Kippe zwischen Hoffnung und Verzweiflung. Ihre Asylanträge werden abgelehnt, und wegen der strengeren Familien- zusammenführungsgesetze in Übersee wird ihnen der Anschluß an ihren Familien und Verwandten erschwert bis unmöglich gemacht.

Heute besteht die Assyrische Gemeinde in Österreich aus ungefähr 4000 Mitgliedern. Sie sind verteilt auf Wien und Umgebung wie Wiener Neustadt und Kems; Graz und Umgebung; Linz und Umgebung und einige wenige in Tirol.

Bernadette Miraziz
David Yonan's Konzert:

Sonntag den 20. Juli 1997 um 11:00
David Yonan spielt Geige
Mathaeikirchstrasse 1
im Musikinstrumenten Museum Berlin, Curt-Sachs Saal (dierekt neben der

      C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S
Thru April 27           Masterpieces from the Pierpot Morgan Library:
                        A collection of relics 3300 B.C. to 1800 B.C.
                        Cylindrical Seals
                        From Uruk, Akkadian, Babylonia and Assyria
                        California Palace of the Legion of Honor
                        Lincoln Park, San Francisco.

Thru Fall 1997  Ancient Mesopotamia: The Royal Tombs of Ur
                        2650-2550 B.C.
                        Third Floor

Apr 24                  Beginning of Settled Village Life in Eastern Anatolia

                        Dr. Michael Rosenberg
                        Associate Professor, University of Delaware

                        6:00 p.m.
                        Reception Follows
                        Rainey Auditorium
                        Free (215) 898-4890

May 4                   "Near Eastern Archeology"
                        Speaker:  Dr. Thomas E. Levy
                        University of California, San Diego

                        Location:  Westchester, New York
                        Call Hugo Vandenwall Bake (914) 472-0874

May 5                   "Near Eastern Archeology"
                        Speaker:  Dr. Thomas E. Levy
                        University of California, San Diego

                        Location:  Tufts University, Boston
                        Call Jodi Magness (617) 628-5000 x2680

May 23-26               Assyrian State Convention of California
                        Turlock, California

May 24                  A C N C '97
                        The Third Assyrian Community Networking Conference
                        The Assyrian State Convention of California
                        Turlock, California
                    Organized by The Assyrian Community Networking Society

Jul 20                  A Concert by the Assyrian Violinist, David Yonan
                        Mathaeikirchstrasse 1
                        Musikinstrumenten Museum, Curt-Sachs Saal
                        11:00 am

Aug 26-Sept 2           Assyrian American National Convention
                        Hyatt Regency Dearborn
                        Fairlane Town Center
                        Detroit, Michigan
                        All Single,double,triple,quad rooms: $95 per day
                        Reservations: (313) 982-6880
                        Reservations must be made by August 7.
                               E N T R A C T E
Apr 26                  A Cocktail Dance Party
                        5th Anniversary of the Assyrians Around the World
                                TV Program
                        Entertainers:  Julian Jindo
                                        Julian & Janan Band from San Diego
                        Hyatt Hotel
                        1740 North First Street
                        San Jose, California
                        (408) 993-1234
                        Tickets:  Etminan Market & United Foods
                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
CHICAGO         Assyrian Athletic Club Soccer Development Program
                        Ages 7-14
                        7:45-9:45 pm
                        Warren Park Gymnasium
                        Western Avenue & Devon Street

HARVARD UNIVERSITY      1997-98 Syriac Classes Taught by Dr. J.F. Coakley

                        Elementary Syriac
                        Instructor:  J. F. Coakley
                        Basic Syriac grammar and syntax
                        with selected readings from the Syriac Bible and
                        other early texts.

                        Readings in Syriac I
                        Historical and theological texts, and early poetry

                        Readings in Syriac II
                        Special attention to exegetical texts and to reading manuscripts.

MODESTO         Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                        Modesto Junior College
                        1:00 pm
                        Founders Hall 108
                        Modesto, U.S.A.

NORTH HOLLYWOOD     Assyrian Boy Scouts
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        9:30am  to 12:30pm
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                        Assyrian Student Union
                        California State University, Northridge
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

SAN JOSE                Nisibin School
                        Assyrian Language Classes
                        Ages 5-14
                        10:00-1:00 pm
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        20000 Almaden Road

                        Maestro Nebu Issabey's Nineveh Choir Practice
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        8:00 pm

TORONTO         Nisibis School
                        The Church of the East
                        Toronto, Canada

      A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S


                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E

                English         Modern Assyrian

                Except                  shwooq (min)            [M/F]
                Exception               shnooz/ya               [M/F]
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E
B.C. (ca 3000)  King Entemanna of Lagash (a Sumerian city) builds a large canal, running from the Tigris south along the 46th meridian to the Euphrates.  This canal can still be traced by a line of lakes, streams, and marshes.

<< The Ancient Engineers, Sprague de Camp>>

A.D. (1965) Allan Abraham, son of John and Nancy Abraham of Gary, Indiana, replaces Bill Campbell as Columbia University's football coach.  Allan was born in Turlock, California and was married to Dianne Camilli, daughter of Brooklyn Dodger first baseman, Dolf Camilli.  Before working at Columbia, Allan coached football and wrestling at San Francisco State University where he earned his Masters Degree.

<< Assyrian Star Magazine, Feb 1965>>

                    L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S
                   From the Ancient Mesopotamian Poem:

Shall I eat clay for bread, shall I drink dirty water for beer?
Shall I weep for the young men who have left their helpmeets?
Shall I then weep for the young women who are wrenched form lovers' loins?
Shall I weep for the helpless infant who was taken before its time?...
The young man will not impregnate the girl in the thoroughfare,
The young man sleeps in his bedroom,
 the girl has slept by herself...
The wailing men and wailing women,
Let the dead come up and smell the incense.
           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
April 15, 1918:  Mar Polous Shimoun is consecrated as the new Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East in the Mart Maryam Church of Urmie, Iran.  Mar Polous succeeded Mar Shimoun Benyamin who was martyred in the hands of Kurdish fighters.

                         B     R    A     V     O


Congratulations to Mr. & Mrs. Icho and Anastasia Charles, on the arrival of a set of quadruplets (two boys and two girls).  Icho is the brother-in-law, of Mr. Sargon Yalda of Chicago, a ZENDA reader.  The Charles family lives in the country of Cyprus.  Mr. Yalda wrote the following to ZENDA:  "as far as I know, (this is) the first among the Assyrian communities worldwide.  Two boys and two girls, at once! All five, mom and babies, are doing okay."  The largest of the four Assyrian babies, while remaining inside the hospital incubators, is only 3 pounds.  Mr. Yalda continues, "this sure is one fast way to increase our population!!! Maziode millat."

                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                                Disney Software
                                San Francisco
                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations whose
contributions appear in this issue:
                Firas Jatou                     Chicago, Illinois
                Dr. Simon Francis Shamoun       British Columbia, Canada

and the following individual(s) for introducing ZENDA to our new readers:
                Ashourbel Moradkhan             Oakland, California