Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Yaar 12, 6746                   Volume III                       Issue 13            May 12, 1997

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                      T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse...................... Knanaye Christians
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............ Iraqis Flee Troubled Homeland
Surfs Up............................ "practice an open-door policy"
Surfers Corner...................... AAS Dictionary Project
                                            August 7 Martyrs Day in Canada
                                            Nabu Books Assyrian Dictionaries
                                            Joseph Davida's Gift for ZENDA
News Digest......................... Assyrian Man Arrested in Connecticut
                                            AUA to Celebrate Mtakasta's 40th
                                            Maronite Commander Gets Life Sentence
                                            Presidential Elections in Iran
                                            Second Earthquake Hits Iran
                                            Saddam Goes Online
Calendar of Events.................. San Jose, Los Angeles & Turlock
Entracte............................ Father's Day in LA
Intelligentsia...................... Classes and Seminars
Assyrian Surfing Posts.............. Assyrian Travel Words
Pump up the Volume.................. Free & Freedom
Back to the Future.................. The 350 Kings Puzzle
                                            Repercussions of British War on Iran
Literatus........................... The Horseshoe Nail
This Week in History................ First Assyrian Association in Tehran
Bravo............................... Peter Jasim
The Directory....................... News Sources
Bshena.............................. HMTT, UCI, Ontario, Loma Linda
Salute.............................. Daniel, Firas, Rita, Lena, Albert,
            Chris & Vivian

                THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E


Modern Knananites are the descendants of Assyrian-Jacobite Christians who
migrated to the Malabar Coast of Kerala, India in the Fourth Century, led
by Thomas of Kana (Knai Thomas).  Many of today’s Knanaya Christians
believe that they are descendants of the Jewish groups that, after the
final Roman conquest in the First Century A.D.,fled to the Malabar coast in
India.  According to a brief historical note found in the official North
American Knanaya Diocese's website Knai Thoma (Mar Thoma) was a wealthy
merchant from Kana who founded a colony of 400 Syrian Christians with
instructions from the Patriarch of Antioch, Mar Yusthedius, in India.
Among the noted pilgrims was Joseph of Urhai or Edessa who sailed in 3
ships arrived in India in 345 AD.  The ships carried the flags of Kind
David, Rome with the Cross, and King Abgar of Edessa.  The leading ship was
called “Babylonia.”

Knananites who lived on the south side of Kodungalloor river are known as
Southists (Thekkumbhagor) and the St Thomas Christians who lived on the
north side are called Northists (Vadakkumbhagor). In India Knananites do
not intermarry with the St. Thomas Christians.  It is also noted that
“Knananites believe that their customs and rituals are a continuation of
ancient Jewish practices such as the position of the bride standing on the
right of the bridegroom during the wedding ceremony, burial of the dead to
face East to Jerusalem, the priest's black velvet cap which is similar to
the Jew's head gear, the "kiss of peace" ceremony during Eucharist, the
blessings given by parents and grandparents their children and
grandchildren, reminiscent of the Old Testament blessings. During Easter
celebrations Knananites partake with unleavened bread and drink wine made
of coconut milk and plums reminiscent of the Jewish malzot and red wine
during Passover night. The Knanaya marriage ceremony includes the bridal
canopy that may be equivalent to the Jewish nuppah; the ceremonial bathing
on the eve of the wedding that may be parallel to the Jewish mikrah or
ritual bath: and singing of Old Testament songs on the eve and on the day
of the
wedding. All these customs and rituals are exclusively practiced by the
Knananites and so distinguish them from the native Christians."*

In 1599, only half a century after the first major division in the Assyrian
Church of the East in Bet-Nahrain, the Portuguese Archbishop Menesis of Goa
assembled a synod in which he forcibly changed the Syrian teachings that
existed since the arrival of the Knananites to Latin. The Portuguese then
drowned the Knananite Patriarch Ahathallah.  In 1653 under the leadership
of Reverend Itty Thomas, a Knanaya priest, 25,000 Syrian Christians pledged
the Bent Cross Oath and refused to accept the Latin teachings.  Thereafter,
the Knananites, as with their Assyrian brethren in Bet-Nahrain of a century
before who were divided into the Assyrian Church of the East followers and
the Chaldean Catholics , were divided into the traditional and Catholic
Knanaye Christian sects.

On April 15, 1951, Mor Clemis Abraham was ordained as the third bishop of
the Knanaya Diocese by H. H. Ignatius Ephraim I, Patriarch of Antioch and
All the East. He was then elected as the Malankara Metropolitan in 1957.
For his valuable services to the Syrian Church, Mar Clemis was honored by
Patriarch Ignatius Zakka Iwas I as "Kooberneeti Hakeemo" or the Wise Man.
Mar Clemis visited Pope John Paul II in 1980 and currently resides at Mar
Ephraim Seminary at Chingavanam, India.

Today, there are 63 Knananites parishes served by 68 Knanaya priests around
the world, of which 9 are managed under the North American Knanaya Diocese
in USA and Canada. As of 1996 there were 350 Jacobite Knanaya families
living in North America.  There are approximately 2500 Knanaya Catholic
families in North America. Marriages between the Knanaya Catholics and
Knanaya Jacobites are allowed.  All the traditions and rituals practiced by
the Knanaya Jacobites are also practiced by the Knanaya Catholics.
*For more information see http://hubcap.clemson.edu/~grjosep/knanaya.html
     G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N

The death of 17 illegal Iraqi immigrants in a shipwreck off the Turkish
coast last week has once again cast the spotlight on the human tide fleeing
oppression and economic hardship in Iraq.  Since punitive economic
sanctions were imposed on Iraq following its August 1990 invasion of
Kuwait, a vast wave of Iraqi immigrants have risked their lives to escape
to a better life in Europe.  The Ahmad family was just a small part of the
exodus, fleeing Iraq three years ago and setting themselves up in Istanbul
before deciding to pay a smuggler 3,000 dollars per head to land them on
the Greek island of Samos.  But on Sunday morning at least 17 of the
family, including four women and five children, drowned when the two small
Turkish boats carrying
them overturned off the Dilek peninsula after setting out from the Turkish
port of Kusadasi.
The Iraqi government gives no figures for the number of immigrants leaving
the country, but month after month groups of illegal Iraqi immigrants are
uncovered. In Romania last March truckloads of Iraqis were found entering
the country from Bulgaria and Turkey, and a similar cargo was uncovered
near Grenoble in France in November heading for The Netherlands.  The
following month the Dutch authorities uncovered a clandestine network that
had managed to provide between 4,000 and 5,000 Iraqis with forged
passports, while 15 Iraqi immigrants in jail in Cyprus swallowed detergent
in a mass suicide attempt because they were terrified of being sent home.
Iraq is still smarting from the highly-embarrassing defection of its
flag-bearer, a weight lifter, at the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games. A survey
by the US periodical Foreign Affairs estimated that three million Iraqis,
out of a total of 22 million, were now living abroad. Many are educated
middle-class professionals, and many are Christians.  Although Iraq is a
secular state, church officials in Baghdad estimate only 500,000 Christians
remain in Iraq, compared to around three million in the 1980s.
"It is a big problem, all the young boys want to leave to go abroad," said
a European businessman in Baghdad. Each Iraqi wanting to leave the country
first has to pay 400,000 dinars (333 dollars) to the government. According
to another Western businessman, most of them then head for Amman and do the
round of consulates there in a desperate bid to find a third country that
will take them. However, most of them return demoralized to Iraq. "They
have great difficulty obtaining visas, even in usually welcoming countries
such as Canada and New Zealand," he added.

Patrick Rahir
Agence France-Presse
AFP May 1997
                      S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !
"Schlomo, I want to thank you for sending me ZENDA.  I would like to read
more about ZOWAA and every important distion with the Kurdisch partys. I
would like to read about the conection ZOWAA have with the Turkisch
govement. I'm a Assyrian women fron Tur-Abdin and want wish you good lucky
with your work.


"Some members of the Assyrian American Association of San Jose have asked
that our Association respond to one particular comment appearing in a
letter in Zenda (April 21, 1997), under the signature of Lena Mushell.
Unfortunately, the Association thinks it is best to let the matter pass
unanswered. The letter in question by Ms Mushell provides a summary of a
meeting of "a small group of people" (those are her words), held at the
"Beta" on the evening of Sunday, April 13, to celebrate the birthday of
Zowaa. Since the Association will not respond, we feel obliged to at least
offer a clarification. Ms Mushell states in part "The meeting started half
an hour late while everyone was waiting for Jackie Bejan, VP of AAA and
Sargon Yaldaei, president of AAA, of which neither showed up. Their lack of
interest and respect for the celebration was disappointing to everyone
present in the meeting."

We do not question Ms Mushell's good intentions, but frankly we are
disappointed at her own "lack of interest and respect" for the facts. By
her own account (see 4th paragraph of the letter), Ms Mushell represents
the Santa Clara County Chapter of the Assyrian Aid Society, and presumably
she speaks for this group, which is the tax-exempt arm of Zowaa. This group
and any other will better be served when those who represent it in public
statements avoid invective and inaccuracies. It is a well-known fact that
the AAA of San Jose is a social and cultural society, and it is governed by
a policy of non-partisanship, and non-sectarianism. This policy was not
invented for the sake of Zowaa or anyone else. Many of our members are
supporters of one political group or another (including Zowaa in some
cases). As individuals they are free to do so long as they do not isolate
our Society and the Association in a political corner. Political groups,
and sectarian groups too, fill an important function in the overall shaping
of our identity.  So do societies such as our own. Although our Association
is a private, and by "membership only" Society,  we have always sought to
practice an "open door" policy, and have always believed that the
expression of thoughts and exchange of ideas between our people should be
made under our own roof. This translates to making our physical facility,
free of charge available to a variety of Assyrian groups, even those with a
very small audience. There has never been a requirement in our by-laws, or
in prior practice, which mandates the attendance of our officers at every
event or celebration.

The record will show that this event was hardly the first one where some of
our officers were absent, others present. Lena Mushell was understandably
disappointed at the low turnout for this Zowaa meeting. I would suggest the
she perhaps needs to look at deeper causes for this. Meanwhile, we find it
odd that Ms Mushell should vent her frustration by pointing the finger at
the absence of one or two people. Presumably she plans to have other events
in Santa Clara County for the benefit of the Assyrian Aid Society. I have
no doubt that everyone living in this Country is quite aware of the
importance of excellent public relations requirement for promotion of any
idea or cause, especially when it comes to charitable organizations. If the
Santa Clara County chapter of AAS is looking for ways to revitalize itself
in our community, I would suggest that perhaps the leadership of AAS should
examine their public relations policy, and the spokes people who officially
are representing it. To this date the AAA of San Jose has not received any
statement of appreciation for the use of the facility from Zowaa, but
regardless to that and Ms Mushell's negativity will continue to practice
it's "open door" policy until such date that the members decide differently.

Jacklin Bejan
San Jose, California

[Mrs. Bejan is the Vice-President of the Assyrian American Association of
San Jose, California.]


"I would like to know if anyone suggested to video-tape Dr. Ashur
Moradkhan's lectures in order to educate others over the Assyrian TV
programs around the country.  Also the video-tape could be sold to the
people who want to used in their homes."

Sam Kosa
San Diego, California

[Dr. Moradkhan's language classes are recorded in Southern California.  For
more information write to:

AAA of Southern California
5901 Cahuenga Blvd
North Hollywood, CA 91601 ]

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R

ZENDA readers are invited to respond to the following request(s) by either
directly writing to the author or sending a reply to ZENDA.

May 4, 1997

Dear ZENDA Readers:

It is part of the mission of the Assyrian Academic Society to foster
cultural awareness and to nurture a sense of ethnic identity among the
members of the Assyrian community. Language is a very important part of
culture and a potent symbol of ethnic identity. In consequence, one of the
main goals of the Assyrian Academic Society is the preservation and
standardization of the Assyrian language. Pursuant to this goal the society
is sponsoring and providing administrative support and supervision for a
project to create comprehensive dictionaries of the eastern and western
dialects of both the modern and classical Assyrian languages. These
dictionaries will help establish a standard for the modern literary
language and will also help preserve the richness of the vocabulary and
idioms of the contemporary dialects.

The data for these dictionaries will be entered in a computerized
Assyrian Language  Database System (ALDS). The use of an electronic
database will allow continuous updating so that results of continuing
field research on the contemporary dialects and newly created terminology
can be incorporated. This database will permit the creation of various
bilingual dictionaries. Priority will be given to compiling
English-Assyrian and Assyrian-English dictionaries, but the creation of
other bilingual dictionaries based on the ALDS is also envisioned.

Work has already begun on the ALDS, and it is hoped that within eighteen
months a basic English-Assyrian dictionary for the eastern dialect of
Modern Standard Assyrian will be published. In addition a proposal to
obtain major funding from various foundations is nearing completion and
will be sent out in the next two months. In the meantime, the Assyrian
Academic Society is soliciting tax-deductible donations to support the
ongoing work on the ALDS and the basic English-Assyrian dictionary. Funds
are necessary to provide a full-time salary for the principal
lexicographer. Consequently,  the Assyrian Academic Society would like to
ask for your continuing support for this important project.


Tony Khoshaba
Project Coordinator
Assyrian Academic Society Dictionary Project (AAS-DP)

Dr. Mark Mkrdichian
President of the Assyrian Academic Society


The Shamiram Assyrian Association Inc. of Canada will be holding a ceremony
to honour the Assyrians Martyrs Day on the 7th of August, 1997, in the city
of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

The SAAC will hold a meeting for all interested individuals or groups who
wish to participate in this important community event.  Please write to or
call the Executive Committee:

Shamasha Moshi Sarkis, President..........   (905) 318-6174
Mr. Awni Odisho, Vice-President...........   (905) 387-1369

Shamiram Assyrian Association Inc.
P.O.Box 37003, Barton Postal Outlet
Hamilton, ON   L8L-8E9

Ashur Simon Malek
Ontario, Canada

Assyrian Dictionaries Currently Available at NABU BOOKS:

1.   Ogin Manna's SYRIAC-ARABIC DICTIONARY                      $40.00
3.   Oraham's ASSYRIAN-ENGLISH DICTIONARY                       $30.00

Send check or money-order to:

PO BOX 59422

(For postage & Handling add $3.00 for first and 50 cents for each additional
book.  International orders:  $5.00 and $1.00 for additional book).


[ZENDA has received a collection of books, journal articles, and past
issues of Assyrian magazines from Mr. Joseph Davida of San Diego,
California.  The subjects vary from the history of accounting in ancient
Bet-Nahrain and Hammurabi's Code of Law to the complete report of the
Committee of the Council on the Settlement of the Assyrian in Iraq in 1935.
 A 455-page book entitled "The Thrones & Palaces of Babylon & Nineveh" was
among Mr. Davida's generous gifts.  The staff of ZENDA wishes to thank Mr.
Davida for this most valuable contribution and promise our readers that the
information received will be publicly shared in the future issues of our

                  N   E   W  S       D   I   G   E   S   T


(Bristol Press: Bristol) David Khezrabad Sargisian, 40, a resident of
Plainville, Connecticut, was arrested on a warrant charging him with
possession of sawed-off Mossberg shotgun, a felony punishable by up to five
years in jail.  The gun was seized by police during a raid on April 4 after
the initial arrest on April 3 when Sargisian was charged with stalking his
girlfriend and a male companion with a .38-caliber handgun.   Sargisian was
then released on a non-surety bond and will be arraigned April 21 in
Bristol Superior Court.  Sargisian's girlfriend, Anita Grieco, told police
that he had bomb-building materials in the garage where he does automotive
repairs.  Police also found 126 rounds of ammunition and liquid Mercury
that can be used in making detonators.  Sargisian denies all charges and
claims that his girlfriend set him up.  Sargisian, also known as Davood
Sargusuab-Khezrabad, and his brother, Baba, are Assyrians from Iran.  Anita
Grieco has told police that her ex-boyfriend was involved in guerrilla
warfare as a youth in Iran.  David and Anita have an 18-month-old son.


(ZNDA: San Jose) The Assyrian Universal Alliance (AUA) is hosting an
open political rally honoring the 40th anniversary of Assyrian Democratic
Organization (ADO) or Mtakasta. ADO representative from the U.S. and Canada
will speak on Mtakasta's 40 years of political and national struggle,
objectives, current activities, and the future of the Assyrian nation from
Mtakasta's point of view. The rally will be held in the Assyrian-American
Civic Club of Turlock, California on Wednesday, May 21, 1997 at 7:00pm.


(ZNRU: Beirut) The High Judicial Council, Lebanon's highest court on Friday
sentenced the Maronite Christian warlord Samir Geagea to life imprisonment
for the attempted murder of a minister in 1991, ignoring pleas to wait
until after Pope John Paul's historic visit to the country.  Geagea led the
Lebanese Forces (LF) militia in the 1975-90 civil war.  First he was
sentenced to death for the car bomb attack on then defence minister Michel
al-Murr. But the sentence was immediately commuted to life imprisonment as
it had already done in two other cases in which it earlier found Geagea
guilty of killing a Christian politician and a former Christian militia
official. Geagea is currently serving the two life sentences in an
underground defence ministry cell. The court ruled that Geagea ordered the
1991 assassination bid against Murr, a Greek Orthodox politician who is now
interior minister and deputy prime minister in the government of
billionaire Prime Minister Rafik al-Hariri. Gaagea was previously found
guilty of the 1991 murders of Christian politician Dany Chamoun and his
family and of Dr Antoine Zayek, a founder of the Lebanese Forces. Geagea is
also awaiting trial in a fifth murder case, the 1987 murder of Sunni Moslem
prime minister Rashid Karami who was killed when a remote-controlled bomb
blew up a helicopter in which he was travelling. Geagea is the only
sectarian militia leader from the 1975-90 civil war to have faced trial and
some Christians see the authoritiess' actions against him as indicative of
a government bias against their minority community. Cardinal Nasrallah
Sfeir, patriarch of the Maronite church, has taken up Geagea's case,
publicly stating that the authorities should either try all former civil
war leaders for their crimes or none at all. (Geagea) has been held for
more than 1,100 days in a
narrow underground cell where he is deprived of sunlight, fresh air,
correspondence, company and access to the media.


(ZNRU: Tehran) Iran will announce the names of approved presidential
candidates on Thursday, allowing 12 days to campaign for May 23 polls to
replace President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. The candidates were being
chosen by the Guardian Council out of 238 who had signed up to run in the
elections. Candidates are screened for their allegiance to Iran's religious
leadership and the Islamic system of government established after the 1979
revolution. The polls appear to be shaping up as a two-horse race
between parliamentary Speaker Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri and Mohammad Khatami, a
former minister of culture and Islamic guidance.  Rafsanjani is barred by
the constitution from running for a third consecutive four-year term. His
term ends on August 3.


(ZNUP: London) The second devastating earthquake this year has rocked
northeastern Iran.  At ZENDA press time it has killed as many as 2,400
people, destroyed 135 villages and injuring 6,000 others. It registered 7.1
on the Richter scale. The epicenter was located was 230 miles (370 km)
southeast Mashhad.  France has announced it is sending 40 tons of relief
supplies to the region and Iran is appealing for help from other countries.
As many as 50,000 people have been displaced because of damage. In
February, a quake registering 6.1 on the Richter scale killed thousands in
northwester Ardebil region of Iran.


(ZNUP: Los Angeles) 25 Iraqi refugees who say that they helped U.S.
government try to overthrow Hussein were jailed in Lancaster, California.
They are facing deportation as suspected spies or terrorists and "potential
national security risks."  The Los Angeles Times says all 25 belonged to or
were affiliated with CIA-backed resistance groups in Iraq. The refugees
claim they were lured to the United States with the promise of asylum after
they assisted in a failed bid to oust Hussein last summer. The CIA's
$100-million covert operation collapsed in disaster August 31, according to
court records and an attorney for seven of the detainees. The Times says
eight Iraqis, all educated professionals including a commercial pilot,
engineers, a journalist and a physician, have been held at the moth-balled
Mira Loma County Jail in Lancaster since March. Their wives and children
recently were granted political asylum.


(ZNMN: Washington)  The Senate passed an $8.4 billion spending bill (HR
672) to fund disaster relief for flooded regions as well as military
operations in Bosnia and Iraq.  The Senate also amended S 672 to ease the
impact of last year's welfare reform law on some 500,000 elderly legal
immigrants who receive the entitlement Supplemental Security Income.  Under
the new law, they are to lose SSI eligibility in August 1997.  With this
vote, the Senate extended the cutoff to October 1.  This law will affect
many Assyrian elderlies in the United States over the age of 65.

                          SADDAM GOES ONLINE

(ZNDA: San Jose)  On the occasion of Saddam Hussein's 60th birthday,Nahj
Computer Services has created a website to receive congratulatory messages
from the Iraqi president's fans around the world.  It must be noted that
there are currently no Internet facilities in Iraq and Saddam's mailbox
resides in Jordan.  All messages are printed and hand-carried to Baghdad.
The website is located at http://chat.com.jo/iraq/page2.htm .
      C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S

May 16                  Ninous Nirary & Yosip Bet Yosip
                        An Evening of Assyrian Poetry and Art
                        Art Exhibits include the works of:
                                Edmond Babayova
                                Walter Ebrahimzadeh
                                Alexis Gewargis
                        AAA of Southern California
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        7:00 pm
                        $ 5.00
                        (818) 506-7577

May 17                  Ordination of Rev. Albert Aslan
                        Assyrian Evangelical Church of San Jose
                        Los Gatos Christian Church
                        Los Gatos, California
                        4:00 pm

May 21                  AUA Honors Mtakasta on its 40th Anniversary
                        A Political Rally
                        Assyrian American Civic Club
                        Speakers:  ADO representatives from the U.S. & Canada
                        Turlock, California
                        7:00 pm

May 23-26               Assyrian State Convention of California
                        Turlock, California

May 25                  A C N C '97
                        The Third Assyrian Community Networking Conference
                        The Assyrian State Convention of California
                        Turlock, California
                    Organized by The Assyrian Community Networking Society

Jul 20                  A Concert by the Assyrian Violinist, David Yonan
                        Mathaeikirchstrasse 1
                        Musikinstrumenten Museum, Curt-Sachs Saal
                        11:00 am

Aug 26-Sept 2           Assyrian American National Convention
                        Hyatt Regency Dearborn
                        Fairlane Town Center
                        Detroit, Michigan
                        All Single,double,triple,quad rooms: $95 per day
                        Reservations: (313) 982-6880
                        Reservations must be made by August 7.
                               E N T R A C T E

May 17                  Assyrian Brunch (Kada, Hareesa & Jajeek)
                        Assyrian American Association of San Jose
                        Ladies Auxiliary Committee
                        BETA:  20000 Almaden Road, San Jose
                        9:00 am
                        $ 7.00
                        Reserve your tickets:  (408) 927-8100

June 13         Father's Day Dinner Dance
                        AAA of Southern California
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Entertainer:  Isam
                        $ 5.00 ; Fathers Free
                        8:00 pm

June 28         Welcome Home Party
                        Entertainer:  Ashur Sargis
                        AAA of Southern California
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
CHICAGO         Assyrian Athletic Club Soccer Development Program
                        Ages 7-14
                        7:45-9:45 pm
                        Warren Park Gymnasium
                        Western Avenue & Devon Street

HARVARD UNIVERSITY      1997-98 Syriac Classes Taught by Dr. J.F. Coakley

                        Elementary Syriac
                        Instructor:  J. F. Coakley
                        Basic Syriac grammar and syntax
                        with selected readings from the Syriac Bible and
                        other early texts.

                        Readings in Syriac I
                        Historical and theological texts, and early poetry

                        Readings in Syriac II
                        Special attention to exegetical texts and to reading manuscripts.

MODESTO         Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                        Modesto Junior College
                        1:00 pm
                        Founders Hall 108
                        Modesto, U.S.A.

NORTH HOLLYWOOD     Assyrian Boy Scouts
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        9:30am  to 12:30pm
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                        Assyrian Student Union
                        California State University, Northridge
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

SAN JOSE                Nisibin School
                        Assyrian Language Classes
                        Ages 5-14
                        10:00-1:00 pm
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        20000 Almaden Road

                        Citizenship Classes
                        Mondays & Tuesdays
                        7:00 pm
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        20000 Almaden Road

                        Maestro Nebu Issabey's Nineveh Choir Practice
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        8:00 pm

TORONTO         Nisibis School
                        The Church of the East
                        Toronto, Canada

      A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

 A Brief List of Assyrian Travel Words

                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E

                English         Modern Assyrian

                Free (liberated)        khee/ra                 [M]
                Freedom         khee/roo/ta             [F]
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E
B.C. (2350) Sargon of Akkad maintains that 350 kings before him had ruled
over the land of Ashur, a statement which has since greatly confused

<< The Secret of the Hittites, Ceram >>

A.D. (1856) When the Persians occupy Herat, Afghanistan, Great Britain
declares war on Persia.  Persians evacuate Herat and the Moslem landlords
begin to molest Assyrians as English sympathizers.

<< The Nestorians & Their Muslim Neighbors, Joseph>>

                    L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S

                                  THE HORSESHOE NAIL
                                   (A Babylonian Poem)

For want of a nail the horseshoe was lost,
For want of a horseshoe the horse was lost,
For want of a horse the man was lost,
For want of a man the battle was lost.

<< Your Thwarts in Pieces, Your Mooring Rope Cut, Reiner >>
           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y
May 14, 1911:  The first Assyrian organization in Tehran is established
under the name "Ninous Association" to bring Assyrian families closer and
begin Assyrian language instruction for the youth.

                         B     R    A     V     O
                              PETER JASIM

A pioneer in the early days of the Assyrian cyberlife, known for his
controversial political views, and a Don Juan lover as versatile as the
type of ethnic dances he can teach, Peter Jasim is simply put: hard to
miss.  Now, with a book entitled "MOMENTS; POETRY & FICTION BY AN ASSYRIAN"
Peter invites us to learn more about his reflections on his nation, love,
and religion.  The book is a collection of 16 poems, 3 short stories, and 2
political essays written in the last decade. Priced at $10.00 Peter's book
can be purchased from Nabu Books (see ZENDA I).

                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSH (Shotapouta Newsletter)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        HMT Technology
                        University of Illinois, Chicago
                        Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
                        Loma Linda, California
                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations whose
contributions appear in this issue:
                        Daniel Wolk             Chicago, Illinois
                        Firas Jatou             Chicago, Illinois
                        Rita Pirayou            San Jose, California
                        Chris Aktas             Sunnyvale, California
                        Lena Mushell            San Jose, California

and the following individual(s) for introducing ZENDA to our new readers:
                        Firas Jatou             Chicago, Illinois
                        Vivian Hermiz           Berkeley, California
                        Albert Gabrial  Turlock, California

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