Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Yaar 26, 6746                   Volume III                       Issue 15            May 26, 1997

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                      T H I S   W E E K   I N   Z E N D A
The Lighthouse...................... Will We Ever Strike the Right Path?
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain............ Turkey's 2-weeks-old Incursion
                        PKK's Meeting with Egyptian Officials
                        Syria & Iraq's New Trade Relations
Surfs Up............................ "Kudos to ZENDA"
Surfers Corner...................... Know Any Assyrian Graduates?
News Digest......................... A Profile of the New Iranian President
Calendar of Events.................. The Assyrian Legacy Lecture in Chicago
Entracte............................ Family Picnic in Chicago
Intelligentsia...................... Classes and Seminars
Assyrian Surfing Posts.............. Illustrations from Syriac Bibles
Pump up the Volume.................. Occupied & Unoccupied Lands
Back to the Future.................. Xerxes' Attack on Babylon
                        Moslems Attack on Jacobite Church
Literatus........................... An Ancient Assyrian Elegy
This Week in History................ George Aprim Hoyen
Bravo............................... The Art-Lovers in San Jose
                        INC Recognized www.Nineveh.Com
The Directory....................... News Sources
Bshena.............................. Motorola & Berkeley
Salute.............................. Zeineb & Esha

                THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E


Within the last half-century we have succeeded to found groups based on socio-political and religious themes.  Ourwardly, this seems to be progress, but in comparison with people of other nations, it is regress.

In non-official group discussions regading this situation, a few factors usually get blamed.  Some of these factors include a shortage of funds, absence of nationalistic fervor, laci of sacrificial spiriit, crippling power of splits in our religious denominations, the black sheep in the fold, and tight purses.  The real cause is THE ABSENCE OF PROFESSIONAL MANAGEMENT OF OUR SKILLS.  The shortage happens to occur in a land whose organizational and cultural advancements are second to none.

While people of advanced societies everywhere are benefitting from good management of professional skills, our people are completely destitute of it.  Consequently, there is an absence of unity, absence of sincere nationalistic sentiments, absence of economic power and an absence of the goal to strive for together in our community.

This system, or an absence thereof, does not lead us to meaningful partyism and does not offer a hope to live by.  Instead it keeps us homeless and always on-the-run.  It lulls our troubled spirits into a state of living in vain dreams, depriving us of moral confidence which does not encourage us to claim our political rights.

Furthermore, it creates within us an unfortunate condition, which is a loss of national ties; thereby giving way to a dissovling society.  It plants within us the evil seed from whcih springs the bitter crop of total neglect towards our peers and toward the elder members of our families.  IT has led us to a state of total passivitiy regarding those who put down their most precious belongings...their lives, in an effort to direct our steps toward our national salvation.

Finally, but among the most important, it has subjected us to a state of toal oblivion of our grand old history, of which the achievements have served as the basis for the perfection of modern culture, technology and religion.

Taking all these factors into consideration, we need to have the courage to change our present system of aimless wandering by creating a system into which the incorporation of our nationally owned skills should be a prominent constituent.

Fred Adams, M.D,
Modesto, California

     G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N


(ZNRU: Ankara) About 40,000 Turkish troops, backed by tanks and fighter-bombers, drove into Iraq on May 14 in the largest cross-border action in two years. Iraqi Kurdish officials said Turkish troops had pushed 200 km (125 miles) into northern Iraq, a far deeper penetration of Iraqi territory than past incursions.  Over 1,300 Kurdish separatist guerrillas in the past 2 weeks have been killed. Turkish air and ground forces have attacked almost all the camps of the Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK in Northern Iraq. PKK guerrillas have attacked a small oil installation in Adiyman in southeast Turkey. Ankara has also asked Iran to seal its border to the PKK. In reply, Iran condemned Turkey's cross-border offensive against Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq and called for the unconditional withdrawal of Turkish forces from the area. The pro-PKK DEM agency reported Turkish jets and Cobra helicopters were bombing parts of the Metina area. The agency said around 100 sorties had been flown in the last two days from Turkish bases at Diyarbakir and Malatya to the Zap valley. DEM agency also said that the Turkish military had suffered "heavy losses," including 12 soldiers killed by PKK landmines. Much of the Arab world, already leery of Turkey's growing security ties to Israel, has condemned the move across Iraq's international border.

Last week Turkey claimed that Syrian, Iraqi and Iranian troops had build up near the borders of a Kurdish enclave where Turkish troops are fighting Kurdish rebels.   Lebanon's Council of Ministers has condemned Turkey's incursion and Syria denies massing troops along its border with northern Iraq but it accused Turkey of pushing the region to the verge of "maximum provocation." Some 200 Kurdish demonstrators forced their way into the United Nations' European headquarters in Geneva on Thursday, forcing their way past security guards and smashing glass doors. The protesters were demanding action by the international community to halt action against their people by Turkey. They stormed into the main area of the building, the Palais des Nations. A defiant Turkey has shrugged off pleas from Baghdad and its own NATO allies to cut short its anti-guerrilla campaign in northern Iraq, ferrying in fresh men, food and supplies by land and air.
The fresh wave of air attacks follows reports that Turkey's Iraqi Kurdish allies had driven the PKK out of the key northern city of Arbil in a bitter settling of scores over the weekend. A spokesman for the Iraqi National Congress, citing satellite telephone contacts in the area, told Reuters the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), backing the anti-rebel effort, had overrun all six PKK offices in Arbil and executed prisoners. "Among the PKK and allied parties, there was a total of 58 dead, 28 of whom were killed after capture," said the spokesman, based in London.


>From Al-Ahram Weekly, Egypt

Jalal Talabani, leader of PUK, met with Foreign Minister Amr Moussa during a visit to Cairo last week and said the removal of the Baghdad "dictatorship" was the solution to Iraq's problems.  Talabani said the Kurds were fully behind Iraq's territorial integrity.  "We are against any and all plots that aim at dismembering Iraq.  We are all for the national unity of Iraq," he said.  Talabani's visit came weeks after a delegation from the rival Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP) held similar talks with Egyptian officials. Both the PUK and KDP share control of the Kurdish enclave in northern Iraq where some four million Iraqi-Kurds are living.  The KDP-PUK struggle is often fueled by neighbouring countries. Turkey fears that a strong Kurdish-Iraqi presence could set an example that the Kurdish-Turks may want to follow. Iran has often tried to use the KDP-PUK clash to rein in both parties and allow itself a strong leverage in the north of Iraq.  Iran is known to favour the PUK.
While in Cairo last week, the leader of PUK condemned Turkish incursions into northern Iraq, in hot pursuit of Kurdish insurgents, declaring that any action by Turkey to defend its security should be confined to its own territory and not spill over into neighbouring states.  Turkey has been trying for more than a decade to crush activists of  the leftists PKK. The PKK claims to represent Turkish Kurds.  PKK fighters often take refuge on Iraqi territory to escape Turkish troops.  Talabani, whose group is seeking self-rule for the Kurds of northern Iraq, said Iraq's territorial unity was not threatened by Kurds but by the "dictatorship" in Baghdad.  "We believe that the problems of Iraq could only be solved through democracy.  We are calling for a democratic, multi-party,federal Iraq," he said.  Only a democratic regime will be able to lay to rest Iraq's ethnic problems, Talabani added.

According to Moussa, Talabani's visit to Cairo was part of a "series of contacts" Egypt is undertaking with all parties concerned with the situation in northern Iraq.  The reactivation of the Egyptian interest in northern Iraq should convey to Washington the message that Egypt will always remain a leading country in the region, an Egyptian diplomat said. Cairo's renewed interest in having contacts with the Kurdish leader comes at a time when Turkey has intensified its military cooperation with Israel. Talabani's visit to Cairo coincided with a visit by Ali Akbar Velayati, the foreign minister of neighbouring Iran.  Last week in Tehran, the PUK signed a peace deal with the Iraqi Kurdish Islamic movement to end their mutual clashes and help restore minimum stability to norther Iraq. Egyptian officials declined to say if they discussed the situation in northern Iraq with the visiting Iranian delegation.


(ZNUP: Damascus) The Syrian-Iraqi border, closed since the early 1980s, might reopen to allow exchange of goods and access for businesses. A Syrian trade delegatio to Iraq on its return from a four-day visit to Baghdad, said that the Syrian government would not oppose that businessmen travel through or that goods be exchanged in line with the U.N. oil-for-food deal. Iraq and Syria are discussing the possibility of exporting Syrian food, agricultural and industrial products as well as medicine to Iraq.  The two countries severed ties and closed their borders in the early 1980's after they exchanged accusations of sabotage attempts against each other. Syrian oficials have previously affirmed that the Baghdad visit has no political objectives and that Syria's position toward Iraq remains unchanged.
                      S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !

"I would like to submit my cousin to be included on your list of Assyrian students who are graduating this semester...I would greatly appreciate this and I may add, this is a great way of letting Assyrians around the world see some of the achievements our people are attaining.  Kudos to Zenda!"
Rony G. Youkhana

[Several readers have kindly submitted the names of a recent Assyrian gruduate.  We are certain that many more remain unlisted.  Please help us identify the future leaders of the Assyrian nation. See SURFERS CORNER.]


"Just to let you know, The Assyrian Athletic Club of Chicago is inviting all Assyrians in the area to a family picnic on Sunday, June 15, 1997 at Linne Woods located at the corner of Dempster and Ferris in Morton Grove.
Emphasis will be on Games for all ages, lots of picnic games. So bring the kids, Mom and Dad and join us. See ya."

Sargon B. Yalda

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R

ZENDA readers are invited to respond to the following request(s) by either
directly writing to the author or sending a reply to ZENDA.


ZENDA wants to know if you, your Assyrian friend(s), or relative(s) is
graduating from a college or university.  Please submit your entries by
Sunday June 1.  Include the following information:

Student's Name
Name of College/University
Major (i.e. Biology, Electrical Engineering)
Degree (i.e. B.S., M.D.)

                  N   E   W  S       D   I   G   E   S   T


(ZNUP: London) Iran's president-elect, Mohammed Khatami is a middle-ranking cleric who has lived in the West, speaks three foreign languages and has relatively liberal views on censorship and women. Although moderate by Iranian standards, Khatami is not expected to bring about a significant change in Iran's foreign policy after his inauguration in August. But Khatami, 64, is expected to effect a significant measure of social change that may have wide-ranging consequences. He was born in Ardakan in the central province of Yazd. The son of a cleric, he studied at the religious seminary in the holy city of Qom and took degrees in philosophy and educational science at Isfahan and Tehran universities. Returning to Qom in the early 1970s, he became active in the opposition to the Shah as a loyal supporter of the future founder of the Islamic republic, the late Ayatollah Khomeini. He worked closely with Khomeini's son, Ahmad, and also with future  Iranian leaders. In the late 1970s, he worked in Hamburg, Germany, as head of the city's Islamic Center. After the fall of the Shah in 1979, Khatami returned to Iran and was elected to parliament. Outgoing President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani appointed Khatami minister of culture, where he gained a reputation for reviving Iranian music and cinema. In 1992, Khatami was fired from the Cabinet. It is said that hardliners within the political-religious establishment objected to his liberal views. He launched his presidential campaign from the lowly position of head of the national library. But his message of tolerance and advancement of women quickly whipped up a mass following that surprised even his campaign managers. Young people rallied to his banner as he represented a relaxation of the strict Islamic code that would permit satellite TV dishes and other aspects of western culture. For this reason, Khatami was opposed by the conservative hierarchy, who made no secret of their preference for the parliamentary speaker, Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri. However, analysts say that ultimate power will remain in the hands of spiritual leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, a known conservative. An author of two books, Khatami speaks English, German and Arabic. He is married and has three children. At this time nearly 20,000 Assyrians live in the northeastern region of Azerbaijan and the capital city of Tehran.

      C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S
Jun 21          "The Assyrian Legacy: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow"
                North Park College
                Center for Middle Eastern Studies at North Park College
                Magnuson Campus Center
                Alumni Dining Hall
                3225 W. Foster Avenue
                Chicago, IL 60625-4895
                Phone: 773-244-5785/6
                Pre-registration $15
                        $10 - For Students
                        $20 - Registration after 6-14-97
                        Registration Includes Lunch
                Main Speakers
                        Dr. Mark Mkrdichian
                        Peter Jasim
                        Abdul Massih Saadi
                        Reverend Sarhad Jammo
                        Dr. David Bundy
                        Dr. Gabriel Yonan
                        Robert DeKelaita
                        Bishop Mar Bawai Soro
                An Assyrian Academic Society Event

Jul 20                  A Concert by the Assyrian Violinist, David Yonan
                        Mathaeikirchstrasse 1
                        Musikinstrumenten Museum, Curt-Sachs Saal
                        11:00 am

Aug 26-Sept 2           Assyrian American National Convention
                        Hyatt Regency Dearborn
                        Fairlane Town Center
                        Detroit, Michigan
                        All Single,double,triple,quad rooms: $95 per day
                        Reservations: (313) 982-6880
                        Reservations must be made by August 7.
                               E N T R A C T E
Jun 13                  Father's Day Dinner Dance
                        AAA of Southern California
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Entertainer:  Isam
                        $ 5.00 ; Fathers Free
                        8:00 pm

Jun 15                  Family Picnic
                        The Assyrian Athletic Club of Chicago is
                        Linne Woods
                        Corner of Dempster and Ferris
                        Morton Grove, Illinois

June 28         Welcome Home Party
                        Entertainer:  Ashur Sargis
                        AAA of Southern California
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
CHICAGO         Assyrian Athletic Club Soccer Development Program
                        Ages 7-14
                        7:45-9:45 pm
                        Warren Park Gymnasium
                        Western Avenue & Devon Street

HARVARD UNIVERSITY      1997-98 Syriac Classes Taught by Dr. J.F. Coakley

                        Elementary Syriac
                        Instructor:  J. F. Coakley
                        Basic Syriac grammar and syntax
                        with selected readings from the Syriac Bible and
                        other early texts.

                        Readings in Syriac I
                        Historical and theological texts, and early poetry

                        Readings in Syriac II
                        Special attention to exegetical texts and to reading manuscripts.

MODESTO         Assyrian Educational & Cultural Club at
                        Modesto Junior College
                        1:00 pm
                        Founders Hall 108
                        Modesto, U.S.A.

NORTH HOLLYWOOD     Assyrian Boy Scouts
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        9:30am  to 12:30pm
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

                        Assyrian Student Union
                        California State University, Northridge
                        Assyrian American Association of Southern California
                        Assyrian Club
                        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
                        North Hollywood, California
                        Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
                        (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

SAN JOSE                Nisibin School
                        Assyrian Language Classes
                        Ages 5-14
                        10:00-1:00 pm
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        20000 Almaden Road

                        Citizenship Classes
                        Mondays & Tuesdays
                        7:00 pm
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        20000 Almaden Road

                        Maestro Nebu Issabey's Nineveh Choir Practice
                        AAA of San Jose BETA
                        8:00 pm

TORONTO         Nisibis School
                        The Church of the East
                        Toronto, Canada

      A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

Bible Illustrations from Syriac Manuscripts


                     P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E

                English         Modern Assyrian

                Occupied                mit/maa/raa/naa [M]
                Unoccupied              khir/naph/sha   [F]
F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E
B.C. (482) Babylonians, in response to the Persian conquerers' repressive
measures against their city, revolt against the Persian king, Xerxes
(Khashayarshah).  Xerxes attacks Babylon and captures Babylon after a few
months and demolishes its fortifications.  The Great Temple of Marduk is
then burnt to the ground and incorporates this region with that of Assyria.

<< Babylon, Oates >>

A.D. (1001?) A Moslem crowd in Baghdad attacks the Jacobite Church of Mar
Thoma and in the ensuing confusion the church burns and collapses.  A great
number of people perish.  The Moslem lawyers put the blame on the attackers
and no further attacks were made on any church in that region.

<< The Nestorian Churches, Vine >>

                    L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S
                        AN ANCIENT ASSYRIAN ELEGY
Why are you adrift, like a boat, in the midst of the river,
your thwarts in pieces, your mooring rope cut?
Your face covered, you cross the river of the Inner City.
How could I not be adrift, how could my mooring rope not be cut?
The day I bore the fruit, how happy I was,
happy was I, happy my husband.
The day of my going into labor, my face bacame darkened,
the day of my giving birth, my eyes became clouded.
With open hands I prayed to Belet-ili:
You too have borne a child, save my life.
You, why do you keep praying to me?
My husband who, who loved me, uttered a cry:
Why do you take from me the wife in whom I rejoice?
Years on end,
Inner City, you sounded a wail.
All those many days I was with my husband,
I lived with him who was my lover.
Death came creeping into my bedroom.
It drove me from my house,
It tore me from my husband.

<< Your Thwarts in Pieces, Your Mooring Rope Cut; Erica Reiner >>
           T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y

May 27, 1970:  dies, George Aprim Hoyen, world-famous Assyrian musician, at
age of 54 in Los Angeles.  Maestro Hoyen had conducted several symphony

                         B     R    A     V     O

The Assyrian community of San Jose, California has in the first quarter of
this year spend nearly eleven thousand dollars toward the purchase of
Assyrian art, books, and tapes.  The Cultural Committee of the Assyrian
American Association of San Jose has informed ZENDA that over $7000.00 of
Hannibal Alkhas' paintings and $4000.00 of various Assyrian authors, and
poets, mainly that of William Daniel and Rabbie Nimrod Simono's books and
tapes were purchased since the beginning of this year. A small portion of
the proceeds will be used in funding cultural activities in San Jose.


The Iraqi National Congress, comprised of several opposition groups to the
government of Saddam Hussein in Baghdad, has recognized www.nineveh.com as
"an excellent site...thoroughly professional, exciting and informative."
The INC website, located in London, can be accessed at http://www.inc.org.uk.


                         the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSH (Shotapouta Newsletter)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

             W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

                        Motorola Corp
                        Berkeley, California
                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations whose
contributions appear in this issue:

                Zaineb Istrabadi        New York, New York

and the following individual(s) for introducing ZENDA to our new readers:
                Esha Tamraz             San Jose, California

ZENDA is a weekly online newsletter distributed on Mondays. Views expressed
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In Our Next Issue:

An Exlusive Interview with the US/Canada Representative of the Assyrian
Democratic Organization, Abgar Maloul.