Z E N D A  M A G A Z I N E
[renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999]

Khziraan 16, 6746                   Volume III                       Issue 17            June 16, 1997

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       A Weekly Online Publication of the ZENDA Assyrian Newsagency

                   T H I S     W E E K     I N     Z E N D A
The Lighthouse.............    Association Assyrophile de France & Zowaa
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain...    Assyrian Village Bombarded in Turkish Attacks
                List of 24 Assyrian POWs
                Iran Denies Collaboration with PKK
                Lebanon Urges Embargo Against Turkey
Surfs Up...................    "AAS has stonewalled my request..."
Surfers Corner.............    A New Assyrian Magazine in Canada
                The Khabour Relief Fund
News Digest................    Chicago to Finance AANF Headquarters Building
                AssyriaVision TV Goes Online
                Assyrian Church History Course in Chicago
Calendar of Events.........    Church History Class in Chicago: June 25
                NEC Meeting: July 19
Entracte...................    No New Entries
Intelligentsia.............    Classes & Regular Meetings
Assyrian Surfing Posts.....    A Biography of the ZENDA Reader:  Paul Newey
Pump up the Volume.........    Marble & Tiles
Back to the Future.........    From Bloody Coups to Forced Unifications
Literatus..................    Amid the Ruins
This Week in History.......    "Athra" is Published in Beirut
Bravo......................    Anwar Oshana
The Directory..............    News Sources
Bshena.....................    ATR & Canada
Salute.....................    Firas & Chris

                THE   L   I   G   H   T   H   O   U   S   E

        From:  Association Assyrophile de France

We think if our duty to inform you about our relationships with the ZOWAA Party. Our first contact with that movement dates back to April 1993 when a member Mikhael of the ZOWAA delegations that had come to Paris, took the trouble to pay us a visit, and this, in spite of "advice" from his entourage urging him not to go to Toulouse because there were "no worthwhile" Assyrians there- even though his cousin is the treasurer of our Association...

At the end of his visit, the "Association Assyrophile de France" decided to immediately had over to his own hands a large sum of money as a token of our solidarity with our fellow-Assyrians in the North of Iraq.  After that we regularly send (each month)to the ZOWAA representative in Paris a sum of money significant enough considering our small number.  Then our Chairman, Joseph Rayes, was commissioned by our Association to go to North of Iraq, in order to evaluate the situation.  For that trip to be more fruitful, our chairman got the written support from the Toulouse City Hall, the R.P.R. (Jacques Chirac's Party) along with that of other influential groups.  Strengthened by those written pledges of support, Joseph Rayes made a first trip to the North with a group of Assyrians from France.  On this occasion, he handed over to ZOWAA Secretary General, Ninos Betyo, the above mentioned letters of moral support.

To be precise our Chairman made some statements of encouragement along with the promises that he would return to the North in the company of a French politician, along with a large sum of money and medical supplies. He also pledged to publish an article in the French press in which the name of ZOWAA would be mentioned for the first time in France.  Joseph Rayes recalls that on this occasion his interlocutors did not believe his promises because, as ZOWAA put it, many had made vain promises to them before.  In spite of that tepid welcome, Joseph Rayes, moved by the plight of Assyrians in the North, who count on the support of their brothers in the dispersion worldwide, did return to the North in full accordance with all his promises.  He was notably accompanied by the Vice-Mayor of Toulouse, a well-known physician, Professor Pierre Puel...Joseph handed over to Ninos Betyo a full-page article taken from a French newspaper with the very picture of Ninos Betyo on it!  We should also mention the delivery of two large suitcases full of antibiotics and anti-inflammatories...

In July 1995, Joseph Rayes went to Syria and took the opportunity to meet one of ZOWAA leaders, the one called Michael who warmly welcomed him and expressed his frustration of having met many Assyrians who had promised him to help him to go to Europe and the United States, all in vain. Joseph Rayes accepted to take the problem in charge and within a month managed to get a visa to France for that leader and his family.  During his visit, that very same Mikhael was handed over by our chairman letters of support from Jacques Chirac (President of France) and other important people.  Later on Ninos Betyo came to France to plead the Assyrian cause to Assyrians in France...He did all he could to ignore our Association and moreover he even tried to meet Professor Puel without us...It so happened that, to the dismay of the French authorities Ninos Betyo had an unspeakable and irresponsible behavior when he insisted to Mr. Puel that we should not be present during the interview.

During that interview, we asked him the causes of his unfair attitude towards us.  He was utterly unable to give the least trace of an answer; he spent the entire interview looking down shamefully, uttering one word...As a result of the disappointing (to say the least) attitude of ZOWAA Secretary General, Joseph Rayes directly called Mr. Yonadam Yossep (Yacu) in the North to report to him Ninos Betyo's behavior in France. Yossep apologized profusely at hearing about the Secretary General's ungrateful and indefensible attitude.  As we mentioned our aim to inform the Assyrian Associations worldwide of our bitter disappointment towards Ninos Betyo's behavior in France, Mister Yacu begged us not to spread the news, and asked us to write a report to him, promising that he would set the record straight.  We have sent him a report and have so far received no feedback.

Following these events, the other leader, called Mikhael, whom we managed to get a visa to France, was eventually granted, mostly thanks to our lobbying at the American Embassy in Paris, a visa to the States for him and his family.  Such was the state of our collaboration with ZOWAA when, in January 1997, we heard about Mr. Yacu's visit to France.  The latter, to our own utter surprise and frustration, behaved even worse that Ninos Betyo!!

As a conclusion, the aim of this letter is to inform our fellow Assyrians worldwide of the mean and paltry attitude and proceedings carried out in France by the highest Assyrian authorities of the North of Iraq.  This is only a brief summary of the events.  We are holding at the disposal of any Association or Magazine, written documents purporting our statements in this letter along with other information concerning our efforts to help the representatives of North Iraq Assyrians, efforts to alleviate our brothers, sufferings, and those very same representatives' ungrateful attitude towards our Association.  We have decided to keep you informed, out of despair of ever finding fair and responsible Assyrian leaders, and because we think it is our duty to be vigilant as to the quality of elected leaders chosen to represent the Assyrians in the North and abroad...Long Live Assyrians!

A.A.F. Executive Board

[For more information contact AAF at 81-09-98-23 or fax to 81-57-59-58.
ZOWAA:  Assyrian Democratic Movement  ("zowaa" = Movement)
North:  Northern Iraq; under the protection of the United Nation forces.
Mikhael: Mikhael Jajou; currently residing in Chicago, Illinois.]

      G  O  O  D    M  O  R  N  I  N  G    B  E  T - N  A  H  R  A  I  N

(ZNAD)  According to a report received from the Assyrian Democratic Organization (Mtakasa) last night at ZENDA's European desk, the Assyrian village of Dori in the Barwari region of Northern Bet-Nahrain was the target of massive Turkish military bombardment on 3 June. Several people were killed and a large portion of the village which included Church of Mar Gewargis was hit. This Church was once before the target of Saddam's army in 1978. The church building was re-built with the support of the Assyrian Democratic Organization in Germany and the project was then carried out by the Christian Aid Program in Iraq (CAPNI).


As the Iran-Iraq War ended in 1988, after 8 years of near-complete annihilation of the two countries industrial infrustructures, many soldiers from either countries remained as prisoners of war.  In the following nine years hundreds and sometimes thousands have been exchanged or simply released on the occasion of a general amnesty or a humanitarian gesture of good will.  This year 724 Iraqi soldiers were released by the government of Iran of whom 24 were identified by the officials of the International Red Cross as Assyrian.   The following is a complete list of these 24 Iraqi-Assyrian POWs who have been in captivity since 1988. For more information you may contact the Assyrian Universal Alliance office in Chicago:  (773) 338-2200 or the International Red Cross in Europe or the United States:

1.    Isho Issa Toma        24724 (Red Cross Number)
2.    Johnson Beshamir        28600
3.     Moen Gorgis Abdolahad    6856
4.    Ammer Petrous Giwargis    959
5.    Samir Younan Habib        28235
6.    Gorgis Jona Benyamin        317
7.    Nabil Showkat Shamoun    37841
8.    Dawood Ishaya Elia        27531
9.    Marhand Freq Razotie        7343
10.    Valaid John Antwan        28217
11.    Najie Ishoo Matty        31559
12.    Safa Yousif Shamoun        28217
13.    Valid Najib Nasser        13598
14.    Akram Denha Hormiz        30166
15.    Ziyad Habib Toma        22376
16.    Nael Nasser Gandoor        51162
17.    Shamoon Sareh Bacous        25983
18.    Kayzak Malko Narkis        11029
19.    Saleem Yousif Yousif        41630
20.    Yousif Zakarya Mansour    2426
21.    Manzar Matty Najm        9183
22.    Basel Naim Aziz        24718
23.    Amer Louis Joboury        32010
24.    Shmoel Yalda Abdou        5983


(ZNUP: Ankara) Iranian deputy Foreign Minister Alaedin Boroujerdi denied that Iran was supporting Turkish Kurd separatist rebels. Boroujerdi with a message from President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani to Turkish President Suleyman Demirel, expressed concern over Turkey's continuing military operation in northern Iraq against the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK. Iran, in common with Turkey's other Muslim neighbors, has protested the large-scale incursion in northern Iraq, which began May 14, and urged that the troops be withdrawn. Turkey maintains Iran was supporting the outlawed PKK, which has been fighting a guerrilla war since 1984 in an attempt to establish an
independent Kurdish state in southeast Turkey. Turkish General Fevzi Turkeri commented that Iran was giving "every kind of support to build a regime in Turkey" based on Sharia, or Islamic law.  He said arrested militants have testified that Iranian diplomats in Turkey have helped them with money and in getting passports.


(ZN-Xinhua: Beirut) The foreign affairs committee of Lebanon's parliament has called on all Arab countries to sever their economic ties with Turkey because of the current Turkish incursion in northern Iraq. The 18-member committee also denounced what it called a Turkish-Israeli coalition sponsored by the United States. It said in a statement that the committee held a meeting in presence of Lebanese Foreign Minister Farez Boueiz to discuss the latest developments in the Middle East "in light of the Turkish-Israeli coalition" sponsored by the U.S. and its dangerous reaction. The statement claimed
that the coalition was aimed at what it called getting water and territory and imposing blockade upon Iraq, Syria and Lebanon as well as other Arab states. The document, issued at the end of the meeting, noted that the Turkish-Israeli coalition wants to achieve these goals "by the Turkish incursion into northern Iraq and by the Israeli military escalation in south Lebanon and an attempt to impose a solution of surrender" upon the Arab-Israeli conflict. "The committee also denounces the Turkish incursion into northern Iraq because it threatens the Arab national security and because the means which Turkey is using has gone beyond the limit of solving the Kurdish problem to the extent of inflaming a powder barrel in the region," the statement added. The Turkish government troops have intruded northern Iraq since mid-May at the pretext of eliminating members of the separatist Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK). On the question of convening a regional economic conference, which is due in Doha, Qatar, in November, the committee called for an Arab economic conference "in order to foil the plot of establishing an "Israeli-dominated Middle East market."

                       S   U   R   F   S     U   P   !

"I think one message per issue is great idea..."

Samir Younan
Toronto, Canada

"According to the last Zenda edition, Dr. Lincoln Malik has offered to submit a public report on behalf of ADM, which will include an account of the ADM congress he recently attended in north Iraq.  I very much look forward to reading about this meeting, and to learn how are fellow Assyrians are holding up in the face of a very unstable political situation.  At the same time, I believe it would be of great interest to many Assyrians to learn what the Assyrian Aid Society (the non-profit spinoff of ADM) plans for the money left to it by the Will of Mr. Adams. I have attempted more than once to obtain some indication about this, but the Assyrian Aid Society has stonewalled my request, and has provided unresponsive answers.  It is my conviction that ADM (and AAS) need to reconsider the negative effect on their credibility when they duck some very simple questions.  The Assyrian people have a right to know.  The leaders of ADM and AAS who live in sunny California need to consider the effect on the image of the organization.  The sooner they come up with some candid answers, the sooner we can get on with it."

Francis Sarguis
Santa Barbara

                  S  U  R  F  E  R  S      C  O  R  N  E  R

ZENDA readers are invited to respond to the following request(s) by either
directly writing to the author(s) or sending a reply to ZENDA.

-A message from the Assyrian Democratic Organization - America/Canada-

To assist in the completion of the Water Project in the Khabour Region of Syria for the Assyrian families who remain in dire need of financial assistance please send your tax-deductible donations to:

Khabour Relief Fund
Account Number:  10-58-800509-2
Liberty Federal Saving
5700 North Lincoln
Chicago, Illinois  60659


The Shamiram Assyrian Association Inc. of Canada is now preparing to
produce their first Assyrian magazine in Hamilton, Ontario.  The organization
named their first Assyrian magazine "The Truth".  Shamasah Moshi Sarkis is the most outspoken for the reform and development of Assyrian schools, and social issues.  For further infromation, please contact Shamasha Moshi Sarkis at ai313@freenet.hamilton.on.ca .

Ashur Simon Malek
Ontario, Canada

                 N   E   W  S       D   I   G   E   S   T


(ZNDA: Chicago)  According to Mr. Isaac Toma, Chairman of the Assyrian American National Federation's Headquarters Committee, the members of the City of Chicago's planning department have agreed to assist in the financing of a headquarters for the AANF in the city of Chicago.  The financing of this  three million dollars project will involve a long-term tax exempt bonds with the low rate of up to 3%. AANF will make no payments during the first two years of its financing, while it is expected that at the end of this "grace period" the City of Chicago will be repaid in full through a bank loan.  The property under consideration is located on West Pratt Avenue in the north side of Chicago, covering a 5.5 acres area.


(ZNDA: Ceres)  The first Assyrian television network has reached another milestone in its continued line of successful projects:  KBSV-TV can now be viewed online.  With only a web browser and a minimum of 28.8 modem-access it is possible to view the AssyriaVision TV programming, aired from Ceres/Modesto, California, live as seen by thousands of its viewers in this Central Californian community.  KBSV-TV is sponsored by the Bet-Nahrain Inc. and spearheaded by Dr. Sargon Dadesho, Chairman of the Assyrian National Congress and the editor of Bet-Nahrain Magazine. To view KBSV-TV go to http:\\www.betnahrain.org and follow the instructions.  The task of bringing KBSV-TV online was completed through the efforts of Albert Gabrial, a founding member of the Assyrian Community Networking Conference and the creator of Nineveh Online (www.nineveh.com).


(ZNAA: Chicago)  The Assyrian Academic Society in conjunction with North Park College in Chicago will offer a course entitled "A New Exposure to the History of Eastern Christianity."  The class will be taught by AbdulMassih Saadi, a PhD Candidate in Syriac Studies, from 25 June through 13 August 1997 (see CALENDAR OF EVENTS).  According to a printed advertisement the Course will "survey the history of Eastern Churches within its cultural, philosophical, social and political context. For more information see http://aas.net/course1.gif .

                          Z  I  G  G  U  R  A  T  S

       C   A   L   E   N   D   A   R     OF     E   V   E   N   T   S
Jun 13-16    Edvin Takhsh's Art Exhibition
        Benjamin Juwelier
            Taunus str. 9
            Wiesbaden, Germany
        8:00 pm
        No admission charge
        Champaign reception will follow

Jun 16        Poetry Night
        Featuring Ninous Aho and Yosip Bet-Yosip
        BETA:  20000 Almaden Road
        San Jose, California
        Cultural Committee of the Assyrian American Association of SJ
        7:30 pm

Jun 21        "The Assyrian Legacy: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow"
        North Park College
        Center for Middle Eastern Studies at North Park College
               Magnuson Campus Center
        Alumni Dining Hall
        3225 W. Foster Avenue
        Chicago, IL 60625-4895
        Phone: 773-244-5785/6
        Pre-registration $15
            $10 - For Students
            $20 - Registration after 6-14-97
            Registration Includes Lunch
        Main Speakers
            Dr. Mark Mkrdichian
            Peter Jasim
            Abdul Massih Saadi
            Reverend Sarhad Jammo
            Dr. David Bundy
            Dr. Gabriel Yonan
            Robert DeKelaita
            Bishop Mar Bawai Soro
        An Assyrian Academic Society Event

Jun 25-    Syriac Church History Course
Aug 13        "A New Exposure to the History of Eastern Christianity
        Instructor:  AbdulMasih Saadi
        North Park College
        Carlson Tower, Room C43
        3225 West Foster Avenue
        Chicago, Illinois
        7:00-9:00 pm; weekly (9 weeks)
        Registration Fee:  $ 80:00 (tax-deductible)
        Tuition reduced based on financial need.
        1-800-454-8979 or email history@aas.net
        Sponsored by the Assyrian Academic Society of Chicago

Jul 1-Mar 8    In the Presence of the Gods: Art from Ancient Sumer
        The Smart Museum of Art
        5550 South Greenwood Avenue
        Free Admission

Jul 7        XLIV Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale
        International Congress of Assyriology and Near Eastern Arch.
        Venice, Italy

Jul 19-20    National Exectutive Committee Meeting
        Assyrian American National Federation
        Sponsored by the Assyrian American Social Club of Michigan
        Quality Inn
        One West Nine Mile
        Hazel Park, Michigan  48030
        (313) 399-5800
        Rooms are reserved at the rate of $39.95 plus tax.

Jul 20        A Concert by the Assyrian Violinist, David Yonan
        Mathaeikirchstrasse 1
        Musikinstrumenten Museum, Curt-Sachs Saal
        11:00 am

Aug 26-Sep 2    Assyrian American National Convention
        Hyatt Regency Dearborn
        Fairlane Town Center
        Detroit, Michigan
        All Single,double,triple,quad rooms: $95 per day
        Reservations: (313) 982-6880
        Reservations must be made by August 7.
                          E  N  T  R  A  C  T  E
June 28    Welcome Home Party
        Entertainer:  Ashur Sargis
        AAA of Southern California
        5901 Cahuenga Blvd
        North Hollywood, California

July 12    A Night Under the Stars:  Romance, Dance, & Fine Dining
        Open Bar, Dinner, Dessert, & complimentary valet parking
        Entertainers:  Franco and the Stars
        Location:  AAA of San Jose BETA (Social Building)
        San Jose, California
        7:00 pm
        $45.00 per person
        For reservations contact Caroline Nasseri at (408) 268-7990
        Tickets will not be sold at the door
                         I N T E L L I G E N T S I A
CHICAGO    Assyrian Athletic Club Soccer Development Program
        Ages 7-14
        7:45-9:45 pm
        Warren Park Gymnasium
        Western Avenue & Devon Street

HARVARD     1997-98 Syriac Classes Taught by Dr. J.F. Coakley
        Elementary Syriac
        Instructor:  J. F. Coakley
        Basic Syriac grammar and syntax with selected readings from
        the Syriac Bible and other early texts.

        Readings in Syriac I
        Historical and theological texts, and early poetry

        Readings in Syriac II
        Special attention to exegetical texts and to reading         manuscripts.

NORTH          Assyrian Boy Scouts
HOLLYWOOD     Assyrian American Association of Southern California
              Assyrian Club
              5901 Cahuenga Blvd
               North Hollywood, California
              9:30am  to 12:30pm
               Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
              (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

           Assyrian Student Union
          California State University, Northridge
            Assyrian American Association of Southern California
          Assyrian Club
           5901 Cahuenga Blvd
              North Hollywood, California
              Contact Sargon Gewargis @ fishtale@juno.com
            (818) 891-3705 after 7:30 pm

SAN JOSE    Nisibin School
        Assyrian Language Classes
        Ages 5-14
        10:00-1:00 pm
        AAA of San Jose BETA
        20000 Almaden Road

        Assyrian Language Classes (Adults)
        Taught by Dr. Ashur Moradkhan
        7:00-9:00 pm
        AAA of San Jose BETA

        Citizenship Classes
        Mondays & Tuesdays
        7:00 pm
        AAA of San Jose BETA
        20000 Almaden Road

        Maestro Nebu Issabey's Nineveh Choir Practice
        AAA of San Jose BETA
        8:00 pm

TORONTO    Nisibis School
             The Church of the East
              Toronto, Canada

      A  S  S  Y  R  I  A  N     S  U  R  F  I  N  G     P  O  S  T  S

It's 1956 and Chicago is swarming in corruption.  One man is not willing to compromise, our very own ZENDA reader, Paul Davis Newey.  Find out about the fascinating story of his bout with crime, the criminals, and the Machine.

The Memoirs of a Stret Agent By Richard Lindberg

                    P  U  M  P    UP THE   V O L U M E

        English        Modern Assyrian

        Marble         shee/sha    [M]
        Tiles            Qar/mee/deh    [P]  (Q as in Qatdoo, "Cat")
            F = Feminine     M = Masculine      P = Plural
                B  A  C  K     TO THE      F  U  T  U  R  E
B.C. (745)  In a bloody coup the Assyrian royal family is eliminated and the governor of Calah becomes the new king of Assyria.  He later called himself Tiglath-Pileser III and proved himself as the most visionary military leader of the New Assyrian Kingdom.

<<  The Ancient Assyrians, Healy & McBride  >>

A.D. (987)  The Nestorian Patriarch is appointed by the Caliph against the wishes of the bishops.  In an effort to unite the Christian minorities in the Islamic kingdom three quarters of a century later the Caliph put all the Jacobite and Melkite bishops under the Nestorian Patriarch.

<< The Eclipse of Christianity in Asia, Browne >>

                 L    I    T    E    R    A    T    U    S

                            AMID THE RUINS
In 1898 I stood before two marble monuments of winged Assyrian lions amid the ruins of ancient Nineveh; but on a second visit, four years later, I noticed that one of them had been broken to pieces. The miller close by wanted some stone for the repair of his mill, so he gave a bribe to the Turkish guardian, and the marble lion, worth hundreds of pounds, was demolished for a few piastres.
<< Mesopotamia, The key to the Future, Craven Hovse, 1917 >>
          T  H  I  S    W  E  E  K     I  N    H  I  S  T  O  R  Y

June 18, 1938:  The publication of the Assyrian political journal, ATHRA, begins in Beirut, under the direction of Yosuf Malik.  Malik's articles continued to enrage the British officials and the Iraqi government, until he was forced to leave Lebanon and shut down his printing press in Beirut.

                        B     R    A     V     O
                              ANWAR OSHANA

Only two weeks before 28 June WBA Heavyweight Championship fight between Evander Holyfield and Mike Tyson in Las Vegas, Nevada it is most appropriate to mention a new boxing star from Illinois (Chicago)- The Assyrian IBO Super Middleweight boxer, Anwar Oshana.  Anwar has thus far succeeded in winning two fights and become the most promising fighter in his division. On 8 February Anwar defeated Patrick Swann in 10 rounds, and on 9 April he was able to win a 12-round fight over Bruce Rumbloz. Anwar's record at this time is 15-0 and he holds a ranking of 10 in his IBO (International Boxing Organization) division.  A Super Middleweight body weight limit is 168 pounds.  Holding the current  IBO Super Middleweight Championship is Mads Larsen of Denmark ranked as 5th in the World's Boxing Organization, after knocking out Shannon Landberg in the fourth round on May 2.  According to an unconfirmed report Anwar has signed on Evander Holyfield's trainer as his own and will fight with England's Super Middleweight champion in July.  ZENDA will continue to report on Anwar Oshana's future victories and notify its readers of his future championship fights.

                        the   D I  R  E  C  T  O  R  Y
ZNAA (Assyrian Academic Society-Chicago)
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNDA (Zenda: zenda@ix.netcom.com)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNRU (Reuters)
ZNSH (Shotapouta Newsletter)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)

          W   E   L   C   O   M   E     T O     Z   E   N   D   A
Zenda welcomes our new on-line subscribers from:

            Advanced Technical Resources
            Ontario, Canada
                     S     A     L     U     T     E
Zenda wishes to thank the following individuals & organizations whose
contributions appear in this issue:

            Firas Jatou        Chicago, Illinois
            Chris Aktas        Sunnyvale, California

and the following individual(s) for introducing ZENDA to our new readers:

            Firas Jatou        Chicago, Illinois
ZENDA is a weekly online newsletter distributed on Mondays. Views expressed
in ZENDA do not necessarily represent those of the ZENDA editors,or any of
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ZENDA is a weekly online newsletter distributed on Mondays. Views expressed
in ZENDA do not necessarily represent those of the ZENDA editors,or any of
our associated staff. This publication reserves the right, at its sole
discretion, not to publish comments or articles previously printed in or
submitted to other journals.  ZENDA also reserves the right to publish and
republish your submission in any form or medium.  Distribution of material
featured in ZENDA is not restricted, but permission from ZENDA is required.
This service is meant for the exchange of information, analyses and news.
To subscribe, send e-mail to: zenda@ix.netcom.com with the message body
"subscribe ZENDA Firstname Lastname". To unsubscribe, send e-mail to the
above address, with the message body "unsubscribe ZENDA".