|The Lighthouse||The Christian Assyrian Nation|
|Good Morning Bet-Nahrain||PKK & Turkey May End Armed Struggle in Bet-Nahrain|
|Surfs Up||"I am very glad to have found you"|
|Surfers Corner||Assyrians of San Jose Seek Help For Mayoral Candidate
A Magazine On the Life of Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII
|News Digest||Sargon Dadesho vs. Government of Iraq
Mor Zakka Consecrates Church in Australia
|Calendar of Events||Assyrian Evening in Hamburg, Germany|
|Assyrian Surfing Posts||Assyrian Democratic Organization
Henry Layard's "Nineveh & Babylon, 2nd Expedition"
|Pump up the Volume||Translation & Interpretation|
|Back to the Future||Ancient Massage Therapy & the 7th Century Persecutions|
|Literatus||Ancient Greeks on the Hanging Gardens of Babylon|
|This Week in History||30th Anniversary of The First AUA Congress|
|Bravo||The Kha b'Neesan Parade in Chicago|
For the past two weeks Assyrians from Australia to Germany to
Bet-Nahrain have been celebrating Kha b'Neesan with a remarkable
vigor. The Assyrian New Year's celebration has clearly become
the most visible public demonstration of national struggle towards
unity and a singular ethno-political identity. In northern Iraq
over 17,000 Assyrians jammed the streets of Noohadra (Dohuk) and
Arbil to celebrate the beginning of the Assyrian Year 6748. Last
weekend the pedestrian pathways along Chicago's King Sargon Boulevard
(Western Blvd.) were embellished with thousands of waving Assyrian
flags and an overwhelming feeling of Assyrian pride (see BRAVO).
Of course many other Assyrian organizations celebrated the coming
of spring with the dull and wearisome dinner-dance combo, a practice
typically denuded of any knowledge of Assyrian history and tradition.
There were no walls or table center-pieces decorated with the
Assyrian Tree of Life and no mention of the Return of Tammuz from
the Dead, Enuma Elish, and the ancient 12-day Akitu festival in
Nineveh and Babylon. For the more affluent organizations Kha
b'Neesan has become another venue to generate petty profits and
organize campaign fundraising for their local politicians. In
the coming years we only hope that more and more political and
social organizations will focus on the cultural importance of
the Assyrian New Year celebrations and less to the demands of
their nonchalant Entertainment organizers. The Patriarchs of
all Assyrian Churches should offer Neesan Prayers and Mass on
the first day of spring and the Assyrians around the world must
take a day off from their work and school to celebrate the oldest
and the greatest Assyrian festivity since the building of the
city of Ashur and its sacred buildings and palaces in 4750 B.C.
THE CHRISTIAN ASSYRIAN NATION
There is a hymn which we sing occasionally in our Church, that makes me both happy and sad at the same time. Happy because it begins with SHALOM MY FRIENDS as our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ instructed his disciples and us to be. Sad because I have never heard anyone outside our people-the Assyrians uttering our word SHLAMA, despite the Aramaic language being the language of the Gospel and the early Church believers. This represents the failure of our previous ancestors to communicate to us and to the outside world our rich and wealthy cultural heritage.
I grew up in the Middle East in a country to which I refuse to give a name because it reminds me of a tragic and inhumane society, a culture and above all a teaching of hate, which up to now prevailed. I was never an Assyrian nationalist, but rather was a national and a practicing Christian. At the age of 33 I was feeling confined and so despite a good education I decided I no longer had a place in a society driven by an ideology of hate, so I left. It was here that I have developed my Assyrian identity as I followed the regional and global events and the Middle East in particular. In my early years here while browsing a history book of ancient Mesopotamia I came across maps and in those maps were names like IDIGLAT, PURATTU, ZABU ELLU and ZABU SHAPLU. The names used by our forefathers who once ruled that land from the great rivers to the sea and who created the first civilisation in the history of mankind. That was the motivation that led me to think about our glorious past and our great nation.
Presently our land is dominated and governed by invaders while we the native people-the Assyrians are treated as strangers in our own land. We have no part in its wealth and power. The status quo, giving the occupier the upper hand, ruled as inferiors without citizenship, worrying about our men, our daughters and our perplexed youth-a people under siege. Leave us two options either accept or go. In times of crisis we are the first to be sacrificed to keep the throne of the occupier intact. As I remember my early years in the Middle East, my town and other towns, our people and our tormented land, I think how beautiful it would be once again our own masters.
But despite of our failures we must not give up and must pursue
our struggle by all means available to achieve that end of establishing
a nation in our historic Assyrian land and regain a place on the
world's map. We have to look to the future and seize every opportunity
that comes. By the Assyrian National Flag and the Assyrian National
Anthem and through our Assyrian history we are joined in the Assyrian
Nation and Assyrian's glorious past. A Nation in waiting and a
nation in exile. There is joy in this and there is grief too,
but never lose hope and ever be faithful to our Lord and our Christian
heritage. We are Christian and Assyrian and we have been and are
hated and persecuted for our faith rather than our race.
We must never fail to identify ourselves as Christian, in our faith and in our demeanour and in our way of life. We have the present and future as well as a past and our Church and our nation go hand in hand. We
must reflect our faith and our Christian heritage with every step we take.
Since the autumn I have been following ZENDA weekly and I come
across varying views and agendas. Although the main one is the
will and determination for a homeland in our occupied land and
the fervor of Assyrian Nationalism, some views must be put aside.
We must stop blaming the past, the erstwhile colonisers, past
preachers of the Gospel of Salvation, or our foreign names. We
must never ever betray our cause by praising the occupier. The
world has changed and is changing and we must change too and
form the new realities of the comtemporary world. Emancipation
and freedom do not come easy.
We all will live together in peace and liberty: Catholic, Orthodox, Nestorian, Evangelical, Secular and Minorities. All will form a society based on human dignity in a civilised way according with our Assyrian and Christian culture.
The hard work is now ahead and the events and opportunities are
opening up. We all must work together minimising our different
views but forming a united front to achieve what our forefathers
once did by shaping that land from the Persian frontiers to the
Mediterranean sea into one Assyrian Nation
and one Assyrian people. That nation will be Christian and Assyrian and once we have it then the whole
world will know the word SHLAMA as the whole world now knows the word SHALOM.
Dr George Habash
GOOD MORNING BET-NAHRAIN
PKK'S OCALAN OFFERS OLIVE BRANCH TO TURKISH ARMY CHIEF
(ZNAF: Ankara) Last week Abdullah Ocalan, the leader of Kurdish separatist group Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in northeastern Bet-Nahrain, offered a ceasefire in the 13-year armed struggle with the Turkish military. The offer was made in a letter to the armed forces chief of staff. "We are willing to order a ceasefire that might open the door to a dialogue and find a solution to the Kurdish national question," was the letter quoted as saying. PKK rebels have been fighting since 1984 for a Kurdish state in southeast Turkey. Some 29,000 people have died in the conflict. The PKK ordered unilateral ceasefires in 1993 and 1995, but on each occasion the military refused to recognize the move and continued its normal operations against the rebels.
Last Thursday the Turkish army launched a major offensive against PKK in the southeast province of Sirnak, near the Iraqi border. The land operation, backed by helicopters, was expected to last several days and was centered on Mount Cudi, in the region of Ballikaya. Mount Cudi, which has an altitude of over 2,000 meters (7,000 feet), is used by the Kurdistan Workers Party as a passageway between Turkey and rear bases in Iraq. The Assyrian residents of northern Bet-Nahrain (northern Iraq, southern Turkey, & northeastern Syria) while neutral in their position toward Kurdish autonomy continue to be victims of the armed struggle between the rebel Kurdish groups and the Turkish armed forces.
"Yesterday, Saturday, April 4, 1998, we read the posted article from Zenda about the verdict of David M. Ismail, the murderer, on our weekly radio FM 101.5 at 3 pm in Hamilton, Ontario. President of the AUA in Hamilton, Emmanuel Yald, called the station several times, shouting, and complaining, and above all, ordering not to read the article, and telling us "You have no right to bring us such news". The station continued to read the article posted in Zenda accompanied by nationalistic songs over ten times, and prayers for His Holiness Mar Eshia Shimun. At the same time, over fifty calls were received in support of such work, in bringing history and facts back to life, so that our new generation will understand and know the dark history of our Assyrian people."
Assyrian Voice of Canada - FM 101.5
Sharrukina Malek Rostamy
My grandfather was a ten years old orphan in 1914 when he was separated from his sister during the Massacre. On the way to Baghdad , the Red Cross was offering safe haven for the orphans that were not declared. What a Christian Act !!! How convenient !!! In reality, profits were made, babies were sold for the highest bidders. My grandfather was saved by a relative and his sister ended up in Canada, not by her choice.
Assyrians should understand history so as not to repeat it. Lord Cromer, in his memoirs writes about Sir Alfred Lyall: 'Accuracy is abhorrent to the Oriental mind. Every Anglo-Indian should always remember that maxim.' Want of accuracy, which easily degenerates into untruthfulness, is in fact the main characteristic of the Oriental mind! According to Lord Cromer, the European is a close reasoner; his statements of fact are devoid of any ambiguity; he is a natural logician, albeit he may not have studied logic; he is by nature skeptical and requires proof before he can accept the truth of any proposition. His trained intelligence works like a piece of mechanism. The mind of the Oriental, on the other hand, like his picturesque streets, is eminently wanting in symmetry. His reasoning is of the most slipshod description. Although the ancient Arabs acquired in a somewhat higher degree the science of dialectics, their descendants are singularly deficient in the logical faculty.
Cromer Continues to explain Arabs as often incapable of drawing the most obvious conclusions from any simple premises of which they may admit as the truth. The Arabs explanation will generally be lengthy, and wanting in lucidity. He will probably contradict himself half-a-dozen times before he has finished his story. He will often breakdown under the mildest process of cross-examination. Cromer makes no effort to conceal that Orientals for him were always and only the human material he governed in British colonies. 'As I am only a diplomatist and administrator, whose proper study is also man, but from the point of view of governing him,' Cromer says, ' ..I content myself with noting the fact that somehow or other the Oriental generally acts , speaks, and thinks in a manner exactly opposite to the Europeans.'
Lord Cromer writes that there are Westerners and there are Orientals.
The former dominates; the latter must be dominated, which usually
means having their land occupied, their internal affairs rigidly
controlled, their blood and treasure put at the disposal of one
or another Western power. For much of the nineteenth century,
the British Government view of the Orient was intricately problematic
: 'When you have got a ...faithful ally who is bent on meddling
in a country in which you are deeply interested -- you have three
course open to you. You may renounce----or monopolize ---- or
Hmmmm!!!! After reading this article, one wonders how are Westerners programmed to think? I was an engineering student in the state of Virginia, and American student would ask me, 'So, how many camels do your parents own?' Naturally, I had great expectation from an academic institution ! Now, what to do? This is a great country, I believe. Our destiny is in our hands. If we become too comfortable we stand to lose generations of young Assyrians to Coca-Cola, Rock and Roll, not to forget Shish O Hasht. A family member once said: 'We are here for Macy's...and Life style ! No body kicked us out of Iran.
What is wrong with that??' I hope, some day, to prove her wrong!!"
Sutter Creek, California
Here we have the opportunity to become a strong force, a great nation with great potentials, but we are not taking
advantage of our freedom and of our opportunities to become a nation once
more. Truly, majority of our people are satisfied with their new ways
of life. As a matter of fact, majority of our people are very successful and
richer than the day they left their homeland. So , individually we are
good and comfortable life too. But, collectively we became very poor and strangers toward each others. Due to the influence of the new culture and the way of life, our people mixed and commingled and adopted a new style of life with different standards of ethics than of our own. The influence of
the new cultures affected our people, especially our children . We all , the old and the young are caught in this new cultural changes. Assyrians around the world, especially those of us that are residing in the countries of the western culture, have lost the Assyrian ways of life, most of all we have been affected by cultural changes and for its worst .
Our children are caught between both cultures . At home, we demand
of them to behave, act and respect our traditions and the ways of life
and to become good Assyrian. Outside home, the society and the peer pressure
of every day life at school and at playgrounds are hurting our children and
their emotions. Our children are caught in both cultures; this is too much for them. It is hard to grow up healthy and happy in these kinds of environments. Our children want to be accepted by their parents because they love them. They like to be accepted by their peers so they don't look down on them. Our
children have the most difficult task in the new land. The majority of our children are not very happy and the majority of them have been affected and have been injured, emotionally and they have been scarred for life. I am sure that their children or our children's children or the second generations
of Assyrians will have much easier time and better life to get adjusted in their homeland. This problem is not only with the Assyrian families or the Assyrian children. It is a widespread problem throughout the country. Every immigrant from the eastern cultures, whether Assyrian, Hindus, Arab, Jew, Chinese, Japanese and so on, has been affected by this cultural re-evaluation. We are all in the same boat.
If we look at our life in these countries we see that almost every
one of us have gained something, but also, every one of us have lost something
too which it is the most important element of our existing as Assyrian
People. The hurt and the pain of the past kept us together as one people
that shares a common language, culture, history and heritage. Until this
century we kept our 'Assyrian' name with pride, we kept it proudly against
all the odds and against the hardship and the persecution that was shamefully
brought upon us. Now that we are in these free countries and that we
are having better lives and that our children are receiving better education
and reaching their highest of their potentials, unfortunately, we are losing
our children, our heritage, our culture, our language faster than
ever before. If we continue living the way we are and if we ignore our youth and
if we do not recognize the problems and act accordingly, to improve the relationship between our people ahead of time, soon and within fifty years
or less we
will cease to exist in the western world as so called Assyrians.
It is the duty of every Assyrian to preserve our culture, language
and our name. It is our duty and our responsibility to keep our name
to last for ever and ever. There are many ways and many approaches we may take
to bring our youth and our people closer to one another. Assyrian Television
Assyrian Radio are very good instruments to listen too . But, the signal for TV and Radio does not reach our people in all four corners of the earth. Also both instruments are just listening tools. That is why we need other ways of communication with each others. Since our people are in four corners of
the earth, we must help them reach each other and help them by communicating with each other on a daily basses. At the present time the most available technology is the way of computers and the Internet. We must encourage our people old and young to get involved with the new technology, so they too may
get closer to each others. By writing to each other and by exchanging ideas and point of views with other Assyrian across the world we will unite our people and it will give them the sense of being one family and one nation.
Communication by the world web will brake all the barriers of distance of land, sea or time. On the other hand, the Internet will able us to help each other and it will able us to communicate with our fellow Assyrian around the world. In bringing our people closer to each other and by having them to write to one other we will be keeping our people alive. We are hoping by communicate and by exchange ideas and points of views with one another, it will lead us to develop friendship and in some instances
marriages too. By communicating with each other across the world, our people can lobby politically against any mishap or any hardship toward our people , regardless of their locations. Imagine if we all take advantage of this century's technology and if all Assyrians around the world use it to their advantage, it will be a great tools to voice our concerns to any of our representatives and at any time in any place of the world. Within seconds our concerns and our collective demands can be heard. Internet is a powerful
tool to use. We must encourage our people to take advantage of this technology so we may be heard as one people and as a nation too.
I would like to suggest the following to the Zendas Staff :
Create a new weekly section at your magazine and on your web site
. Make it available for all Zenda readers . The new section to be specifically
devoted for our young boys and girls and for any Assyrian that
is seeking friendship or that is looking for love and romance and
maybe a marital relationship. What if Zenda would encourage
our youth to post their names, ages, hobbies, background or any of other information that will help
them select a friend or a mate for life. It will not hurt to encourage
our youth to have their photo published so they may know and meet
each other in
It will be good to have our youth around the world to get to know each others and to be in touch by exchanging ideas and point of views. By having our people involved with the Internet it will give them the chance to introduce our people to other nations of the world, especially in those that they think Assyrian people have vanished from the face of the earth and that they don't exists any more. May I suggest a name for these pages: 'Friendship and Romance Connections'. Also, you may put the information by categories of their ages, genders, romance, friendship and so on. I think it will do our people some good. By adding this to your web site, it will increase your membership and your viewers too. I hope that you will consider my suggestion seriously and I hope that you will act accordingly. Thank you and God Bless you all."
ASSYRIAN COMMUNITY OF SAN JOSE SEEKS HELP FOR MAYORAL CANDIDATE
On June 2, 1998, the voters of the largest city in Northern California -- San Jose -- will chose their next leader, the Mayor of San Jose.
The City of San Jose has a population of nearly 1 million residents and is considered the "capitol" of Silicon Valley, the region of the United States responsible for many of the technological innovations of the 20th century, including the Internet.
This election marks the first time in the history of the local Assyrian-American community where a candidate for this prestigious position, Mr. Ron Gonzales, has requested help from the Assyrian Community.
Mr. Gonzales' supporters include the CEOs of Hewlett-Packard Company, Cisco Systems, Adobe, and many other hi-tech business leaders.
U.S. Congresswomen Anna Eshoo has also endorsed Mr. Gonzales' candidacy for mayor.
To date, the Assyrian-American community has raised over $5,000 to support Mr. Gonzales. This tremendous level of support is directly a result of Mr. Gonzales' efforts, over the last 8 years, to help local Assyrians.
Members of the local Assyrian-American community plan on hosting a barbecue fundraiser for Ron Gonzales:
Date: May 2, 1998
Time: 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Location: AAA Beta (located on 20000 Almaden Road in San Jose)
Purpose: Personally meet Mr. Gonzales, a candidate for Mayor in the City of
San Jose, register to vote, and obtain useful information about the City of
San Jose and its services.
Contribution: $20 per person (includes a kabob sandwich & drink)
If any person is interested in helping the Assyrians for Ron Gonzales Committee or purchasing a barbecue ticket, please call Ashurbel Pirayou at (408) 297-3795 (email: email@example.com).
Office of Ron Gonzales
San Jose, California
Get your free copy of the newly published color magazine:
The Assyrian Martyr Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII
A Quarterly, Assyrian cultural magazine.
Dedicated in memory of the Assyrian Martyr, Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII
* Who was behind the assassination of Mar Eshai Shimun?
* The life and death of the Assyrian Martyr, Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII
* & the never--before-seen historic pictures of Mar Eshai Shimun
To receive your free copy (copies), please send your request by
e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
and indicate your name, address, and number of free copies requested.
DADESHO v. GOVERNMENT OF IRAQ; DADESHO (1) - SADDAM (0)
(ZNAP: San Francisco) On 26 March the Ninth Circuit U.S. court of Appeals upheld $1.5 million in damages against Iraq for allegedly plotting to assassinate Sargon Dadesho of Bet-Nahrain Inc and the chairman of the Assyrian National Congress. Dadesho also publishes the Bet-Nahrian Magazine and operates an Assyrian TV station from Modesto/Ceres area in California.
Dadesho's case resulted in the expulsion of an Iraqi diplomat
from the country's United Nations mission in New York, less than
a year before the 1991 Gulf War, and a five-year prison sentence
for the would-be hitman, Andre Khoshaba. Daniel Trump, a lawyer
for Iraq, declined comment on the ruling. Trump had said that
neither Iraq nor any of its officials had authorized the murder
plot. He argued that Iraq should not be held to normal legal
deadlines for contesting the case because of political and economic
sanctions imposed by the United States and the U.N. Dadesho filed
suit in 1992 and was awarded $1.5 million by U.S. District Judge
Robert Coyle in 1995 for intentional infliction of emotional distress
after Iraq failed
The would-be assassin was another Assyrian living in Modesto. Andre Khoshaba worked for Iraq's United Nations mission as a driver and handyman. He pleaded guilty in 1991 to having traveled to New York in February 1990 to meet with an Iraqi government agent to discuss the murder.
(ZNSO: Sydney) On 4 January His Holiness Mor Ignatius Zakka I,
Patriarch of the Syrian Orthodox Church, consecrated the Mor Yacoub
Burd`ono Church in the city of Melbourne, Australia. Mor Zakka
was accompanied by the Patriarch Vicar, H.E. Archbishop Mor Severius
Isaac Saka and the Patriarchal Secretaries, Very Rev. Raban Kuriakose
and Very Rev. Raban Elia Bahi. Receptions were held in honor of
His Holiness at the airport and later at Yacoub Burd`ono Church.
Following the consecration, the Patriarch celebrated the Holy
Qurbono and unveiled a plaque at the entrance of the Church that
records the memorable occasion. The Australian television news
channel SBS broadcasted an interview with His Holiness on the
World News. On 16 January some 250 members of the Syrian Orthodox
community in Sydney held a reception in honor of Mo Zakka. On
the following day during a Mass held at St. Ephraim's Church in
Sydney, Rev. Fr. Zeki Zeitoun was decorated with the Holy Cross,
and several of the Church's deacons of various orders were ordained.
On Sunday 18 January His Holiness consecrated the St. Thomas Church,
a small parish of 12 families, ministered by Rev. Fr. Abdulahad
Zeitoun in Wollongong, NSW.
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
ANNUAL DANCE & COCKTAIL PARTY
St. Mary's Assyrian Chaldean Catholic Church
Entertainers: Edmond & Assyria DJ's Emil & Jimmy
Lecture: "Assyrian Americans at the Threshold of the 21st Century"
"An Assyrian Evening"
Assyrian State Convention of California
The Fourth Assyrian Community Networking Conference
Assyrian Olympic Games
ASSYRIAN SURFING POSTS
ASSYRIAN DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATION
HENRY LAYARD'S "BABYLON AND NINEVEH, 2ND EXPEDITION"
PUMP UP THE VOLUME
BACK TO THE FUTURE
The ancient Assyrians treat pain using massage therapy and herbs as garlic, tamarisk, hellebore, mandrake, cypress, resins and gums.
The Historical Development of Massage
During the Patriarchate of Mar Gewargis I, the Ummayad Caliph Muawiyyah demanded gold from the Patriarch. The Patriarch refused and was imprisoned. The Christians were persecuted and their churches were destroyed.
"From The Rise of Islam to The Massacres of Badr Khan Beg"
Introductory Classical Assyrian
alphabet and the vowel system, basic literacy skills & vocabulary
|North Park Univ Carlson Tower
Introductory Modern Assyrian I
alphabet and the vowel system, basic literacy skills & vocabulary
|North Park Univ
Introductory Modern Assyrian II
reading & writing, & elementary grammar.
|North Park Univ
ANCIENT GREEKS ON "THE HANGING GARDENS OF BABYLON"
"The approach to the Garden sloped like a hillside and the several parts of the structure rose from one another tier on tier... On all this, the earth had been piled... and was thickly planted with trees of every kind that, by their great size and other charm, gave pleasure to the beholder... The water machines [raised] the water in great abundance from the river, although no one outside could see it."
"The Garden is quadrangular, and each side is four plethra long. It consists of arched vaults which are located on checkered cube-like foundations.. The ascent of the uppermost terrace-roofs is made by a stairway..."
"The Hanging Garden has plants cultivated above ground level, and the roots of the trees are embedded in an upper terrace rather than in the earth. The whole mass is supported on stone columns... Streams of water emerging from elevated sources flow down sloping channels... These waters irrigate the whole garden saturating the roots of plants and keeping the whole area moist. Hence the grass is permanently green and the leaves of trees grow firmly attached to supple branches... This is a work of art of royal luxury and its most striking feature is that the labor of cultivation is suspended above the heads of the spectators".
Philo of Byzantium
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY
April 10, 1968: The first Assyrian Universal Alliance Congress takes place in Pau, France.
To our readers: Be sure to look for our special issue in April
on the 30th anniversary of the AUA meeting in Pau.
KHA B'NEESAN PARADE IN CHICAGO
Over 7000 Assyrians queued along the King Sargon Boulevard, a section of the Western Boulevard in Chicago, to cheer for the tens of floats bearing the names of the local Assyrian organizations, churches, businesses, and would-be elected officials. This was also a warm opportunity for the campaign managers of the Chicagoland politicians to raise awareness for their future city and state officials. The most appealing part of the parade were the hundreds of the Assyrian children standing atop the floats, waving the multi-color Assyrian flags and shouting "I am Assyrian and Assyria Shall Never Die." This year the number of floats had slightly dwindled, however, the number of spectators had increased many folds. "Havi baseema myaqra El Nino (Thanks to Mr. El Nino)" commented a smiling father of two while waving the Assyrian flag. This year's weather in Chicago has been unusually warm and cooperative with the organizers of the largest Kha b'Neesan parade outside of Bet-Nahrain.
WELCOME TO ZENDA
United Arab Emirates
Dear Reader: Do you know of an Assyrian friend or relative residing
in Japan? If so please share your information with us who in
turn are assisting a future Assyrian resident of the Rising Sun
islands in the Pacific.
This Week's Contributors:
|Adrin Takhsh||Berlin, Germany||Calendar of Events|
|Rachelle Badal||San Jose, California||News Digest|
|Touma Issa||Australia [SOCNews]||News Digest|
Thank You For Referring ZENDA to a Friend:
|Odet Toma||San Jose, California|
P.O. Box 20278 San Jose, California 95160 U.S.A.
The Directory of ZENDA News Sources
ZNAA (Assyrian Academic Society-Chicago)
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAF (Agence France-Presse)
ZNAI (Assyrian International News Agency)
ZNAK (American Kurdish
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNIF (Iraq Foundation)
ZNDA (Zenda: email@example.com)
ZNIN (Iraqi National Congress)
ZNLT (Los Angeles Times)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNMW (Mideast Newswire)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNQA (Qala Atouraya- Moscow)
ZNSH (Shotapouta Newsletter)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNSM (Shufimafi Lebanese News)
ZNSO (Syrian Orthodox News "SOCNews")
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)