Volume IV, Issue 29
Tishrin II 23, 6748 November 23, 1998
|The Lighthouse||A New Crusade For the 21st Century|
|Good Morning Bet-Nahrain||Mar Bidawid's Appeal to Clinton|
|News Digest||President Khatami's Address at the AUA Congress|
|Surfs Up||"how dependent we have become on this medium"|
|Surfers Corner||Mar Bidawid's Interview with Fidas
Assyrian Academic Society's Announcements
|Calendar of Events||Entertainment & Cultural Events|
|Assyrian Surfing Posts||The Mosul Vilayet Project
Human Rights for Northern Iraq by AUA's John Nimrod
Assyrian Artifacts Under Threat in Iraq
Kurdish Recognition of Assyrian-Armenian Genocide
|Pump up the Volume||Capital & State|
|Back to the Future||The First Horses in Babylonia & Sarmas' Dictionaries|
|Literatus||Iran's Diary...Part I|
|This Week in History||Layard's First Tablets|
|Bravo||Romrama in Melbourne|
All blue links throughout this issue are hyperlinks to other sections on this page or featured websites.
Christianity is the world's largest religion. Nearly one out of every three persons on earth professes to this belief. In the United States more than 80 percent of the population calls itself Christian. In the past six months a new "evangelical" movement has spread throughout America to promote an awareness regarding the rights of the Christians under the threat of "Islamic Fundamentalism." To counter this effect, the Arab countries have also begun their own claims against the treatment of the Arab Christians, with an anti-Israeli flavor pointing to the fate of Palestinian Christians in territories administered by Israel. On October 25, The Oregonian Newspaper began a five-day series on the persecution of Christians around the globe. This week's feature article is adopted from The Oregonian articles. A week after this series was published the Evangelicals for the Middle East Understanding gathered in Washington D.C. to discuss "religious freedom and the future of Christianity in the Middle East." Within a few days President Clinton signed into law a legislation to punish any government that is shown to oppress its religious minorities- Christians in particular.
Interestingly, neither in The Oregonian articles nor during the conference held at Washington D.C.'s National Presbyterian Church were the Assyrians ever mentioned. Other than a quick reference to the Assyrian Church of the East as one of the Christian churches in the region and a convoluted discussion on the Chaldeans of Iraq, much of the topics discussed related to the plight of the Arab Christians, and Palestinians in particular. The Christians of the Middle East are once again victims of the non-Christian warlords in the region and the Christian powers in the West. The former is relentlessly utilizing the subject of religious persecution to win the favor of their friends in the West and the latter maneuvers the same chess pieces to sketch an anti-Islamic game plan. The non-Arab Moslems in the Middle East, namely Turkey and Iran, are no less interested in affecting the psyche of the Euro-American legislatures as they cater to their Christian minorities. While Turkey has so far failed miserably, Iran has unmasked a non-traditional visage of a moderately pro-western attitude (see NEWS DIGEST).
The annual Congress of the Assyrian Universal Alliance was held earlier this month in Tehran, Iran. It received much media coverage in Iran, by CNN, and the BBC. The Islamic government of Iran has praised its organizers and attendees for their courage to show the world of the Shiite government's attitude towards its Christian minority groups. Many Assyrians who participated at this year's Congress have now returned to their homes thousands of miles away from President Khatami's seat of power. Among them is our reader, Attorney Francis Sarguis, who following his recent visit to Iran began writing a series of revealing essays on his experiences at the Tehran Conference. The first of his several essays to be written for Zenda is included in this week's LITERATUS.
While Iranian President Khatami was delivering a speech at the opening ceremonies of the AUA Congress, at the EMEU conference in Washington, a representative of the Jordanian Embassy in Washington was inviting the attendees to gather at the banks of the River Jordan next year and celebrate the end of the second millennium "where Our Lord Jesus Christ was baptized." The burning question facing the Assyrian political and religious leaders remains: should the Assyrians in the Middle East heed the call of the new Crusaders in the west and begin a campaign to identify their concerns as an oppressed minority among 300 million Moslems, or in contrast to the Assyrian leaders of a century ago, should Assyrians remain loyal to the non-Christian governments of the Middle East and ignore the evangelicals and the legislators in Washington. The answer to this complicated question will determine the fate of this forgotten nation gasping for subsistence in the next century.
A NEW CRUSADE FOR THE 21st CENTURY
Around the world, Christians are being tortured, beaten, raped, imprisoned, enslaved, forced out of their homes and killed -- in large part because of what they believe. A Presbyterian pastor overlooks threats and builds the first Christian church in his region of Pakistan. A mob destroys the church. Masked men invade the pastor's home and stab him to death. A mob ransacked this church in rural Pakistan, where Christians have little recourse against such violence. A man leaves Islam to become a Christian. Egyptian secret police arrest him without a formal charge and torture him with an electric probe to make him inform them about other converts. A Roman Catholic boy in southern Sudan plays in the trees with his friends. Soldiers waging a holy war capture him and send him into slavery, where he is given an Islamic name and beaten with sticks by his master's wives.
In recent years, an increasingly active coalition led by evangelical
Christians, human rights organizations and Jewish opinion leaders
has brought to light the plight of Christians in countries where
they are vulnerable minorities. Through books, videos, sermons,
prayer circles and Internet discussion groups, this loosely bound
group has been alleging that in dozens of countries throughout
the world, Christians are increasingly victims of abuse, violence
and discrimination because of their faith. They call it persecution.
The issue made its way to the U.S. Congress this year with a proposed
bill that initially pitted evangelical organizations against mainstream
Protestant churches and social conservatives against a pro-business
lobby. But in the end, after five months of wrangling, a bill
emerged backed by a wide range of liberal and conservative religious
groups, from the Christian Coalition to the Episcopal Church and
the American Jewish Committee. The bill penalizes nations that
persecute based on religious beliefs.
Although the bill covers freedom of all religions, the focus is clearly on Christianity. When a pattern of persecution persists, the bill forces the president to take action.
It was a Jewish attorney and Washington, D.C., power broker who turned persecution of Christians into a political issue. Michael Horowitz says his awakening occurred in 1994, when he hired Geteneh Getanel, a Christian Ethiopian, to live in his home and do housework. The temporary domestic helper tried, unsuccessfully, to evangelize Horowitz, who describes himself as a "traditional conservative Jew." But in the process, Getanel recounted how he had been imprisoned for preaching in Africa, then tortured by having boiling oil poured on the soles of his feet as he was whipped by metal cables. Horowitz found an issue to champion. From 1981 to 1985, he had served as the Reagan administration's general counsel for the Office of Management and Budget. He then went on to become a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, a nonprofit think tank that analyzes public policy issues. He knew how to make things happen. Horowitz fired off letters to 143 missionary organizations across the country, saying he was "pained and puzzled" about their relative lack of interest in coming to the aid of fellow persecuted Christians around the world.
In 1996, Horowitz drafted "A Statement of Conscience," which was
adopted by the National Association of Evangelicals and the Southern
Baptist Convention, the country's largest Protestant denomination.
That and similar efforts laid the foundation for the bill Congress passed last month and signed into bill by President Clinton. A Jew had awakened American Christians to fight for their brethren in the Middle East and other parts of the world.
Congressional Representative, Frank Wolf, a Virginia Republican., who drafted an earlier version of the bill, says the legislation, which President Clinton signed into law, sends "a message of hope" to millions of people abroad. He says its power lies in creating a permanent mechanism requiring the State Department to focus on persecution in annual reports. In addition, a nine-member bipartisan commission, with appointments from Congress, will provide an outside, independent voice analyzing persecution. The president can waive sanctions for national interests or if he thinks they may create a backlash against religious minorities. While the bill creates an ongoing foreign policy initiative, churches have intensified their effort to highlight the persecution and pray for its end.
GOOD MORNING BET-NAHRAIN
MAR RAPHAEL II BIDAWID APPEALS TO CLINTON
(ZNDA: Baghdad) - "How can you agree to this genocide, have you
no conscience? No reason can warrant a similar attack on the life
of whole nation." That appeal, addressed to President Clinton,
was the dramatic highlight of an interview granted to the Roman
news agency Fides by the Patriarch Raphael I Bidawid, the Chaldean
Catholic leader from Baghdad. The Patriarch's emotional appeal
was in response to new threats of an American military strike
against Iraq. Most of Iraq's 22 million people are Muslims, but
there are also about 1 million Christians living in the country.
Of these, 80 percent are
Catholics. The majority of Iraq's Catholics are members of the Chaldean-Assyrian Catholic
Church. "We were horrified to hear there will be another war, another bombing," the Patriarch told Fides. He told the Roman agency, which is affiliated with the Vatican Congregation for Evangelization, that the people of Iraq have been suffering under and international embargo, and hoping that it would soon be lifted. "The embargo has crippled the population," he said; "most people live in miserable, unhealthy conditions from which there is no escape."
The Patriarch also reminded Fides of Pope John Paul II's desire to visit Iraq. Sources at the Vatican have indicated that a papal trip to the land of Abraham's birthplace is being considered for November 1999.
Adopted from an article by the Catholic World News daily email
Copyright 1998 Domus Enterprises
See this week's SURFERS CORNER for a complete translation of this interview.
IRAN'S KHATAMI ADDRESSES THE AUA CONGRESS IN TEHRAN
(ZNDA: Tehran) On November 2nd, President Mohammad Khatami of
Iran addressed the inaugural session of the 22nd Congress of the
Assyrian Universal Alliance, where he commented that Islam invites
all the followers of monotheistic religions to come together and
solve their differences based
on this commonality. Khatami expressed dismay about the wars and violence marking the 20th century, and expressed hope that the Year 2001 be a model year for peaceful coexistence amongst nations. Referring to the Islamic civilization as one with great achievements in sciences, philosophy and
arts, the president said that non-Muslims can also take credit for the formation of the Islamic civilization including the Assyrian people. Khatami stressed that differences amongst human beings should be resolved through dialogue, and added that the differences of opinions and thoughts should be welcomed as the facilitator of evolution and progress. "The meaning of dialogue amongst civilizations is to sit together and while relying on our commonalties, discuss our differences and use them for our evolution and progress,'' he said. Turning to the status of religions in Iran, Khatami said that the constitution specifically allows rights for followers of the four religions of Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. "Every Iranian in this system should enjoy dignity, rights, freedom and respect and the underlying principle for order is the constitution. "The Iranian president is not just that of Muslims. Rather, he belongs to and defends the rights of all the people living in this country. We want a developed
and independent Iran for all its citizens. A country which takes advantage of the achievements by all human beings to address the material and spiritual needs of the people,'' Khatami said. He further praised the Assyrians for having a considerable presence in the scientific centers of the world including those in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The AUA Congress was the second held in Tehran and was attended by Assyrian guests from 20 countries.
With Permission from Tehran Times and the Iranian National News
"In response to Joseph King's letter in the last issue of ZENDA wherein he urged support against Barbara Boxer as being "(f)or the sake of Christianity", all I can say is thank God we do not live in a Christian country (irony intended).
I know of Ms. Boxer only what I heard in the national press and the fact that she handily won the election is immaterial. However, this country thrives, leads the world and provides a haven and new homeland to many (including us or our parents) precisely because it safeguards the separation of church and State.
I will defend to the death Mr. King's right to voice his opinion and vote whichever way his conscience dictates, but I can not let go unchallenged (exercising my own right to a strong opinion), the threat to the democratic process such views represent."
Victor Kurish Oraham
Through the efforts of the Assyrian Democratic Movement (Zowaa)
and the hundreds of Assyrian instructors in northern Iraq the
basic courses in language, mathematics, and sciences, grades one
through six, are taught in Assyrian. This is truly a milestone
in the preservation of one of the most ancient languages of the
world. Sadly, the Kurdish administration in northern Iraq has
denied the request of the Assyrian groups in the Kurdish Parliament
to include an "Assyrian curriculum" through high school. Sources
for ZENDA explain that the Kurdish authorities favor adoption
of an Assyrian curriculum only at the expense of the Assyrian
community's education budget and not that of their Kurdish counterparts.
Such an excuse is unjustified when hundreds of millions of dollars
have already been transferred through the Non-Governmental Organizations
to support the Kurdish groups in northern Iraq. It must also
be noted that many Kurdish families favor the Assyrian schools
in northern Iraq for their own children. In January 1999 ZENDA
Magazine, with the support of other Assyrian organizations around
the world, will begin a global campaign entitled "Think Assyrian" to promote Assyrian literacy, arts, and history with an emphasis
on Assyrian studies in the Middle East. To join this campaign
or request more information, as individual or organization, contact
our staff at firstname.lastname@example.org before our kick-off day in January.
I wonder if you could help me with some information: Several years ago, I saw some copies of an Assyrian publication from Europe entitled "Nsibin". If it's still being published, might you send me the address (or e-mail address) so that I might subscribe. (Not being Assyrian, I can't read Assyrian publications, but can read Turkish and Kurdish, which Nsibin used.) Many thanks, and best wishes."
Forrest E. McMunn
Nsibin Magazine continues to publish in Turkish and Western Assyrian (using Latin alphabet). Some ZENDA articles can also be found translated in Turkish or Swedish as we encourage our journalist friends in Nsibin to disseminate our material to their non-English readers. To receive your copy of Nsibin write to:
P.O. Box 6042
151 06 Sodertalje
"Songs of Assyria celebrates it's 3rd anniversary. A decade in internet-years.
It was started in November 28, 1995. It was during finals when
someone showed me some stuff on this internet thing (still relatively
in it's infancy.) Immediately, like any Atoraya, the first thing
I typed in was "Assyrian." Firas Jatou, the pioneer, had his
"Assyria Online" page, one of the first Assyrian sites . I was
amazed, to see such information including the flag. I immediately
got an HTML book and a hand scanner and started on my quest to
share with the world the secret of learning our beautiful Syriac
language. The transliteration and the translation of the songs
were done with the help of my mom. Anyone can now learn, whether
they speak the language well or just barely have listening skills,
as I did. Songs of Assyria has been the target of 21,155 visitors. An average of 40-50
guests a day. To commemorate the anniversary, I have recorded
all the songs in their entirety in RealAudio format. Enjoy the
beautiful poetry of Ashur Sargis' "Jiptaa D Aanw'e", let the words
of Evin's "Seepaar Smooqtaa" pull the tears from you eyes (read
this song while the music is playing), close your eyes and imagine
our weddings back home with Robert Bet-Sayad's "Labaaltaa D Chaloo".
Imagine what's in our future, since in 3 short years, Assyria
Online has matured drastically, Nineveh Online stunned our community,
now atour.com redefined what internet means to the world and how
dependent we have become on
this medium. Needless to say, I did not fair very well in the finals, but shhhh, don't tell my mom.
Assyrian Screen Saver - 6,640 guests since July 11, 1997
Learning Aramaic Online - 14,881 guests since July 8, 1996
By 1898 the most important step in the revival of the Assyrian culture was the use of printing press in Urmia, Mosul, and Beirut. In this way Assyrian books, magazines, songs, prayers, news and information were printed and delivered from one corner of the Middle East to the farthest corners of India and Europe. The Assyrian Question was no longer an isolated issue discussed in the villages of Hakkari and the plains of Salamas. One hundred years later, the use of another medium of communication has given an even stronger boost to the progress of Assyrian cultural renaissance. The Internet has become the most important tool in reducing the level of isolation experienced as the Assyrian communities continue to physically become more distant and electronically more congested.
The courage, determination, and the vision of the young Assyrians who gave us our first websites, newsgroups, soundwaves, fonts, and electronic images has already cleared the straightest path onto the next major step in our continued struggle for survival.
ZENDA salutes these men and women of the Assyrian cybercommunity for their creativity, inspiration, and the vision of a new Assyria.
MAR BIDAWID'S INTERVIEW WITH FIDAS
Fides: Your Beatitude, what has been your reaction to this new threat of war?
Patriarch: We were horrified to hear there will be another war, another bombing attack, although limited to striking certain "strategic points" in Iraq. These points could turn out to be in fact some of the country's essential infrastructures, as it happened in 1990. We firmly protest with all our strength against this threat. Among the people there is great fear and disappointment: we were expecting a lifting, even partial, of the embargo which has punished the nation for eight long years.
Fides: What would you say to President Clinton?
Patriarch: I would ask him how he can do this. How can you agree to this genocide? Have you no conscience? No reason can warrant a similar attack on the life of whole nation."
Fides: What have been the consequences of the embargo?
Patriarch: The embargo has crippled the population; most people live in
miserable, unhealthy conditions from which there is no escape.
It is estimated that the lack of basic food and essential medicines
has caused the death of over 1 million Iraqi children. Because
of the embargo some 20,000 children continue to die every month,
either at home or in the hospitals. This is a tragedy, if not
a genocide, inadmissible in these "civilized" times of ours. If
this is the New World Order of which so much is said, then
we reject it.
Fides: The Holy Father would like to visit Iraq. Is this possible?
Patriarch: When I visited Rome last October, the Pope re-confirmed to me his desire-- not to say his determination-- to undertake a pilgrimage following the steps of Father Abraham, beginning at Ur of the Chaldeans. The Holy See's Secretariat of State is examining the possibility of a visit in November 1999. For our part, we are working to convince the government to extend an official invitation to the Pope to visit Iraq.
ASSYRIAN ACADEMIC SOCIETY ANNOUNCEMENTS
Lecture: Zmarta ou Sidra d-Z'maryatae (Songs and their Classifications)
Presented by Mr. Shlimon Bet-Shmuel- Mr. Bet-Shmuel is a well-known Assyrian composer and song writer whose infamous song, Semelle, commemorated the massacre of Assyrians in 1933. He studied Music and English Literature at the University of Tehran. His songs combine themes of romanticism, nationalism, and folklore in all compositions. In addition to writing favored titles such as, Zomeh O' Kozeh, Ashurina, O'rkha D'Nineveh and Arbo Ello, he has lectured widely on Assyrian Melodies and the influence of Assyrian music on Western Chants. Currently, his research focuses on the history and origin of Assyrian musical instruments. Related to this research is a new book that he has been working on. The book is tentatively titled, Musical Instruments in Ancient Mesopotamia.
The lecture will be held at 6:00 p.m., in Edens Banquet Hall on Sunday, November 29, 1998. Refreshments will be served. All are welcome.
Annual General Body Meeting & Elections
The Assyrian Academic Society will hold its Annual General Body Meeting and Elections of new officers for 1999 on Sunday, December 13, 1998 at the Assyrian National Council Office located at 2450 W. Peterson Ave., Chicago, (773) 262-5589. All are welcome.
Journal of the Assyrian Academic Society
JAAS, Volume XII, No. 1 January 1999 is hot off the press. For a peek into the table of contents for the January 1999 issue, please visit the AAS web site (Click Here).
To receive information about the Journal of the Assyrian Academic Society, please write to:
Assyrian Academic Society
JAAS, The Editor
P.O. Box 3541
Skokie, IL 60076
You may call and leave us a message at (773) 461-6633, or send
us an Email. Here is our address:
NEW PUBLICATION: ORTHODOXIA 2000
(ZNDA: London) The eleventh edition of the worldwide guide to
the recognized Eastern Christian Churches has just been published.
The directory includes names, addresses and biographical details
of the patriarchs and bishops of all the Orthodox Churches, the
Oriental Churches and Old Believer Churches, whether in their
homelands or in the emigration. It includes maps showing the location
of diocesan seats. The directory reflects recent changes in jurisdiction. The guide is compiled by Mgr Dr. Nikolaus Wyrwoll at the Ostkirchliches Institut in Regensburg in Germany. He welcomes corrections and additions to the directory from readers.
Available in the US from: Philip Tamoush <email@example.com>
Fax (310) 378-9245.
Rest of world: Nikolaus Wyrwoll
Tel: +49 0941 52301
Fax: +49 0941 52846
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
LECTURE ON ASSYRIAN MUSIC
"Zmarta ou Sidra d-Z'maryatae" (Songs and their Classifications)
Presented by Mr. Shlimon Bet-Shmuel
MIDDLE EASTERN STUDIES ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE
A Sample of Presentation Topics at MESA '98:
To Register Click Here
AAS GENERAL MEETING
The Assyrian Academic Society Annual General Body Meeting
NEW YEAR'S EVE PARTY
Assyrian Aid Society / Santa Clara Chapter
NEW YEAR'S EVE PARTY
1999 New Year's Eve Dinner Dance Party
NUZI & THE HURRIANS: FRAGMENTS OF A FORGOTTEN PAST
Hurrian settlements in Bet-Nahrain during mid-2nd millennium B.C. Hurrians settled between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers during the mid-second millennium B.C. The Pharaohs of Egypt sought marriage alliances with them and the Hittites feared them. More than 100 objects excavated by Harvard between 1927 & 1931
Harvard University's Semitic Museum
MEETINGS & CLASSES
1031 McHenry Ave. Suit # 18
|Conducted in Assyrian
Call (209) 578-5511
||7:30-9 PM||Assyrian American Assoc of San Jose
20000 Almaden Road
San Jose, California
|Young Assyrian Professionals in the SF Bay Area are invited to
ASSYRIAN SURFING POSTS
Links to Other Assyrian Websites
The Mosul Vilayet Project
Human Rights for Northern Iraq by AUA's John Nimrod
Assyrian Artifacts Under Threat in Iraq
Kurdish Parliament in Exile's Recognition of Assyrian-Armenian
PUMP UP THE VOLUME
||Capital of Iraq: knona d'Iraq|
||State of California: hooparkya d'California|
Cycles & Observances of the Eastern Assyrian Liturgical Calendars
St. Jacob of Sarug
AAC = Ancient Assyrian Church of the East
ACE = Assyrian Church of the East
CCC = Chaldean Catholic Church
MCC= Maronite Catholic Church
MOC = Malankara Orthodox Church
SCC = Syrian Catholic Church of Antioch
SKC = Syrian Knanaya Church
SOC = Syrian Orthodox Church
BACK TO THE FUTURE
The Kassites who lived on the east banks of the river Tigris began crossing this river and settling in southern Bet-Nahrain (Mesopotamia). One significant contribution of these people to Bet-Nahrain was their introduction of horses into Babylonia.
Babylonian Life and History, Budge
William Sarmas completes the first volume of his comprehensive Assyrian-Farsi dictionary. The second volume was completed in 1980. Both volumes were published by the Assyrian Youth Cultural Society (Seeta Sapreta) of Tehran.
Assyrian-Farsi Dictionary, Sarmas
The 30-year old Assyrian Universal Alliance was founded with abundant
fanfare and high-sounding promises. But for most of its history,
it has been the subject of derision, often quite justified. Critics
have described the AUA as "another
pint-sized group of Assyrians more preoccupied with pretentious titles than with substance." On the whole, I would say that history has failed to show AUA as any more relevant than the countless other organizations we are accustomed to see sprouting in our midst. But is the AUA about to make an important turn? When the AUA scheduled to hold its 22nd World Congress in Iran, it let other Assyrians know that they could use this as the opportunity for a visit to that country, a cradle of our heritage. I jumped at this opportunity, and I am grateful to AUA for enabling it. My primary motivation was to visit the villages of my parents' memory, though the trip turned out to be more than just that. In an imposing Conference Hall remindful of the U.N. General Assembly in New York, the AUA opened its 22nd Congress in Tehran on November 2. It couldn't have done it with more distinction. Before a jam-packed audience, the keynote speaker was the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ayatollah Khatami. Iran observers consider Khatami a progressive
cleric who seeks fuller contacts abroad, including with the U.S. Judging from his talk, he well fits the description of a moderate. The AUA opening ceremony was remarkable on two levels. First, for what was said by President Khatami.
Second, for the broader implications of such an event. President
Khatami's audience was overwhelmingly Assyrian, and his many positive
references to the contributions of the Assyrians and to the common
values shared by Christians and
Moslems alike predictably warmed our cockles. While he spoke in Farsi, headphones brought us a simultaneous translation. The atmosphere was electric, and one couldn't have asked for a more gracious overture. Hopefully, Zenda will soon receive a complete English transcript of the Khatami talk. When this occurs, it will be a service for you to convey its essence to your readers. But just as important is that Mr. Khatami's remarks were recorded by Irani media and subsequently disseminated throughout the country and beyond. CNN Asia offered up a 12-minute segment on prime time. Newspapers throughout Iran featured articles about the Assyrians. There was also coverage by BBC and one of the American networks. John Nimrod, head of AUA, rightly noted afterwards that this was an unprecedented event for our people.
I agree. It was surely an important morale booster to our diminishing
community in Iran. Potentially, it has broader implications.
When I consider the most noteworthy Assyrian "political" developments
of the past half century, I think of very few. I would point to
two of them in particular. First, there is the power-sharing arrangement
in Iraqi Kurdistan. Through the efforts of Zowaa and other activists
in north Iraq, Assyrians participate in a real and unprecedented
way in the administration of a 'homeland' area. How this will
eventually play out remains to be seen, but it is noteworthy that
the system has already endured several years. The second happening
I have in mind occurred November 2, in the Hall of the Organization
of the Islamic Conference. Assyrians in attendance could not help
but feel an unprecedented measure of pride, and perhaps even allow
for a glimmer of hope. President Khatami extended a welcoming
hand our people are unaccustomed to seeing from a head of state.
Much of the credit for this happening goes to John Nimrod, head
of AUA, and to Yonathan Bet-Kolia, head of the Assyrian Motwa
in Tehran and a peripatetic cell phone addict. Each of them has
his admirers and his critics. But whatever else may be said, together
they cobbled a momentous Opening day for the Conference. The resulting
goodwill and publicity about Assyrians represents an invaluable
and (for a change) credible resource. It remains to be seen whether
this can now be parlayed to the further benefit of our people.
Santa Barbara, California
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY
November 28, 1845: Sir Austin Layard, British archaeologist, discovers his first ancient tablets. Shortly after he discovers the remains of the ancient city of Nineveh.
Romrama in Melbourne
On Saturday, October 17, five Assyrians were recognized for their lifetime achievements by the Assyrian community of Melbourne, Australia. The Victorian Assyrian Community Inc. in conjunction with the Bet-Nahrain Cultural Club of Melbourne celebrated the accomplishments of Hannibal Alkhas (Iran) in painting and literature, Nimrod Simono (Iran) in linguistics, Professor Konstantin Matveev (Russia) in Assyrian history, Yosip Bet-Yosip (U.S.A) in poetry, and Ammo Baba (Iraq), the famed soccer player. A Nakosha Magazine's staff, Arabella Daniel writes the following:
"This evening was certainly an inspirational one as we heard and witnessed the many and varied achievements of these legendary individuals who through their deeds have enhanced, enlightened and uplifted every Assyrian's life around the globe. It was an inspiration and source of pride for all of us to acknowledge that members of our community could achieve such heights of excellence in spite of the many obstacles we face."
WELCOME TO ZENDA
This Week's Contributors:
in alphabetical order
|Dr. George Habash||United Kingdom||Good Morning Bet-Nahrain
|Nadia Joseph||Chicago, Illinois||Surfers Corner|
|Tony Khoshaba||Chicago, Illinois||Assyrian Surfing Posts|
|Andreas Schmidt||Germany||The Lighthouse
Thank You For Referring A Friend to ZENDA:
|Matay A. A. Arsan||Holland|
ZENDA Magazine is published every Monday. Views expressed in ZENDA do not necessarily represent those of the ZENDA editors, or any of our associated staff. This publication reserves the right, at its sole discretion, not to publish comments or articles previously printed in or submitted to other journals. ZENDA reserves the right to publish and republish your submission in any form or medium. All letters and messages require the name(s) of sender and/or author. All messages published in the SURFS UP! section must be in 500 words or less and bear the name of the author(s). Distribution of material featured in ZENDA is not restricted, but permission from ZENDA is required. This service is meant for the exchange of information, analyses and news. To subscribe, send e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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The Directory of ZENDA News Sources
ZNAA (Assyrian Academic Society-Chicago)
ZNAD (Assyrian Democratic Organization)
ZNAF (Agence France-Presse)
ZNAH (Al-Ahram Newspaper, London)
ZNAL (Al-Hayat, London)
ZNAI (Assyrian International News Agency)
ZNAK (American Kurdish
ZNAM (Archeology Magazine)
ZNAP (Associated Press International)
ZNBN (Bet-Nahrain Inc/ KBSV-TV "AssyriaVision")
ZNIF (Iraq Foundation)
ZNDA (Zenda: email@example.com)
ZNIN (Iraqi National Congress)
ZNLT (Los Angeles Times)
ZNMN (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNMW (Mideast Newswire)
ZNNQ (Nabu Quarterly)
ZNNV (Nineveh Magazine)
ZNNY: New York Times
ZNPR: Palestinian Review
ZNQA (Qala Atouraya- Moscow)
ZNSH (Shotapouta Newsletter)
ZNSJ (San Jose Mercury News)
ZNSM (Shufimafi Lebanese News)
ZNSO (Syrian Orthodox News "SOCNews")
ZNTM (Time Magazine)
ZNUP (United Press International)
ZNUS (US News & World Report)
ZNCW: Catholic World News