Volume V                    Issue 6
Adaar  29, 6748                                                                              March 29, 1999

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Happy Assyrian New Year 6749

"Animated Flower" by Adam Odisho

T H I S   W E E K  I N   Z E N D A

The Lighthouse Iran Diary- Part V:  "Tourists are Welcome!"
Good Morning Bet-Nahrain Saddam Sends Easter Greetings
News Digest Islamists on Trial for Murdering Egyptian Christians
Villanova University to Hold Symposium on Iraq
Surfs Up "I believe there must be two sides to the story"
Surfers Corner A Walk for the Assyrians in North Iraq
Ashur Bet-Sargis Fundraiser in Germany A Success
Message in the Bottle The Kamasutra Chemist
Assyrian Surfing Posts Nakosha Magazine: March 1999 Issue
Marthoma Church of the Ancient Syrian Church of Malabar
Assyrian MP3 Website- Music Samples
Assyrian Mall- "Arts & Crafts"
Hanna Hajjar's Assyrian Art
Pump up the Volume Internal & External
Back to the Future Cyrus of Susa & the Hail over Tur Abdin
Literatus For the People of Beth-Nahrin
This Week in History George Aprim Hoyen
Bravo The Magnificent Five
Calendar of Events Kha b'Neesan Celebrations in Chicago
Khudra March 1999

All blue links throughout this issue are hyperlinks to other sections on this page or featured websites.


Iran Diary, Part V

Mohammad Moezzodin is the Deputy Minister for Tourism, and one is  immediately put at ease by his understated manner. Like most Iranian officials, and perhaps like most Middle Eastern dignitaries, he telegraphs charm and though soft-spoken he garners the attention of his audience.

Moezzodin and his small retinue met with several members of the AUA group on our 5th day in Tehran, just hours before our departure for Urmia. He made himself available to answer any questions or to hear any suggestions concerning the prospect of future Assyrian visits. Although I am not a member nor was I a delegate of the AUA, the group graciously invited my attendance, along with a few others. We met in a compact conference room at the Laleh Hotel. We sat at a U-shaped table lavishly weighed down with bowls of fruits and small cakes, where we were served tea and coffee.

Mr. Moezzodin began by explaining that he is the cabinet-level person charged with tourism, and that President Khatami places great importance on this objective. The speaker pointed out that at this point in time, Iran offers 50,000 beds to tourists. (Since my return home, I have attended a conference in Las Vegas, and it is interesting to note that, in the midst of the Nevada desert, this city alone offers more tourist beds than all of Iran.)

Our speaker noted that ongoing construction will increase hotel accommodations  in his country. There are also efforts under way to improve the somewhat rudimentary intercity bus network. Iran has 30,000 villages and some 60,000 tinier burgs. Since the Revolution, electricity has been brought to 80% of these. What once was a 60% illiteracy rate has now been reduced to 20%, and 90% of the villages have schools.

We were informed that to date there are over one million known historical sites.  Archaeological digs continue to add to this impressive inventory. Unfortunately, only some 2,000 of these sites are properly showcased at this time. The road system needs a lot of attention, and there are no rest areas along the highways.

One of the exchanges with Minister Moezzodin illustrates the extent and also the limits of Iran's new spirit of accommodation. Soon after arriving in Iran, Emmanuel Oushana of our group had floated the idea that a memorial ought to be erected at Kohneshahr, where Mar Shimun Benjamin was assassinated in March 1918. At our meeting, this suggestion was put to Minister Moezzodin by Sargon Lewie (the current President of the Assyrian American National Federation):

"What about erecting a statue in the memory of Mar Shimun Benjamin at the location where he was killed?"

The minister nodded with approval, adding:

"We would welcome Assyrians putting up such a statue at the site of the tragedy, although this is a somewhat remote location. And why not also put up another statue at a second location where you will have more exposure? At such a site, you could also have a small adjacent museum or exhibition room explaining this event to viewers and tourists."

In other words, if Assyrians are serious about such a project, Iran will facilitate all procedures to make it possible. It goes without saying that, in view of the scarcity of public funds in Iran, for such a project to have legs it would have to be underwritten by those who seek it. Iran's support is encouraging but only symbolic; it remains an open question whether there is sufficient Assyrian resolve to pursue the matter.

The point was also raised that some of our church sites in Urmia are in dire need of rehabilitation, which would make them more suitable for visitors. Mr. Moezzodin referred to the tough financial situation and he added "Why not set up your own group in Urmia and conduct your own projects as you want. We will fully support you administratively."

John Nimrod, head of the AUA, offered the Iranian official several suggestions for enhancing visits by Assyrians. For example, Iran's embassies abroad should provide more information, and the rules of tourist entry should be more clearly explained; there should also be more illustrated materials available to potential visitors. Mr. Moezzodin agreed. One question related to return visits by Iranian-born Assyrians. The Minister's detailed answer indicated that males born in Iran and now wishing to visit their parents, even if they have not done military service, can receive papers from any Iranian embassy to enter the country for up to three months a year. There may be a small payment due if the individual is now beyond draft age.

It is clear that the government wants to encourage any possible investment from abroad, and it seeks to increase tourism. As we concluded, Mr. Moezzodin asked:

"Why don't you have an annual conference in Iran, comparable to the present AUA Congress?" To which he added:

"If Assyrians want to do an annual pilgrimage to their important places, they just need to set things up, and the government will assist administratively."

There is certainly no doubt that Iran is in dire straits economically. Oil exports amount to 80% of Iran's total income from exports, yet oil prices have plummeted well under $10 a barrel, and oil revenue has dropped 30% within the last 12 months. The country's annual inflation is a whopping 35%. While there is slight growth in the economy, population growth has soared along with the national debt. There is widespread unemployment, and a fearsome pace of urbanization. About all that can be said is that the situation is even more acute in the neighboring countries of Russia, Armenia, or Georgia.  This is hardly a comfort to the general population which does not see light at the end of the tunnel. In the case of our people there, it was noted by a Tehrani Assyrian that "those who are left are either too old to move out, or young and ready to go." Indeed, we met only a few who failed to profess eagerness or at least an interest in moving on.

In celebrating the one-year anniversary of his May 1987 upset election, President Khatami recalled that it represented "a victory for the rule of law, freedom of expression, and political liberties in Iranian society." While this should not be belittled, it must be remembered that Iranians are still experiencing human rights abuses, political executions, cases of torture and arbitrary imprisonment. And that's not to mention the Bahais, who continue to be the subject of invidious persecution. There is an ongoing tug in Iran between the so-called "conservatives" and "moderates", and the municipal election results in February appear to sustain the continued movement to the center.  Obviously, the odds for success by the voices of reason will be increased if the economy improves. While we were exposed only to the moderates and not to the hard-liners, we came away feeling that, finally, the country is stirring toward a better tomorrow.

Francis Sarguis

Mr. Sarguis is the English Language Editor of the Journal of the Assyrian Academic Studies.  To View Mr. Sarguis' related essays click here:   PART IPART IIPART III, & PART IV.



(ZNRU:  Baghdad)  According to the Iraqi newspaper al-Thawra, President Saddam Hussein sent Easter greetings to the Iraqi Christian communities and called for a united front against the United States and its "imperialist" policies as NATO air strikes against Yugoslavia continue.  Iraq has strongly condemned NATO's attacks which began last Wednesday.  The attacks have received wide coverage in Baghdad's official media.  Iraq is currently enjoying a respite in its confrontations with U.S. and British warplanes over two no-fly zones as NATO fighters pound Yugoslavia over Kosovo.  Baghdad believes that the lack of action in the skies over Bet-Nahrain is linked to the Moslem pilgrimage or Haj and the Eid al-Adha rather than a change in U.S. policy toward Iraq.  Eid al-Adha ends on Tuesday.



(ZNAF:  Cairo)  Fourteen members of the outlawed Jamma Islamiyaa in Egypt are to be brought to trial at Egypt's high state security court over the slaying of 14 policemen and Christians since 1997.  This militant Islamist group has launched a violent campaign against the Egyptian government since 1992, including bank and jewelry shop hold-ups, in which three policemen and 11 other people, including Coptic Christians, were killed.  Most of the attacks have occurred in the province of Minya, regarded
as a Jamaa stronghold, and several others provinces in southern Egypt.  No trial date has been fixed by the security court, whose verdicts cannot be appealed.  The Islamist violence -- which targeted mainly police, tourists and Coptic Christians -- has left some 1,370 people dead since 1992.


(ZNDA:  LSDJ)  The Center for Arab and Islamic Studies at Villanova University in Pennsylvania is organizing a symposium on the history, people, and politics of Iraq on April 9 and 10, 1999.  The purpose of this symposium is to provide a forum in which a group of leading scholars in Middle Eastern studies will undertake the task of addressing Iraqi history, civilization, and culture and assess future prospects for
Iraq and the region.  Among the speakers will be Rev. Sarhad Jammo, Ph.D., Vicar General of U.S. Chaldeans/Pontifical Oriental Institute in Rome.  The Symposium, to be held at the Connelly Center, is open to the public and free of charge. The following is a complete list of speakers and their topics:

Friday April 9

Welcoming Statement         (1:30-1:35 p.m.)
Dr. Sayed Omran, Director of the Center for Arab and Islamic Studies, Villanova University

Opening Remarks               (1:35-145 p.m.)
Rev. Kail Ellis, Ph.D., Dean of Arts and Sciences, Villanova University

Panel I.                             (1:15-2:30 p.m.)
History and Civilization;  Moderator: Dr. Thomas Ricks, Villanova University
"Ancient Mesopotamia, World Heritage under Threat," Dr. McGuire Gibson, University of Chicago
"Baghdad in the Golden Age: A Historical Tour," Dr. Shams Inati, Villanova University
"A Historical Overview of Modern Iraq, up to and including Saddam Regime," Dr. Hala Fattah,
        Royal Institute for Interfaith Studies

Panel II.                            (2:45-5:00 p.m.)
Cultural Dimensions;  Moderator: Dr. Sayed Omran, Villanova University
"Contemporary Iraqi Art, Illustrated with slides, Dr. Muhammad as-Sa'dun, Ohio State University
"Iraqi Literary Contributions," Dr. Hussein Kadhim, Dartmouth University
"The current State of Education in Iraq," speaker to be determined
"Performance of Urban Music in Baghdad: Space and Audience," Dr. Shahrazad Qasim Hasan, Nanterre
        University of Paris 10

Banquet                        (7:00-10:00 p.m.)
Iraqi food; music and singing by Iraqi Band; keynote Address by Rt. Rev. Thomas J. Gumbleton,
        Auxiliary Bishop, Arch-Diocese of Detroit

Saturday April 10

Panel III.                         (9:30 a.m.-12:00 a.m.)
Sanctions and Their Impact;  Moderator: Dr. William Werpehowski, Villanova University
"The Crisis of Deformity and Death," Dr. Asad Baker, University of Illinois at Chicago
"Ecological Decay, a Serious Consequence of the Sanctions," Ms. Rania Masri, North Carolina Ste Univ
"Sanctions and the Economy," Dr. Abbas al-Nasrawi, University of Vermont
"An  Eyewitness Account," Rev. G. Simon Harak, S.J., Ph.D. and Ms Kathy Kelly, Voices in the

Lunch                             (12:00-1:00 p.m.)

Panel IV.                         (1:00-2:30 p.m.)
Unity in Diversity;  Moderator: Dr. Samira Hajj, New York University
"The Iraqi Christian Community at a Cross Road," Rev. Sarhad Jammo, Ph.D.
"The Kurdish Issue," Dr. Edmund Gharib, American University
"The Iraqi Shi'ites, Background and Ideology," Dr. Joyce Wiley, University of South Carolina

Panel V.                          (2:45-4:15 p.m.)
Regional and International Politics;  Moderator: Dr. Hafeez Malik, Villanova University
"Water and Oil Never Mix except in Iraq," Dr. Atif Kubursi, McMaster University
"Iraq and the U.S.," Dr. Nasir Aruri, NorthEastern University
"Iraq in the Regional Context," Mr. Richard Curtis, Editor-in-Chief, Washington Post


"Shlomo Zenda-stars!!!  Every week you keep this nation alive!  Sagi Tawdi."

Matay A. Arsan

"In your report titled "ASSYRIANS PLAN A PARADE IN TURLOCK", you state that the parade "will welcome the year 6748"; the new year will be 6749, not 6748."

Peter Pnuel BetBasoo

"Hello You Hard-Working Assyrians,  Great job as usual.  A little correction: in the article titled
'ASSYRIANS PLAN A PARADE IN TURLOCK' the upcoming Assyrian new year is noted as 6748. It should be 6749.  May God bless you all."

Bellos Nisan

In the article reprinted from the Modesto Bee newspaper the new Assyrian year was noted as 6748.  ZENDA stands corrected for a lapse in amending this mistake.

"I was pleasantly surprised and delighted to learn about the charitable contribution that the Bet-Eil church has made towards some social and humanitarian causes.  It is quite unusual for an Assyrian church to "Give".  Every Assyrian church that I have attended is geared towards "taking in" rather than "giving".  The concept of giving is an alien one to the Assyrian churches.

Public welfare and social benevolence forms the corner stone of every western church. However, when it comes to Assyrian churches I am not aware of a single case where a church publicly puts out a report like Bet-Eil church has done to announce proudly their contribution towards alleviating the human suffering of
their people. It is simply not a common practice. Questioning the church's authority and demanding accountability is also not a common practice.  The church simply has a free hand to do any thing it wishes with the money that is donated to them.

My congratulations to Bet-Eil church for setting a noble example hoping that it would be emulated by other churches who are engaged in the execution of "Give and grab " policy than providing a helping hand to the people who have made the Assyrian church what it is, being Assyrian church of the East or
Catholic church.

Sargon Tomeh

"I recently read an article (Volume 5, issue 5) in your internet publication concerning two Assyrian brothers that were sentenced to prison for murdering a police officer in Fairfield, Australia. You had a link to the full article in the Sydney Morning Herald, but apparently it had been updated and the article is found somewhere in their archives. I know that the report was made by Amanda Phelan, but I don't have the date it was published in the SMH and it makes searching for this article in their archive quite tedious.
Information concerning the date it was published would be greatly appreciated.

I enjoy reading Zenda.......it represents one of the few Assyrian based publications available to Assyrians dispersed throughout the world.  Keep up the good work!!"

Ninef Zaya

"After reading what appeared to be a copy of the report on the outcome of the trial of the two Assyrian brothers in Australia, I tried to locate the story in the Sydney Morning Herald.  I could not find the report of the particular newspaper.

Not knowing the full details of the incident, and without excusing the action or the reaction of the two brothers, I wish to state my dissatisfaction of your style of reporting of such negative incidents, in this case relating to the tragedy that resulted in the destruction of two lives of two young Assyrians. I am not ignoring the fact that a life was wasted, but I believe there must be two sides to the story.

First of all we are dealing with a situation whereby the victim happened to be a police officer. From what I gather from your report he was off duty at the time. Regardless of that fact it is fare to assume that the justice system of Australia and the media would deal with the case in a somewhat prejudicial manner especially that the other side are of non-WASP origin.  The report of Zenda on its own gives the impression that the two brothers are savages and for no reason decided to attack and savagely murder an innocent person. I believe Zenda has a responsibility to investigate and report both sides of such incidents.
I believe if the victim was another Assyrian, not an Australian Police Officer, the verdict, as well as the Australian newspaper reporting of the story would have been totally different.  What I can't grasp is how a nationalistic Assyrian Newsletter like Zenda would report such an incident in such a negative manner, without doing its own journalist investigation.

In fairness to the two brothers, I believe Zenda has a duty to follow up with another report containing full details of the incident, not only from one source but from different sources. Background and character of the victim as well as the two Assyrian victims would be in order that the reader may draw his/her own conclusion."

Ninos Younan

On the evening of 17 April 1998, Officer Constable David Carty was stabbed to death by Mr. Gilbert Adam of Fairfield.  He and his brother are members of a gang.   According to Mr. Eddie Adam, an Assyrian youth worker, such gangs often get into fights with Maori groups and the notorious 5T Vietnamese gang.  On the night of his murder Officer Carty, unarmed and alone, was surrounded by one such group.  As he neared his personal car he was attacked and beaten by the members of this gang that included the Adam brothers.  The court report indicated that Officer Carty was partially scalped as he lay dying on the tarmac outside the pub.   The Adam brothers are from Iraq and having deserted the army had sought refuge in Australia.  In the past five years the population of the Assyrian community in Fairfield has increased from 7,000 to 15,000.  Mr. Eddie Adam explains that such problems are brought about by troubled young men who arrive as refugees from Iraq.  To view the Sydney Morning Herald articles please use the fee-based search engine of Fairfax Services (click here:  keyword ASSYRIAN).  ZENDA is not authorized to reprint such fee-based articles.

"Looking upon Assyrian organizations in diaspora from a neutral position, it appears that the Educated Assyrian Youth are not on the seen. The first things comes to the working mind are:  What are the reasons behind that?   Then, What are the solutions?   An important reason:

I think that was a reasonable question at the minimum. So lets involve on the reasons behind the disappearance of the Assyrian youth. Lets see, our children are raised in the environment of the west, starting from schools, social and the media in daily contact. Add to that they are the new generation of our people, and that basically also affects people any where at any time. It is very obvious they have different mentality in the relative period, it is new and advanced. It is clear that they, the Assyrian youth, do not feel that the current environment within our organizations in diaspora fit their capabilities. And does not give them the opportunity to implement their mental and physical capacity. They are concerned about the most important aspect which is the time. At the turn of this century, time is very important. We can see that very clear through our work environment, productivity is very crucial, therefore less time spend, the better progress and or profit for any organization. Our children are raised in such society that run fast and precise, relatively, to accomplish planned goals. Therefore, the time is very important and they are concerned about the idea of wasting it.

A solution:

Here it requires the current active members of the Assyrian organizations in diaspora to recognize that responsibility. Hence planning a transition in leadership from current generation to our youth. Creating the environment that convinces our youth, opening a training activities for our youth to resume the leadership. There is no such leadership acceptable for life in the advanced society. The method of dictating of how our youth should move is the killer of their ambitions as Future Assyrians. The thing that will encourage our youth to appear in the Assyrian organizations is the respect of current generation to their feelings and the way they express their believes, as Assyrians. They are new Assyrians in the west, but the most important is to keep them under the Assyrianism by trusting them, as young leaders. To foster this argument is that they are better aware and more knowledgeable of the conditions of life, in diaspora.

I hope I cleared one important corner of our problems in the west, the way I see it. Otherwise, my dear reader, what are the alternatives?"

Kaiser Shahbaz

"Shlama lokhoon!  Raba khdili iman muchikhli spar-zona diyyokhoon gu internet!

I'm a scholar researching Neo-Aramaic (Assyrian) dialects. I'm very interested in purchasing CDs with Assyrian music (including in Turoyo/Syriani and in Chaldean Aramaic). I've heard some of Ashur Sarguis
songs and was deeply impressed.  Please be kind to inform me how I can write to A. Sarguis and also other prominent singers in order to buy some of their works, especially CDs.  Pooshoon bishlama."

Yehezkel H. Mutzafi,
Tel Aviv University

To order your Assyrian music and videos please Click Here.  This is also an appropriate time for our staff to wish a Happy Passover celebration to the Assyrian-Jewish readers of our magazine in the Holy Land.  Israel boasts a community of over 14,000 Assyrian-speaking Jews who emigrated to the Holy Land from Iran, northern Iraq, and other Middle Eastern countries after the 1948 Independence of the State of Israel.



The Assyrian Aid Society, Santa Clara Chapter, is reminding you that this year's Human Race, a community fundraising event, is on our door steps. If you are interested in participating in any of the 5K, 10K walks, or the 10K timed run, please contact us so the appropriate registration and pledge form is delivered to you.

The Human Race

Cadence Design Systems
2655 Seely Ave
San Jose, Ca. 95134
(off Montague expressway, between Hwy 880 and North 1st. street)

When ?

Saturday, May 8, 1999
7:00 a.m.  registration
8:30 a.m. Run begins
8:45 a.m. Walk begins

This is a way for the entire family to participate, have fun and raise money to help Assyrians in north of Iraq at the same time.  For further info please e-mail Fred Aprim @ fred.babylon@worldnet.att.net
or call

Fouad Sada (408) 296-3456
Banipal Babella (408) 565-2970

thank you and God bless you.

The Assyrian Aid Society
Santa Clara Chapter- California


Since February of this year the popular Assyrian vocalist and entertainer, Ashur Bet Sargis, has been on a European promotional tour of his new compact disc and raising funds for the educational efforts underway in northern Iraq.  On the German leg of his tour he appeared in two concerts. The first one was organized on March 6th in Eltville (a city near Wiesbaden) and his second concert was held on March 20th in Gütersloh.  Both concerts were organized and promoted by the Assyrian Aid Society in Germany for the benefit of the Assyrian schools in North Iraq, in particular the Nsibin School.  It must be noted that the attending Assyrian students, upto the 7th grade, have been taught their regular courses in the Assyrian language since September 1998.

Ms. Adrin Takhsh from Berlin, hosted both concerts in German and Assyrian (eastern dialect) languages.  The programs began at 8:00 pm with short introductory statements about the Assyrian Aid and Social Society's work in North Iraq.   Mr. Andraus, a member of the AAS in  Gütersloh, talked about the AASS and its work in North Iraq in the western Assyrian dialect.

Ashur Bet Sargis began his concerts with a national song, after which he shared an emotionally moving poem with his fans.  His songs entertained the audience until 2:00 am.   Each concerts were attended by nearly 400 fans at each of the two German cities!

The AAS-Germany wishes to thank every Assyrian who attended these concerts and supported our people in this way, and also thank Ashur Bet Sargis for his music, his engaging concerts, and the financial contributions he made to our organization and the AAS efforts in northern Iraq.  Thank you all!!!

Assyrian Aid Society in Germany


Do you know how many liters of a 0.5M NaOH solution needs to be put in a 1.0g of HCl to neutralize?  Peter does!  He's the one wearing the white jacket.  Peter is a science major at University of California, Irvine.  He likes astronomy, O-chem, skiing, Spanish, and Bart Simpson.  He also likes to give a few pointers about Kamasutra and Marx!!!  This picture was recently taken from a ski trip at Mammoth Mountain.  Peter's tranquil world of planets and octahedral symmetry in Southern California can be disturbed at malkovin@aol.com .

Links to Other Assyrian Websites

Nakosha Magazine: March 1999 Issue
Marthoma Church of the Ancient Syrian Church of Malabar
Assyrian MP3 Website- Music Samples
Assyrian Mall- "Arts & Crafts"
Hanna Hajjar's Assyrian Art


 External Affairs:  as/soo/re bar/ra/ye
 Internal Injury:  dar/ba ga/we/ta (fem)


BC (640's)

King Ashurbanipal sacks the Elamite city of Susa (Shoosh) in western Iran (ancient Persia).  After the fall of Susa, a certain ruler whose names appears as Kurush (Cyrus) of Parsumash is obliged to send his son, Arukku, as a hostage to Nineveh.  This was designed to deter any thoughts of future Elamite attacks on Nineveh.  Cyrus of Parsumash may have been a direct ancestor of Kurushe Kabeer (Cyrus the Great) who five decades later captured the city of Babylon and ended the Assyro-Babylonian rule in Bet-Nahrain.

Anshan & Parsa:  Early Achamenid History, Stronach

AD (560)

Several years of heavy hail destroys the agricultural livelihood and the economy of Tur Abdin.  The inhabitants are forced to emigrate to the plains.  Two decades later the weakened Tur Abdin region is raided by the Persians and the famous Qartmin Abbey is burned down.

Monk & Mason on the Tigris Frontier, Palmer



Weakness has us occupied
  no more power or love
Among us exists
  only darkness of death
  by cruel diseases and
  murderers visiting our houses
    while living and praying
    for a life of mercy

An aunt's husband newly taken
A dear man shot by people
  of no heart
We still awaken
crying and bleeding
  memories passing through
  happiness stolen from us
    while being together
    thinking life is forever

How wrong
attacked, murdered,
raped, plundered
our people they did
Still powerless we live
Eyes closed
Mouth kept shut
Ears hearing music

They don't believe us
proof they won't take
bodies thrown all over
blood and bullets
  in many places
    A sorrow of no end
    Politicians denying our fate
    Help can't be reached

Our land conquered forever
Our name and honour worth nothing
Our  people needing us
Deeds keep shadows still
  trembling by fear
Speechless about the massacres
  right under our noses

Denial is easy
Minority or majority
  no difference
still our people are less and less
  by number
Every day new huntings begin
  by the people of no heart

Sevim Oktay

This poem was first published in the official website of the Assyrian Democratic Organization.  Sevim Oktay is an Assyrian student at Linköpings University in southern Sweden.


March 30, 1966:  Assyrian musician, George Aprim Hoyen, receives the highest medal of honor from the President of Finland for his contribution to music and arts.



Last Friday evening, several Assyrian poets gathered at the Assyrian American Civic Club of Turlock and presented a wonderful evening to the local community.  The audience was treated to the voices of five very accomplished Assyrian poets and authors.  They read selections from their work with all the passion and vigor that must have gone into the writing of these significant literary works of modern Assyrian literature.  The featured poets were:

The Assyrian history was beautifully outlined in poetic verses; topics covering the Assyrian tragedies, martyrdom, journeys throughout the world, the impact of the Assyrians on humanity, and of course love.

The Assyrian American Civic Club of Turlock presented each of the five Assyrian poets with a plaque and acknowledged their contribution to the modern Assyrian literature and culture.  The program was warmly received by the attendees.

Reprinted and edited for ZENDA with the permission of Nineveh Online.  Original story written by Eva Saffar.


Feb 6 - May 5

A presentation of 140 artifacts excavated in the 1920's by Sir Leonard Woolley at the 5000-year-old Sumerian site.
Frank H. McClung Museum

Apr 4

Assyrian American Association
Two Assyrian Poets & Performaces by the Gilgamesh Dance Group
8:00 PM
1618 West Devon Avenue

Apr 4

Easter Sunday
3 PM at Donnelly Park

Apr 4

Parade begins at Peterson and Western Ave. (King Sargon Blvd.) 
and ends at Warren park, near Peterson and Pratt Ave. 
2:00 PM

Apr 4

Hanging Gardens (formerly 13 Colonies) 
8305 W. Belmont Ave. in River Grove 
Performers: Sargon Gabriel and Fatin Shabo 
Donation: $25 w/dinner and $15 w/o dinner 
7:00 PM

Apr 8

An Exhibit of Sources for the Study of the Assyrians in the past 200 years
Middle Eastern Division 
Widener Library

Apr 9-10

The Center for Arab and Islamic Studies at Villanova University in 
Open to public & free of charge 
Banquet costs:  Single, $35; couple, $60; student, $15. 
Reservations for the banquet must be made no later than March 20
Contact the Dept of Arab and Islamic Studies, Dr. Inati (610) 519-7301
Reviewed in the NEWS DIGEST section of ZENDA Issue 99-6

Apr 10

Assyrian American Association of San Jose 
Ladies Auxiliary Committee
10:00 AM
20000 Almaden Road
Ticket price:  $10.00
Please join us for a complete Assyrian breakfast served with Champagne and juice under the shady trees and umbrellas in the beautiful country setting of our Shotapoota.

Apr 24

Assyrian Students Association of California State University, Stanislaus 
Assyrian American Civic Club in Turlock 
Featuring Ashor Farhadi and the Generation X Band 
Tickets:  $20 per person/$25 per person at the door (includeS dinner) 

All proceeds from this evening's party go to the Narsai David Scholarship 
Fund benefiting Assyrian students at California State University, Stanislaus. 

For ticket information:         Elki Issa at  (209) 667-3507  Day 
                                                           (209) 537-9651 Evenings 
                                   Jouliet David at  (209) 667-3736

May 8

A Fundraising Event Help Assyrians in North of Iraq
The Assyrian Aid Society, Santa Clara Chapter
If interested in participating in any of the 5K, 10K walks, or the 10K timed run, please contact us so the appropriate registration and pledge form is delivered to you. 
Cadence Design Systems
2655 Seely Ave 
(off Montague expressway, between Hwy 880 and North 1st. street)
7:00 AM  Registration
8:30 AM  Run begins
8:45 AM Walk begins
For further info e-mail Fred Aprim at fred.babylon@worldnet.att.net
or Fouad Sada (408) 296-3456 & Banipal Babella (408) 565-2970

Jan 28,

Divine Liturgy in the Eastern Assyrian Rite (Chaldean and Malabarese)
Basilica of St Cecilia in Trastevere

New Releases of Books,Artwork, CD's, & Magazines

Assyrian Friezes and Slabs 
Orlandi Statuary
Assyrian Horsemen
Assyrian Hunting Scene Frieze
Assyrian Dying Lioness
224 West Park Street
Edwardsville, Illinois  62025
(618)-692-6775 Fax


 Internet Class for Assyrians
7-8 PM
Quick Internet of Modesto
1031 McHenry Ave. Suit # 18 
Modesto, California
Conducted in Assyrian 
Provided by Nineveh Online
Call (209) 578-5511 
Click Here
Aanya Meetings
7:30-9 PM
Assyrian American Assoc of San Jose
20000 Almaden Road 
San Jose, California
Young Adult Assyrians in the SF Bay Area are invited to join 
Call 408-927-9100 
Computer Skills Class
10 AM-1 PM
Victoria, Australia
235/237 Sussex St. 
Nth Coburg
The basics of computer use from fiirst time users to more advanced 
Contact 9344 4791 for detail

Cycles & Observances of the Middle Eastern Christian & Assyrian Liturgical Calendars

 4th Sunday of the Great Fast
Sunday of the Canaanite Woman
Feast of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste
Forty Martyrs
 Feast of the Holy Cross;  Feast of King Abgar
5th Sunday of the Great Fast 
Sunday of the Hunch-back Woman
 Memory of Mor Osthatheose Sleebo 
Feast of the Cross
6th Sunday of the Great Fast
Sunday of the Healing of the Blind Man
Memory of H.E. Mor Yulius Gheevarghese
Annunciation of the Virgin Mary
Suboro, Annunciation to the Mother of God
The Fortieth Friday 
The Raising of La'zar (Lazarus)
Feast of Hosannas
Oosh'ane (Palm Sunday)
Naheere (Lights)- Based on the Parable of 10 Vigins
 Commemoration of the Virgin St. Mary

AAC = Ancient Assyrian Church of the East
ACE = Assyrian Church of the East
CCC = Chaldean Catholic Church
COP = Coptic Church
MCC= Maronite Catholic Church
MSO = Malankara Syrian Orthodox Church
SCC = Syrian Catholic Church of Antioch
SKC = Syrian Knanaya Church
SOC = Syrian Orthodox Church


 University of Alabama
University of Pacific

This Week's Contributors:
in alphabetical order

David Chibo Australia Assyrian Surfing Posts
Albert Gabrial California Bravo
Adrin Takhsh Germany Surfers Corner
Eddie Williams Chicago Calendar of Events

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Robert Zaya  California

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