Z I N D A M A G A Z I N E
|Khzeeran 13, 6750 Volume VI Issue 13 June 13, 2000|
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|The Lighthouse||Being a Son of Assyrian Parents|
|Good Morning Bet-Nahrain||American Ambassador Visits Tur-Abdin|
|News Digest||Ancient Israelite Royalty Remains Found in Bet-Nahrain|
|Surfs Up||"Thank you..."|
|Surfers Corner||Salome Fast in Syriac at Lincoln Center Festival
Lecture: "Authority Within Church of the East"
Invitation to the Unveiling of the Summuramut Monument
67th Annual Assyrian American National Federation
Thea Halo to Discuss 20th Century's First Holocaust
|Assyrian Surfing Posts||Peshitta New Testament in Aramaic/English Interlinear
Nakosha Magazine's June 2000 Issue
Music of Addo Rhawi
|Literatus||Why Are You Crying?|
|Bravo||Mar Bawai Soro|
|Pump Up the Volume||Wisdom & Understanding|
|Back to the Future||The Arameans & al-Qousour Church|
|This Week in History||The French Lazarists Arrive in Urmia|
|Calendar of Events||June-September 2000|
All blue links throughout this issue are hyperlinks to other sections on this page or featured websites.
BEING A SON OF ASSYRIAN PARENTS
My dad and mom were proud to be Assyrians and they came to this country to become Americans, which they both were proud to be. My dad came in 1905 and my mother in 1922. This was when the Turks drove out our people. In fact, they killed my grandfather- my dad's father.
Arriving in America, my dad worked in hotels in Chicago for one dollar a day. After five years he enlisted in the U.S. Army for some ten years. When he finally had enough he returned to Gary, Indiana and carried mail for one year. His ears got frostbitten and he had enough to return to San Francisco, as he was stationed here during one year of his army life. The weather here was much better than Chicago. He was lucky and got reinstated in the Post Office and retired in 1955.
Wheat I can say about being the only son of these two wonderful great parents: they were good Assyrians, kept their language and religion and most of all enjoyed becoming citizens of the U.S.
My wife is of Assyrian heritage also and is also a product of her parents. We both speak the language and one of our daughters does also. There are not too many Assyrians in San Francisco now, rather in Turlock and San Jose there are quite a few.
My dad was in the Army for ten years and worked for the Postal Service for some thirty four years. Together between the Army and the Postal Service he had some forty four years of service.
When my dad left the Army he had attained the rank of Sergeant and upon his passing he was given full military burial at the Veterans Cemetery in San Bruno, California, which is some ten miles from San Francisco.
I am very proud of my dad who came to this country at a young age, enlisted in the Army and worked for the government. He used to say what a great country we live in, even when I pass away they will bury me. My mom is also along side him.
My mom was a school teacher in the old country and she was from Gutapa*. She came to this country with her mother; her older brother was already here in San Francisco. My dad met her here in San Francisco through her brother, John Shimmon. John and my dad went to school together in Urmia and that is how he came to meet my mother.
Gilbert L. Solomon
*a village in Urmia, Iran
In August 1999 Zinda Magazine received a collection of
articles and letters entitled "The Assyrian Diaspora: A Family History".
This was the magnificent work of Edward A. and Irene Kliszus, avid Zinda Magazine
readers, who had tirelessly amassed an incredible amount of information on "Assyria
and Assyrians" for their grandchildren. Edward and Irene write: "When
our grandchildren asked us about our backgrounds for a genealogy project at
their schools, we realized we knew almost nothing about our parents' lives before
they emigrated to America." Mr. Gilbert Solomon's letter is only
one of the many interesting pieces of the "Aurahan-Yohannan" family history
puzzle. Zinda Magazine thanks Edward and Irene for sharing this beautiful
gift with us.
GOOD MORNING BET-NAHRAIN
AMERICAN AMBASSADOR VISITS TUR-ABDIN
(ZNDA: Tur-Abdin) The American Ambassador to Turkey, Mark Parris, visited Mor Gabriel Monastery near Midyat, Turkey on the first day of June. A large Turkish press was present when several participants inquired about the return of the Syriac-Assyrian people to Tur-Abdin. The issue of the emigration of this small Christian community in south-east Turkey has become a serious concern as the government of Turkey continues to move its Kurdish citizens into Christian villages. There has been no compensation nor plan to move out what locals often refer to as the "squatters". Mr. Parris was also asked about the educational needs of the Christians in Turkey. His Eminence Mor Timotheos Samuel Aktas, the Syrian Orthodox Church's Archbishop of Turabin, told the Ambassador that unless the Syriac language can officially be taught the Church will disappear in Turkey.
Report compiled by Fr. Dale A. Johnson (Bar Yohanon) in Tur-Abdin
ANCIENT ISRAELI ROYALTY REMAINS FOUND IN BET-NAHRAIN
Article by David Keys of the Independent Newspaper, London (30 May 2000)
(ZNIN: London) Two skeletons of two princesses from Jerusalem who married the Assyrian monarchs have been identified by Dr Stephanie Dalley, an Oxford historian, as the only human remains of the ancient Israelite royal family. The bones are believed to be in storage in Baghdad Museum in Iraq. The skeletons probably belonged to the daughters of the Biblical kings Uzziah and Jotham.
They were rulers in the 8th century BC of the more southerly of the two ancient Israelite states, the Kingdom of Judah, which was ruled from Jerusalem. Although the skeletons were unearthed in Iraq 12 years ago, the full academic publication of them – and the spectacular gold treasures found with them – took place only last year. It is only in recent weeks that research by Dr Dalley – a leading authority on the ancient Middle East and the author of a recent book on the region, The Legacy of Mesopotamia – has begun to reveal the Israelite identities of the two individuals.
The key pieces of evidence are the names of the two princesses, Yabaa and Atal-ya. Dr Dalley realized that both names were almost certainly Hebrew. Language experts believe that Yabaa probably means "He [the Lord] brings forth," while Atal-ya almost certainly means "Yaweh [God] is exalted." The latter name, sometimes spelt "Atalia," occurs in the Bible as the name of a queen of Judah who had lived several generations before the lifetime of the Atal-ya unearthed in Iraq.
The skeletons were buried in the same stone coffin in the same tomb in the ancient Assyrian capital, Nimrud. Found lying next to them were a gold bowl, a rock crystal jar and an electron mirror, all bearing inscriptions that read "belonging to Atal-ya, Queen of Sargon, King of Assyria".
The two queens were interred with a spectacular treasure – 157 precious items including 79 gold earrings, 30 gold finger-rings, 15 gold plates, bowls and flasks, six gold neck-rings, four gold arm-rings, four gold foot-rings, two diadems and a crown.
“Thank you so much for your wonderful support.”
Author of "Not Even My Name"
SALOME FAST IN SYRIAC @ LINCOLN CENTER FESTIVAL 2000
ASKO AND SCHÖNBERG ENSEMBLES
Alice Tully Hall
Wednesday, July 12 at 8 p.m.
Soon after its arrival in 1928, the Ondes Martenot displaced the Theremin as the electronic instrument of choice for the classical concert hall. Messiaen's Trois petites Liturgies de la presence divine, a signature work of this exotic instrument, will be performed by noteworthy Messiaen interpreters: pianist Peter Serkin, French Ondist Valérie Hartmann-Claverie, and conductor Reinbert de Leeuw leading two Dutch ensembles and the Vox Vocal Ensemble, all specialists in their interpretations of 20th-century music. Also featured will be the classic Varèse musique concrete work, Déserts, and the U.S. premiere of Salome Fast by Dutch-based American composer Ron Ford.
Edgard Varèse: Déserts
Ron Ford: Salome Fast (U.S. Premiere)
Narrator: Naurez Atto
Olivier Messiaen: Trois petites
liturgies de la Présence Divine (Three short liturgies of the Divine
Women of the Vox Vocal Ensemble, George Steel, Director
Peter Serkin, piano soloist
Valérie Hartmann-Claverie, Ondes Martenot
About Salome Fast
Salome Fast, for small ensemble and reciting voice, was written for Amsterdam’s Asko Ensemble, and was premiered in Amsterdam in 1996. The music is composer Ron Ford’s interpretation of Hugo von Hofmannsthal’s libretto for Richard Strauss’s opera, Salome, with Aramaic text taken from the Bible and with Salome as the work’s narrator.
The short work is fast-paced and
includes a virtuosic percussion part for vibraphone, marimba, xylophone,
two roto-toms, and güiro. The reciting voice is amplified and, with
loudspeakers placed near the performer, becomes gradually distorted. When
the work premiered at the Concertgebouw’s Klein Zaal last year, Der Telegraaf
wrote that Salome Fast is a "virtuoso piece which carries an excitingly
direct musical charge." The character of Salome "is embodied in rapid
figures, while John the Baptist, her opposite role in the opera, holds his own with resounding wind chorales." Salome begins her narration halfway through Ford’s piece and by the end has "become a screaming witch who succumbs in a theatrical percussive explosion."
For more information: click
The Assyrian Academic Society in conjunction with Assyrian National Council of Illinois proudly sponsor a lecture entitled:
Presented by: Rev. Gewargis Toma, Ph. D., Assyrian Church of the East.
In his presentation, Rev. Gewargis Toma will trace the source of authority within the church to the time of Aron and his sons. He will discuss how spiritual authority was handed down through the Apostolic Succession from Jesus Christ and the Holy Apostles to the present Bishops of the church. The Patriarch of the Church of the East, at one time, was considered to be the spiritual and national leader of the Assyrian nation. To support his analysis, Dr. Toma will convey important information that he collected from civic and religious leaders regarding the source of authority. Through this engaging lecture, Dr. Toma will explain how faith, experience, knowledge, and sacrifices could have led individuals to become religious and civic leaders within the Assyrian nation.
Rev. Gewargis Toma received his Ph.D. in Ministry from Hartford Seminary in 1998 (Hartford, Connecticut). He earned a Masters Degree in Theology from the Holy Apostles College and Seminary in 1993 (Cromwell, Connecticut). Dr. Toma has served in numerous professional and religious capacities for the Assyrian Church of the East. He is a member of the Mixed Committee for Theological Dialogue between the Roman Catholic Church and the Assyrian Church of the East. He has taught classes on Membership Development and Bible Study. Dr. Toma is the current advisor for the Assyrian Youth Association.
Date: Sunday, June 25, 2000
Location: Assyrian National Council office, 2450 W. Peterson, Chicago, IL 60645
Time: 5:30 p.m.
For more information, contact the
AAS at: email@example.com.
firstname.lastname@example.org: (773) 461-6633.
This notice is aimed at all those people who consider themselves descendants of the culture in the region called Mesopotamia, who would like to work at promoting that heritage. We ask you to attend this year's Labor Day Assyrian American National Federation convention, in Chicago, to help form a new organization whose task will be to:
1. Develop an interest in our heritage among young children.
2. Generate greater awareness of our history, culture, presence and current status in the world today among the general public.
3. Contemplate steps to promote our survival in the Near East and elsewhere
An added benefit of attending this year's convention will be the opportunity to participate in the unveiling ceremony of the monument of Summuramut, the Chaldean princess who became Queen of Assyria from 805 to 800 BC. She was, perhaps, the first woman to rule an empire in her own right. She is the historical basis for our legendary Shumirun, whom the Greeks called Semiramis.
Twelve years in the making and spanning two continents, the bronze statues of the queen and her lioness, will be installed near the Oriental Institute, on the campus of the University of Chicago. The unveiling ceremony is set for Saturday, September 2, from 5:00 to 7: PM. Afterwards there will be a private reception for those who’ve supported the monuments of Ashurbanipal, Summuramut and Hammurabi. Those interested in participating in the formation of the new organization will also be welcome. We look forward to meeting, sharing ideas and setting an agenda for our first year.
Anyone interested in further information may call (707) 963-5620.
Sammurammat, Semiramis, or Shamiram was the wife
of the Assyrian king, Shamshi-Adad V (824-810), and the mother of Adad-Nirari
III (809-782), both monarchs of the Assyrian kingdom. After
the death of her husband, Semiramis ruled the Assyrian kingdom for five
years until her son reached adulthood and ascended upon his mother's throne.
Semiramis is credited with the building of the city of Babylon and the
conquest of Egypt and India.
The 67th Annual Assyrian National Convention will be held in Chicago, Illinois. Starting Wednesday August 30, ending Monday September 4th, 2000. Updated information will be added to the Assyrian American National Federation's web site as it becomes available.
Assyrian American National Federation
1 June 2000
Special to The New York Times Public Lives
(ZNDA: New York) Almost three Million of Turkey’s Christian population, Armenians, Pontic Greeks and Assyrians, were annihilated by Turkey during and after World War 1.
Thea Halo, who recently authored Not Even My Name, joins with Amnesty International-NYC and Barnes & Noble Booksellers Friday evening, June 30th, to discuss her family's forced death march to exile 80 years ago.
This is the fifth in a series of Human Rights Forums co-sponsored by Amnesty International and Barnes & Noble Booksellers. Ms. Halo will appear Friday evening, June 30th, at 7:30 PM in the upstairs lounge of the 4 Astor Place Barnes & Noble Bookstore. At age ten, Sano "Themia" Halo, Thea's Mother, was exiled from her mountainous home near the Black Sea and sent on a death march that led to the extermination of her family.
Stripped of everyone and everything she had ever held dear: family, home and country, even her name, Sano was then sold into marriage to an [Assyrian] man three times her age who brought her to America. Thea will also discuss how she felt as she retraced her mother's footsteps, 70 years later, when she and her mother made a pilgrimage to Turkey in search of Sano’s lost home.
As part of the program, Amnesty International will briefly highlight their world-wide effort to stop children from being forced to serve as soldiers by more than a dozen governments around the globe. Many nations recruit, induct & arm children as young as ten-years old to fight their guerilla wars.
NYC 26 Broadway
Links to Other Assyrian Websites
Peshitta New Testament
in Aramaic/English Interlinear Format
A Concordance to the Bible in the Official Language of the Assyrian Churches
Magazine's June 2000 Issue
Requires Acrobat Reader
of Addo Rhawi
Step into Addo's brave new world!
WHY ARE YOU CRYING?
The Babylonian parents sometimes tried the following words
to calm their fretting and crying babies:
Little one who dwelled in the dark chamber*
You really did come out here, you have seen the sunlight.
Why are you then crying? Why are you then fretting?
Why did you not cry in there?
You have disturbed the household god,
the bison-monster is astir, saying:
"Who disturbed me? Who startled me?"
The little one disturbed you, the little one startled you.
Like wine tipplers, like a barmaid's child**,
Let sleep fall upon him!
From Distant Days, Myths, Tales and Poetry of Ancient Mesopotamia by Benjamin Foster
*a metaphor for the womb
**a reference to the expected alcoholic intake of a child nursed by a woman of bibulous habits and the child's resulting stupor.
MAR BAWAI SORO
Mar Bawai Soro, a bishop of the Assyrian Church of the East, is completing his doctorate degree in theology this year and the staff of the Light Newsletter of San Francisco's Mar Narsai's Parish recently conducted an interview with His Grace. Mar Bawai’s doctorate dissertation focuses on the Assyrian Church of the East’s historical theology. His Grace discusses four major aspects of Assyrian history and Christian theology. These include:
1. The contribution of the ancient pre-Christian Assyrian Religion to Judaism and Christianity, especially, the influence on the writings of the Books of the Old Testament. His findings are mainly based on important archaeological findings and anthropological/theological studies.
2. The very early spread and gradual formation of Apostolic Christianity that the missionaries from Jerusalem brought to Mesopotamia, especially to Assyria Proper, based on ancient historical records and Church of the East manuscripts.
3. The genesis and genius of theological thought and contribution of the early Church of the East fathers (the first five centuries), both the Mesopotamian (i.e. Mar Aphrahat, Mar Ephrem, and Mar Narsai), and the Antiochean (i.e. Mor Diodore, Mor Theodore, and Mor Nestorius).
4. With these important three aspects in mind, the dissertation will then treat the significance of the history and theology of the Assyrian Church in relation to the contemporary socio-ecclesial situation in which the Assyrians as a church and a nation enter the 21st century.
His Grace’s plan is to publicly defend this thesis in Rome at St. Thomas Pontifical University (the Angelicum) sometime in early next year. After defending and publishing his thesis, he will earn a Doctorate in Theology (PhD).
Mar Bawai is also scheduled to fly to Washington, D.C. to present a theological paper at the Catholic University of America about the theology of Holy Qurbana in the Assyrian Church of the East.
In August, His Grace Mar Bawai is invited to present a theological paper for the International Congress of the Ecumenical Society of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which will be held this year at Oxford University. In September, His Grace Mar Bawai is invited by the United Nations (UNESCO) to present another paper at Tashkent Islamic University (in the Republic of Uzbekistan) on the history of the Assyrian Church of the East and its contribution to the promotion of civilization along the Silk Road in the first Millennium.
BACK TO THE FUTURE
Assyrians encounter a Semitic people which they initially referred to as Ahlamu - the new troops - and later Aramu - the Arameans. These were successfully kept away from Babylon and Nineveh until 1050 B.C. However, after this time they gradually established themselves in Bet-Nahrain and formed an increasingly greater portion of the Mesopotamian population.
The Ancient Orient, von Soden
The al-Qousour Church, a church building belonging to the early history of the Church of the East, was discovered and more fully excavated in 1989 in Kuwait. Its externals dimensions are 35 by 19 meters. It shows a clear tripartite plan with the east end divided into three small chambers and a fourth appended on the east side. The closest resemblances of this church are the buildings found in ancient southern Mesopotamia, particularly at Uruk. The early Mesopotamian religious architecture shows striking parallels with the Assyrian churches of Hira, Ctesiphon and al-Qousour.
Mesopotamian Civilization, Potts
June 17, 1841 : The first wave of the French Lazarist priests arrive in Urmia, Khosro-abad in the Salamas region. One year later a local school was built and administered in Khosro-abad.
LECTURE: "AUTHORITY WITHIN CHURCH OF THE EAST"
Sponsored by the Assyrian Academic Society & the Assyrian National Council of Illinois
Assyrian National Council Office
Rev. Gewargis Toma will trace the source of authority within the church to the time of Aron and his sons. He will discuss how spiritual authority was handed down through the Apostolic Succession from Jesus Christ and the Holy Apostles to the present Bishops of the church. The Patriarch of the Church of the East, at one time, was considered to be the spiritual and national leader of the Assyrian nation.
Contact the AAS at: email@example.com.
EIGHT INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM SYRIACUM
For the first time in 32 years this international conference is taking place outside of Europe & in Sydney
More than 100 eminent Syriac scholars from different parts of the world will be attending
For more information:
For more information on speakers and papers click here
ASSYRIANS AFTER ASSYRIA
Persecutions & Massacres of the Syriac Speaking Christians
An international conference on the subject of the fate of the Assyrian people after the collapse of the Assyrian Empire (612 B.C. - 2000 A.D.).
Dr Gabriele Yonan - Germany
For more information & Registration
Fee Detail click
For more information: Click Here
46th RENCONTRE ASSYRIOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE
"Nomadism and Sedentarism in the Ancient Near East"
College de France
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org or fax 33-1-48-87-82-58
38TH ANNUAL SYRIAN ORTH ARCHDIOCESES CONVENTION
The Syrian Orthodox Archdioceses in Canada and United
Agenda: Review of the past 50 years of history of
the church in North America to identify and cement the strengths and work
In addition to a spiritual and cultural festival, a cruise on the Columbia River, a bus trip to Cascade Range, etc. are planned. Click Here
SYRIAC UNIVERSAL ALLIANCE MEETING
Speakers include representatives from the Office
of the President of Lebanon
For more information:
|Aug 30 -
ASSYRIAN AMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION
Hilton Hotel & Towers
Jacklin Bejan.....................California....................Surfers Corner
Frank Dittrich.....................Sweden...........Assyrian Surfing Posts
Nadia Joseph........................Chicago........................Surfers Corner
Paul Younan........................Chicago.............Assyrian Surfing Posts
ZINDA Magazine is published every Tuesday. Views expressed in ZINDA do not necessarily represent those of the ZINDA editors, or any of our associated staff. This publication reserves the right, at its sole discretion, not to publish comments or articles previously printed in or submitted to other journals. ZINDA reserves the right to publish and republish your submission in any form or medium. All letters and messages require the name(s) of sender and/or author. All messages published in the SURFS UP! section must be in 500 words or less and bear the name of the author(s). Distribution of material featured in ZINDA is not restricted, but permission from ZINDA is required. This service is meant for the exchange of information, analyses and news. To subscribe, send e-mail to: email@example.com.
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