1 Kanoon II 6754
21 December 2004
Z I N D A M A G A Z I N E
Christian Leaders Mourn Recent Violence against Moslems & Christians
|More Churches Attacked, Christmas & New Year Cancelled
Christian Orphans Stuck in Limbo in Iraq
Iraqi Churches Thrive Despite Escalating Violence
|Archdiocese of Turin Reaches for Iraqi Youth During Christmas
Daniloos Arrested During a Raid in Turlock
Coptic Pope Goes into Seclusion in Protest
Poll Sends the Wrong Message
Seen the AssyrianVoice Photo Albums Lately?
|Iraq Less Hospitable to Christianity||John Nichols|
|Nineveh On Line Celebrates 10th Anniversary||Albert Gabriel|
More Churches Attacked, Christmas Services & New Year's Celebrations Cancelled in Iraq
(ZNDA: Baghdad) In a statement to ankawa.com by Bishop Mar Polous Faraj Rahho, the Chaldean Catholic Bishop in Mosul, three churches were said to have been attacked in Mosul on Monday.
At 2:30 p.m. local time, the bishopric of Mar Afram of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Hay al-Shurta (Police quarters) was attacked with a bombshell. The bomb destroyed the main entrance to the church hall. The building of al-Bashara Syriac Catholic Church in Hay al-Muhandiseen (Engineers quarters) and the Chaldean bishopric of al-Tahira (attacked earlier) were attacked as well using detonators and bombshells.
On Monday an unidentified group in Mosul also kidnapped a teacher, Michael Daddeza, 50, married with children, from the Assyrian town of Baghdeda, as he was returning from an elementary school in the Hawsalan village. Mr. Daddeza's friend who was accompanying him at the time may have also been kidnapped.
Two more Assyrians, Ghassan Michael Kacho (married with four children) and Ammar Habib Jallo (married with two children) of Baghdeda were kidnapped on Sunday while working in their farms in Qeeraj.
A Christian student, Reem Khalid, and her friend whose name has not been identified, were injured during an exchange of fire between the Iraqi national guards and the militants at Mosul University.
Last week many valuable books and important records of a library inside the Chaldean Catholic Cathedral in Mosul were burned when a group of extremist Wahabi Moslems stormed the library and set the ancient manuscripts on fire.
Yonadam Kanna, Secretary General of the Assyrian Democratic Movement and a member of the Iraqi National Council, says Iraqi Christians have cancelled Christmas services for fear of attacks. To show solidarity with the victims of recent attacks on churches and monasteries all celebrations to mark the New Year will be cancelled in Iraq also.
According to Al-Sharq al-Awsat newspaper, small business owners in Baghdad markets are complaining that the holiday sales have dropped by 75 percent from previous years.
His Beatitude Mar Emmanuel Delly, Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church told AsiaNews in an interview on Monday that the leaders of the Christian Churches in Iraq “will not send or receive official Season’s Greetings” to protest the attacks against the ‘houses of God’ (churches and mosques) of the last few months and to honour the victims of terrorist violence.
Speaking by telephone, Patriarch Delly reiterated his condemnation of all the acts of violence that are marring the “martyred ground of Iraq”. He added that despite them “Christmas celebrations will take place regularly” except for Christmas Mass which has “been cancelled due to the night-time curfew”.
The Patriarch thus put a stop to suggestions that Christmas celebrations might be cut back because of security considerations. “The faithful will attend mass because Iraqis want to celebrate Christmas”, he stressed.
How was Advent in Iraq this year?
Mar Delly: Like other years even though this year we had to be more cautious and prudent because of the danger of new attacks. In any event, we have not put any special security measures in place.
Are there any hopeful signs?
Mar Delly: Everyday life is a sign of hope. We are still alive and want to defeat the logic of death. Of course, we must be on our guard against possible attacks, but people go about doing what they always do: go out, go to work, go to school, go to the market, go to shops, go to worship.
And yet every day that goes by we hear about violent acts and people who want to flee.
Mar Delly: It is not true that people are fleeing. Iraqis want to stay in their country and live in peace. It is obvious that things are not quiet and so we are more prudent. If a bomb goes off in one part of Baghdad people change their usual route or avoid high risk areas but they do not lock themselves up at home. God has made us prudent and cautious. We must use precautions right now to ensure that life defeats the terrorists’ evil logic of death.
What would you like Western Christians do for Christmas?
Mar Delly: To Christians around the world—in Italy, in France, in America—I ask that they pray for Iraq, for the Iraqi Church and for its people, whether Christian or Muslim, so that the Lord may give us peace and quiet. This is my wish for Christmas.
Mar Emmanuel Delly has ordered that the usual 10:00 pm (1900 GMT) December 24 service be moved forward to 5:00 pm, according to Bishop Andreas Abouna.
Delly has also advised worshippers not to travel to present him -- as is the custom -- with Christmas greetings, although the Mass will take place as normal on December 25, Abouna added.
Christian Orphans Stuck in Limbo in Iraq
Courtesy of the Washington Times
(ZNDA: Al Qosh) Compared with the ferocity of war in much of Iraq, the isolated Monastery of the Virgin Mary - 25 miles north of Mosul - exists in tranquility.
Surrounded by desert, this cool shelter - complete with olive trees, honeybees and a Chaldean church - houses six monks and 36 orphaned boys, ages 5 to 14. Twenty-two girls live at a convent in nearby Mosul.
Over the years, the Rev. Mofid Toma Marcus, 37, an Assyrian Christian monk in charge of the monastery and orphanage, has kept the wolves away. During dictator Saddam Hussein's reign, he passed off his orphanage as a seminary for students preparing for the priesthood, because the government was not anxious to let the outside world know the actual number of orphans in the country.
Even today, when the boys, dressed in jeans and T-shirts, line up after their naps and are asked how many want to become priests, six raise their hands. They will go to a Catholic seminary in Baghdad.
The fate of the other boys is uncertain, because Father Marcus will not give them up for adoption to Muslim families.
Bound by Law
He wishes he could send them to places like Detroit, which has many Iraqi Chaldean families who belong to the same ancient stream of Christianity and are willing to raise an orphaned child. Although the U.S. State Department says it has received many inquiries from American citizens asking about adoption, its Web site says adoption is not possible under Iraqi law.
One reason: Adoption is prohibited under Islamic law, which informs Iraqi civil law. Unlike in the West, orphaned Muslim children do not take the name and family relationships of their new parents. Instead, Islam allows "kefala," a type of guardianship in which children retain their original family identities.
But U.S. immigration law considers kefala insufficient for immigration purposes. Moreover, anyone raising a child under the kefala system must promise to raise the child as a Muslim.
"The chances of adopting a Muslim child is nil," said Roni Anderson, a former Southern Baptist missionary who worked with Father Marcus for 12 years - until this year. "They'd prefer the child be stranded than be adopted by a Christian."
Much depends on whether human rights issues for women and children are addressed in the new Iraqi Constitution and whether adoption is part of subsequent international treaties or agreements between Iraq and the United States.
A Chaldean Christian businessman in Michigan has collected 1,200 pairs of shoes and 50 IBM computers, but the priest cannot afford to have them shipped. It is also difficult to get large amounts of freight across the Turkish-Iraqi border without spending a lot of money and finding trustworthy shipping agents.
But the boys' sleeping quarters are clean and spacious, a doctor visits once a week, and during the summer, some of the children are sent to live with families. U.S. troops based at Camp Freedom in Mosul have brought in toys supplied by Army chaplains from around the world.
Off-duty soldiers also built a playground, complete with paintings of Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck, and put in air conditioners. In the entrance hall of the boys' dorm is a painting of a scale with a child in one bucket outweighing another bucket with the word "money."
"A child is the best investment in life," the caption reads.
Although all the children can sing, in English, "Jesus Loves Me" and "This Little Light of Mine," all conversation at the orphanage is in Aramaic.
"We think Kurdish is a Muslim language," the monk said, "and so is Arabic. Jesus spoke in Aramaic."
Iraq has been called "a nation of orphans, widows and the handicapped" because of its recent, frequent wars, including an eight-year conflict in the 1980s with Iran that left 2 million dead.
The orphans poke about in dumps, sleep outdoors and hang around hotels, busy intersections, mosques and U.S. military installations. They are used as sex slaves and prostitutes, drug runners and spies.
Estimates of their true numbers range from 1.5 million to 5 million, but there is no national policy on what to do with them.
In Baghdad, some mosques have taken over state orphanages. The status of the children in them is complicated by the fact that some might have living parents who sent their children outside of a war zone to live with relatives or got separated during an evacuation.
Help from Abroad
Robert Anderson and his wife, Roni, spent 12 years as Southern Baptist missionaries in Mosul and in Adana, Turkey. He estimates that one in four children in northern Iraq is orphaned, on the street because his or her parents cannot support them or working hard for almost no money.
"In some villages and remote areas," he said, "the figures are even more alarming. It is not too far-fetched to say that across all of Iraq, more than 2.5 million kids are neglected pitifully."
In the Kurdish portion of northern Iraq, a woman can be killed for looking at a man through the gate of her home, he said.
"Any suspicion of wrongdoing is enough to eliminate her," he said. "It's enough to cause many orphans to exist."
He's also advertising during lecture tours and through the Andersons' Web site (www.concern4kids.com) for workers to work with street children in Sinjar, a small town near the Syrian border.
Other Groups are Helping Out
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) operates five orphanages in Iraq, aiding children in a culture where a woman often is not allowed to bring her children into a new husband's home.
Islam allows a man to refuse to raise another man's children as his own. Adoption was widespread in the ancient Middle East, dating back at least 4,000 years to the code of Hammurabi. Exodus, the Old Testament book, says Moses was adopted by an Egyptian princess.
There are references to adoption in the New Testament, and adoption was practiced in Greece and Rome as well. In fact, Julius Caesar adopted his nephew, Octavius, who became Caesar Augustus.
It also was practiced among the Arabs and by Muhammad, the founder of Islam.
Signs of Hope
About 150 miles east of Al Qosh - also spelled Qush, an ancient Assyrian mountain town in Nineveh named in documents as old as 750 B.C. - in Sulaymaniyah, there are three Kurdish-run orphanages, one for girls, one for boys age 6 to 12 and the third for teenage boys.
Northern Iraq has been especially hard-hit by a succession of wars and attacks, including Saddam's 1988 gassing of the Kurdish city of Halabja, which killed about 6,000 people and left 218 orphans.
The plight of Kurdish orphans has been dramatized in two movies by Iranian film director Bahman Ghobadi. His 2000 movie, "A Time for Drunken Horses," shows the plight of five orphans who are desperate to find medical help for their handicapped brother. His 2003 movie, "Marooned in Iraq," portrays a rag-tag group of shivering children in an orphanage on the Iran-Iraq border in the early 1990s.
Things have improved a little, thanks to the prosperity of the Kurdish areas compared with the rest of Iraq. Rashid Tahir is the director of Sulaymaniyah Orphanage for Boys, a facility decorated with light blue walls and children's paintings. Green grass, rare in Iraq, fills a tiny front yard off a dusty street near the University of Sulaymaniyah.
Mr. Tahir said the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, a political group, offers to pay for four years of university for each of the boys. Most of the children have relatives who are too poor to house them. Only two have no family at all.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) says it has contributed more than $420 million through the World Food Program to feed chronically malnourished children, especially in northern Iraq.
The London-based Kurdistan Children's Fund (KCF) provides $15 per month for each of 2,700 children in a "distance sponsorship" program. It has six centers for children in Sulaymaniyah and hundreds more children waiting to be sponsored. The biggest needs are for clothing and school supplies for teens.
KCF also provides a day program on the second floor of an office building in Sulaymaniyah. It includes a music room with a drum, piano and four violins; a computer room; pingpong tables and a ceramics lab. In a room of children's paintings, one shows a depiction of Elvis. Another shows a crucified Christ.
A boy with tattered sandals, black pants, a dirty T-shirt and sad expression just sits and watches visitors walk by.
Iraqi Churches Thrive Despite Escalating Violence
Courtesy of the Christian Post
(ZNDA: Baghdad) In the midst of the turmoil and violence, the church of Jesus Christ in Iraq is vibrant and alive, a Southern Baptist worker said in a recent report published Friday. While attacks by insurgents in the war-torn nation has escalated as its first national elections approaches, Southern Baptists say that the Gospel is being proclaimed and new believers are following the Messiah, gathering for fellowship and discipleship across this land.
"American foreign policy and military might has opened an opportunity for the Gospel in the land of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob," the worker said, as reported by the Baptist Press. "God is moving here, and Southern Baptists are responding."
According to BP, people are coming to Christ across Iraq. "They often say they are sick of religion. What they crave is a relationship with God, and they find that in Jesus," the news agency reported. "In a land known for tensions between ethnic groups, Christians gathering for prayer reflect the diversity of Iraq. They include Iraqi Arabs, Kurds, Persians, Assyrians and Chaldeans. "
Out of a population of 24.2 million, Christians constitute only three percent for a total number of about 800,000 people in Iraq. They belong to different denominations and rites such as the Assyrian-Nestorian Church, the Syriac-Catholic Church, the Syriac-Orthodox Church; the Armenian Orthodox Church has some members, the Catholic Church about 260,000, 70% following the Chaldean rite.
The largest Christian communities are found in Baghdad and some northern cities like Kirkuk, Irbil, and Mosul (the ancient Nineveh).
"Here in this biblical land, the dust of time is everywhere. It swirls about you," the Southern Baptist worker stated. "Babylon, Ninevah and Ur are ruins, little more than toppled stone and fragments, historical memory. But Medes and Persians, Assyrians and Chaldeans are more than ancient words from an old book. They are very much alive. They are words people use to introduce themselves. It is who they are, their heritage. To walk among them is to walk among living history."
Iraqi Christians can proudly claim a two thousand year presence in Iraq going back to the times of Thomas the Apostle, who many consider to be the father of Christianity in the country.
"Out of this cultural mix came Abraham, framing his relationship with God, fathering a nation and the lineage of Christ, which is our heritage, too. To be here is to walk through our history, to walk on hallowed ground," the worker added.
Last Monday, during a meeting with Pope John Paul II, Iraqs Minister of Foreign Affairs vowed that the nation would protect religious freedom, particularly the Iraqi Christian community. According to a Vatican spokesman, the situation in Iraq and the Middle East in general was examined in the course of the conversations.
Archdiocese of Turin Reaches for Iraqi Youth During Christmas
Courtesy of Zenit news agency
(ZNDA: Turin) The Archdiocese of Turin has organized a Christmas card exchange between Italian and Iraqi children, and promoted its project of "adopting" Catholic priests in Iraq (see last Zinda issue).
According to Father Fredo Olivero, director of the archdiocesan Pastoral Office for Immigrants, the project "I Have a New Friend: An Iraqi Chaldean Priest" has taken 10 priests under its wings.
Thanks to the donations of Italian Catholics, 10,000 euros ($13,300) was sent to the priests last month.
This help should be used by the priests to "better the conditions of life in the communities in which they live, committed to invest in it, in the measure to which the situation permits it, in the development of the same," said Father Olivero.
The attacks against the churches in Baghdad and Mosul in recent months, as well as the daily threat and violence against the Iraqi Christians, complicate the survival of the small but old Christian community.
"To help the Iraqi Christian communities through their spiritual guides is to strengthen them and to try, in the measure that it is possible, to offer them a 'normal' life, which they can experience through our demonstration of closeness to them," said Father Olivero.
The Pastoral Office of Immigrants of the Turin Archdiocese has also launched a project called Christmas of Peace, in which children from various Italian cities have sent Christmas cards and drawings to Christian children in Iraq.
The second phase of the project will be a written response and drawings from the Iraqi children for Easter 2005.
Father Olivero said: "To help the Iraqi communities is not easy, but it is possible, and above all it is important, so that the Christian path begun in these lands by the preaching of St. Thomas the Apostle does not end in the diaspora strengthened by those who, in spite of everything, are proud to be Iraqi Christians."
In a letter to Zinda Magazine, Don Fredo Olivero thanked Zinda for the publication of the plan "I have a new friend, an Iraqi Chaldean priest" and wished its readers a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.
Daniloos Arrested During a Raid in Turlock
Courtesy of the Modesto Bee
(ZNDA: Modesto) Federal officials say they suspect that Tony Daniloo, chief executive officer of the now-defunct Modesto-based DreamLife Financial, had a system to get rich through real estate.
Daniloo siphoned millions from homeowner escrow accounts to his personal bank account by altering documents, using inside help at title companies and taking money from new clients to make payments to old clients, according to an affidavit released Tuesday by U.S. District Court in Fresno.
He used that money — nearly $5 million — to fund his expensive tastes, which included an affinity for luxury vehicles, fine jewelry and Rolex watches, Internal Revenue Service investigators said in the affidavit.
Daniloo, 30, and his wife, Nansi Masihi Daniloo, 29, were arrested Monday during a raid at their Carriage Court home in Turlock. They remained in the Stanislaus County jail on Tuesday.
They are charged with 41 counts of felony grand theft levied in Alameda County, where Tony Daniloo lived before moving to Turlock in 2002. No federal charges have been filed.
He faces a maximum of 30 years in prison, and his wife faces a maximum of seven years. DreamLife, which had at least seven offices in the San Joaquin Valley, was shuttered last week.
The criminal charges come just months after the Daniloos and DreamLife pledged $5.5 million to Turlock's Emanuel Medical Center and California State University, Stanislaus. Both institutions accepted the money, given in exchange for naming rights to a cancer center and pediatric wing at the hospital and the athletics arena at the university.
The pledges later were rejected after a 12 December article in the Modesto Bee newspaper detailed the couple's mounting legal and financial troubles.
Several Vehicles Seized
During Monday's raid, which also involved agents from the Secret Service, officials seized documents, computer records and several automobiles, including a Lamborghini and two Mercedes-Benz vehicles. According to the affidavit, agents also searched for 13 pieces of fine jewelry and watches.
Alameda County investigators and the Secret Service began investigating possible fraud activity in the fall of 2002, officials said.
In the affidavit, investigators said a DreamLife employee resigned after being pressured to doctor financial records. The former loan officer told investigators that documents were altered to obtain loans for individuals who would not otherwise qualify.
The former employee told investigators that Daniloo also forged files of DreamLife clients at his home. Another former employee told he witnessed credit reports being doctored at the office.
Diverting money for personal use is an allegation that appears at least twice in the affidavit. It also has been charged in civil litigation.
Title Firm Says Accounts Raided
Last week, in a lawsuit filed in Stanislaus County, First American Title Insurance Co. of Santa Ana accused Daniloo of diverting more than $4 million from the escrow accounts of at least 15 DreamLife clients.
The affidavit contains some of the same allegations outlined in the lawsuit.
IRS investigators suspect that Daniloo redirected more than $4.2 million while processing mortgage refinancings through First American, which was responsible for overseeing the escrow funds. According to the affidavit, a First American escrow officer "manipulated the documents in the escrow file to show that the old mortgage loans had been paid off when in fact they had not been paid."
First American has fired the employee in question, according to the affidavit.
Because money that was supposed to pay off loans was funneled into Daniloo's account, 15 homeowners' loans are now in default, which could result in foreclosure proceedings, according to the affidavit.
Daniloo was involved in similar activity in 2000 and 2001 while an employee of Residential Credit Corp. in the Bay Area, according to the affidavit.
It also says Daniloo operated a Ponzi scheme in which he redirected funds from loan refinancings of new clients to cover funds taken from loan refinancings of earlier clients.
'Classic indicator' of Ponzi Ploy
An IRS investigator wrote that the transactions were "a classic indicator of a Ponzi scheme."
To date, about $350,000 hasn't been paid to Daniloo's clients at Residential, according to the affidavit.
Don Benjamin, who founded DreamLife Investments Inc., told investigators that The Modesto Bee articles caused Daniloo to begin moving assets, according to the affidavit.
Investigators also cited a report that DreamLife employees began shredding documents after the articles were published.
Benjamin, who in interviews has said he has not been involved with DreamLife for months, told investigators that he recently drove by the homes of the Daniloos' relatives and found one of Tony Daniloo's cars and his boat parked out front. Benjamin also told investigators that Daniloo had plans to open a new mortgage business after the closing of DreamLife.
[Zinda: Homeowners with information can call 877-288-2882, a number set up by the Alameda County district attorney's office.]
Coptic Pope Goes into Seclusion to Protest Treatment of Egypt's Christians
(ZNDA: Cairo) Pope Shenouda III, patriarch of the Coptic Church, has gone into retreat at Anba Bishoy, a desert monastery in Wadi Natrun in Egypt to draw attention to grievances among Egyptian Christians.
Tensions flared during the last three weeks over fears that Christians were being forced to convert to Islam.
At least 34 Copts were arrested during a demonstration in Cairo and sectarian violence also erupted in Upper Egypt.
"The seclusion of His Holiness the Pope will continue until he reaches a solution [with the government] that satisfies his conscience to the problems related to the Copts," the pope's secretary Bishop Armia told Reuters news agency.
Other Church sources have been quoted as saying he will not resume his duties until the authorities release those people arrested in Cairo.
The generally calm relations between the authorities and the Coptic minority - which makes up 5-10% of Egypt's population - became strained over the case of priest's wife Wafa Constantine.
Government officials had said Mrs Constantine, 48, wanted to convert to Islam but was being prevented from doing so by her family.
Rumours that she had been abducted and forced to convert began circulating among Copts, sparking angry protests outside Cairo's St Mark's cathedral.
A number of police and worshippers were injured in protests where stones were allegedly thrown and arrests were made at demonstrations deemed illegal.
The clashes and a sit-in at the cathedral ended when protesters were told that Mrs Constantine was back under the Church's protection.
"The patriarch granted her his mercy and assured her that she remained in the Church," the pope's office said.
Last Thursday, Egypt's prosecutor-general said that Mrs Constantine had gone to police saying she wanted to change her religion, but had decided to remain a Christian after meeting Church officials.
Also this month, police said they had arrested 25 people after sectarian violence erupted in the Upper Egyptian village of Munqateen.
Police were reported to be keeping Muslims and Christians apart after three Christian-owned shops were set ablaze, Christian homes were stoned and police cars were wrecked.
Copts remained the majority in Egypt for centuries after the 7th Century conquest of the country by Muslim armies.
In the modern age, they complain of discrimination, restrictions on church construction and periodic fears that Christians are being forced to convert by Islamic extremists.
Poll Sends the Wrong Message
I can not believe the poll on your front page. What bothers me is not the poll itself but the the outcome that I see so far. Being an Assyrian has a meaning and a duty for us to be civilized, to explore and reach lengths unimagined by man as our ancestors once did. I see a poll which says they do not want foreign artists to perform at our events!
Where is the exploration in that? How many times do you want to hear the same songs and do the same dance over and over again? Where has our love for the arts gone? I would understand if we sing and praise say Kurdistan for it is against our people and our Homeland but what if we had an American artist or maybe even a Greek performer. Where is the treachery in that? I will tell you where, it is in us. If we condone other ethnic artists, then we are condoning ourselves stating that we really have no love for the performing arts!
Click on any of the above photo album number to view the content.
Iraq Less Hospitable to Christianity
Many of the Christians of Iraq still speak Aramaic-Syriac, the language of Jesus Christ.
The words they speak offer one measure of the link between the ancient and the modern that characterizes one of the oldest Christian communities on the planet. Chaldean, Assyrian and Syriac Christians practice variations on the faith that recall some of its most timeless traditions.
Yet, while Christians in other lands gather in churches this week to celebrate the birth of the Nazarene, the Christians of Iraq will for the most part eschew formal services. The leaders of the various Christian sects in Baghdad, Mosul, Kirkuk and the other major cities of Iraq have determined that it is too dangerous to hold traditional Christmas services.
Even if the services were held, they would be emptier than in the past. It is estimated that as many as 40,000 of Iraq's Christians - 5 percent of the faithful - have left the country in recent months. While Iraqi Christians make up just 3 percent of the overall population, reports are that Christians make up more than 20 percent of the refugee exodus to Syria. And there are mounting fears that, if Iraq becomes an Islamic theocracy, the exodus will accelerate.
Of all the ugly consequences of George W. Bush's absurd invasion and occupation of Iraq, the damage done to the Christian community is particularly sad. Saddam Hussein, the ousted Iraqi dictator, was an often cruel and inhumane leader of his country. But he was also a secularist who believed - in the tradition of the Baathist parties of the Middle East - that Iraq should maintain religious pluralism. Under Saddam, the Iraqi Constitution contained explicit language protecting Christians, and outlawing religious discrimination. And the words were not idle promises. Iraqi Christians were free to practice their faith, and the government suppressed anti-Christian attacks.
Though a small minority, Christians served in key positions throughout the Iraqi government. A Chaldean Christian, Tariq Aziz, served as deputy prime minister.
With the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq has come a time of dramatic instability for all residents of that country. But the instability has hit Christians particularly hard. Churches have been attacked, often in coordinated strikes, and individual Christians have reported instances of harassment and discrimination. After practicing their religion for the better part of 2,000 years on soil trod by the some of the first Christians, the Iraqi faithful are now questioning whether they will be able to continue doing so.
When Christians left Iraq during Saddam's time, they tended to do so for economic reasons. Now they do so out of fear. That is the new reality that the invasion and occupation have visited upon Iraq.
It was never the intent of the Bush administration aides who plotted the invasion and occupation of Iraq to displace an ancient Christian community. Unfortunately, it was an entirely predictable result. In fact, experts on the Middle East warned that an invasion would upset the delicate balance that had allowed religious minorities to worship as they chose.
George Bush's desk warriors did not bother to examine the realities on the ground in the Middle East. Rather, they allowed themselves to be led by their whims and fantasies. And they have made this a darker and more dangerous Christmas season for Christians whose celebration of the Nativity has roots that go back a thousand years before Christianity was practiced in what is now America.
Such is the legacy of empire building.
[Zinda: John Nichols is associate editor for The Capital Times. He is a native Wisconsinite, who has written for The Capital Times for the past decade.]
Nineveh On Line Celebrates 10th Anniversary
On December 26, Nineveh On Line will celebrate its 10 birthday. Here's a brief history of our accomplishments on the Internet:
Today Nineveh On Line works hard to preserve our Assyrian identity, history, culture and language. Many thanks to all Nineveh.com friends who supported us through all these years.
And many thanks to Zinda Magazine for documenting the wonderful history of the Assyrian activities on the Net.
[Zinda: Our entire staff at Zinda Magazine extends its warmest congratulations to Mr. Albert Gabriel for 10 years of dedication to his personal goal of connecting every single Assyrian to another over the Internet. More readers have arrived via Nineveh.com portal at Zinda Magazine's homepage in the last 10 years than any other Assyrian website - a testament to the loyalty of Mr. Gabriel's visitors on Nineveh.com. Albert, looking forward to the next 10 years! ]
The following individuals contributed in the preparation of this week's issue:
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